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WWII ABC's - Page Text Content


FC: WWII ABC's | By Zach Frederick and Neil Campbell

1: A is for Armada! B is for Battleship! | An armada was a mass fleet of navy ships, numbering in the dozens. An armada was usually formed by the majority of a power's naval strength. Armada's have been around as long as naval military and are commonly used for blockades. Armadas are orly formed and only for mass naval battle. | A&B | A battleship was a type of warship that was active in navies of global powers. Commonly a flagship for a medium sized fleet, battleships were a massive source of firepower. They were fairly large and commonly worked with aircraft carriers to land Naval and Air attacks working in tandem.

2: C is for Canadians! | C | The parliament of Canada was a declaration of war on Germany in September, 1939. This was the first time Canada had ever declared war independently. The majority of the Canadians battles were in Italy, the North Atlantic, and Northern Europe. The Canadian military supplied other countries such as Britain and France throughout the war.

4: D is for DUKW ! | QQ | D | The DUKW, more commonly known as a duck, was an amphibious boat truck that was used often for carrying supplies for the U.S. army. There were over twenty thousand existing and could carry two tons in weight. It was designed by Rob Stephens Jr. to be used for amphibious military assaults. They were used primarily in the Pacific and Mediterranean campaigns but was also an important asset to the Allies in the Battle of Normandy, or D-Day.

6: E is for English Channel! | In the early stages of the Battle of Britain, during WWII, there were many air raids on the English Channel in order to keep Britain out of the majority fighting. Despite the early successes Germany had on stopping cargo ships, they never gained full control over the Channel. The channel subsequently became a stage of intense coastal war. These coastal skirmishes often involved submarines, mines, and Fast Attack Craft. The English Channel was also an route for the Invasion Force of Normandy, leading up to D-Day. | E

8: F is for Flame-Thrower! | The flamethrower was an incendiary monster that was designed simply to launch a long, and controllable rope of fire. The basic design of a flamethrower consisted of two parts, the tank, or tanks and the nozzle or hose. A flamethrower most commonly had two tanks, one filled with compressed Nitrogen, to launch the flammable petrol in the other tank in a straight, lengthy line. The nozzle had a small flame that would ignite the petrol as it flew past, creating a huge stream of burning, sticky mush. They were used very commonly against Japanese troops who were positioned in rat tunnels, making it very hard for the Japanese soldiers to get away. One of the more significant instances of flamethrower usage was the battle of Iwo Jima. | F

10: G is for Glider! | Military gliders were used commonly during WWII to transport large amounts of troops of heavy cargo. These planes had no engine and commonly were towed out by large military transport planes, where they would then be released and be able to glide through the air for dozens, if not hundreds of miles under their own control. The one major problem with glider planes was that they had to be able to find smooth ground to land on. Otherwise they could end up with a bumpy landing. | G

12: H is for Hedgehog! | A hedgehog was formed of three pieces of steel leaning onto each other in order to stop tanks. They were anti-tank blockages and were used in almost every major coastal battle to stop DUKWs from landing. They were stuck into the ground and very heavy, thus making them a formidable blockage. | H

14: I is for Iwo Jima! | Iwo Jima was a major battle along the way for the U.S. army to launch an invasion upon Japan. It was a large island with a mountain at one end and an airfield at the other. There were two additional airfields on the island as well. The battle of Iwo Jima was fairly short lasting only from February 19th to March 26th. Over the course of the battle the U.S. fought for and captured all three airfields. It was a pivotal battle in WWII, the last stop on the pacific route to Japan. | I

16: J is for Jeep! | The WWII U.S. army jeep was a small four wheel drive light vehicle. Their actual model name was the Willy's MB and they were only produced from 1941 to 1945. They were considered an iconic symbol of the U.S. army and they were very easily recognizable. They were small, fast moving and commonly had a light machine gun mounted behind the driver and passenger seats. | J

18: K is for Kamikaze! | Kamikaze was a term used for suicide bombers in the Japanese air force. They would crash their planes into high value military targets in order to cause large amounts of damage. Kamikaze attacks were commonly seen in the campaign in the Pacific and notably used in Pearl Harbor. The term kamikaze, translated means divine wind. | K

20: L is for Luftwaffe! | The Luftwaffe was a German air force wing that was very battle experienced. They existed from the start of 1933 to the end of WWII and were arguably the most dangerous air military force under Germany's control. They were formed in violation of the Treaty of Versailles and were formed using the most recent airplanes. They were formed of newly emerging jet fighters, far superior planes to the former propeller planes. | L

22: M is for Medic! | Battlefield medics are trained combat personnel that have experience with first aid and battlefield surgery. They are trained not only to treat physical wounds, but handle any diseases that the soldiers contract. One medic travels with each platoon of troops. | M

24: N is for Normandy! | The invasion of Normandy was an assault by the Allies to place troops in Normandy in 1944. It was the largest invasion to ever take place, as well as the largest amphibious assault in history. The battle began with paratroopers and air bombardments. The Allies then proceeded to land amphibious vehicles on the shoreline, meant to transport troops that would head inland to take the city. | N

26: O is for Overlord! | Operation Overlord was the Allied forces codename for the battle of Normandy. This operation was the plan to take over the Western flank of German controlled Europe. During this operation over 160,000 foot troops were sent and over 7,000 amphibious assault vehicles were used. There was a three week military buildup after the Allies took the beaches, and then a massive invasion force headed inland. The operation was declared a success when the German forces retreated from the city. | O

28: P is for Panzer! | Panzer in German means armor, which is appropriate due to the fact that the German tank divisions during WWII were called Panzer divisions. The creation of Panzer tanks were in a direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. They were the Germans primary form of armored vehicles. | P

30: Q is for Quebec Conference! | The Quebec Conference, codenamed “Quadrant”, was a secret military conference in 1943. It was held between the British, Canadian, and American governments in discussion of the planning of Operation Overlord. The prime executives present at this conference were Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King. During this conference Roosevelt and Churchill also signed the secret Quebec Agreement, an agreement which stated that America and Britain would share nuclear technology. | Q

32: R is for Radar! | Radar was relatively new technology in WWII. Radar tracking was used by bouncing sound waves off of objects underwater and then recording the waves that came back in order to be able to tell the sizes and shapes of objects the sound waves hit. This technology was incredibly useful for knowing the locations of mines, finding submarines, and knowing the size of enemy fleets. | R

34: S is for Submarine! | Submarines are naval craft that have the ability to operate independently underwater. Submarines were used widely during WWII for naval reconnaissance and planning delicate operations. The German submarines, U-boats, were regarded as some of the most advanced submarines at the time. Submarines were very dangerous as the only surefire way to detect them was radar and they were able to sneak into enemy territory without being detected. | S

36: T is for Tojo! | Hideki Tojo was the 40th prime minister and the general of the Imperial Japanese army during the Second World War. He is also directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which led the United States to declare war on Japan. After the war, Tojo was sentenced to death by hanging for committing Japanese War Crimes in 1944. | T

38: U is for U-Boat! | A U-Boat was the German version of the submarine and they were regarded as some of the most advanced submersible technology of their time. They were vital to the German efforts to keep the Navy of other countries at bay and away from the coast. They were used commonly for blockade and reconnaissance missions. | U

40: V is for V-1 Rocket! | V-1 rockets were a type of missile that the German U-boats were known for launching. The V-1 Rockets were guided and the more advanced versions could even be controlled remotely. They were very dangerous weapons and they were created as a violation of the Treaty of Versailles, just like every other weapon of war the Germans made. | V

42: W is for Wake Island | In addition to Pearl Harbor, the Japanese also bombed Wake Island. They destroyed twelve US aircrafts. The battle of Wake Island was one of the first steps in the United States plan to invade Japan. Wake island was a small coral island that was in the shape of a horseshoe. The fight on Wake Island lasted for two years but after some time the Japanese retreated. | W

44: X is for X-Craft! | The X-Craft was a mini submarine that was built for the Royal Navy during WWII. It was towed by a "mother ship" to it' s station. It was almost like a Trojan Horse. They would send the mother ship to battle and they would hide in the X- Craft. WHen the battle was over the moved back to the mother ship. | X

46: Y is for Yank! | The Yank was a newspaper was a weekly magazine/ newspaper published by the military during WWII. The articles were written by enlisted soldiers and the magazine was only available for enlisted soldiers over seas. | Y

48: Z is for Zhukov! | Gregory Zhukov was a Marshall for the Red army of Russia. He led troops throughout the USSR to help defend Russia and other European countries that were taken by the Axis Powers. He also has the most medals and awards in Russian/ USSR history. | Z

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Neil Thomas Campbell
  • By: Neil T.
  • Joined: almost 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: WWII ABC's
  • This an ABC fact book of World War II.
  • Tags: world war ii, wwii, abc
  • Published: over 4 years ago

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