S: The Great 1920's!
BC: The Great 1920's
FC: The Great 1920's!
1: Politics under Warren G. Harding and Coolidge Harding: . Ohio Gang- The Ohio gang was many of Hardings close friends who he let make political decisions. . Teapot Dome Scandal- The teapot dome scandal was when Albert Fall (the Secretary of the Interior) leased government oil reserves to private oilmen for bribes. | Coolidge: . Supported productive business leaders. . Helped the economy soar for almost 6 years. . Farmers then began struggling to keep land, labor unions demanded more pay, and African Americans faced many discriminations.
2: Racial Profiling and Nativism - Hate groups .Ku Klux Klan targets Jews, Catholics, and immigrants. The members felt threatened by the changes in America. They thought that immigrants were going to take over there jobs.
3: .The quota system governs immigrants from specific countries. It limited the number of immigrants from entering a country. .The National Origins Act excluded most Asian immigrants from America, but allowed 65,721 immigrants from England and Northern Ireland to come and 5,802 immigrants from Italy to come to America every year.
4: The Red Scare . A fear of suspected communists and radicals. . Started the Palmer Raids- a series of raids in 1920's. General Palmer authorized the legal raids. Over 6,000 immigrants were rounded up for suspicion of communism, but only 600 were deported on suspicion without trials.
5: . The raids led to the arrest of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. They were Italian immigrants and were charged for killing two men during a hold up at a shoe factory. They were found guilty because eyewitnesses said the robbers "looked Italian."
6: The Economy and Mechanization/Technology . Henry Ford introduced the Model T to Americans. It was a car that the average American could afford. . Ford made the cars on assembly lines which made it quicker to produce them and lowered the cost of the cars. . Once more cars started being made it benefited other industries. Such as steel, glass, rubber, asphalt, wood, gasoline, insurance, and road-construction.
7: . There was a consumer revolution in the 1920's. New and affordable products were available to the public. . This caused advertisement to go up. Advertisers would persuade consumers that they could be the person they wanted just by buying the right products. . Installment plans and easy credit are two new ways of buying things. Since the consumer revolution the people want to buy many things, but may not have the money right now to purchase it. They are able to purchase products on credit, or the consumers can make a small down payment and pay the rest off in monthly payments.
8: Prohibition and Bootlegging . Prohibition outlawed the sale and manufacture of alcohol . The 18th amendment is prohibition of alcohol . Many people didn't fallow this amendment, this is where we get the term bootleggers . Bootleggers sold illegal alcohol to consumers . Created secret drinking places, known as speakeasies; back room bars . The government attempted to stop the sale of illegal alcohol but it didn't work. . This was called "the noble experiment", because they didn't have enough money for law enforcement to enforce the amendment
9: . Carrie Nation was a main leader in prohibition of alcohol . She was trying to educate people on how bad the effects of alcohol was because her husband died from alcoholism. . She walked around with a bible in one hand and a hatchet in the other.
10: Fundamentalism . Fundamentalist believed that every word in the bible was literal truth . They believed that every answer to any important or scientific question could be found in the bible. . Religious and scientific beliefs clashed in the scopes trial. . The scopes trial is about the issue of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, whether or not your allowed to teach it in schools. . Fundamentalist were against the theory of evolution. . The conflict of evolution still continues today.
12: Flappers Lifestyles . Flappers were a symbol of womens new freedom. . The women were very liberal, they wore red lipstick, short skirts with flaps, and had bobbed haircuts. They also smoked and drank. . Not all women wanted to become flappers, however all women did want more control over their lives.
14: New Entertainment . The 1920's was the age of new music, literature, movies, and sports. Authors: F. Scott Fitzgerald- The Great Gatsby Ernest Hemingway- A Farewell to Arms Sinclair Lewis- Main Street . American writers are referred to the "Lost Generation." . They were inspired by their "lost" condition to search for new ways to express their truths.
15: . In the 1920's movies had gotten very popular. They had 5 cent movie theaters called nickelodeon. People were going to the movie theaters so often that public entertainment like the theaters were suffering. . Jazz music became a big part in the 1920's, it originated in New Orleans, Louisiana. . The sports that became popular in the 1920's were boxing, football, and baseball. . The big baseball star was Babe Ruth, also known as the Bambino, he was the home-run king.
16: The Harlem Renaissance . The Harlem Renaissance stood for African American pride in art, literature, and music. . The jazz age was a big part of the Harlem Renaissance. . Duke Ellington was one of the most important figures in jazz and was one of the greatest composers. . African Americans would no longer take the discrimination, the new mood during the Harlem Renaissance attracted many novelists, poets, and journalists.
17: . Langston Hughes was a writer and forced the movement was not about politics but to celebrate African American culture. . Hughes wrote The Big Sea, which was his autobiography. . Zora Neale Hurston was another writer. She wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God and Mules and Men.