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Anne Frank assignment

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Anne Frank assignment - Page Text Content

FC: Think of all the beauty still left around you and be happy.-Anne Frank | Anne Frank is born on June 12,1929 in Frankfurt,Germany.She is the second daughter of Otto and Edith Frank,who are German Jews.

1: Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart.-Anne Frank | Anne Frank is one of the most famous Jewish victims of the Holocaust because of the diary she kept during her time in hiding before being captured by the Nazis. She was only 13 years old when she and her family went into hiding. The writings from the two years she spent in such close proximity to her family was discovered and published by her father, Otto Frank and continue to touch people today.

2: Holocaust victim; famous diarist. Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. Her mother was Edith Frank, and her father, Otto Frank, was a lieutenant in the German Army during World War I who later became a businessman in Germany and the Netherlands. Frank also had a sister named Margot, three years her senior. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. However, Frank was born on the eve of dramatic changes in German society that would soon disrupt her family's happy, tranquil life as well as the lives of all other German Jews. | Early Life

3: Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, the virulently anti-Semitic National German Socialist Workers Party (Nazi Party) led by Adolph Hitler became Germany's leading political force, winning control of the government in 1933. "I can remember that as early as 1932, groups of Storm Troopers came marching by, singing 'When Jewish blood splatters from the knife,'" Otto Frank recalled. When Hitler became Chancellor of Germany on January 20, 1933, the Frank family immediately realized that it was time to flee. Otto later said, "Though this did hurt me deeply, I realized that Germany was not the world, and I left my country forever." | The Franks moved to Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in the fall of 1933. Anne Frank described the circumstances of her family's emigration years later in her diary: "Because we're Jewish, my father immigrated to Holland in 1933, where he became the managing director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam." After years of enduring anti-Semitism in Germany, the Franks were relieved to once again enjoy freedom in their new hometown of Amsterdam. "In those days it was possible for us to start over and to feel free," Otto recalled. Anne Frank started at the Montessori School in 1934, and throughout the rest of the 1930s she lived a relatively happy and normal childhood. Frank had many friends, Dutch and German, Jewish and Christian, and she was a bright and inquisitive student.

4: Before going into hiding | Whoever is happy will make others happy too.-Anne Frank

5: For her 13th birthday on 12 June 1942, Anne Frank received a book she had shown her father in a shop window a few days earlier. Although it was an autograph book, bound with red-and-white checkered cloth and with a small lock on the front, Frank decided she would use it as a diary, and began writing in it almost immediately. While many of her early entries relate the mundane aspects of her life, she also discusses some of the changes that had taken place in the Netherlands since the German occupation. In her entry dated 20 June 1942, she lists many of the restrictions that had been placed upon the lives of the Dutch Jewish population, and also notes her sorrow at the death of her grandmother earlier in the year.Frank dreamed about becoming an actress. She loved watching movies, but the Dutch Jews were forbidden access to movie theaters from 8 January 1941 onwards. In July 1942, Margot Frank received a call-up notice from the Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung (Central Office for Jewish Emigration) ordering her to report for relocation to a work camp. Otto Frank told his family that they would go into hiding in rooms above and behind Opekta's premises on the Prinsengracht, a street along one of Amsterdam's canals, where some of his most trusted employees would help them. The call-up notice forced them to relocate several weeks earlier than had been anticipated.

6: ____________________________________________________________ | Arrest and the concentration camp

7: On the morning of 4 August 1944, the Achterhuis was stormed by German uniformed police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip from an informer who was never identified. Led by SS-Oberscharführer Karl Silberbauer of the Security Service, the group included at least three members of the Security Police. The Franks, van Pelses, and Pfeffer were taken to Gestapo headquarters, where they were interrogated and held overnight. On 5 August they were transferred to the Huis van Bewaring (House of Detention), an overcrowded prison on the Weteringschans. Two days later they were transported to the Westerbork transit camp, through which by that time more than 100,000 Jews, mostly Dutch and German, had passed. Having been arrested in hiding, they were considered criminals and were sent to the Punishment Barracks for hard labor. Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman were arrested and jailed at the penal camp for enemies of the regime at Amersfoort. Kleiman was released after seven weeks, but Kugler was held in various work camps until the war's end. Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl were questioned and threatened by the Security Police but were not detained. They returned to the Achterhuis the following day, and found Anne's papers strewn on the floor. They collected them, as well as several family photograph albums, and Gies resolved to return them to Anne after the war. On 7 August 1944, Gies attempted to facilitate the release of the prisoners by confronting Karl Silberbauer and offering him money to intervene, but he refused.

8: The Publication of the diary -Anne Frank

9: The diary of Anne Frank is published in the Netherlands on 25 June 1947. In her diary, Otto reads about the plan Anne had to publish a book after the war about the time she spent in the Secret Annex. She had even edited and rewritten a large portion of her original diary. Initially, Otto Frank feels uncertain about the idea but he finally decides to fulfill his daughter's wish. TWo interested historians A manuscript of Anne's diary, typed by Otto Frank’s hand, finds its way via a number of different contacts to the Dutch historian Jan Romein and his wife Annie Romein-Verschoor, who is also an historian. Anne Romein attempts to find a publisher, but her attempts are unsuccessful. This leads Jan Romein to write a short article about the diary. Otto Frank is not told about this in advance. The article appears on April 3, 1946 on the front page of the Dutch newspaper Het Parool, formerly the newspaper of the Resistance. A few publishers then express interest.

10: The publishing company Contact in Amsterdam is finally decided upon. Pressure is exerted by the director of the company to remove a few passages from the book. He feels that Anne writes too freely about her sexuality. The company’s chief editor also makes some small changes. Het Achterhuis. Dagbrieven van 14 juni 1942 tot 1 augustus 1944 (The Secret Annex. Diary Letters from June 14, 1942 to August 1, 1944) is published on June 25, 1947. Noted in Otto’s appointment book that day is the word: Boek (Book). He later says about this moment: “If she had been here, Anne would have been so proud." | Otto’s diary marked with the date of publication

11: Pseudonyms In the actual book Het Achterhuis, the real names of a few people are disguised. Looking ahead to possible publication, when Anne edited her diary, she made a list of pen names for the people she wrote about. Otto uses some of Anne's names, others he changes. In Het Achterhuis the people in hiding finally appear as: Hermann van Pels = Mr.(Hermann) Van Daan Auguste van Pels = Mrs. (Petronella) Van Daan Peter van Pels = Peter van Daan Fritz Pfeffer = Mr. (Albert) Dussel Victor Kugler = Mr. (Harry) Kraler Johannes Kleiman = Mr. (Simon) Koophuis Bep Voskuijl = Elli Vossen Miep Gies = Miep van Santen Jan Gies = Henk van Santen

12: JOY | The End

15: It's the moments I spend with you that build the memories which last a lifetime. -M Gutierrez

17: Being deeply loved by someone gives you strength; loving someone deeply gives you courage. - Lao Tzu



21: Families fill our lives with happiness and laughter leaving us memories to treasure today and forever after.

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