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Stratman Family History

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Stratman Family History - Page Text Content

FC: Stratman Family History

1: This book is dedicated to my parents, James and Agnes Stratman, who taught me that love of family is the most important thing this side of eternity. It is with great excitement and gratitude to all who contributed that I share the photos, memories, recipes, stories and information contained in these pages. It is my hope that this book helps those who are no longer with us, to be remembered just a little bit more by those who still are. With much love, Denise Stratman Olsen A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches - Proverbs 22:1 | Dad & Mom 2009 | James E. Stratman & Agnes M. Stratman

2: Table of Contents | Chapter 1: Family History of Bertha Caroline Braasch. John & Sophie VonVoss Gradert & their 6 daughters pg 4 John & Sophie Gradert pg 8 Gradert Sisters & families pg 14 Katrina pg 16 Sophie pg 30 Charlotte pg 44 Emma pg 56 Marie pg 80 Augusta pg 88 Joachim & Minnie Braasch and their children pg 95 Fritz Braasch pg Chapter 2: Kubel. Adelheid and her ancestors. pg 99 Section 4: Stratman. Herman F Stratman and his ancestors. Section 5: Stratman children. The children of Bertha and Fred Stratman.

3: Our Story This book is the story of a typical American immigrant family upon whose back this great nation was built. A family melting pot of people, personalities, hopes, dreams, adventures, accomplishments. The lives and actions of those who have gone before shaped us into who we are today. They provided the character, the wisdom, the standards, the rules, the DNA, the security the timeless values; the things that molded us into the loving, caring, devoted, respected individuals we are today. They joked, laughed, mourned and wept, and solved the day to day problems. They married, buried, worshiped, worked, traveled, celebrated and danced. They worried, trusted, hoped and endured hardship. They loved, learned and grew. They are us, we are them. Between these covers you'll find their stories; the dash between the dates. The details that bring them to life once again in our memories. The dates, mere numbers, ah, but the dash. Those who loved them know more than the dates, they know the stories, the personality, the aspirations; the life that made up the dash. It s my hope to respect and honor those lives, as they so deserve. Peruse the pages, contemplate the photos and captions. Study the faces and peer into a bygone era. As you do, it is my desire that you would experience a deep connection, their life flowing through your veins. For it is, it does. Their life continues on, in you. I feel deeply privileged and honored to find my connection with the individuals within these pages. I am proud of my heritage, proud of my name, proud to honor the deep pool from which my life emerges. May you be equally proud. And as the veil of our journey thins and we soon find our lives between the pages of the next volume, may we be equally loved, and remembered with the same vitality and exuberance. To those who took the time to connect and help me write this story, I sincerely thank you from the depths of my heart. This book would not be possible without you, the love and effort you showed as you shared your lives, your photos, your stories.

4: The family history of Bertha Caroline Sophie Braasch Stratman 1892-1972 Daughter of Fritz & Emma Gradert Braasch | Chapter 1 | My Grandmother Emma's daughter Bertha

5: Bertha Stratman Stokley VanCamp best cook of the week, 1957

6: Bertha Caroline Braasch | Bertha Caroline Braasch was born October 9, 1892 in Bennington, NE to Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Braasch and Emma Gradert Braasch. She was the 4th of 8 children. | Bertha Caroline Braasch 1892 - 1972 | Braasch family home 2631 Lake St, Omaha Summer of 1906 L-R Emma, 41 William, 4 Fritz, 51 Augusta, 18 Bertha, 13 Benjamin, 16 Fredrick, 10

7: Henry Fredrick "Fritz Braasch 1854 - 1925 | Emma Gradert 1865 - 1944 | Joachim Braasch 1819 - 1891 | Sophie Charlotte Johanna Voss 1831 - 1907 | Caroline (Minnie?) 1829 - 1914 | Johann (John) Heinrich Gradert 1831 - 1889 | Christoph Gradert 1812- | Braasch | Voss | Catharina 1815- | Christine Kohlshen 1795-

8: Johann (John) & Sophie Von Voss Gradert

9: Johann (John) & Sophie Von Voss Gradert | John & Sophie Gradert are the parents of the six daughters featured on the following pages. After the death of her husband John, Sophie immigrated to the US on May 10, 1891 at the age of 59 along with Marie (age 23), Augusta (age 20) and Henry (age 15) from Hamburg on the Rhaetia. Their residence was listed as Wangels, Germany. The following write up was taken from Mom & Dad's previous version of the Stratman Family Tree. "The Gradert family came to the US after the death of John. Some of the family had preceded them here so Grandma, Augusta, Marie and Henry (Charlotte's son) came. The girls married here and located around Stanton, NE. Henry farmed near Bennington and later retired to the town of Bennington. Grandma Gradert is buried at Stanton, NE. Augusta married Carl Petersen in Nebraska settling on a farm in Stanton, NE, later moving to Alamosa, CO on account of his asthma. There they ran a 900 acre ranch in the San Luis Valley." They had 6 daughters, 46 grandchildren and over 171 great-grandchildren. *there is a slight discrepancy between the death certificate and the grave stone. The stone is correct. | Johann Heinrich "John" Gradert Sophia Charlotte Johanna VonVoss Gradert Born: 1831, Germany Born: Sept 23, 1832* Married: Died: 1889, Wangels, Germany Died: March 8, 1907* children: Katrina Born Oct 23, 1853 Died Nov 11, 1904 Age 51 Sophie Born March 30, 1857 Died April 8, 1925 Age 68 Charlotte Born Oct 27, 1859 Died Jan 25, 1935 Age 75 Emma Born July 8, 1864 Died August 11, 1944 Age 80 Marie Born May 28, 1869 Died August 28, 1921 Age 52 Augusta Born March 8, 1871 Died March 31, 1938 Age 67

10: These charcoals were loaned from the Londo Auch collection. Londo is a decedent of John & Sophie's daughter Charlotte.

11: John & Sophie Gradert

12: Stanton Cemetery Blue dot: Sophie Gradert & Bertha W H Gradert Stones Purple pin: John C E Ortbahn Stone

13: Stanton Nebraska Purple pin: Cemetery, specifically location of Sophie and Bertha Gradert stones The Stanton, NE cemetery was formerly known as Independent Order of Odd Fellows cemetery, or IOOF cemetery, and is still listed as that on some maps. | Stanton, is located in Eastern NE | Early photo of Sophie Gradert's stone. Lack of other stones indicates it was taken earlier on. The picture leaning up against the stone is unidentifiable, although when turned 90 degrees to the right, it looks to perhaps be a post-mortem with a mirror and flowers in the background.

14: Gut Farve The 1860 census puts the Voss/Gradert families at a place in Schleswig-Holstein known as Gut Farve. Gut Farve is the site of a German castle. It is unknown at this time their role in the Castle/farm. Catharina Gradert 1853, Sophie Gardert 1857, Charlotte Gradert 1859 are listed as their children at the time also born at Gut Farve. | L-R: Farve in relation to its location in Germany. Farve in relation to surrounding cities. Farve, and the castle (Purple pin) Gut Farve. Property boundaries of Gut Farve

16: German Census Records for Gut Farve and surrounding areas These census records were received through my German Genealogist contact Karin Schultz

20: July 12, 1934 Augusta Petersen, 66 Charlotte Stender, 76 Emma Braasch, 70 | Sisters

21: Augusta Gradert Petersen Marie Gradert Rohlff Emma Gradert Braasch | Emma with her sister Marie's family Front Row L-R Marie Gradert Rohlff Florence Weaver Braasch Emma Gradert Braasch 2nd Row L-R Dora Rohlff Ritze Rosie Rohlff Unknown Back Row Far Rt Dora (Bill) Nelsen Braasch

22: Catherina Gradert Voss | Wilhelm John Theodore Voss and Catherina (alt spelling Katrina) Johanna Gradert married in Germany and came to the US in approximately 1873. Their steamship docked in Pennsylvania. They migrated to Cleveland, OH where Wilhelm was employed in a screen factory. Their oldest daughter Mary was born in Cleveland. They came to Washington, County, NE as farmers and settled in Richland township (southern edge of Washington county) where in 1844 he owned 80 acres of land according to the 1884 Washington County Atlas. According to the 1900 census, they were the parents of 14 children, 9 whom were living. They eventually became grandparents to 74. Their children and grandchildren are listed below. Katrina died in 1904 at home in Blair, NE at the age of 50 after a lengthy illness. Wilhelm died in 1925 at the age of 80. He died at his home south of Blair of a heart condition. Both are buried at the German Cemetery, in south Washington County, NE. Children: Mary Voss Petersen April 12, 1874, Cleveland, OH. - Nov 16, 1957, Grand Island, NE. Married Carl Henry Petersen (Aug 2, 1873- Jan 23, 1944) on July 15, 1893 in Blair, NE. They had 10 children: Alvena Petersen Wrick (Sept 26, 1894, Irvington, NE - Aug 21, 1931 Omaha), Clara Amanda Rasmussen (March 23, 1897, Irvington, NE - Sept 5, 1978, Omaha), Dora Fitch (January 1899, Irvington, NE - Jan 19, 1983, Elkhorn, NE), Celia Rasmussen (May 12, 1900, Irvington, NE - Dec 11, 1968, LaSalle, CO), Karl Henry (April 7, 1902, Irvington, NE - Nov 26, 1971, Harrisburg, PA), Kathryn Holtorf (Sept 21, 1903, Irvington, NE - ), Herbert (Nov 9, 1906, Irvington, NE - Feb, 1986, Central City, NE), Otto William (March 11, 1908 - )August 1986), Louise Harlow (Dec 6, 1915 Washington Co NE - ), Lorraine Alice Williams (Dec 11, 1917, Washington Co, NE - ) | Catherina Johanna Gradert Wilhelm "William" John T. Voss, Sr. Born: October 23, 1853 Germany Born: October 3, 1844, Germany Married: ~1873 Germany (Flensburg, Prussia) Died: November 11, 1904; Blair, NE Died: Feb 24, 1925, Blair, NE Occupation: Farmer

23: Catherina Gradert Voss | Catherina & William's Children Cont'd Emma Voss Teitgen Sept 28, 1875; Washington Co, NE. - Dec 28, 1950, Burke, SD. Married Henry Tietgen (Jan 31, 1867, Holstein, Germany - March 14, 1948, Burke, SD) on April 15, 1893. They had 13 children: Charles Joseph (June 30,1893, Washington Co, NE - July 9, 1933, Burke, SD), Amanda Margaret Svogerson (Feb 15, 1896, Washington Co, NE - June 11, 1980, Blair, NE), William John (August 28, 1897, Washington Co, NE - Dec 1, 1963, Burke, SD), Henry George (April 20, 1899, Washington Co, NE - Oct 1, 1972, Blair, NE), Chris Hans ( Sept 23, 1900 Washington Co, NE - Oct 1981, Wayne, NE), Albert Peter (Feb 20, 1904 Washington Co, NE - Jan 14,1989, Fremont, NE), Meta Kracht (April 30, 1906, Washington Co, NE - March 5, 1993), Ben Louie (Dec 17, 1907, Washington Co, NE - Aug 6, 1969, Burke, SD), Hans Fred (Feb 28, 1910, Douglas Co, NE - July 21, 1984, Burke, SD), Otto Woodrow (July 20, 1914, Douglas Co, NE - Jan 18, 1978, Burke SD), Emma Anita Overseth (Sept 5, 1915, Douglas Co, NE - July 4, 1998), George (Died at age 5), Christine (Died at birth) Dora Voss Rosacker April 17, 1877, Blair, NE. - Oct 9, 1968, Burke, SD. Married George Rosacker (Nov 6, 1875 Holstein, Germany - May 26, 1940, Burk, SD) on Feb 25, 1899. They had 5 children: George (Died in infancy), Herman (July 19, 1904, Kennard, NE - July 5, 1996, Burke, SD), Hans (Dec27, 1906, Blair, Ne - June, 1984, St Joseph, MO), Infant son (1910, died same day), Viola Miller (June 22,1914, Blair, NE - Oct 15, 1989, Burke, SD) Wilhelmina "Minnie" Voss Brekenfeld Dec 12, 1879, Blair, NE. - Sept 13, 1962, Newell, SD. Married John Brekenfeld (August 26, 1879 - Dec 22, 1939) on Oct 23, 1900. They had 10 children: Fritz William (June 2, 1902 - June 11, 1979), Pauline Kathryn Rivers (March 8, 1904 - Oct 31, 1990), Maria Sophia Sunds (Jan 9, 1906 - Feb, 24, 1989), Emma Wilhelmina Smizer (April 26, 1908 - April 9, 1978), Hans George (Oct 20, 1909 - April 17, 1981), Helen Dorothea Aschenbrenner (May 6, 1910 - March 14, 1994), John Henry (July 17, 1913 - April 7, 1994), Cecilia Ann Swartz (Dec 29, 1916 - ), William John (Aug 10, 1919 - ), Luella May Dahlinger(Dec 6, 1924 - Oct 24, 1966).

24: Catherina Gradert Voss | Catherina & William's Children Cont'd Lizzie Voss Micheel Born Sept 5, 1882, Blair, NE - March 16, 1951, Huron, SD. Married August Micheel (August 25, 1870, Fiefbergen, Germany) on Nov 23, 1901 in Blair, NE. They had 10 children: Anna Katherina Huson (July 24, 1902, Stroud, OK - ), Martha Gradert* (Oct 9, 1903, Stroud, OK - ), William J (April 14, 1905, Stroud, OK - ), Irene Krutzfendt (Oct 27, 1906, Stroud, OK - )August Theis (April 18, 1908, Stroud, OK - Sept 2005, Huron, SD), Arthur (Dec 5, 1909, Blair, NE - 1996), George Heinrich (July 29, 19111, Kennard, NE - ), Charles (March 18, 1914, Cavour, SD - ), John (April 5, 1916, Cavour, SD - Feb, 1953, Killed in the Korean war), Helen Arenson (August 31, 1919, Cavour, SD - July 26, 1990, Huron, SD). *Lizzie's daughter Martha Micheel married Sophie Gradert's grandson (John Gradert's son) Carl. William John Voss. Jr Born May 2, 1884 in Bennington, NE. On March 23, 1910 in Winside, NE., he married Bertha Caroline Koepke (April 28, 1890 - Sept 10, 1956) Bill & Bertha farmed in Washington Co, NE a few miles north of where my folks currently live, between the county line and the Kennard cut off. My dad Jim used to visit them on the farm for a week every summer. He has many wonderful memories of his time there. Bill and Bertha had eight children (listed below). William died Sept 22, 1962 in Blair, NE. Catherina WIlhelmina Christensen (June 2, 1911 - May 31, 1972), Dorothy Elizabeth Jaspersen (Oct 22, 1912 - Dec 16, 2001, West Point, NE), John William Voss (married Louise) (Aug 14, 1914 - July 2, 1984), Wilma Dorothy Voss ( Sept 26, 1916 - Feb 8, 1972) Aveline (Evelyn) Meta Marie Parrish (Nov 14, 1918 - October 8, 1999, Fremont, NE), Wilbert Chris Alfred Voss (Nov 2, 1921 - Feb 21, 1986, Oakland, NE), Wallace Cecil Voss (Dec 1, 1926, Blair, NE - April 9, 1988, Omaha, NE), Alvin Bernard Voss (Jan 12, 1929, Blair, NE - June 25,1988, Omaha, NE) Otto George Voss Oct 21, 1885, Blair, NE - Feb 6, 1953, Blair, NE. On March 23, 1910 Otto married Margaret Wiese (June 23, 1886 - June 2, 1980) Otto & Margaret had several

25: Catherina & William's Children Cont'd children: Anna Knutsen (Nov 4, 1912, Blair, NE - March 8, 2007) Married Herman H. Knutzen, Clarence Christian Voss (March 5, 1914, Blair, NE - Sept 13, 1990, Omaha, NE) Married Marie C. Rathjen (Dec 16, 1916 - Feb 4, 1999), Viola Schneekloth (Oct 21, 1915, Bennington, NE - May 6, 2004, Fremont, NE) Married to Clarence W Schneekloth (Jan 21, 1915 - July 25, 2004), Irene Emma Schmidt (March 15, 1918, Blair, NE - March 13, 2002, Blair, NE), Bernice Dorothy Enger (May 16, 1921, Blair, NE - Sept 12, 1965, Blair, NE) Married Vic Enger (Jan 14, 1908 - ), Leona Marie Voss (Nov 28, 1923 - Aug 21, 1925), Maxine Lillian (Feb 28, 1927, Blair, NE - March 27, 2013) Married Louis Gordon Nielsen (May 18, 1924, Blair, NE - Dec 13, 2006) Martha Sophia Voss Soll Sept 28, 1887, Blair, NE - July 16, 1971, Pender, NE. Married Fritz Henry Soll (Feb 4, 1885, Bennington, NE - Dec 28, 1961, West Point, NE) on Feb 23, 1910 in Blair, NE. They had 5 children, 2 of which died as infants. Mabel Theresa Ahlers (July 18, 1911, Arlington, NE - March 14, 1973, Pender, NE), Loretta Krusemark (April 1, 1914, Pender, NE - June, 2004), Baby Girl (1915, died), Elmer WIlliam (December 16, 1917, Cavour, SD - July 14, 1982, Bancroft, NE), Baby Boy (1921, Died - Cavour, SD). Bernhard (alt Benhart) "Ben" Louie Voss April 26, 1890, Blair, NE - Feb 23, 1968, Blair, NE On March 15, 1912, he married Rosa Sophia Katherina Koepke (Dec 2, 1893, Winside, NE - April 1, 1959, Blair, NE) in Blair, NE. They had six children: Edna Marie Braesch (May 18, 1912, Blair, NE - July 22, 1983, Fremont,NE), Henry William (Jan 15, 1914, Blair, NE - May 18,1972, Blair, NE), Martin Henry (August 30, 1915, Blair, NE - April 15, 2001, Blair, NE), Victor Paul (January 1, 1922, Blair, NE - July 29, 1923, Blair, NE), Ervin Benhart (July 20, 1925, Blair,NE - August 19, 1985, Fremont, NE), Lois LaVaugh Skow (April 2, 1930, Blair, NE - ) | Catherina Gradert Voss

26: Catherina Gradert Voss | We were close to the Voss family growing up, As I mentioned, Dad used to spend the summers with Bill & Bertha on their farm. It was a day's trip to the farm in the south end of Washington County from his home at 4328 Erskine in Omaha. His parents would take a trip out to visit BIll and Bertha and at the end of the week, dad made the trip back home on a horse drawn milk wagon. The milk wagon came to the Voss farm to pick up the milk and take it to town, it stopped at the dairy on Military just a block from dad's home. As a teenager I remember the many get-togethers Bill's son John had that we attended as a family when I was growing up. There was always lots of homemade food, delicious desserts and plenty of beer flowing, and card games till late into the night on John and Louise's farm. They celebrated many occasions. John & Louise's farm is to the west of County Rd 31 and south of County Rd. 34. Every time John would visit our home and see my little brother John, he always said loudly, "HI JOHN!" and John would say back, "hi John Voss!". John & Louise were wonderful, happy, caring people, who seemed to know everybody. Because they were too closely related to marry, they dated for many years, finally marrying when they were approved by the state to marry. John was ornery and full of laughter. I remember one birthday celebration at the Voss's farm when I was about 10 or 11 years old. All the old timers (as I remember them being old anyhow) would congregate in the barn around tables with beer, betting on poker games, while the women sat inside and gossiped and chatted about everybody and everything. Us kids would run around until well into the night playing hide and seek, cops and robbers and such. At one point in the evening when I ran into the barn for something one of the Voss men, not wanting to leave his card game, handed me an empty beer glass and ordered me to go get a refill. Being 10 and not familiar with beer or how to run a keg, I put the glass under and pulled the handle. I promptly ran the glass back to him and handed it to him at which point the whole table erupted with boisterous laughter. I didn't understand why they were laughing at the time and didn't know any better. The glass was 90% suds and the guys were all pretty sure I did it on purpose to be difficult. I never was asked to refill a beer after that.

27: Catherina Gradert Voss | During those birthday celebrations, the kitchen table in John and Louise's home was filled with those wonderful old fashioned desserts made from scratch, the kind that just aren't found anymore; cakes with boiled frosting, made with real cream and farm fresh eggs. German potato salads and so many tasty things made from the "secret family recipes" that no one was willing to share...or if they did, they were sure to leave out an ingredient so it would appear they were giving up a family secret, but they knew all along it wouldn't turn out the same. Everyone who came brought a couple of their special dishes to share, a dinner and a dessert item. So many desserts it would make your head spin. I remember those times with great fondness. John & Louise's home was quite small, but jam-packed with lots of relatives. Kids ran in and out, women fussed over the dishes and shooed kids outside. The working area of the kitchen was about the size of a small walk in closet and a curtain across the doorway closed it off from the dining area. A sink was on the wall on the opposite side in the dining area. Green plastered walls, beautiful woodwork, family photos and fragile knick-knacks graced the home. In certain seasons the bed in the bedroom would be mounded high with the guests coats and purses. We looked forward to the get-togethers although any excuse to run around in the dark with our cousins and friends was a fun time. | Children of Katrina Gradert Voss & Wilhelm John Theodore Voss Front Row L-R: Minnie Breckenfeld, Dora Rosacker, Emma Tietgen, Mary Peterson Second Row L-R: Otto Voss, Martha Soll, Lizzie Micheel Back Row L-R: Bernhard (Ben) Voss, William Voss

28: Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Catherina Gradert | Emma Teitgen | Mary Petersen | George Herman Hans Infant son Viola | Catherine Dorothy John Wilma Evelyn Wilbert Wallace Alvin | Wilhelm Voss | Wilhelmina Brekenfeld | Lizzie Micheel | William | Catherina Gradert | Charles Amanda William Henry Chris Albert Meta Ben Hans Otto Emma George Christine | Anna Martha William Irene August Arthur George Charles John Helen | Johann Gradert | Dora Rosacker | Fritz Pauline Maria Emma Hans Helen Dorothea John Cecilia William Luella | Alvena Clara Dora Celia Carl Kathryn Herbert Otto Louise Lorraine

29: Otto | Anna Clarence Viola Irene Bernice Leona Maxine | Ben | Martha Soll | Mabel Loretta Baby Girl Elmer Baby Boy | Edna Henry Martin Victor Ervin Lois | Photos, Clockwise from top: Henry & Emma Voss Tietgen Henry & Mary Voss Petersen Mary Voss Petersen

30: Wilhelm & Katrina Voss family 1887 Far Left Wilhelm. Far right, Katrina Children L-R: Dora William (Bill) Mary Lizzie Emma Otto Minnie | Wilhelm & Katrina Voss | Voss Family Photos

31: Voss, then in front Jean, behind Jean is Bertha Stratman, behind her John Voss, front- Judy Jaspersen, Judy & Jean's father Avery Jaspersen, in front little Jerry Jaspersn, then James (Jim) Stratman, in front of him Irene (nee Baber) Stratman standing next to husband Bernie Stratman & Fred Stratman in the back, the children are Bernie & Irene's Patty & Daniel), Minnie Brekenfeld at her 80th birthday. | Clockwise from top: Jaspersen family (June 2, 1962 - 25th Wedding Anniversary L-R: Avery & Dorothy Jaspersen, Jerry, Judy, Jean, JoAnn & Armand), William "Bill" & Bertha Voss, Voss family get together circa summer 1952 (L-R: Wallace Voss, Dorothy Jaspersen, Alvin Voss, Rosie Voss, Ben Voss, Bertha Voss, behind her Wilma Voss, and Grandpa Bill

32: Voss Wedding Photos Ben & Rosie Fritz & Martha Voss Soll Facing page: George & Dora Voss Rosacker Otto &Margaret Voss | VOSS

33: WEDDINGS

34: Bill & Berth Voss Wedding photos

35: Ben & Rosie Voss | John & Louise Voss | Voss Family Photos | Siblings: L - R: Emma Theifoldt William Koepke Meta Voss Bertha Voss

36: Sophie Gradert Ortbahn | Sophie was the second of six daughters born to John & Sophie Gradert in Germany. She was a mother to three. Son John H Gradert born in Germany when she was 21 to an unknown father. Dora, born to her in Germany in 1891 at the age of 34, sometime after her marriage to Johannes "John" Ortbahn in approx 1882. And Henry, born two years later. The boys were named after her father John Henry Gradert. Sophie came to the US in about 1909 at the age of 52 and was widowed just two years later at the age of 54. Sophie lived in Stanton, NE before moving to Beadle Co, SD after the death of her mther Sophie Voss Gradert in 1907, her son John's wife in 1908, and her husband in 1911. All are buried in he Stanton, NE cemetery. Sophie died Wednesday, April 8, 1925, just four days before Eater, at the age of 68 and is buried in the Virgil, SD Cemetery along with her sons John & Henry, Henry's wife Meta (Weiss) and their son Raymond. Children: John H Gradert Born Aug 30, 1878, Germany. He immigrated to the US at th age of 24 with his wife Bertha Wilhelmina Henrietta Gradert (June 5, 1879 - Oct 15, 1908) and infant son Carl in 1903. In the 1910 census, At age 32, John lived in Stanton, NE with his son Carl, then 8, and two daughters Anna 6, and Augusta 5, and mother and step-father. His occupation was a farmer. John was a widow at that time, his wife died as a result of childbirth. She is buried in Stanton NE, next to her mother-in-law Sophie Gradert. John never remarried. John Died Wednesday, Nov 26, 1958, the day before Thanksgiving. John's 1918 WWI draft card showed he lived in Beadle Co, SD at that time and that he was 40 years old, had blue eyes and red hair. The 1920 census showed that not only did John have his three children living with him, but his widowed mother Sophie as well. | Sophie Gradert Johannas E. C. Ortbahn Born: March 30, 1857, Germany Born: April 21, 1855 Married: Approx 1882 Died: April 8, 1925, Beadle Co, SD Died: August 10, 1911 Occupation: Farmer

37: Carl Theodore Gradert (Sept 5, 1902 - Aug 26, 1993) married Martha Micheel (A granddaughter of Katrina Gradert Voss) on Jan 21, 1925 and had three children, Eldon (1927-2012), Arlene (1929-2011) and Marvin (1934-). Daughter Augusta (~1905-July 4, 1990) married Otto H. Wieland March 12, 1930 and had three children, Nadine Mae (1931-1988), Milford (1933- ) and Carol (1938- ). Daughter Anna Elise (April 18, 1904 - Jan 6, 1994) Married Roy Middaugh in June 8, 1925 in Huron, SD, they had 4 children: Vernice, Delmar, Marlo, La Verne. Carl was very close to his sisters. Henry F. Ortbahn Born December 13, 1893, Wangels, Germany. Henry Immigrated to the US in 1909 at the age of 14, and according to the 1910 Census, lived with Anna & Henry F Gradert (Charlotte's firstborn son) along with Dora M. Schroeder, listed at age 11 as a "daughter-in-law". Dora was Henry Gradert's Step-daughter; wife Anna's child from her previous marriage, she was widowed when Dora was a just 1 month old. Dora married Emil Kruse. Anna had been single for four years when she married Henry Gradert. At the age of 24 Henry's Draft Card showed he lived in Beadle Co, SD. Henry married Meta E. Wiess (October 17, 1895 - October 5, 1996) and had three children: Raymond H Ortbahn (~1920-April 30, 1992), Raynold W Ortbahn (~1919 - Feb 21, 2000), and Milton L Ortbahn (~1928 - April, 1969). Census data shows Henry & Meta Lived in Wolsey, SD. Henry Died in May, 1985 at the age of 91 and is buried in the VIrgil Cemetery in Beadle Co, SD. Dora Ortbahn Schroeder October 14, 1891, Germany - Feb 1, 1965 Alpena, SD. Dora came to the US in 1908 and settled in the Stanton, NE area where she was a servant for a private family, the John & Anna Oeltjen family. just west of where John & Sophie lived. She lived in Dimick precinct, District 0195 in Stanton County, just SW of Stanton; approximately 5 miles North and 3 miles East of Leigh, NE very near where John & Sophie lived. | Sophie's son John's stone Sophie Gradert Ortbahn's stone Virgil Cemetery, Beadle, SD Virgil Cemetery, Beadle, SD | She married her husband Otto Schroeder March 7, 1911 in Stanton, NE. They later moved to the Aplena area where Otto farmed.

38: Sophie Gradert Ortbahn | Obit for Henry's son Carl's son Eldon Carl Gradert – February 13, 1927 – March 9, 2012 Eldon Carl Gradert, 85, Bloomington, formerly of Luverne, died Friday, March 9, 2012, at the Wealshire of Bloomington. A funeral service was Monday, March 12, at St. Catherine Catholic Church in Luverne. Burial followed at St. Catherine Catholic Cemetery. Eldon Gradert was born Feb. 13, 1927, to Carl and Martha (Micheel) Gradert in Virgil, S.D. The family moved from South Dakota to Ash Creek in 1935. In 1938 they moved to a farm near Luverne. He attended country school and Luverne High School. He went on to graduate from the School of Agriculture at the University of Minnesota in 1947. He spent many evenings at the KDUV dance hall near Kanaranzi and at the Arkota Ballroom in Sioux Falls, S.D., He served in the Korean War as a member of the 17th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Division, 2nd Battalion. He served in the Army from 1950-1952. He was in the Battle of the Punch Bowl and was a guard to the United Nations delegates at the Peace Talks. He was awarded the Combat Infantryman’s Badge. He was then in the Army Reserves until 1956. On April 26, 1952, he married **Ronnie Kerkvliet in Sioux Falls. They farmed near Kanaranzi and Alvord, Iowa. He and his family then took over his parents’ farm near Luverne in 1968. The couple retired and moved to Luverne in 1998. He was a founding member of the Rock County Rural Water District. He was also a member of the American Legion, the VFW, and the Lions Club. He attended St. Catherine Catholic Church and was in the Knights of Columbus and on the church council. He enjoyed bowling, playing cards, dancing, traveling and having coffee with his friends at Glen’s Food Center. Mr. Gradert is survived by his wife, Veronica Gradert, Bloomington; four children, Bryce (Patti) Gradert, Carson City, Nev., Karla (Dave) McKenzie, Apple Valley, Lisa (Doug) Le May, Roseville and Lynda Gradert, Minneapolis; 10 grandchildren; a brother, Marvin (Donna) Gradert, Terre Haute, Ind.; a brother-in-law, Torlief Thompson, Luverne; and many other relatives and friends. He was preceded in death by his parents, a son, Brockton Gradert; and a sister, Arlene Thompson. Memorials may be directed to St. Catherine Catholic Church. Arrangements are by Dingmann Funeral Home of Luverne, www.dingmannandsons.com. Rock County, Star Herald , Luverne, Minnesota March 13, 2012 ***Note: Eldon Gradert married Veronica “Ronnie” Agnes Kerrkvliet, the daughter of Gerard Kerkvliet and Matilda (VanAcken) Kerkvliet of Larchwood, Lyon Co., Iowa

39: Henry's son Carl's daughter Arlene Gradert Thompson, and son Eldon Gradert | Sophie's son Henry and wife Meta Virgil Cemetery, Virgil SD | Sophie's husband John Ernst Chris Ortbahn's stone, Stanton, NE cemetery Hier Ruhet John Ernst Chris Ortbahn Geb. Apr 21, 1855 Gest. Aug 10, 1911 Ruhe in Frieden | Ortbahn/Gradert Family Photos

40: Death certificate for John H Gradert

41: John Ortbahn purchased the two plots in the Stanton Cemetery where his step-daughter-in-law Bertha (John Gradert's wife) who died in childbirth and mother-in-law (John Gradert's Grandmother) Sophie were buried just a year apart in 1907 and 1908. John Ortbahn then passed away in 1911 and is buried about 100' to the SSW of their graves. Shortly thereafter, the John Gradert & Henry Ortbahn families along with their mother Sophie (John Ortbahn's widow) moved to Beadle Co., South Dakota, near Huron, SD. | An article from the Norfolk Weekly News Journal August 11, 1911 | John Ortbahn's Death Certificate John was actually 56, not 53 as his death certificate states. Church records indicate he was born in 1855.

43: Notice the 2nd pair of feet behind her. A garden and fruit trees in the background along with some snow in the field and garden. | S O P H I E

44: Gradert Ortbahn Family Photos | John and his three children Anna Gradert Middaugh, Augusta Gradert Wieland, John Gradert, Carl Gradert. Photos on previous, this and facing page from the collection of Augusta's son Milford Wieland.

45: Property tax records | The following newspaper articles were taken from the Virgil, SD newspaper.

48: Gradert Ortbahn Family Photos | Photos on previous, this and the following pages are from the collection of Augusta's son Milford Wieland. | John Henry Gradert Son of Sophie Gradert Age ~30 | Bertha Wilhelmina Henrietta Krueger Gradert Wife of John Gradert Age ~29

49: The children of John & Bertha Gradert The 5 photos on these pages were taken in 1907-1908 which makes the children the approximate ages Carl 6 Augusta 4 Anna 3

50: John Gradert Declaration of intention | Death certificate for Sophie Gradert Ortbahn

51: Record of marriage for John Gradert's son Carl. | Petition for Naturalization and oath of allegiance for John H Gradert

52: Bertha died from Septic Pneumonia. The contributory cause was puerperal septicemia, a severe bloodstream infection resulting from an obstetric delivery or procedure. Bertha had been under the care of a doctor from Sept 12 to Oct 14th, she died Oct 15th. | Stone of John Gradert's wife, Bertha Hier Ruhet Bertha Wilhelmina Henriette Gradert Geb. am 5 Juni 1879 Gest am 15 Oktober 1908 Ruhe sanft auf Wiedersehn

53: Sophie Gradert Ortbahn | Sophie Gradert | unknown father | Henry E. C. Ortbahn | John Henry Gradert | Henry F Ortbahn | Bertha W H Krueger Gradert | Johann Gradert | Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Meta Wiess Ortbahn | Carl Gradert | AugustaGradert Wieland | Anna Gradert Middaugh | Raymond Ortbahn | Raynold Ortbahn | Milton Ortbahn | Eldon Arlene Marvin | Nadine Milford Carol | Vernice Delmar Marlo La Verne | Mark David Jerry Kirk | Henry & Sohie's daughter: | Dora Ortbahn Schroeder | Otto, Henry, WIlliam, Frieda Alma, Carl, Marie, Waldo

54: In my research for this book, I was afforded the great privilege of finding and connecting with my third cousin and his wife, Marvin & Donna Gradert of Terre Haute IN, Marvin is a descendant of Sophie Gradert, and Katrina Gradert as I would later find out. As I dialed and the phone rang, I hoped Google had given me a correct number and that I would be lucky and find someone who would share my passion for family history, After suffering so many dead ends and uninterested folks, I didn't have high hopes. But, within seconds, I felt a connection and an excitement. Marvin and Donna are salt of the earth, Midwestern friendly, never know a stranger kind of folk. I am forever indebted to them for their kindness and generosity in sharing their lives with me. As I hung up the phone over two hours later, my head was swimming with details. I instantly felt a part of their lives, as if I had known them forever. They pronounce Gradert with a long A, I with a short. I had dates, I wanted stories. I pried, they graciously shared. Marvin told me his dad was born in Germany, just two or three months old when he came with his parents John & Bertha to the US. Bertha died in childbirth with her fourth child, and John was widowed, a father with three young children. The day they buried Bertha, they went and had a family photo taken. Afterwards the family came home and John went out to work the cattle. The bull took out after John and would have killed him had it not been for Carl who was just six at the time. Carl had the sense to sick the dog on the bull, saving his father's life. Had it not been for Carl's quick thinking, the kids would have been orphaned, losing both parents the same week. Marvin and Donna had traveled to Germany and found that the cemetery in Schoenburg, 50 km east of Kiel was full of Gradert grave sites. I found that area to be the root of several ancestors. Carl was very well thought of by everyone and he was very close to his sisters. John and Carl were not as close. Carl tried farming in SD but got dusted out by the dust bowl of the 1930s, he decided to try his luck in MN and John assured Carl he'd never make it and would be back. Turned out Carl did well, in fact he at one point owned half a section and was the talk of the town when he bought both a new pick up truck and a new car at the same time. Carl was involved in a lot of clubs and community activities and on various boards, but he didn't like to talk about his accomplishments or draw attention to himself.

55: Marvin went on to share another story. John was tough. He was old German and liked his beer and enjoyed driving to Virgil, SD to play cards with friends. One night, he was on his way home and felt he was being overcome by carbon monoxide so he pulled over and began to walk home along the railroad tracks. At some point he tripped, fell and broke his leg. John got up and walked on his broken leg all the way home. Like he said, John was tough! The stories Marvin and Donna shared painted a beautiful picture of John and Carl. I feel grateful to have met them. I friended Donna on Facebook and when I saw a picture of Marvin on her page, I was taken aback by how much he resembled my dad. But then of course they are related. | Marvin & Donnalee Gradert with their Granddaughter Nakissa Gradert. | Dora Ortbahn Gradert obit Oct 14, 1891- February 1, 1965 Daughter of Sophie Gradert Ortbahn & John Ernst Chris Ortbahn | Henry Ortbahn obit

56: Charlotte Gradert Stender | immigrated to US from Germany (zwischendeck Accommodations) aboard the ship Rhaetia, which departed Hamburg, on May 10, 1891 arriving in NY, NY. Children: Heinrich (Henry) Fred Gradert Born Jan 23, 1876 Holstein, Germany Married : May 29, 1903 to Anna Niemann Schroeder (DOB) Mar 20, 1881 Children: Step-daughter Anna (June 16, 1898) daughter of Anna & Charles Schroeder Occp: Farmer Died: Sept 3, 1933 - Bennington, NE Charlotte was the mother of 13 children. She became pregnant with Henry, her first, in Germany when she was just 15, details regarding Henry's father are unknown. Henry was born three months after Charlotte's 16th birthday. When Henry was six years old and Charlotte was 23 and pregnant with her third child, she married Christian Stender in Germany. In 1891. At the age of 15, Henry, Charlotte, Christian and their children immigrated to the US along with Sophie, Marie and Augusta Gradert, and maybe other family members. On the evening of September 3rd, 1933, Henry was headed home from the old Dutch Hall (located at the top of the hill at the SE corner of Co Rd 40 and 33 in Washington County, NE) he was involved in a one-car auto wreck on County Rd 40 at the bottom of the hill and was killed. Charlotte and Christian's had 13 children, including Henry and one unnamed baby who died in infancy. Information on those children and their children is on the next pages. | Charlotte Gradert Christian William Stender Born: Oct 27, 1859 Born: Dec 19, 1857 Married: April 10, 1882 - Germany Died: Jan 25, 1935 - Age 75 Died: Feb 2, 1938 - Age 80

57: Charlotte Gradert Stender | Children: Ernest Stender Born: Feb 12, 1880 - Germany Married : Matilda Children: Henry, Walter, Max, Hugo, Charlotte, Ella, Augusta Occp: Farmer Died: Died May 18, 1955 Julius Stender Born: July 11, 1882 - Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Married Mary Kruse (June 6,1890 - March 31, 1919) Children: Emma Stender [married Eric Knudsen & had one child Mary Beth (Cohrs)], Bill Stender (married Iva) Died: Oct 17, 1944 Louisa Wilhelmina Stender Born: Sept 10, 1884 In Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Married: Sept 14, 1904 - Blair, NE. Chris Schumacher (1/17/1880 - 3/10/1995) Children: Henry (6/25/1905-6/15/1966) a farmer, Doretta -homemaker, never married (6/18/1908-?), Freddie (Erick?) 2/14/1913-? (wife Alvena Wesmann) a farmer Died: Jan 17, 1937 Otto Stender Born July 29, 1886 Married Meta Wiese (March 26, 1890 - Jan 22, 1919) Children: Florence Kleensang (Sept 30, 1916 - Jan 22, 1944) Otto Stender remarried Dora Carsten and had a child Roy Stender (Roy's children: Kathy, Raymond, Roger, Ronald) Died: Nov 18, 1950 Theodora Stender Born: Oct 22, 1888 Married: Henry Petersen (Dec 8, 1884 - Jan 27, 1957) Children: Vern Petersen (wife Ora Mae Symes) 4/19/1917-1/19/1943 - car accident, Bernard Petersen (Wife Wilma) Died: Nov 14, 1963 | Ernest's son Max and his wife

58: Children: Emil Stender Born: Dec 15, 1890 Married: Christine Schumacher Children: Alton August, April 1, 1924-? (married Francis and had children Carol, Penny & Sherry) Died: Nov 30, 1955 Annie Stender Born: May 22, 1892 - Germany Married: January 5, 1916 Fred Wulf (Feb 26, 1886 - April 30, 1967) Children Fred R Wulf (Feb 11, 1910-Oct 1978) Eggert Wulf (wife Olga Petersen) and Earl Wulf (wife Lucille Madsen) Died: Sept 5, 1961, Burial in Blair Cemetery Emma Stender Born: Aug 30, 1894 Married: March 20, 1917, Ernest Kerstetter (he later remarried Helen Lamp, Oct 5, 1938) Children: Stanley Kerstetter (Helen) Died: April 2, 1936 Sophie Stender Born: Dec 13, 1898 Married: March 19, 1919, Gustov Auch (Nov 20, 1891 - July 8, 1978) Children: Chester Auch 1/11/1920 - 2/19/2008 [wife LaVonne Heger - married May 15, 1954. children Londo (wife - Lorna Rogers -married June 10, 1978)] Died: March 8, 1976, Burial in German Cemetery Christian W (Chris) Stender (Charlotte's twin) Born: July 15, 1901 Never married Died: Jan 18, 1948 Charlotte Stender (Chris's twin) Born: July 15, 1901 Married: Bernard J Bergman (8/4/1892 - 6/19/1965 Children: Byron Bergman (Mary Helen), Ralph Bergman (Betty), Donald Bergman (Myra) Bernie Bergman (Lynn), Bruce Bergman (Sharon) Died: May 31, 1986, Burial in German Cemetery

59: Chris & Charlotte Stender

60: The Christian "Chris" & Charlotte Stender family Back row L-R: Otto (meta Wiese), Emil (Christine Schumacher), Juluis (Mary Kruse). Middle row: Emma (Earnest Kerstetter), Henry Gradert (Anna Neimann Schroeder), Sophie (Gustav Auch), Annie (Fred Wulf). Front row: Christian W. (never married), Louisa (Chris Schumacher), Christian Stender, Charlotte Gradert Stender, Theodora "Dora" (Henry Petersen), Charlotte "Lottie" (Bernard Bergman). Absent from picture: Ernest (Matilda Engel) was in germany at the time.

61: Julius Stender | Julius J Stender was a resident of Jefferson, Douglas, Nebraska at the time of both the 1910 and 1920 US Census. In 1910, he and wife, Mary (age 19, NE) were the sole occupants of their home. In 1920, Julius was widowed and the head of house. Occupants of the home at that time were as follows: Head Julius J Stender M 37 Holstein Germany Daughter Emma A M Stender F 9 Nebraska Son William C Stender M 6 Nebraska, Sister Charlotte Stender F 18 Nebraska Brother Otto F Stender M 33 Holstein Germany Julius' stated immigration year per the 1910 & 1920 census was 1890. Per the 1920 census, he & his parents were born in Holstein, Germany. | Julius & Mary's headstone | S T E N D E R | P H O T O S

62: Otto Stender | Edgar Wulf

63: Lottie & Ben Bergman These photos were taken at the same time and were in the same frame, Lottie's was removed from the frame, Ben's was not removable

64: Sophie Stender Auch Sophie and her husband Gus lived in Washington county, NE, on the south side of county road 40, West of county road 31, just west of the Butterflat creek. As a young girl visiting their home, I remember Gus showing me a framed box full of dozens upon dozens of Arrowheads that he had found while walking behind a horse-drawn plow on the flat area west of the creek. Indians were prevalent in that area and he told me that hey ran buffalo herds up to the edgeof that creek where they were hunted. The creek banks are perhaps 20' deep. We used to explore there as kids on a regular basis and buffalo bones were often found.

65: Gustav & Sophie Auch Wedding day March 19, 1919 Gus, age 28, Sophie Age, 20 I have fond memories of Gus and Sophie and visiting them at their home. They kept a pair of binoculars at the front window to check out what was going on in the neighborhood, which consisted of two neighbors a third of a mile away at the closest. I admired Sophie's, strength, joy and her hair which she often wore braided on the top of her head like a crown, a typical German women's hairstyle, simply beautiful. They had one son, Chester "Chet" Auch, who lived to the west on the north side of the same road, we would on occasion go fishing in their pond at the farm. Chet's son Londo Auch loaned the photos of John & Sophie Voss Gradert contained in this book.

66: Bergmans That is all the info on the back of this picture, I am unsure of who is in the photo | Ernest & Emma Stender Kerstetter March 20, 1917 | Gus & Sophie's 55th wedding anniversary celebration March 24, 1974

67: Ernest & Emma Stender Kerstetter family L-R: Ernest, Clyde, Faye, Stanley, Emma

68: Theodora "Dora" Stender Petersen | Charlotte "Lottie" Bergman Aunt Lottie as most knew her was a very beloved aunt.

69: Bernard & Charlotte "Lottie" Stender Bergman Ben & Lottie

70: Chris & Charlotte's son Julius Stender and his bride Mary Kruse | Chris & Charlotte's daughter Theodora "Dora" Stender and her husband Henry Petersen

71: Charlotte's son Henry & wife Anna Niemann Schroeder | Christian & Charlotte Gradert Stender's grave stones. located in the German Cemetery in south central Washington County, on county road 33, between county roads 38 and 40.

72: more Stender Family photos | Roy Stender | Charlotte's Birthday October 27, 1926 Age 67

73: This photo was the front of a postcard, the photo below is the other side. L-R: Mary Kruse Stender, Emma Stender Knudsen, Unknown youth, Louise Stender Schumacher, Unknown youth, Charlotte Gradert Stender | Hello, we are all well hope yous the same did not hear from yous so long. Best regards from all to all. Hope to hear from yous once pretty soon Julius & Mary & Omma | Postcard addressed to Mr & Mrs Fritz Braasch.

74: Charlotte Chris Jr Chris | On Back of photo: "Right Otto Stender's folks Left Topp's Mikie's Grandparents"

75: Charlotte & Chris Stender | S T E N D E R

76: Henry Doretta Freddie | Ernest | Henry F Gradert | Johann Gradert | Alton | Henry Walter Max Hugo CharlotteElla Augusta | Florence Dora Roy | Emma Bill | Julius | Vern Bernard | Christian Stender | Louisa Schumacher | Emil | Otto | Theodora Petersen | Charlotte Gradert | Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Dora Schroder (Step-daughter) | Charlotte Gradert Stender

77: Fred Eggert Earl | Annie Wulf | No children | Emma Kerstetter | Sophie Auch | Charlotte Bergman | Christian | Infant | Byron Ralph Donald Bernard Bruce | Stanley Clyde Faye | Chester | No Children | Donald Bergman, son of Lottie Stender Bergman | On April the 11th, I decided last minute to make a trip back to Omaha to visit mom and dad and to help Dad celebrate his 78th birthday on the 13th. While there we went to Stanton, NE to visit and clean Sophie and Bertha Gradert's graves. I also made plans to visit Don Bergman in Bennington to see the legendary old wallpaper book that Charlotte had used to record family births, deaths, etc. When we arrived at the center we found out he had passed away just days earlier and his funeral was that morning. I regret not making it back sooner to visit with him. His funeral program is shown below. Don takes after Charlotte very much.

78: Charlotte's son Henry & wife Anna Niemann Schroeder

79: On the map, the purple pin indicates location of the German Cemetery. Henry Gradert is buried in the German Cemetery, Washington, Co, NE (Block 12, Lot 8). This is also the location of the Stender family plot | Henry Gradert Draft Card In September 1918, Henry was 42 years old. He was a farmer in Washington, NE., married to wife Anna. He was of medium height, with a stout build. He had Blue eyes and dark brown hair.

80: The family of Emma Gradert Braasch | Emma Gradert Braasch was my dad's (James Stratman) mother Bertha's (Bertha Braasch Strtatman) mom. Grandma Bertha passed away when I was just 5, and although I actually have many memories of her, I only have a few stories of her parents, Fritz & Emma.

81: Emma Braasch | Fritz & Emma | The story of Fritz & Emma Braasch

82: Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Braasch Born: December 14, 1854 - Malente, Germany Occupation: Shoemaker - Harness shop in Bennington, NE; candy, cigars, tobacco, shoes, shoe repairing 2631 Lake Died: April 29, 1925 - Swedish Mission Hosp. Omaha, NE, edema of heart & lungs. Age 70. | Emma J Gradert Born: July 8, 1865 - Schleswig- Holststein, Germany Married: June 6, 1885, Omaha, NE Occupation: Homemaker Died: August 11, 1944 - Omaha; Cerebral hemorrhage | Children: Born: Died: Agnes 1885, Jan 7, 1887, convulsions cutting teeth Augusta M December 1, 1887 October 1, 1937 Age 49 Benjamin Wilheim December 28, 1889 November 9, 1971 Age 81 Bertha Caroline Sophie October 9, 1892 June 22, 1972 Age 79 Fredrick I September 11, 1895 September 7, 1911 Age 15 Walter 1899 -Jan 3, 1901 In infancy, Convulsions cutting teeth William J June 25, 1902 May 5, 1978 Age 75 Dorothea Gertrude Emma March 10, 1908 March 10, 1997 Age 89 When Emma Gradert was born on July 8, 1864, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, her father, John, was 34 and her mother, Sophie, was 33. When Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Braasch was born on December 14, 1854, in Malente, Germany, his father, Joachim, was 35 and his mother, Caroline, was 25. Although Fritz and Emma didn't know each other, they both emigrated from Germany to the US around the same time in 1882, but on different vessels. Fritz was 27, while Emma was just 16. Emma came to the US with her friend Minnie Langbehn as a result of a dare. Three years later Fritz & Emma had met and married, Fritz was 30 and Emma was just 19 when they were married. Fritz became a naturalized citizen in 1904. The 1884 Omaha City Directory lists Fritz'' occupation as a baker for Hesse & Hoppe, and that he boarded at 701 N 16th St. | Emma Gradert Braasch

83: Fritz & Emma Braasch | According to the 1900 and 1910 census, the family lived at 2631 Lake St. That home place is now a vacant lot. By the 1920 census the family had moved to 3710 Grand Ave. A 4 bedroom, 1206 sq ft home built in 1910. The 1920 Census lists Fritz as the owner of a shoe shop and his occupation as Shoemaker. Fritz & Emma had 8 children, although two died in infancy and their son Fredrick died of an enlarged heart due to a bout with Rheumatic fever, just four days before his 16th birthday. In 1891. After the death of Emma's father Johann (John) in 1889, her mother Sophie (Voss), and siblings Augusta, Marie, and Charlotte, and Charlotte's son Henry all emigrated to the US. Fritz died at the age of 70, while Emma went on to live another 19 years, she died at her daughter Bertha's home of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 79. | Emma Gradert Braasch | Fritz's place of employment and living arrangements in 1884

84: Children: | Emma Gradert Braasch | Agnes 1885 - Jan 7, 1887 Died due to convulsions cutting teeth. Commonly known today as febrile seizures. She is buried in Prospect Hill, lot 660 1W | Augusta M December 2, 1887 - October 1, 1937. Augusta married John A. Kayl (Sept 19, 1914 - Aug 1, 1991) and had a son, John W Kayl. According to the 1920 census, when she was 33, Augusta was working as a salesperson at a department store, she was divorced and living with Fritz & Emma at 3710 Grand Ave, Omaha. She later married George McCarter, but divorced him as well. Her son John and his wife Edna Viola Olga Winter (2/17/1912 - 2/14/2008), lived at 511 Blaine St, in Norfolk, NE where John was a sheet metal worker. At the time of the 1940 census, John & Edna had one daughter, JoAnne Kayl (9/1939 - ), and his income was listed at $1056/yr. Augusta died October 1, 1937 at the age of 49 of a valvular heart problem. | Augusta Braasch 1888 | Augusta | Agnes

85: Benjamin Wilheim December 28, 1889 - November 11, 1971. Ben married Florence M. Weaver ( - Sept 20, 1978) and had four children: Bernard (Alice), Betty (Charles Jahne), Jean (O.L. Olson Jr.), Jack (Jane McCleneghan). In 1916 Ben & Florence lived at 2559 Hartman Ave, they later lived at 2411 Crown Point, Omaha. Ben was a sign painter for Thomas Cusack Co. and later had his own company at 1802 Farnam, Omaha. In 2013, I purchased the mechanical pencil pictured below on eBay from a collector in Washington State. It was advertising Ben W Braasch sign painter. I was happy to have found it and to be able to bring it back into the family! | Ben & Augusta 1890 | Ben Braasch

86: Emma Gradert Braasch | Emma Gradert Braasch children, continued: Bertha Caroline Sophie October 9, 1892 - June 22, 1972. Bertha was the fourth child born to Fritz and Emma. She is my grandmother. Bertha married Fredrick Joseph Stratman (December 14, 1889 - April 2, 1947), on October 11, 1911, just two days after her 19th birthday, and just a month after her brother passed away. Bertha and Fred had 12 children; Rev Fredrick, Mary MacMartin, William, Richard, Margaret MacMartin (She and Mary married brothers), Robert, Bernard, Dorothy Trapp, Paul, Donald, Walter, and James (my father). See The Stratman Children chapter for complete information on Bertha's family. Bertha died at the age of 79 of congestive heart failure. | Fred & Bertha on their wedding day October 11, 1911 | Fredrick J Sept 11, 1895 - Sept 7, 1911. Fredrick, Emma's fifth child died of an enlarged heart due to rheumatic fever he contracted. He died four days before his 16th birthday. Fredrick is buried at Forest Lawn in Omaha

87: Fred & Bertha Braasch Stratman Dec 14, 1889 Wedding Day Maid of Honor, Isabelle Ruslin and Best Man, Charles Stratman in back,

88: Back L-R: Unknown, Bertha Braasch, Augusta Braasch Front L-R: Isabelle Russlin, Bill Braasch | Bertha Braasch Stratman

89: Above: Bertha (far right) in an advertisement for Meyers Paint Co., Omaha, NE Left: Bertha Braasch

90: Emma Gradert Braasch | Emma Gradert Braasch children, Cont'd: Walter 1899 - January 3, 1901. Walter died in infancy due to convulsions cutting teeth. He was buried Jan 5 at Forest Lawn Cemetery. William John June 25, 1902 - May 5, 1978. William married Dora Nelson (Jan 1, 1909 - Oct 27, 1993). Bill and Dora had no children. Bill was a sign painter, employed by his brother Ben. Dora was a clerical worker and secretary for the Nebraska Bankers Assn. They lived at 2556 Crown Point Ave, Omaha. Bill died at the age of 75. | June 5, 1917 Ben Wilheim Braasch Draft Registration Card Ben was married with two children and worked for Thomas Cusack, Company as a sign painter. He was born in Bennington, NE (as was his sister Bertha) and was tall with light blue eyes and light hair. | Ben W Braasch office doors and window lettering, 314 Patterson Bldg at 9316, Omaha, Nebr. Golden thought for today, success is never final and failure never fatal, its courage that counts

91: Emma Gradert Braasch | Emma Gradert Braasch children, Cont'd: Dorthea Gertrude Emma March 10, 1908 - March 10, 1997. Dorthea, "Dorothy" married Robert "Bob" Miles Anderson (Jan 5, 1900 - July 23, 1995) on January 5th, 1935. Bob was a warehouseman and Dorothy was a Homemaker. Bob & Dorothy had no children. Dorothy died at the age of 89. Bob & Dorothy are buried at Forest Lawn in Omaha. I remember my Great Uncle Bob & Great Aunt Dorothy. They would visit our farm from time to time and I remember going to visit her home with Mom & Dad. I remember Dorothy being a very gracious and sweet woman, and full of laughter. I didn't understand until later on, maybe as a teen, that she was my Grandmother's sister. | Dorthea Robert | from 1907 city Directory, Omaha | Fredrick J Braasch stone

92: Dorthea 1908 | L-R; unknown, unknown, Dorthea, Bob | Alfred Anderson, Bob Anderson, Dorthea, Emma Gradert Braasch

93: L-R: James Stratman Dorthea Braasch Anderson Dorothy Stratman Trapp Bertha Braasch Stratman | L-R: James Stratman, Bertha Braasch Stratman, Bob Anderson, Dorthea Braasch Anderson | Dorthea Braasch | Bob & Dorothy Anderson

94: Emma Gradert Braasch | No children | Henry Fritz Braasch | Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Augusta Braasch | Agnes | Johann Gradert | John | Bernard Betty Jean Jack | Dorothea Braasch Anderson | Benjamin | Fred Mary William Richard Margaret Robert Bernard Dorothy Paul Donald Walter James | Bertha Braasch Stratman | William | Fredrick | Walter | Emma Gradert | No children | No children | No children | No children

95: Emma Gradert Braasch | Braasch Family Plot Section 7, Lot 102, Grave 1 - Walter Braasch, Grave 2 - Augusta Braasch McCarter, Grave 3 - Henry F Braasch, Grave 4 - Emma G Braasch, Grave 5 - Fred J Braasch | Emma & Fritz

96: Some Memories as told to me by my mother, Emma Gradert Braasch by Dorothy G (Braasch) Anderson | Emma Gradert left Germany at the age of 16 in 1881 to come to the US, her fare paid by her sister and husband, Will & Katrina Voss of Washington County, Nebraska. The ocean trip took three weeks. She was accompanied by a friend, Minnie (Langbehn), who later became Mrs. Koepke, the mother of Bertha Voss. The girls dared each other to write to relatives in the US, to send them their fare and they would journey to the land where the streets were paved with gold. Time passed and they had almost forgotten about their letters, when lo and behold they came. Then they were forced to tell their folks and they really wanted to send back the fare, but their folks insisted that they got themselves into the affair and they must go. And go they did. Emma often mentioned that Minnie was a flirt and she had to watch her closely for she would pick up with anyone. After a short stay in Washington County, Emma came to Omaha to earn money to pay back her fare and get money to return, for she truly intended to go back. She first worked for the McShean family (some relative of the Creighton's) as a domestic. Later she worked for some school teachers, the McShanes, she was with them till she married. The old Turner Hall in Omaha was a meeting place for the Germans - gymnastics, card games, dances, etc. She attended one of the dances and danced the whole evening through, until she was too tired and found a spot in a corner and attempted to get some rest. On the scene came H.F. Braasch, known better as Fritz. There being no transportation the people at the dance usually stayed till morning when they might be able to get some sort of transportation (street cars, buggies, etc.). He stayed with her till morning and visited and discovered that they came over the same ocean the same time but on different ships. At the time of his migration he was 26 years old, having completed his military obligation and learning his trade as a cobbler. He came to Omaha because he had a sister here whose husband was a baker (I never learned what happened to that family or what their names were). For a time he drove a wagon for them, delivering bakery goods. After securing cash, he opened a shoe repair shop on S 13th St, next door to the Boston Store (later Brandeis) run by Jonas L Brandeis. He even did repair work for him on faulty shoes, and the like.

97: Emma and Fritz found that they had come from the same general vicinity in Germany and when she wrote her folks about it, her father went to visit the Braasch family and was pleased with the family and figured Fritz was okay for his daughter. The senior Braasch was a burgomaster and looked after the poor in his community - the forerunner of welfare. Emma & Fritz married June 6, 1885 after a courtship of 6 months. They lived at 17th and Jackson St. 1117 S 14th St, 2232th & Poppleton, 32nd & Miami, 2631 Lake St, and 3710 Grand Ave. For a time they lived in Bennington, NE, where Ben and Bertha were born. The farmer relatives persuaded them that Bennington was an up and coming town and they could make it rich. It was a failure and they returned to Omaha, where for a while, he was a honey dumper (men who cleaned out the accumulation in the outhouses). It was not a pleasant job, but it put food on the table for his growing family. After he got a little ahead again, he returned to his trade and supported his family in that way until the end. We were not wealthy, but we had all that we needed. We never knew any of the Braasch family, all contacts were lost after the death of the mother in 1914. There was a notice that Fritz was to receive an inheritance, but world war one came along and that was the end of that. That is the last contact we ever had with that side of the family. | Some Memories as told to me by my mother, Emma Gradert Braasch (continued)

98: Emma Gradert with sister Charlotte Gradert Stender | Emma Braasch (center), daughters Dorothea (L) and Bertha (R) | Augusta Petersen (L), Emma Gradert (R)

99: Emma Braasch Family | At the time this photo was taken Fritz and Emma had been married for 17 years. They had 7 children, 5 of whom were still surviving. L-R: Bertha, 9 Benjamin, 12 Henry, 47 Fredrick, 6 Augusta, 14 Emma, 37 William, 2 mo. | August 1902

100: Braasch Family Photos Below: Braasch Family, L-R: Ben Braasch, Bertha Braasch Stratman, unknown, Bill Braasch, Fredrick Stratman, Dorthea Braasch Anderson, Emma Braasch, Fritz Braasch | Emma at her home 3710 Grand Ave, Omaha 1940

101: Braasch family L-R: Ben Braasch, wife Florence, Unknown child, Bertha Braasch Stratman, Bill Braasch, unknown, Fredrick Stratman, Dorthea Braasch Anderson, Emma Gradert Braasch, Fritz Braasch This photo was taken prior to Fritz's death in 1925

102: Dad believes this to be a photo of Bertha & Ben Braasch.

103: Three oldest Braasch children spring of 1894 | Augusta, 6, Bertha, 1 1/2, Ben, 4

104: Adolf & Marie Rohlff

105: Marie Gradert Rohlff | Marie Immigrated to the US in 1890. She married Adolf Rohlff and they had seven children. They lived in Winside, NE and at the time of the 1920 census they lived in Wayne, NE. Census data sometimes refers to Marie as Mary. Children: John Born ~1890 (census data varies this date between 1890 and 1892) Frieda Rohlff Pfeiffer Born June 24, 1896. Frieda married Martin Pfeiffer on Feb 23, 1916 in WInside, NE. Freida and Martin had three children, Helen, Clarence & Don. Dora Rohlff Ritze Born 1899 Married Carl Ritze on Feb 21, 1917. Children: Willis, Harold, John & Esther. Died Nov, 1984. Ella Rohlff Reinhardt Born Nov 2, 1901, Winside, NE. Married Emil Reinhardt on Dec 21, 1921. Children, Merlin, Lucielle (Douglas Toepel), Pearl (Leslie Youngmeyer), and Dorothy (Roy Radloff). Died: January 24, 1993. Rosa Rohlff Marotz (Rosie in census) Born Dec 15, 1903. She had two children, Dora & Roy. Adolf Jr Born June 20, 1906. Adolf married a woman named Bertha (born ~ 1908) and had two children Lowell (~1935) and Duwayne (March 30, 1936) whom at this time is still living. PO Box 256, Meadow Grove, NE 68752-0256. Carl Born ~1909 | Marie C Gradert Adolf Rohlff Born: May, 28, 1869, Germany Born: ~1857 Married: Died: August 28, 1921 Died: Before 1930

106: Rohlff Family Photos | Marie and Adolf's daughters Standing L-R: Frieda Dora Ella Seated Rosie | Rohlff Sisters Jan 25, 1915

107: Adolf, Marie, Frieda & in front, Clarence or Don | Dora Rohlff's Children L-R Back: Willis, Esther L-R Front: Harold, John June 1926

108: Dora married Carl Ritze (pronounced Rit-Zeey) on Feb 21, 1917. She and Carl had Three sons, Willis C, Harold L, John C and one daughter, Esther. They lived in Wayne, NE | Carl Ritze & Dora Rohlff Wedding day photo Feb 21, 1917 | Marie Rohlff Stone | Marie Gradert Rohlff

109: Ella Rohlff Reinhardt family August 30, 1931 | The women in the family! Front Row, L-R Marie Gradert Rohlff Florence Weaver Braasch wife of Ben Braasch Emma Gradert Braasch 2nd Row L end is Dora Rohlff Ritze then Rosie Back Row Far Rt Dora Braasch, wife of Bill Braasch | Behind the two boys in front, Emma Gradert Braasch on Left, Marie Gradert Rohlff on Right | Carl & Dora Ritze family grown up | Lower rt. Florence & Ben Braasch

110: Merlin Lucielle Pearl Dorothy | Frieda | John | Johann Gradert | Helen Clarence Don | Dora Roy | Willis Harold John Esther | Dora | Lowell Duwayne | Adolf Rohlff | Ella | Rosa | Adolff | Marie Gradert | Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Marie Gradert Rohlff

111: Carl | Marie Gradert Rohlff & Adolff Rohlff | Bottom Left: Doug & Lucielle (Ella Rohlff Reinhardt's daughter) Toepel. Top Left: Merlin Reinhardt (Ella Rohlff Reinhardt's son). Bottom Rt: Adolff Rohlff Jr. & wife Bertha.

112: Augusta Gradert Petersen | Augusta Gradert Carl Nicoli Petersen Born: March 8, 1871 Born: February, 1870, in Ebuell Nordfriesland Married: February 22, 1894 Died: March 31, 1938, Alamosa, CO Died: March 17, 1950, CO. Augusta was just 20 years old when she immigrated to the US with her family from Germany (zwischendeck Accommodations) aboard the Rhaetia, which departed Hamburg, on May 10, 1891, arrived in NY, NY.. On Feb 22, 1894, three years after her arrival, she married Carl, who had immigrated in 1888 at the age of 18. In 1910 they lived in Stanton, NE. Carl was listed as the informant on the death certificate of Sophia Gradert. Carl self reported his residence on that certificate in 1907 as Clarkson, NE. Augusta and Carl farmed a 900 acre ranch in Alamosa, CO. According to his obituary, Carl Petersen moved to Alamosa, Colorado in 1913 for health reasons. At the time of their move, Dye was 17, Paulina 15, Meta 13, Carl 6, Alvena 5 and Magdalene just 3. Carl and Augusta bought a farm then called Blanca. He was active in cattle raising and a dairy farmer. The 1940 census listed their farm value at $60,000. Many census reports show they put up two to three hired hands that helped them with the farm at any given time. Augusta and Carl had eight children, Dye Johannes, Paulina who contracted Scarlet Fever and died at the age of 17, Meta who was widowed at the age of twenty-five with a young daughter Eleanor, Carl A., Alvena and Magdalene. A daughter Martha died around age 5 and an infant girl at just a few days of age. Carl & Augusta had 11 grandchildren. Children: Dye Johannes Feb, 23, 1896 - April 7, 1969, Born in Kennard, NE. Married Camilla Nelson, daughter Virginia A. Walendorf (1924-1999). Dye & Camilla lived in CA where Dye was a cement contractor in the building industry. Both are buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Orange Co, CA.

113: Augusta Gradert Petersen | Paulina May 1898 - Dec 22, 1915 Died at the age of 17 from scarlet fever in Alamosa, CO. Pauline, (Lot 7, Block 2, Section 3) along with Parents Augusta and Carl are buried in th Alamosa Municipal Cemetery. Meta Dorothea August, 1899 - Nov 19, 1946 Born in Nebraska, she died in in Pueblo County, CO. Meta was married to Fred Herman Clausen (1881-1924), but was widowed at the age of 25. She had a daughter Eleanor Clausen, Nov 4, 1924 - April 17, 2014. Elinore died in Cheyenne WY. Meta and Fred are buried at the Monte Vista Cemetery in Monte Vista, CO. Eleanor's children Susanne Barber (1951) & Gary Barber (1954). Carl August March 3, 1907 in Clarkson, NE. Married Nov 30, 1932 Edna Ella Roehr (1906-1990) who was born, raised and went through nurses training in South Dakota. Her first post was to a hospital in southern CO, where she met Carl. Child Robert Carl 1936-1995, he never awakened after surgery in Pueblo. (children: Donna Marie, Barbara Sue, Keith Robert & Nadene Oretta Grow), Nancie Petersen Reeves (children: Carole 1957, Sandra 1961, Jacquelynne Suzanne1965, June 1975). May 17, 1983 in Laramie, WY. | My father, Jim Stratman believes this photo of Augusta & Emma was taken at Emma's home in Washington, NE | Alvena S May 8, 1908 - May 3, 1999. Alvena was a public school teacher & never married. She is buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Orange County, California. Magdalene A Sept 10, 1910 - Jan 1, 2000. On May 26, 1936 she married Walter H. Engelhardt (1909-1999) and had three children: Marianne (1942), Elizabeth (1944), and Walter Henry Carl. She died in St Paul MN.

114: From an email with Carl's daughter Nancie: Mother and Dad would be so embarrassed to have their regular farming day picture on computers, Dad, Carl A, NEVER went to town (3 miles away) dressed in his bib overalls EXCEPT in a hurry for parts from the John Deere Dealer or oil etc from the Alamosa Co-op.. At home, Mother always wore nice house dresses with an apron - around 3:30 in the afternoon she would comb her hair again, put on lipstick and perhaps a clean apron if needed.. She really liked the knit slack suits when they came into fashion --- had to be a dress for church though until about her last 5 years. Dad, Carl A. Never did wear a knit suit. He though they were for golfers. Until my 20's he always had tailored suits because he was so tall. | Carl A. & Edna Sept 16, 1958 at their farm in Alamosa | Augusta Gradert Petersen | I had been on the hunt for Eleanor, Meta Petersen's daughter, I had no last name and was unsure of the spelling of her first. I finally found her when an obituary was brought to my attention via one of my contacts. I was deeply sorry I had missed knowing her. Eleanor was well loved, an encourager, sweet, attended the same church 53 years, playing organ there for over 30. She taught "half of Cheyenne" to play and had great faith in God. She had a tough life, but the Lord always provided for Eleanor.

115: Augusta Gradert Petersen | Sophie VonVoss Gradert | Augusta Gradert | Robert Donna Barbara Keith Nadine Nancie | Dye | No children | Carl Petersen | Magdalene | Paulina | Eleanor | Carl | Alvina | Johann Gradert | Meta | Virginia | Dye's draft registration card He was born in Kennard, Ne., and worked on his dad's farm in Alamosa, CO | Marianne Elizabeth Walter H C | No Children | Martha | infant daughter | No Children | No Children

116: Petersen Family Photos The info and pictures on the following pages were provided by Nancie Petersen Reeves, daughter of Carl A and Enda Petersen. Nancie Resides in Cleveland, OH | Here is what I know about Carl N. and Augusta's living in southern Colorado... They were married in Nebraska - my Dad and I don't know for sure who else were born in Nebraska.. (I have to get the birth dates again from Suzanne) They moved by train to Southern Colorado I THINK when Dad ( CARL A) was about 6 (that would have been around 1913 --I'm not at all certain about the year) They Homesteaded acreage South of Alamosa..I don't know how many acres etc - probably as many as possible. At some point they purchased and moved to land 3 miles North of Alamosa, they built their home and a BIG BIG barn. Grandpa had a dairy and all the kids helped to milk.. I don't know if they ever had milking machines.. At some point they had 1200 acres which Dad bought from his siblings.. He had 600 acres that bordered part of Carl N.'s land and continued south toward Alamosa.. Major State highway was close by, but we used a county road that was paved.. We were close enough to town that I always thought I had the best of both worlds.. During summer I would bicycle in to town and have fun.. Of course after drivers license --quick trip.. have to tell you in person about my driving trips to town before licensed WHEN MY FOLKS WERE GONE to Pueblo - Denver etc... Fun Fun. By the time I was around and can remember---- Grandma Augusta had already gone to heaven.. I got to be with Carl N. for a couple to several years.. I remember him when he was still walking etc and also toward the end of his life when he was bed ridden and then went to the Hospital where he passed on.. My Mother (Edna a R.N) was with him --she called out to Grandpa's house (Eleanor lived there) and let us know he was deceased .. I can remember going to the field to tell the men.

117: The first funeral that I barely have a memory of was their daughter (Eleanor's mother) Meta. I know they did had a daughter Pauline who died in late teen years of a disease -- one of the very contagious ones such as Rhematic Fever, Scarlet Fever or or or. There was a large hanging picture of her ---very pretty girl.... she didn't seem as big boned and tall as Magda and Alvena. The house was Carl N. & Augusta's, nearly 4 miles North of Alamosa. They started south of Alamosa. Dad & Mother bought their land shortly after their marriage in 1932, it was attached to Carl N & Augusta's land, the housees were about 2 miles apart. When Uncle Dye moved back to CA, Dad bought the girls, Dye & Eleanor out and he and my brother Bob ranched/farmed together. Ended up with 1800 acres. Grandpa had a dairy farm. Dad started milking before school at age 6. The house was built onto twice - once an apartment for Meta and Eleanor. My brother & family lived there last and did renovations and updating. Carl N & Augusta and the children moved by train from Nebraska. The house was White with blue trim. Huge garden, big yard HUGE barn, flowers, trees, etc. Alvena was a school teacher graduating from Adams State College - Alamosa CO. Career began (possibly Blanca Co for a couple years) then to High School in El Centro, CA. Next was Brawley CA H.S. for quite a few years.Her last school for a long while was H.S. in Downey, California. She didn't retire until in her 60's.. My understanding is that she was a very good teacher and well liked by her students. My brother Bob couldn't say Alvena - it came out as Beanie or Beans - and the name "stuck!!) Aunti Beans, Beanie for all the nieces & nephews. She would spend summers in Alamosa until sometime in later 1950's - when she bought a condo in Downey. (not too far from brother & sister-in-law Dye & Camilla Petersen who were in Long Beach, CA) Nieces/nephews all were anxious to be around her too - she loved kids - even when we grew up - LOL Magda also teacher - graduated from ASC in Alamosa. May also have begun career in Blanca, Co for short time. She didn't teach while the girls were growing up. She also was popular with nieces & nephews. Great Seamstress. Fun to be with.

118: L-R: Virginia Petersen (Dye & Camilla's daughter), Carl Nicoli Petersen, his wife Augusta Gradert Petersen, Eleanor Pauline Claussen (Meta's daughter)

119: November 1932 Carl & Edna Petersen wedding L-R: Magda Petersen, Edna, Carl A., Friend (believed to be best man Ovie Nielsen) "My folks were married at the Lutheran Church with the reception there at church and more reception at Grandma & Grandpa's after, and before their trip." | November 1932 Carl & Edna Petersen Wedding L-R: Friend (believed to be Ovie Nielsen), Virginia, Eleanor, unknown man in back, Carl A, Edna

120: Eleanor Pauline Claussen | Carl N & Augusta Gradert Petersen | L-R: Carl A Petersen, Magda Petersen, Unknown

121: Clockwise fron top: Carl A Petersen, Alamosa County Comissioner certificate of election, Carl & Edna wedding November 1932, Carl A Petersen, Alamosa County Comissioner, Alamosa County, CO

122: 1974 Carl August (age 67) & Edna Ella (age 68)

123: Alvena Suzanna Petersen | November 1932 Carl A & Edna Petersen wedding photo | Rev. Nancie Petersen Reeves & husband Gary Reeves I found Nancie via the Internet, specifically through Eleanor Claussen's obituary. She helped update a lot of the Petersen family info. Nancie is the daughter of Carl A. & Edna Petersen.

124: Meta Petersen age ~ 13 or 14 | Dye Petersen age ~ 16 or 17 | These two photos (courtesy of Jim & Aggie Stratman) were taken in Omaha, NE. The Petersen family moved from Omaha to Alamosa, CO in 1913, which is how I arrived at approximate ages for these individuals. There were a few copies of the picture of Meta. The inscription on the back of one "To Aunt Emma from Margarete", another "To Mamma from kiddo" I have a high degree of certainty that these are the individuals in the picture, but I am not absolutely certain as they did not contain names.

125: Augusta Gradert Petersen | Death Cert pending receipt

126: Fritz Braasch family | The Family of Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Brasch

127: Fritz Braasch

128: Malente, Germany August 22, 1889 Dear Son: I must write you. I'm a little lazy to write. We got your letter Christmas evening. We are all well as you were. We got the picture. Weather is bad, every day rain and in the spring had rain all the time too and during the summer no rain and terrible hot like we cannot remember at all, Everything stood so nice going fine and then the heat came and burned everything up. Lots of farmers didn't get back the seed. Holfman had a whole field of oats and didn't even get feed for the cows out of that field. Now they cannot harvest because of the rain and then it is hot too. I have mine in. I am satisfied with my harvest, it is pretty good. The spring was wonderful, no frost, it grew fast, but then came the heat and the worms ate the grain all up and under the potatoes too. Some people said they had under every potato leaf a worm, but we had pretty good potatoes just the same. We took the potatoes from the garden and they are fine. If the potatoes don't rot in he field from the rain, our crop will be good. Your wife wrote that you are so fat. I wish I could see what kind of man you are, but from work no one gets fat and hey say the wind blows a sand pile together, but not a fat behind. Write soon again and greetings for all. Wilhelm lives by us and Bertha is at home, She's been sick but is better now. Ernest is working at Strouds as a coachman. Dora is in Eutin, Maria is in Gredim. Joachim Braasch

129: Joachim & Caroline Braasch | Joachim Braasch Caroline (Minnie?) Braasch Born: 1819 - Germany Born: 1829 - Germany Died: 1891 - Malente, Germany Died: 1914 - Malente, Germany Occupation: Burgomaster Children: Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Braasch Born Dec 14, 1854, Malente, Germany Wilhelm (Last known location, Malente) Bertha (Last known location, Malente) Ernest (Last known location, Malente) Dora (Last known location, Eutin) Marie (Last known location, Grebim) Joachim & Caroline Braasch were the parents of 6 children. Fritz was born to them when Joachim was 35 and Caroline was 25. It is believed that Fritz was the only one to emigrate to the US (in 1882). Little is known about the rest of the family, Contact was lost after the death of Fritz' mother Caroline in 1914.

130: Malente, Germany Red pin on left map shows where Malente is in relation to the entire country. The map above shows in detail where Malente, Gerbim and Eutin are in relation to each other. Interestingly, the Wangels area is where the Gradert family is from.

131: Per the Omaha City Directories and census info, this is a timeiine of Fritz and & Emma's lives in the US: 1882 - Both Arrived in US on different vessels. 1883 - Fritz lived at Hesse & Hoppe (where he was employed as a baker) 701 N 16th St.. Emma lived with Her Aunt & Uncle Katrina & Wilhelm Voss. 1884 - Fritz lived at same address, Emma moved to Omaha and worked for the McShean and McShane families, no relation to each other. 1885 - They married June 6th, Address listed as 1117 S 14th St, daughter Agnes was born. Occupation: Shoemaker 1886 -1887 - Agnes died, Augusta born 1889 - Benjamin born, lived at 3220 Maple 1892 - Bertha born 1895 - Fredrick born, lived at 605 S 17th St 1896 - lived at 2232 Poppleton 1899 - Walter born 1901 - Walter died 1901-1921 - lived at 2631 Lake St 1902 - William born 1904 - Fritz became a US citizen 1908 - Dorothy born 1911 - Fredrick died from rheumatic fever 1923 - 1941? - 3710 Grand Ave 1925 - Fritz died 1937 - Augusta died 1942 - 2556 Crown Point Ave (Emma was widowed and living with Bill & Dora) 1944 - Emma died, she lived with her daughter Bertha at the time. Dad remembers sleeping in the stairwell at the time because she stayed in the boy's bedroom. 1971 - Ben died 1972 - Bertha died 1977 - Dorothy died 1978 - William died | Fritz Braasch family timeline | 3710 Grand Ave - Current day 1206 Sq Ft, 4 Bedroom, 1 Bath, 2 story, built in 1910.

132: Emma Gradert's Employer before she married Fritz. | McShane Residence | the British Queen Steamboat Fritz Braasch traveled to the US | 3,558 gross tons, length 410.3ft x beam 39ft, one funnel, four masts, single screw, speed 12 knots. Launched on 4th Nov.1880 by Harland & Wolff Ltd, Belfast (engines by J. Jack & Co., Liverpool), for British Shipowners Ltd, as the BRITISH QUEEN. 1881 chartered to American Line. 31 January 1881, maiden voyage, Liverpool- Philadelphia. 27 January 1883, last voyage, Liverpool-Philadelphia.

133: Fritz was granted citizenship November 5th, 1904 | The Hamburg passenger list info states Fritz departed Hamburg (via Liverpool) for Philadelphia on June 21, 1882, coincidentally just five days before his future bride Emma would depart Hamburg for New York. He was 27 when he departed. His occupation was listed as "Shoemaker". His current residence was listed as Mobuse, Russia (although no town exists today by that name, perhaps it was written phonetically or was a transcription error). He traveled on the British Queen, a Hamburg-American line on a ship specifically called the Philadelphia, built in 1880. Fritz arrived in the US on June 6th, three days after future wife Emma's arrival.

134: Immigrating to America Many accounts of the passenger lists of immigrants to the US list "zwischendeck Accommodations" which means between the decks or more commonly known as "steerage", both referring to the deck immediately below the main deck of a sailing ship. Steerage was also used to refer to any part of the ship housing those paying the cheapest rate. The earliest emigrants traveled on ships that were originally designed to transport cargo, with passengers being housed in the cargo hold. Temporary partitions were erected to better accommodate the passengers. To access the area between the decks where they were staying, passengers would often use ladders. In our time, many government regulations ensure standards of operation and consistent methods, but in the time of the great immigration to he US, the standards varied and were up to each captain, however, the United States Passenger act of 1882 the definition of "steerage passengers" was defined as: "The expression "steerage passenger" means all passengers except cabin passengers, and persons shall not be deemed cabin passengers unless the space allotted to their exclusive use is in the proportion of at least thirty-six clear superficial feet to each passenger". It was important that what meager furnishings were provided could be removed with ease, and be as inexpensive as possible. Once the ship docked upon arrival, the furnishings were discarded and the room was then used to move cargo from the US to Europe. A between-deck ceiling height was commonly 6 to 8 feet. Bunks, made of rough boards, graced both sides of the ship, and were double-deckers, often without the space to even sit fully upright. Ships on occasion would advertise they had room in the bunks to allow a passenger to sit upright. The bed were most often positioned so the passengers would lay in the direction of the ship, this helped passengers avoid the discomfort of the often rough waters. However this was not regulated, so not all accommodations were set up this way. The beds themselves were fitted with mattresses of straw, no pillows or blankets were provided; these items were the responsibility of each passenger.

135: Larger vessels may also have an additional row of bunks along the middle, with just a small passage way between the bunks. These were the coveted bunks because the rocking was felt the least in the middle of the ship. Not only were the bunks tightly packed in, but each bunk was deigned to hold between three to six passengers, referred to as "family bunks" because it was not uncommon for them to hold an entire family. Sources commonly say that lice and fleas thrived in this cramped environment. Many passengers suffered seasickness, even passengers accustomed to the sea would get sick, not because of the waves, but because of the thick smell of vomit. Some ships provided the means to hose down the deck daily. Other ships used carbolic acid which was then covered with sawdust. This was removed and replaced daily. Although some ships provided for separation of single men and women, with families placed in between, not all ships were set up this way. Those that were still shared things such as dining areas. Meals were served in the common space of each compartment. Open hatchways and skylights in the deck admitted light and provided ventilation. Canvas hung in the hatchways, unless storms and rough seas prevailed, then the openings were covered, causing the air in the deck below to become stale and thick and heavy darkness to envelope the passengers. In time, conditions for steerage passengers improved, and new ships were introduced with many upgrades and improvements to the accommodations. Separate entrances, and separate bathrooms with an ample fresh water supply. Unlike before, passengers were well cared for in every regard, even a hospital was provided for each section and two on deck for infectious disease. Beds were constructed of canvas, which allowed them to be stowed away, allowing more room for tables and seating during waking hours. Tea and hot water were supplied to those who wanted, with beef tea and chicken broth being provided for the sick and infirmed. Separate recreation areas were also provided. Passengers never knew how long the transatlantic journey would be, weather determined that fact, and the voyage was hard on babies and young children, and it was not uncommon for women to give birth during their passage. This could pose a threat to both the mother and child, due to the rough conditions. Many women died in labor, and many children did not live to see dry land. Most of those who died on the sailing ships were infants and young children. Family was always anxious to finally receive a letter from their loved one, announcing they had safely arrived in their new home land.

136: Rhaetia | Family Immigration Records | Ship Name: Rhaetia Years in service: 1883-1895 Funnels: 1 Masts: 3 Aliases: Cassius (1895), Sumner Shipping line:Hamburg-American Ship description: Built by Reiherstieg, Hamburg, Germany. Purpose: Troop transport. Tonnage: 3,458. Dimensions: 351' x 43'. Single-screw, 11 knots. Compound engines. Steel hull. 2,000 I.H.P. Three Masts One Funnel History: Passengers: 100 first and 800 third. Sold to United States Government in 1895. Renamed: (a) Cassius (1895), (b) Sumner (U. S. Army). Wrecked off Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1916. Running mates: Rugia, Bohemia and Moravia. | Katrina Gradert 19, Arrival 1873. Herman Strathmann, 25 & Adelheid Kubel Strathmann, 27 Immigrated to the US in 1881 Emma Gradert 16, (with friend Wilhelmina "Minnie" Langbehn 15, who became Mrs Koepke, mother of Bertha Voss) Departure May 21, 1882, Arrival June 3, 1882. Vessel: Silesia Henry Fredrick "Fritz" Braasch 27, Departure May 16, 1882, Arrival June 6. Vessel: British Queen Sophia Gradert 59 Mother, Marie Gradert 23, Auguste Gradert 20, Charlotte Gradert 31, Heinr. Gradert (Charlotte's son) 15. Departure May 10, 1891, Arrival May 25, 1891. Vessel: Rhaetia John Henry Gradert 24 (Sophie's son) wife Bertha Gradert 24 and son Carl Gradert 8 months, Departure May 10, 1903, Hamburg, Arrival May 24, 1903. Vessel: Blucher. Sophie Gradert Ortbahn 51, John Ernst Chris Ortbahn 53, Arrival 1909.

137: Ship Name: Silesia Years in service: 1869-1887 Funnels: 1 Masts: 2 Aliases:Pacifica (1887), Citta di Napoli (1888), Montevideo (1891) Shipping line: Hamburg-American Ship description: Built by Caird & Co., Ltd., Greenock, Scotland. Tonnage: 3,156. Dimensions: 341' x 40'. Single-screw, 13 knots. Inverted type engines. Re-engined with compounds. Two masts and one funnel. Iron hull. History: Launched, April 14, 1869. Maiden voyage: Hamburg-Havre-New York, June 22, 1869. Renamed: (a) Pacifica (1887) British, (b) Citta di Napoli (1888) Italian, (c) Montevideo (1891) Italian. Sister ships: Holsatia and Westphalia. | Silesia | SMS Blücher was the last armored cruiser built by the German Empire, named after the Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher, the commander of Prussian forces at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The Blücher was built at the Kaiserliche Werft shipyard in Kiel and served in the I Scouting Group for most of her career, including the early portion of World War I. Blücher was 161.1 m (528 ft 7 in) long at the waterline and 161.8 m (530 ft 10 in) long overall. The ship had a beam of 24.5 m (80 ft 5 in). Blücher had a draft of 8.84 m (29 ft 0 in) forward, but slightly less aft, at 8.56 m (28 ft 1 in). The ship displaced 15,842 t (15,592 long tons) at her designed weight, and up to 17,500 t (17,200 long tons) at maximum displacement. Her hull was constructed with both transverse and longitudinal steel frames, and she had 13 watertight compartments and a double bottom that ran for approximately 65% of the length of the hull. Documents from the German naval archives generally indicate satisfaction with Blücher's minor pitch and gentle motion at sea. However, she suffered from severe roll, and with the rudder hard over, she heeled over up to 10 from the vertical and lost up to 55% of her speed. | Blücher

138: The family history of Fredrick Joseph Stratman 1889 - 1947 Son of Herman Fredrick & Adelheid Kubel Stratman | Chapter 2

139: Fred Stratman Per back of photo, "Proprietor confectionery store 24th & Lake, 1 door south of the fire barn"

140: Fredrick Joseph Stratman | Fredrick Joseph Stratman was born December 14, 1889 in Omaha, NE to Herman Fredrick Stratman and Adelheid Kubel Stratman. He was the 4th of 7 children. | Fredrick Joseph Stratman 1889 - 1947 | Herman Friedrick & Adelheid Stratmann

141: Herman Fredrick Stratmann 1856 - 1923 | Adelheid Kubel 1854 - 1928 | Johann Wilhelm Stathmann 1824 - | Anna Maria Schmitt 1814 - 18 | Wilhelmina Naskeustock - 1856 | Adrian Kubel 1809 - 1860 | Georg Augustinious Kubel | Johann Christoph Strathmann 1800 - | Laurentius Johannes Schmitt 1782 - 1842 | Christina Schmactenberg | Margaretha Benedikta Schneider

142: Adelheid Kubel Stratman

143: Kubel Family | Adelheid and her mother 1876 Adelheid (age 22) standing and her mother Anna Maria "Marie" Schmitt Kubel (age 62) Seated.

144: Kubel Family Tree | Justina | Theodor Christian | Augustinius Georg Kubel | Victorian | Anna Maria Schmitt | Heinrich Englebert | Josepha | Maria Rosa | Adrian Kubel | Margaretha Benedikta Schneider | Laurentius Kubel | Maria Barbara Schad | Heinrich Schmitt | Johannes Kubel | Maria Barbara Ruhl | Tillman Kubel | Anna Marie Staubach | Anna Barbara Staubach | Johannes Laurentius Schmitt | Markus Schad | Nicalous Schad | Anna Barbara Traud

145: Adelheid | Ubald | Heirich F Augusta Elizabeth Barbara Agatha Fredrick Charles Gertrude | Clementina | Kubel Family | Tillman Kubel ( - March 19, 1747) and Anna Maria Staubach had Johannes Kubel (Nov 9, 1699 - ) Johannes Kubel and Maria Barbara Ruhl had two known children: Christian Kubel (Dec 17, 1763 -Jan 2, 1802) and Lorentius "Lorenz" Kubel (Aug 28, 1734 - 9/1 or 1/9 1815) Laurentius Kubel and Maria Barbara Schad (July 10, 1735 - April 11, 1784) had two known children: Anna K Kubel (October 14, 1781 - Nov 24, 1851) and Augustinius Georg Kubel (Jan 9, 1772 - Jan 20 1847). Maria's parents are Markus Schad (1715 - 1783) and Anna Barbara Traud (1710 - Jan 1, 1777). Augustinius Kubel and Margaretha Schneider (March 21, 1778 - Jan 17, 1850) had eight known children. Adrian was fourth of the eight. Ludwig Kubel (July 21, 1803 - July 17, 1809), Laurentium Kubel (Aug 4, 1805 - ), Juliana Kubel (June 20, 1807 - ), Adrian Kubel (Nov 14, 1809 - June 6, 1860) Elenora Kubel (July 9, 1812 - April 26, 1852); Ludovica Kubel (Jan 29, 1815 - April 29, 816), Josepha Kubel (June 26, 1818 - ), Christian Kubel (July 12, 1819 - ) | Adrian Kubel & Anna Maria Schmitt married July 31, 1837 in Herbstein, Germany and had nine children. Adelheid was 8th of the 9. Theodor Chtistian (June 13, 1838 - ), Justina (June 28, 1840 - ), Victorian (Sept 11, 1842 - Nov 26, 1842 ), Heinrich (Aug 12, 1843 - ), Josepha (Aug 24, 1845 - July 11, 1858), Maria Rosa (October 1,1847 - ), Clementina (April 18, 1850 - ), Adelheid (March 5, 1854 - MArch 7, 1928), Ubald (Dec 17, 1858 - ). Adelheid Kubel and Hermann Friedrich Strathmann married February 8, 1879 in Hessen, Germany and had eight children. Fredrick was 6th of the 8, he is my Grandfather. Two children died in infancy.

146: Kubel Family | Above: Baptismal record for Lorentig Kubel Below: Birth record for Anna Maria Schad

147: Kubel Family

148: Stratman family photo 1904 25th wedding anniversary of Herman Friedrick & Adelheid Kübel Stratman.

149: Adelheid Kübel Stratman

150: Germans in Omaha immigrated to the city in Nebraska from its earliest days of founding in 1854, in the years after the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. They continued to immigrate to Omaha in large numbers later in the 19th century, when many came from Bavaria and southern Germany. Germans created and maintained a high cultural, social and political profile locally and nationally through the 1930s. In 1890, Germans comprised 23% of Omaha's population. By 1910, 57.4% of Omaha's total population of more than 124,000 were of German descent. By 1930 immigration from Germany had virtually ceased. Although Germans comprised the second most numerous group of foreign-born nationals after Czechs, those foreign-born immigrants totaled less than one percent of the total population of the city. German immigrants and German Americans in Omaha had a high rate of literacy. The mostly working class population supported numerous German-language newspapers that had national as well as local distribution in the early 20th century. Germans built and operated several successful breweries in the city, bringing good beer and beer-making skills to the upper Midwest. The German model of public education was established in states throughout the Midwest, which were quickly training teachers in normal schools to expand education in new villages. Valentin J. Peter, editor of the German-language Omaha Tribune, was chiefly responsible for the formation and leadership of the National German-American Alliance. This coalition was influential in representing and leading the German-American electorate across the United States between 1912 and 1940. During the early years of World War I, Peter was supportive of Germany and urged German-Americans to be so, too. He changed his position before the US entered the war on the side of Great Britain and France, and supported the Allies. History The first German in the Omaha area arrived more than 20 years before the city was founded. Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied toured the Missouri River in 1832, and recorded a stay at Cabanne's Trading Post in present-day North Omaha. After arriving in Omaha en masse beginning in the 1860s, Germans in Omaha built their own churches. At church and in their businesses, including grocery stores and farm supply shops, they conducted daily life in German for years. Many young German immigrants from Omaha served in the Nebraska battalion during the Civil War, as well as later serving throughout the country. | Germans In Omaha

151: One early German settler in Omaha was Vincent Burkley. (He anglicized his name). After working as a grocer and farm laborer for three years starting in 1854, he opened his own printing company. He was almost immediately successful. Burkley was a member of the Omaha City Council for several years as well as the Omaha Board of Education. Communities In the earliest days of Omaha, the "heart of the German settlement was in the large concentration between South 10th and 13th Streets. Here one could purchase food from several German merchants, including Volkmier's Meat Market, Schmid's Grocery, and the Schube Haus (bakery)... The Emmel House (hotel) and Hottenroth and Bauer Boarding House were also located in this core". The area south of the railroad corridor and west of South 16th Street contained an area of German Catholics. This settlement was centered on South 16th Street and Center Street and includes St. Joseph's Church, which was established in 1887 to serve German-speaking Catholics. Protestant Germans settled in a concentration centered on South 11th Street and Center Street and built a German Methodist Episcopal Church in 1886. By 1900 Germans lived in more dispersed neighborhoods, including the Near North Side neighborhood, Florence and South Omaha. Within 25 years they lived throughout the city, with large enclaves in the Dundee and Field Club neighborhoods. Another "concentration was... near South 19th and Vinton Streets... The Bongardt Meat Market, Schmidt Saloon and Muller’s Hall were located in the 1700 block of Vinton. Wilg Dry Goods was at 1810 Vinton, Strausburgh Druggist at 1822 Vinton, and the Schouboe Bakery at 3130 S. 18th St." Culture Germans built several Deutschekirchen - German churches - throughout Omaha.[4] St. Joseph's was a Roman Catholic parish established in 1901 to serve Omaha's German-speaking Catholics. The German community in Omaha was literate and large enough to support several German-language newspapers, which also had national distribution. They included the Omaha Tribune, the Volkszeitung Tribune, and the Sonntagspost, which was later called the AmericaHerold. Edward Rosewater, the Czech editor at The Omaha Bee, used the slogan "Germania our Mother, Columbia our Bride" to describe the kind of "dual-sentimentality" many Germans in America felt towards their country of origin. In later years Germans came to Omaha for work and to escape state oppression led by Kaiser Wilhelm in Germany.

152: The German community in Omaha was noted for integrating quickly throughout the city. Period sociological research also identified a range of reluctance among German immigrants, as well as second- and third-generation Germans towards assimilation. During the early 20th century Germans in Omaha were successful in ensuring that German culture, German history and German language lessons were included in the local public school system. Employment "Who does not love wine, wife and song, will be a fool for his lifelong!" – a vigorous 1873 assertion of cultural values of German-American immigrants Germans in Omaha were employed in many of the city's manufacturing industries, particularly its brewing sector, which was created by German immigrants. Leading German employers in the city included the Metz Brewery, Krug Brewery and the Storz Brewery. Gottlieb Storz, Frederick Krug and Frederick Metz built the success of their breweries by hiring German brewmeisters and laborers for their skills. Many Germans in the Omaha area also worked at the Union Stockyards, and in farming in Douglas County. In 1910 the Union Stockyards reported to the United States Immigration Commission that 14.1% of its workers were German immigrants. Numerous Germans worked at German beer gardens, dry goods stores, farms and milling operations throughout the city and Douglas County. The German work ethic was highly regarded throughout the city. Immigrant workers from Germany were readily employed in Jobbers Canyon and by the railroads in Omaha. Politics German-owned breweries in Omaha sought to keep alcohol legal. German voters in Omaha were largely responsible for the election of Nebraska Governor Ashton C. Shallenberger in 1908, as Shallenberger ran on an anti-Prohibition slate. After he was elected, however, Shallenberger became pro-Prohibition. Temperance was strongly supported in most of Nebraska for 30 years before the national Prohibition movement. A statewide election seeking a prohibition of alcohol in 1890 won in almost every county across the state, except Omaha's Douglas County. The German vote there was credited for keeping the state "wet" during that period. When William Jennings Bryan returned to Nebraska after his third unsuccessful Presidential campaign in 1908 to advocate for Prohibition, he became "the arch enemy of das Deutschtum." National German-American Alliance In July 1910 Germans in Omaha rallied with other immigrant organizations across the city to create the National German-American Alliance.

153: At least 54 social, farming and cultural organizations from around Omaha were represented at the first meeting. This alliance brought together many German organizations around Omaha in July 1911 at the city's annual Sngerfest, which was a dance and rally for more than 5,000 attendees. By masking political objectives within a German cultural event, National German-American Alliance leaders were able to openly politicize the event without scrutiny from the mainstream press. Bavarian-born Valentin J. Peter was the publisher of a German-language newspaper called the Omaha Tribüne. In 1914 Peter led the National German-American Alliance in strong opposition to women's suffrage during a statewide election on the issue. The Omaha Tribune editor denounced the effort as "chiefly... to introduce state prohibition with the help of these women's voices." In the years leading up the US entry into World War I, tensions in Europe were reflected in the US. During a 1915 address to the National German-American Alliance, Valentin Peter said, Both here and abroad, the enemy is the same! Perfidious Albion - there England has pressed the sword into the hands of almost all the peoples of Europe against Germany. In this country it has a servile press at its command, which uses every foul means to slander everything German and to poison the public mind. - Valentin Peter (1915) Such expression of pro-German feelings by German immigrants aroused anti-German sentiment in the many Americans who favored the British as allies. Nonetheless, in 1916, the Vice-President of the National German-American Alliance openly chastised President Woodrow Wilson for pro-Ally actions at the beginning of the War. Peter's son, Valentin J. Peter, Jr., SJ, served as the executive director of Boystown (Father Flanagans Home for Boys) for several years. World War I By the outbreak of World War I, some Americans were concerned about divided loyalties of German immigrants and their descendants. A nativist movement affected Omaha. The Federal government enforced the Alien and Sedition Acts against Germans nationals. Germans who were not American citizens were required to register with the Federal government as "Alien Enemies". Although Valentin Peter had earlier been a supporter of Germany against Great Britain, by the outbreak of the war, the editor of the Omaha Tribüne had become an ardent supporter of the United States' involvement in World War I on the side of Great Britain.

154: Anti-German feelings ran high in Nebraska because of the war. A historian noted, "German books were destroyed. The legislature prohibited the use of foreign languages on the public streets or on the telephone and prohibited schools from using or even teaching foreign languages below the eighth grade. Wartime patriots initiated both official and vigilante action against German immigrants." When the United States entered the war, most general businesses and churches ceased conducting affairs in German due to nativist sentiment. They did not want to appear less than loyal to the US. This sentiment seeped into the general Nebraska population. Post-War Anti-German sentiment contributed to passage of a 1919 state law that enforced teaching in English. By law, "No person, individually or as a teacher, shall, in any private, denominational, parochial or public school, teach any subject to any person in any language than the English language." Robert Meyer was found to violate this law because he taught German. He was taken to court by the State of Nebraska. Although his appeal to the Nebraska Supreme Court failed, the U.S. Supreme Court in Meyer v. Nebraska determined that Meyer had the right to teach the German language as a subject, and to teach it in German. By 1919 open discrimination against Germans throughout Omaha was taking hold. Many German-language newspapers were forced to change to English, or to close. Political influence After the First World War, Germans in America sought to regain their political influence, and they succeeded. Both Valentin Peter, editor of the Omaha Tribüne, and the National German-American Alliance gained enough political clout to influence United States presidential campaigns. In 1920, immediately after the 1920 United States presidential election in November, Peter came under scrutiny by the United States Senate, and was called to testify on his involvement in the campaign. According to Peter's testimony, he flipped to supporting Calvin Coolidge in exchange for $12,500. Later, during the 1928 presidential election, the Democratic National Committee enlisted Peter to join to show the support of German-Americans for Al Smith. There were deep divides among Germans in America in politics and many cultural issues. World War II By this period there were few first generation German immigrants. German Americans had national spokesmen who often provided conflicting political messages.

155: They reflected the wide variety of opinions held by German Americans as they had assimilated into American life. Period sociologists noted the multiplicity of opinions as demonstrating the process of American assimilation among Germans in America. Many German-Americans were completely assimilated into American society. By World War II, many of the distinctive institutions of German society in Omaha, such as stores, German-language churches, and social groups, had disappeared or become less exclusive of other groups. Legacies The experience of German immigrants in Omaha and throughout Nebraska is said to have deeply influenced Willa Cather. She addressed the assimilation, discrimination and community of Germans in several of her stories. The inventor of the Reuben sandwich was a German American who lived in Omaha. Omaha Tribune editor Val Peter's company, the Interstate Printing Company, is still operated today by the Peter family in Omaha. The Volkszeitung Tribune was a German-language newspaper that was published in Omaha from the late 19th century through the 1980s. A German Old People's Home was located in Omaha for almost 100 years. A home for elderly people of German heritage, it was operated as a charitable, non-profit corporation by twenty-seven trustees, all descendants of German immigrants. Current St. Joseph's Catholic Parish, located at 1723 South 17th Street in South Omaha, continues with parishioners of German heritage comprising a large percentage of the church's membership. The German-American Society, located at 3717 South 120th Street in West Omaha, continues to hold regular events, teach German traditions and observe special celebrations. Its location in a more suburban area represents the long-established assimilation of German Americans. German Nebraskans German Nebraskans are residents of the state of Nebraska who are of German ancestry. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, there are 738,894 German-Americans living in Nebraska, making up 42.7% of the population, the third largest percentage of any state.

156: St. Mary Magdalene’s is one of the oldest parishes in Omaha. It was founded in 1868 by Father Otto Groenebaum and a dozen German families. It was known as “the German Church” or “the Doll Church” because of its small size. St. Mary Magdalene’s was located on a lot 66 x 132 feet on the north side of Douglas between 16th & 17th streets. The little brick church was dedicated on Christmas Day 1868. The “Doll Church” was destroyed by fire on February 3, 1894. A new church was rebuilt on the same site but sold ten years later. The present St. Mary Magdalene’s at 19th & Dodge streets was begun on March 15, 1902 and dedicated in the Fall of 1903. St. Mary Magdalene’s is locally famous due to its being the only church built “down”. The city of Omaha decided to lower the very steep Dodge street hill in 1919. The street level of the church became its mezzanine and a whole new substructure had to be constructed. The work was completed by Christmas 1920.

158: Our most treasured family heirlooms are our sweet family memories. | Fred's ordination celebration, July 1, 1942 Back L-R: ?, Mary, ??< Marge, ? ?, Dorothy. Middle L-R: Bertha, Fred, Fred. Front L-R: Walt, Don, Jim

159: Six oldest Stratman Children Circa 1925 L-R: Richard (6), William (8), Fred (13), Robert (1), Mary (11), Marge (4) | Stratman Boys, July 1, 1942. Standing - Walter. Seated L-R: Jim, Malcom MacMartin, Don

160: Bertha, Marge, Thomas (Stroller) Bill, Edith, Betty, Mary, Mal, Gerard | Bertha, Betty, Edith, Charlene at Knottsberry Farm, in CA. Around 1953-54. One of the first times Grandma Bertha visited California | At home on Erskine St. L-R Grandpa Fred, Bob, Walt, Josie, Grandma Bertha

161: Bertha & Micky | Goofing around! Mary, Bertha, Edith, Marge, pretending to light up. Little Betty finds it hilarious! | Gerard MacMartin, Bertha, Marge, Mary, Fred

162: Fred & Mary

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  • Title: Stratman Family History
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