S: Honors World Cultures- China Project
BC: Works Sited Honors World Cultures Book http://www.chinaunique.com/educate/people.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbidden_City
FC: Who's Who? What's What? Where's Where?
1: This booklet is going to help you experience China in a way you've never experienced it before. It's going to give you an inside look at Who's who, What's what, and Where's Where!
2: Who's Who? Chiang Kai-shek: The leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party which eventually become know as the Kuomintang Party. Chiang Kai-shek was best known for the defeat of his Kuomintang party by the communists in 1949. Confucius: Confucius was China's best- known philosopher, he was born in about 551 B.C. Confucius developed idea on how to restore peace and ensure harmony. He taught the five relationships in order to restore order, they are the relationship between ruler and ruled, father and son, older brother and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Li Bo: He was one of China's best-known writers. Li Bo served as a court poet for a while, but later spent many years wandering about China. He absorbed Daoist teachings, and used it in many of his works. Shi Huangdi: His name literally means "First Emperor." He believed in legalist principles, and he used harsh means to centralize power in his own hands. But he laid down a foundation that would last until 1911. Sun Yat-sen: A revolutionary leader of the Chinese Kuomintang party that overthrew the Manchu dynasty. He was known as "The Father of the Revolution, Sun Yat-sen was an idealistic leader who sought to unite China under one stable government
3: Confucius | Sun Yat-sen
4: What's What? | Diverse Beliefs: The Chinese accepted many diverse beliefs. As a result, many Chinese followed Buddhist, Daoist, and Confucian beliefs at the same time. Family life: A joint family was the ideal family in China, in included many generations. The oldest male had the most authority. Few families achieved the the ideal, many poor families lost many people due to death and disease. Literature: The Chinese invented the block printing and later movable type. The new technology led to greater literacy and an outpouring of books. Religion: Religion was a very important part of society in China. An important duty of the king was performing rituals to please the gods. The Chinese believed that heaven was the home of many gods and spirits. Shang Di was the chief god. Social Classes: In traditional Chinese society, all people were not equal. According to Confucian ideas, a person's age, sex, education, and occupation all affected his or her place in society.
5: Block Printing | Class Triangle >
6: Where's Where? | The Chang River: The Chang, also known as the Yangzi, carries much of China's trade. For centuries,large ships have sailed hundreds of miles upriver. The Forbidden City: This city was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China. The Great Wall: The Great Wall was built using forced power by Shi Huangdi. The wall extended power to the south and west. The Great wall extended 1,500 miles from east to west. It seldom kept invaders from attacking. But it did become a symbol to the Chinese. The Huang He River: This river extends for thousands of miles across north China before it empties into the Yellow Sea. It's name comes from the yellow-brown soil, called loess, that winds carry across the North China plain and into the river. The Silk Road: The old silk road started from Chang'an in the east and extended to Rome, Italy in the west. The silk road was used for trade and exchange of goods from India and the Mediterranean world. Chinese travelers returned home with new seeds such as grape and alfalfa. Trade within China expanded, and tea growing spread from the south to other parts of China.
7: The Great Wall | The Silk Road