FC: World History Children's Book | By McKenzie Curry & Samantha Anderson
1: Table Of Contents | Ancient River Valley Civilizations 2-3 Classical Greece/Rome 4-5 Post- Classical Asia/ Africa 6-7 Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe 8-9 Renaissance/ Reformation 10-11 Enlightenment/ Revolution 12-13 World War 1 14-15 World War 2 16-17 Cold War 18-19
2: Ancient River Valley Civilization | These two changes allowed people to stay in one spot instead of wandering from place to place following their main food source. Neolithic people learned how to plant and raise crops and keep and raise livestock for food. Now people were put in the situation of living together permanently and as a result much cooperation was needed for survival and civilizations started to arise. They started this thing called the Five Characteristics of a Civilization which are : advanced cities,specialized workers, complex institution, record keeping, and advanced technology. a man named Hammurabi's invented a set of laws which were the laws for Mesopotamia. | The Neolithic (New Stone) Revolution occurred about 10,000 years ago and dramatically changed the way that early humans lived. Two important factors come out of the Neolithic Revolution: The development of agriculture and The domestication of animals.
3: What If... | What if Hammurabi did not write his codes of law? Hammurabi codes of law are the oldest set of laws on record. They were the laws or rules or Mesopotamia. If the laws were not invented then the civilizations would have not been considered civilazed because they would have not met all the requirements of being a civilization. Hammurabi's code was also what we got our ten commandments from. So if the Hammurabi's code of law wouldnt have been invented it wouldn't have been considered a civilization and our 10 commandments would not have been invented.
4: Classical Greece/Rome | A large wave of Indo-Europeans migrated from the Eurasian steppes to Europe, India, and Southwest Asia. some of these people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C. were later known as Mycenaeans. About 1200 B.C. the Mycenaean kings fought a ten-year war against Troy. This war was known as the Trojan War. In these river-valley civilizations, kings or monarchs ruled in a government called a monarchy. But other city-states adopted aristocracy, a government ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families. Some important city-states/military states in Greece, are Sparta and Athens. Sparta was more of a military state, and built their government around their army. On the other hand Athens, tried to create a democracy, a government ruled by the people. In Athens citizens participated directly in political decision making, while Sparta had kings that worried more about the military than the economic decision making. In Greece, the values to the people were order, balance, and proportion which became the standard of what is called classical art. After the death of Alexander, a new culture emerged. Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture.
5: What If... | ...Rome did not fall? If the Western Roman Empire, had not fallen then we would be looking at a world in which Europe would be totally different then it is today. There would have been no Frankish Empire under Charlemagne. England would be more like the rest of Europe with a Latin based Language. There would have been a shorter Dark Ages with no Venice as a major power. Either no ,or a longer but more brutal Crusade. Also Africa would be more stable as there would have been a chance for at least one Central African Empire to form.
6: Post-Classical Asia/Africa | The Silk Road was a major part of Asia, it was a network of trade routes that had major routes connecting to the sea. Created by the Mongols the Silk Road helped out many different people including pilgrims, soldiers, and nomads. Even though Mongols were not good people them opening the trade route was a good thing. The routes transferred goods like silk, slaves, and medicine. The route also connected to other countries which spread ideas and new ways of living across Asia.
7: What If... | What if the Mongol's did not take open the silk road to safe travels? If the Mongols didn't open up the silk road for travels, trade, medicines, beliefs and religion would have not been spread around. Different languages and Ideas would have not been made and understood due to no transportation. New land would have not been discovered and westernization would not have happened. New species would have never been found and the land would have never been diverse.
8: Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe | The reformers of Europe wanted to return to the basic principles of the Christian religion. New religious orders were founded. In the crusades, both Christians and Muslims believed that God was on their side. They both felt justified in using violence to win or to keep the Hold Land. In the 800s, Britain was invaded. The invader was William, duke of Normandy, who became known as William the Conqueror. Artists of the 1300s depicted death as the Grim Reaper, a skeleton on horseback whose scythe cut people down. Approximately one-third of the population of Europe died of the deadly disease known as the bubonic plague.
9: What If... | the black plague did not attack Western Europe? If the black plague had not attacked Western Europe, then their wouldn't have been a strive to live. People wouldn't have been running around frantically trying to find a cure to help save lives. The population wouldn't have decreased drastically and the European economy would have stayed stable.
10: Renaissance/ Reformation | Renaissance means rebirth. The Renaissance was a turning point fro all about religion to being about mankind. Arts and sciences were becoming more important. Gutenberg's printing press was invented to have news travel faster then being written by hand.The Protestant Reformation is the name given to a religious and political development in the early 16th century. | The reformation was all about reforming the church. The Protestant Reformation was led by a man named Martin Luther. The reasons why they had the reformation was because most people thought that the church was corrupt and needed to change. So thats what the protestant reformation did they fixed or reformed the catholic church.
11: What If... | What if Gutenberg didn't invent the printing press? If Gutenberg didn't hadn't invented the printing press the monks would still be hand writing everything. It takes three years to write one book. The printing press helped get news out faster and inform people about whats going on if he didn't invent this no one would know whats happening except for the people that are involved. If the printing press wasn't invented we most likely would not have printers today.
12: Enlightenment/ Revolutions | named Thomas Hobbes believed in giving all power to a ruler, they gained law and order. Hobbes called this Social Contract.The philosophes's core of their philosophy which was: reason, nature, happiness, | progress, and liberty. Montesquieu made the checks and balanced which means that one branch is being checked by the other two branches. This guy named Voltaire believed in religious freedom. | The ideas of scientific revolution paved the way for a new movement called the Enlightenment or Age Of Reason. John Locke believed in Natural Rights - Life, Liberty and Property. There was a man
13: What If... | What if the enlightenment idea's were not embraced by the colonist? If the colonist did not accept the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers alot of things would not have been invented. Checks and balance would not have been invented. The social contract and natrual rights would have never came up. We would not have religious freedom either. All people like these rules that we have and we should apperciate that the colonist believe that those ideas were good!
14: World War 1 | During World War I there were two teams. One team was called the Central Powers and the players on that team were Germany & Austria- Hungary. On the other team called the Allies were Great Britain, France and Germany. The field that they played on was called the Western Front located in France. During the game both the teams were not doing so good so the came up with a strategy called trench warfare, where they dug trenches in an attempt to provide protection from the other team. At the end of the game the Allies won. Germany was forced to rebuild the Western Front because of all the damages made during the game.
15: What If... | What if the Austrian heir to the throne was not assassinated? World War I started because the Austrian heir was assassinated. If he was not assassinated then the war would have started and the western front would have not been in ruins. Germany would have not had to pay for all the expenses due to the distruction of the fighting between the axis and allies. Everything would have been fixed, if the would have just talked and fixed everything through a meeting between the two sides.
16: World War 2 | in the world, but it was neither well equipped or well trained. By March 1943, Moscow had been saved and had cost the Germans 500,000 lives. On December 7, 1941 Isoroku Yamamoto put Pearl Harbor under attack. Hawaii awoke to the roar of explosives. The Japanese had suck/damaged 18 ships and killed 2,400 people. The Holocaust begins. Hitler knowingly tapped into a hated for Jews. His hatred was so strong that he put all the Jews in concentration camps to kill them off. 6 million Jews died in these camps. Finally the U.S. drops the A-Bomb and the Japanese surrender, ending the war in 1945. | On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland from the west, two days later France and Britain declared war on Germany, starting World War II. Two groups, the allies and axis fought each other. By June 1941, Germany invades the Soviet Union. With 5 million men, the Red Army was the largest
17: What If... | The U.S. had not dropped the atomic bomb on Japan? If the U.S. had no done this, then the Japanese wouldn't have surrendered as quickly as they did. The Japanese would keep fighting. The fear that the bomb brought to Japan was greater than any other threat or weapon they could've been used. If the bomb wasn't dropped, the war would have lasted longer and more deaths would have occured. President Truman had warned them the A-Bomb was coming, but Japan didn't respond. Truman might have stopped the bomb from dropping if Japan spoke up.
18: Cold War | The increasing conflicts began the Cold War in 1949. An alliance called the NATO was created as a defensive military. The Soviet Union viewed the NATO as a threat, so in response the Soviets created an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. The Soviets began building | Sputnik, the first successful artificial space satellite. The U.S. felt they were behind in technology, so they began building their own satellite. Ina major technological triumph the U.S put human beings on the moon on July 20, 1969. By 1997, the two sides remain divided. | In June 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union set aside their differences. They joined 48 other countries in forming the United Nations. This international orgnaization was intented to protect the members against aggression. In 1949 the Berlin Wall was put up.
19: What If... | a competition. The United States would have been mad that the Soviets were further ahead in the inventions of space carriers, but they would have tried to think of something that would bring them ahead of the Soviets and make them number one. They would have tried to create a rocket that would have carried humans higher and farther into space, landing on a new planet. The Soviets might have gotten the fame and glory for being first on the moon, but the United States would have been known for discovering new and unknown planets. | The Soviet Union had landed on the Moon first and not the United States. If the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first then the United States would have felt behind. They would have made the field of science and technology