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World War 1

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S: Our Wedding

FC: A snapshot of Australia in World War 1

2: In 1914 the first of 331,000 Australians headed overseas to fight in World War 1. - the war to end all wars.. They fought in Northern Africa, Turkey and France. Nearly 62,000 of those who enlisted died and approximately 155,000 were wounded. . Many of those who returned home could not speak of their experiences, such dreadful things they and seen and been through.

3: In

5: Some of the men who fought are remembered here. These are people who have become famous. They represent the thousands whose stories haven't been told.

6: Alec Campbell

7: Alec Campbell was born in Tasmania. At the age of 16, claiming to be 18 he enlisted without his father's permission. He joined the 15th Battalion of the Australian Imperial Force in 1915. Not even being old enough to shave, Campbell gained the nickname "The Kid"' during his training in Hobart. One of his cousins had died already at Gallipoli and the idea of Campbell's deployment terrified his parents. He landed at ANZAC Cove in early November 1915 and assisted in carrying ammunition, stores and water to the | trenches. He received a minor wound in the fighting at Gallipoli. When he was evacuated from Turkey with the rest of the Australian forces in 1915, he became ill with a fever which caused partial facial paralysis. He was subsequently invalided home aboard the HMAT Port Sydney. He was formally discharged in 1916-- a Gallipoli veteran at only 17. Alec Campbell returned safely to Australia and lived a long and varied life, surviving to 103 and becoming Australia’s oldest and last surviving Gallipoli veteran.

8: Twenty-two year old, English-born John Simpson Kirkpatrick was an unlikely figure to become a national hero. Having deserted from the merchant navy in 1910, he tramped around Australia and worked in a variety of jobs. He enlisted in the AIF, expecting this would give him the chance to get back to England; instead, Private Simpson found himself at ANZAC Cove on 25 April 1915, and was killed less than four weeks later. he was not a regular soldier as he did not always do as he was told. | He was , however, brave and carried out his job very well, Instructed to recover and help the wounded he undertook this work enthusiastically. Famously, he used a small donkey to carry men down from the front line, often exposing himself to fire. The bravery of this "man with the donkey" soon became the most prominent symbol of Australian courage and tenacity on Gallipoli. Although Simpson carried no weapons he worked tirelessly to help the injured soldiers to safety and medical attention.

9: John Simpson Kirkpatrick

10: Albert Jacka

11: Albert Jacka joined the AIF in September 1914 aged 21 and landed on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. On 19th May, he helped fend off a Turkish assault at Courtney's Post. During the action he attacked a group of the enemy with his rifle and bayonet and recaptured the position. For this he became the first Australian to win the Victoria Cross in WW1. Next year in France, as an officer at the battle for Pozires, he performed another very brave action for which he was awarded the Military Cross. Although seriously wounded, his attack on the enemy was said to | be one of the bravest efforts of the war. At Bullecourt in April 1917 he won a bar to his MC for further brave individual work. Jacka became known throughout the AIF for his bravery. His 14th Battalion was called Jacka's Mob. He was courageous, straightforward and unpretentious. He was wounded again near Messines in July 1917 and badly gassed in May 1918. In 1919 Albert Jacka came home to Australia and was greeted by a civic reception and is his heroism is still considered immense.

12: John Monash was born in West Melbourne in 1865. He was a talented student who became an engineer and joined the militia part time in 1887. When the war broke out Monash was appointed to command the 4th Infantry Brigade. After the Gallipoli campaign he was promoted to command the new 3rd Australian Division, which took part in the fighting at Messines and the Passchendaele offensive in 1917. In early 1918 it faced the Germans on the Somme. | Monash displayed great military skills, a powerful intellect and inspiring leadership qualities. He impressed his own soldiers and higher command. In June 1918 he was promoted to lieutenant-general and appointed to command the Australian Corps. He led his Australians through a series of victories until the end of the war. Although he was a leader rather than a fighting soldier, Monash came home a hero and is still considered one of the greatest Australians.

13: John Monash

14: Jim Martin

15: James was born into a hard life. The family moved to many different houses before moving to Hawthorn in 1915. Jim enrolled in Manningtree Road State School from 1910 to 1915. At the outbreak of World War I, and against the wishes of his family, he enlisted at the age of 14 in the Australian Imperial Force on 21 April 1915. His parents finally agreed when he made it clear he would sign on under a false name if they did not consent. He gave a false date of birth to the recruiting officer, claiming to be eighteen, when he was | actually 14 and 3 months. He trained in Victoria before leaving in June 1915 to deploy to Egypt. In late August 1915, he was sent from there to Gallipoli on the steamer HMT Southland. En route, his ship was torpedoed by a German submarine off the island of Lemnos. He was rescued after spending four hours in the water. Martin contracted typhoid in the trenches and was evacuated on 25 October 1915 to a hospital ship. He died of heart failure that evening, at the age of fourteen and nine months, and was buried at sea the next day.

16: People said thank you to the Australian soldiers in many ways. In towns all over Australia you can find memorials to those who fought. Schools have honour rolls to list the names of those who fought and died. Although times were tough after the war, people thought that there should be a permanent memorial to the soldiers and the large amount of money needed to build it was raised in a short time. A large amount of the money came from the school students of Victoria. | In Villers Bretonneaux in France, such was their gratitude to the Australians for saving their town during a huge operation on April 24th 1918, there are memorials, ANZAC Day is celebrated each year, there is an Australian War Memorial next to the graves of the 770 Australians who died (as did soldiers from other countries)and above the blackboards in the primary school, which was rebuilt by donations from Australian children, it says "N'oublions jamais l'Australie" (Let us never forget Australia).

17: Thank you

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  • By: Jen D.
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  • Title: World War 1
  • Australians in World War 1
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  • Published: over 7 years ago

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