FC: World Religions By Naomi McLeod September 2012
1: Table Of Contents | 1) Hinduism 2) Buddhism 3) Judaism 4) Christianity 5) Islam
2: Hinduism | Important figures | Holidays/ Celebrations | There is no one founder | Diwali: A 5 day celebration of good conquering evil with lights, fireworks, and sweet foods. | Many Holidays mark the Birthdays of Gods. For example, Hanuman Jayanti is the birthday of Hanuman Ji, the monkey God. | There are Many important figures in Hinduism. Some examples are; Atman, it is your spirit or soul, another is, Brahmans they are priest and intellectuals that preform religious rituals.
3: Geographic Representation | Number Of Followers | "One in every seven people in the world is a Hindu living in India"(Facts about Hinduism) Approximately 900 Million people in the world are Hindu. | Most Hindus live in India but their are many all over the world in countries including:; Africa, Europe, Canada, the U.S., etc.
4: History | Important Texts | Indus Valley Civilization: This period took place before 2000 BCE by the Indus river ( runs through present day Pakistan). The Epic Puranic and Classical Age: 500 to BCE to about 500 CE Medieval Period: 500 CE- 1500 CE Pre- Modern Period: 1500- 1757 CE other religions started to rise in India. British Period: 1757-18947 CE Independent India: 1947 CE to now, India is now been called a "Hindu homeland." | Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, Bhagavads, sutras, BhagavadGita are all important hindu texts.
5: H i n d u i s m | Central Tenants/ Beliefs | Worship Practices | Karma: If you do good things, good things happen to you. If you do bad things, bad things will happen to you. Purushartha: A belief based on ideals like a pure life (dharma), being successful, pleasure, and understanding people and their differences. Hindus are polytheistic, they believe in many gods. | It takes place in a temple or at a home shrine and is led by a Guru.
6: Buddhism | Important Figures | Holidays/ Celebrations | Founder: Siddhartha, "The Buddha." | There are different holidays but the most commonly celebrated are Buddha's birthday, Buddha's enlightenment, and Lunar quarters. | Some important figures are; impermanence (aniccca), unsatisfactoriness (dukkha), and no self ( anatta).
7: Number of Followers | Geographical Representation | Buddhism started in the Northeast India but now takes place in China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia. | Approximately 360 million people are Buddhist in the world.
8: Important Texts | History | Some important Buddhist texts are Pali Canon (Tripitaka) and Numerouse Mahayana Sutras | Buddha's estimated ti have lived from 490 BCE to about 410 BC. Buddhism is about 2,500 years old.
9: Buddh i sm | Central Tenants/ Beliefs | Worship Practices | Know as the 3 jewels, Buddhism has three central beliefs, Buddha, Dharma (Buddha's teachings) and the Sangha (the community of ordinary Buddhist people. | Buddhist worship usually by meditation and reading Buddha's teachings. They also make offerings (such as incense or flowers) to Buddha to show their love for him
10: History | Important Texts | Some important Jewish texts are the Tanakh along with the Talmud. | Judaism began with a covenant between God and Abraham in approximately 1812 BCE. The day Adam and Eve were created is when the Jewish calendar starts. This Jewish year as of September is 5773.
11: Judaism | Important figures | Holidays/Celebrations | Abraham is the founder of Judaism | Important Jewish holidays are mainly Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish new year), Yom Kippur (the day of atonement), Sukkot (festival of booths), Hanukkah, Purim. | Some important Jewish figures include; Abraham, Isaiah, Joshua, David, Josephe, Moses, etc.
12: Juda i sm | Central Tenants/ Beliefs | Worship Practices | Worship takes place in a synagogue on Saturday and is called Shabbat/ Sabbath. | Judaism is a monotheistic religion, they believe there is only one God.
13: Number of followers | Geographical Representation | There are about 14 million Jewish people in the world. | Most Jewish people live in Israel, Europe, and the USA.
14: Christianity | Important Figures | Holidays/ Celebration | The founder of Christianity is Jesus. | There are many Christian holidays including, Christmas, Lent, Good Friday, Easter, and All Saints Day. | Some examples of important Christian figures are, Angels, Devils, Demons, and Mary.
15: Geographical Representation | Number of Followers | 2 billion people in the world are Christian. | Christianity is all over the world especially Europe, North, and South America.
16: History | Important Texts | The most important text in Christianity is the Bible, a mix of the old testament and new testament. | Jesus was crucified around 30 A.D.
17: Christianity | Central Tenants/ Beliefs | Worship Practices | Jesus is the son of god. "Christians believe that Jesus was the messiah promised in the old testament" (What do Christians believe?). | Christians worship inside a church with music, prayer, speech, etc. to praise God.
18: Islam | Important Figures | Holidays/ Celebrations | The founder of Islam is Muhammad | Important Islam holidays are, Ramadan, Eld al-Fitr, Hijura, and Eld al-Adha. | Important figures in Islam are mostly prophets for example, Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus.
19: Geographical Representation | Number of Followers | 1.3 billion people in the world are Islam. | Islam is most popular in the Middle East and North Africa.
20: History | Important Texts | Important text in the Islam religion is Quran (koran). | Muhammad was born in 570 A.D. and died in 632 A.D. Islam started to rise in 632-700 A.D.
21: I s l am | Central Tenants/ Beliefs | Worship Practices | Allah is the only god. | Prayer takes place in a mosque. when you enter the mosque or just outside, there is a place to leave your shoes. Also, "a place where they can carry out the ritual washing required before prayer" (Mosque). once inside everyone sits on the floor where they are equals.