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Wetlands - Page Text Content

FC: Wetlands | Brandon Hall

1: WETLANDS | Brandon Hall | November 7,2011 | Jay M. Robinson High School | EES-Mrs.Knight

2: Wetlands are low lying ecosystems that are saturated with water such as Swamps, Marshes, Fens, and Bogs.

3: Non-tidal marshes | Most non tidal marshes are freshwater, and they are the most widely distributed type of wetlands in North America. | Marshes are formed from groundwater continually flowing up, and floods. | Non tidal marshes are the most abundant and most widely distributed wetlands in North America. | Non tidal marshes are home to plants and animals such as lily pads, cattails, reeds, bulrushes, Red-Winged Blackbirds, Great Blue Herons, otters, and muskrats. | 6.Non tidal marshes are the most productive ecosystems on the earth; they also minimize flood damage and suck up excess nutrients from runoff.

4: Non-tidal marshes continued... | The destruction of non-tidal marshes can increase severe flooding and nutrient deposition. | Non tidal marshes are affected by development, construction, and farming. | 10.Non tidal marshes are undergoing enhanced protection. To protect tidal marshes many states have special laws to protect them.

5: Tidal marsh | Some tidal marshes are freshwater, some are somewhat salty, and most are saltwater, but all are influenced by the ocean tides. | Marshes are formed from groundwater continually flowing up, and floods. | Tidal marshes are the most abundant in the U.S on the eastern coast from Florida to Maine, and from Louisiana to Texas on the edge of the Gulf of Mexico. | Tidal marshes are home to plants to animals such as cattails, reeds, clams, crabs, juvenile fish, and is a nesting site for many types of migrating water fowl. | Tidal marshes buffer stormy seas, slow the erosion of shorelines, and take in extra nutrients before they reach the oceans and estuaries.

6: Tidal Marsh | Tidal marshes are threatened by coastal development, and pollution near urban areas. | The destruction of tidal marshes greatly harms the plants and animals that live there. The destruction of swamps causes floods. | Tidal marshes are affected by pollution and development. | To protect tidal marshes many states have special laws to protect them.

7: Swamps | Swamps are dominated by forests or shrubs. | Swamps have very nutrient rich soil which causes it to be covered with water tolerant trees and shrubs etc., and a swamp is any wetland covered with trees and shrubs. | Swamps are found all over the United States. | Swamps are home to plants and animals such as freshwater shrimp, clams, crayfish, the American crocodile, Red Maple tree, Cypress tree, Atlantic White Cedar, Smooth Alder shrub, and the Buttonbush shrub. | Swamps play a major part in nutrient removal and flood protection. | Many swamps have been destroyed for agriculture, over 70 percent of forested swamps in the U.S have been lost.

8: Swamps | The destruction of swamps causes floods. | Swamps are affected by agriculture and development. | To protect swamps we should have laws protecting them and fines if you don’t obey those laws.

9: Bogs | Bogs get most or all of their water from precipitation instead of runoff, groundwater, or streams. | Bogs are peat lands that are fed by ground water and are very acidic. | Bogs are mainly found in the northeast, but some are found in the southeast of the United States. | Bogs are home to plants and animals such as Sphagnum Moss, Cotton Grass, Cranberry, Blueberry, Pine, Labrador Tea, Tamarack, Moose, deer, lynx, Black Bear, red fox, Greater Sandhill Crane, Sora Rail, and the Great Gray Owl. | Bogs help prevent downstream flooding by sucking up precipitation.

10: Bogs | Bogs were drained for farming and mining. | The destruction of bogs causes the global climate to go up because bogs hold large amounts of carbon, but when they are destroyed the carbon is released into the atmosphere and it makes the climate warmer. | Bogs are affected by agriculture, mining for fuel, and mining for soil conditioner. | To protect bogs we should have laws protecting them and fines if you don’t obey those laws.

11: Fens | Fens are peat lands fed by ground water, but are not as acidic as bogs. | Fens get their nutrients usually from upslope sources by drainage from surrounding mineral soils and from the movement of groundwater. | Fens are found in the northeastern United States. | Fens are home to plants and animals such as the Showy Lady Slipper, Cotton Grass, Pine tree, Moose, and the Black Bear. | Fens help prevent or reduce the risk of floods; they improve water quality, and provide a home for unusual plant and animal populations. | Fens lost acreage at about 8% a year for mining and draining for cropland, fertilizer, and fuel.

12: Fens | . Fens are much more rare because most of them are destroyed. | Fens are affected by mining, draining for cropland, and drained for fertilizer. | Since fens are so rare we should work extra hard to protect them and have more laws regarding their protection.

13: Non tidal marsh

14: Tidal marsh


16: Bogs

17: Fen

19: Boys will be boys

20: Boys will be boys

23: Live to Skate

24: Livin life to the fullest!

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