FC: Who's Who, What's What, Where's Where! | China Project | by Emily Anderson
1: Contents | Who's who What's what Where's where | 2-6 7-11 12-16
2: Who's Who: | CiXi | She was a widow of a former emperor. She led conservatives who opposed the reforms of Guang Xi. She seized power as an empress in 1898. She secretly encouraged the boxers from the Boxer Rebellion.
3: Guang Xi | He was a young emperor in 1998. He supported the Hundred days of Reforms. He issued laws to update the civil service exam. He helped to organize western-style schools, and promote economic changes.
4: Mao Zedong | Who's Who: | During the late 1920s, and the 1930s Mao emerged as the leader of the Chinese Communists. To gain support of the peasants, he was kind and fair to them.
5: Sun Yat sen | In 1911 Sun served for a short time as the president of the new republic. He helped to organize the Guomindang. He also set out his goals with the Three Principles of the People for china.He was forced out of office in 1912.
6: Qianlong | Who's Who: | Quianlong was the emperor of China in the 1700s. He refused to end trade with the Europeans when the Euraopeans were making great discoveries.
7: What's What: | Boxer Rebellion | The Boxer rebellion is when anti-foreign Chinese formed the Fists of Righteous Harmony. (Called Boxers by westerners.) They wanted to expel all foreigners. They killed many Chinese Christians, and foreigners.
8: Civil Service Exam | What's What | This exam was used to choose the civil servants, or government officials. In order to pass the exam they must know Confucian teachings, Chinese law, history, and traditions. There was even an university set up to help men study.
9: Cultural Revolution | Mao launched the "Great proletarian Cultural Revolution" to regain the revolutionary spirit. (1966) He encouraged young people to become Red Guards. Many young Red Guards were sent to rural areas to work, causing many schools to close.
10: What's What: | The Long March | When the Communists were outnumbered by Chiang and his armies in 1934 they fled. Mao led them more than 6,000 miles from southeastern China to the remote northwestern province of Shaanxi. Only 7,000 out of the 90.000 survived
11: World War II | While the Nationalists and the communists were fighting one another Japan started to attack China. This is when the Nationalists (Chiang) and Communists (Mao) were forced to set aside their disagreements and fight together against Japan for China.
12: Beijing | Where's Where: | Beijing is China's capitol. In Beijing there is the Temple of Heaven. Near the temple is a stone. The Chinese believe that the stone was the center of the earth.
13: Europe | Europe has played a big part in Chinese history. Since Marco Polo made his journey many traders have traveled back an forth. They have not only traded natural resources, but Ideas, and ways of life.
14: Where's where: | Great Wall of China | The Great wall of China was built by forced labor. Shi Huangdi built this wall to keep invaders out of China. The wall stretched 1,500 miles from east to west across northern China. Later a Chinese Historian said, "Every stone cost a human life," In regards to building the wall.
15: Rivers | Chang, Huang He, and Xi | These rivers have helped to shape the way China is today. They help to serve as both transportation routes, and sources of irrigation water. Most civilizations were built near the rivers because of how helpful it is to their lives. (Even though they are in danger of floods.)
16: Tiananmen Square | Tiananmen square is a large city square that is in Beijing. In 1989 many students protested there against a new law. While sanding there soldiers let out fire, and many were wounded and even killed. Some that were shot were just bystanders.
17: Sources: | http://www.sacu.org/cixi.html | http://newspaper.li/mao-zedong/ | http://boivieapedia.pbworks.com/w/page/8080904/Boxer%20Rebellion | http://www.daftblogger.com/representation-representatives-and-delegates/chinese-civil-service-exam/ | More on other page. :)
18: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_March | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing | http://www.crystalinks.com/chinawall.html | http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-124368/The-Yangtze-River-makes-a-sharp-bend-in-its-upper | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_square | http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/news/international/countriesandterritories/china/tiananmen-square/index.html | I also used my text book.
19: IS NOT MEASURED BY THE BREATHES WE TAKE BUT THE MOMENTS THAT TAKE OUR BREATHE AWAY | LIFE
21: Families fill our lives with happiness and laughter leaving us memories to treasure today and forever after.