BC: Works Cited "Anabaptists." CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA:. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012.
FC: The Protestant Reformation
1: The Protestant Reformation began for several reasons. The organization of the church right from Pope down to the priest were corrupt and vicious. They tried to make as much money as possible and issued indulgences, The people did not like that the papacy was so involved with secular affairs. Politically speaking, the rise of nation-states and new monarchy were keen to establish their absolute rule. Henry VIII considered the presence of the powerful church as a threat to his authority, so he was more inclined to accept the ideas of the Reformation to keep a firm hold on their power. | Henry VIII | Map of Protestant Corruption (Darker Areas=More Corruption. Lighter=Less Corruption
2: Lutheranism is defined as a teaching of Martin Luther emphasizing the cardinal doctrine of justification by faith alone. "Justification by Faith Alone" is a Protestant ideal that states that good works do not get you into heaven but rather your faith in Christ. Lutheranism dates back from October 31, 1517 when Luther affixed his thesis to the church door of the castle of Wittenberg. The 95-Theses was 95 rebukes against the Catholic church against, Pope Leo X. | 95-Theses
3: "I would never have thought that such a storm would rise from Rome over one simple scrap of paper..." -Martin Luther | Martin Luther | Hanging of the 95-Theses
4: Calvinism is the protestant theological system of John Calvin and his successors, which develops Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone and emphasizes the grace of God and the doctrine of predation. It was also known as "Augustinianism" because Calvin followed followed Augistine in many areas of predestination and the sovereignty of God. Calvin wrote the Institutes of the Christian Religion. It was written as an introductory textbook on the Protestant faith for those with some previous knowledge of theology and covered a broad range of theological topics. | Institutes of the Christian Religion
5: John Calvin
6: Anabaptists believed that infant baptism and the Lutheran doctrine of justification by faith alone were rejected without scriptural warrant. They also developed that doctrine that the church is to be in charge of religion and the state/monarch is in charge of law and management. | Anti-Trinitarians (also known as "Nontrinitarianism") refers to monotheistic belief systems, primarily within Christianity, which reject the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. They believe that God cannot be a man, a god, and a ghost all while co-existing.
8: The English Reformation began when Henry VIII wanted a divorce from his wife, so he created the Church of England, following the Reformation ideals. | The Reformation in Switzerland was founded by Ulrich Zwingli , who studied humanism, and preached the Bible in the vernacular in
10: The Reformation in France was a brutal one. St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. On August 24, 1572 Charles IX ordered the assassination of Huguenot Protestant leaders in Paris, which sets off a killing spree across France. Catherine Medici (Mother of Charles IX) ordered the murder of Admiral Gaspard de Collgny. The Reformation was generated in Germany, where Martin Luther posted the 95-Theses. And in 1555 the Religious Peace of Augsburg The Peace of Augsburg was the first permanent legal basis for the basis for the exsistance of Lutheranism as well as Catholicism in Germany, promulgated on September 25, 1555, by the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire assembled earlier that year in Ausburg.
12: John Wycliffe was an Early Reformer who was an ally of the anti-clerical and anti-papal nobility, and especially of John of Gaunt. His followers were known as Lollards. Jan Hus was also an Early Reformer who defended Wycliffe's position against anti-clerical and anti-papal nobility. He aroused the university and the populace against the papal commission, who had been sent to announce the indulgences. His followers were called Hussites, who believed their creed to be truly Catholic.
14: William Tyndale wanted to translate the Bible into English. He fled to Germany when he learned the king did not support him, because he vowed to keep trying for all his life. | Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus had great respect for Luther,and Luther spoke with admiration of Erasmus' superior learning.