BC: By: Michael Nunes Senior Project Product
FC: How to Stop and Deal with DRUNK DRIVERS
1: Drunk Driving is a serious offense, many have died or killed civilians by performing this crime. This instructional book will teach police officers how to stop and deal with these drivers.
2: One usual stop with Drunk Driving is Wreckless Driving. | Police officers should stop drivers for usual infringements.
3: The officer should then signal the driver and make the driver come to a complete stop at the shoulder of the road.
4: While first interacting with the driver, the officer should be able to catch some signals to tell if the driver is drunk or not.
5: Some immediate signals to set off that the suspect is drunk are: The "drunk" look that consists of glazed eyes and distorted attention. The scent of alcohol is early detected while walking to the driver's window. Alcohol is clearly in view, or the driver has defecated/vomited on himself.
6: The immediate clue that signals the drivers sobriety is how long it takes the driver to reach for his license and registration.
7: It usually takes a sober driver about 15 seconds to reach and give an officer his license and registration. After years of experience, Officer Larry Hubbard, explains that it typically takes Drunk Drivers around 35 seconds to complete this simple task.
9: If further suspicion continues, and the driver has not admitted inebriation, the officer should then make the driver turn off his car, and pull the driver out of his car. One reason why this is, is to make sure that the alcohol scent is coming from the driver himself and not the car (ex: spilled beer.) If the scent is obvious, the driver is then liable to go through a series of tests, known as the Field Sobriety Test.
10: The Field Sobriety Test begins | Foreword: the test can be stopped at any time the officer pleases, usually after the status of the driver is confirmed.It is important to use sight, smell, and hearing during the process.
11: Usually, the first test is the eye movement test. The jerking of the eye's stigmas is the main concern here. The closer the eyes jerk back to the center of the vision, the more alcohol the driver has consumed.
12: The next test that should be given, is the alphabet test. Officers usually use the backwards alphabet test, but an experienced officer likes to throw the driver off by having them say their alphabet from F to T.
13: Another test that is good to use, is the one legged balance test. You make the driver stand on one leg, with his arms down beside his body, and see how unbalanced the driver is within the 30 second interval.
14: The Walk and Turn test is a classic test to use in the Field Sobriety Test. | This test challenges the driver's sobriety by his lack of balance.
15: The sway test is another effective test within the Field Sobriety Test. This test lets the officer see how much the driver sways, which is an obvious sign of inebriation, within a 30 second interval.
16: The most accurate and immediate way to find a drivers sobriety, is to use a breathalyzer. A breathalyzer is immediate and will read out the driver's BAC level. If the driver blows a .08 or above they are, by law, considered drunk.
17: According to Officer Larry Hubbard, an experienced police officer, if a driver blows a .08 or .09, the suspect is usually re tested just to make sure he is actually drunk. | Due to recent laws, if the suspect refuses to be tested, the officer can compel them to take a test by taking them to the hospital to get blood tested. Although, these tests take 6-9 months to get the results back.
18: Once the perpetrator has been declared drunk, he is then arrested, read his Miranda rights, and taken to the police station.
19: After taking a mugshot, and inputting their fingerprints, the driver is then taken to the magistrate for the final decision. The magistrate chooses the amount of bail, the punishment, and the court date.
20: Due to the extent of the punishment and the inebriation of the driver, he can sit in a cell until sober or call someone sober to come and pick him up from the station. BAC goes down about .02 per hour, so if no ride is found, he might stay in the holding cell for a while.
21: This book is a tutorial to all police officers while dealing with drunk drivers. This book has hopefully informed the officer how to co-operate with a driver that has been driving, and walks them through the process after the driver has been arrested. | Important: Officers should effectively use their senses of sight, smell, and hearing when interacting with a drunk driver.