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the 1950's

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the 1950's - Page Text Content

BC: That's it folks!

FC: The 1950's

1: Created By: Shannon & Monica | Ericka & Liz

2: The birth of radio also brought about the introduction of new artists such as: Elvis Presley; argued to be the KING of Rock 'n' Roll Chuck Berry Bill Haley and his Comets. Many people, both white and black, used to believe that white folks stole music from African American's and capitalized it as their own, and made success that others couldn't

3: Producers would often make covers of music they'd heard, originally from a black artist, and find a white singer to re-do the song, and sell it off for popular profit. They didn't give any credit to the black artist, and said artist would never receive recognition.

4: Theater was so popular in the 50's, because it drew people away from their daily struggles, and allowed them to be free of worry; even if it only was for a short period of time. | Even musicals were still going strong, because as the effects of WWII faded away, the films they watched helped portray the "Suburban Dream."

5: Artists of the time ranged from those in the music industry, to those on the screen... | James Dean | Marilyn Monroe

6: Leave it to Beaver- a suburban boy and family and friends | TV-Shows | The Honeymooner's- a bus driver and his sewer worker friend struggle to strike it rich while their wives look on with weary patience

7: The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show | You Bet Your Life- a quiz show hosted by Grouche Mary

8: FACT: | television was not invented in the 50's but it became very popular . Almost anything could be viewed internationally on TV. | C | o | l | o | r | e | d | T | V- | CBS broadcast the very first commercial colored TV program, but no one knew because they all had black and white TV's.

9: Television & Video through out the years | 3-D | 3-D | 3-D | -a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception. Viewers were special goggles to produce the illusion. | First video recorder- led by Charles Ginsburg to develop a new machine that could run the tape at a much slower rate.

10: History of the Television | In a normal house there would only be one TV. Families would gather around at certain times to watch a variety of 2 channels. There would be sports, news, and sometimes black and white cartoons, 3% of American homes had a TV. | The commercials were some what boring and not flashing with Ads for different products as they are today. They were usually 6 minutes long about short modern counterparts; such as a short news story.

11: Well-known TV Shows and Sitcoms | I Love Lucy- Most popular show of the decade | Ozzie & Harriet- series of sons aging, dating problems, marriage, and careers.

12: Radio was a gateway for teenagers/technology that continued throughout the decades, and still continues today. | As the radio was being introduced to more and more homes, it became the "American Standard" to own one. | They were used for two main purposes; entertainment and important news alerts; they were used quite frequently during the war. | Instead of buying records and record players, customers found it easier with a radio. It was a "family" thing to sit around a radio and just listen to whatever program was on.

13: In the 1950s, a radio gramophone became a living room fixture, at least in middle class homes. SRA manufactured models in various sizes, from small table units to large floor models. These latter products were designed as furniture, making them a central feature in homes of the 1950s. | Most of the channels on the radio, during the early afternoon, were targeted towards at-home working women. They had stations like, "Housewives choice," "Music While You Work," and "Mrs. Dales Diary." After making more programs for teens and young children, the radio's popularity skyrocketed, and its' marketing strategies took a new direction, as they realized that young folks were their biggest chance at earning more profit.

14: Technology! | First Computer Hard disk- | The drive held 5 mb of data at $10,000 a megabyte. It was as big as two refrigerators. | The Microchip- | also known as the innervated circuit. Stands as one of the most important innovations of mankind. | Satellite- | Sputnik was the first artificial satellite successfully placed in orbit around the Earth from the USA.

15: The Credict Card- | thought up by Frank McNamara. | Transistor Radio- | Very useful because it was pocket size and could listen to music anywhere. Most popular electronic.

16: Home Life | In the fifties families sat together to eat, kids went to church and sang the national anthem at school. Moms stayed home to watch the kids and house, and the dad went to work. Sundays were special, these were the days for church, mowing the lawn, and talking to the neighbors. | Jobs were mainly industrial and agricultural, most men worked in blue-collar jobs.

17: Kids were outside and not in front of the t.v. If they weren't outside then they were at there favorite café with their friends. By the end of the fifties 90% of Americans had t.v. in there homes.

18: Religion | Religious membership, church funding, traditional faith and practice all increased in the fifties. During the 50s, religion made a big resurgence in America. In 1950, 49% of Americans were church members. "Our government makes no sense unless it is founded on a deeply felt religious faith-and I don't care what it is." Eisenhower was worried about citizens "dead end in the mind and soul by a materialistic philosophy of life." In 1954, Eisenhower signed a bill to add "In God We Trust", the national motto of the U.S.

19: Eisenhower was President for most of the fifties. Some citizens felt he was like a father to the nation.

20: Teenagers | The term "teenager" was rarely used before the fifties. The change was connected to the nation's affluence. | Teens became defiant, rebellious, and let loose. Adults were worried about their behavior. Author Fredric Wetham wrote a book in 1954 called Seduction of the Innocent. He declared that comic books were behind the behavior.

21: Teens began adopting fashions of their own designs, mirroring their peers instead of their elders.

22: Female Fashion | The waistline was a major issue in the fifties. Some women really like the snug fit of the Dior dresses while others liked the dresses with no waistline (sack dresses) 1953 ushered in sleekness. Hemlines, waistlines, and hairlines all grew shorter in 1953. | The fifties were the fad years

23: Women older than 20 generally preferred short to medium length hair. Many women based their hairstyles and colors from popular films, fashion magazines, and top models.

24: Male Fashion | Men's fashion were clean cut and conservative. | Crew Cut | Famous hairstyles were the side part, the long pompadour, crew cut, and ivy league.

25: Suits were fitted with slim "cigarette leg" pants and a sack coat shape. Charcoal gray was a popular color and the suits were normally worn with white shirts underneath along with a plain, narrow tie. Hats became less popular among men. | The Long Pompadour | The penny loafer was a popular slip on shoe amongst the men.

26: Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding was published in 1954. This compelling story is about a group of very ordinary small boys marooned on a coral island. At first it seems as though it will all be fun and go well, but later turns into a nightmare of panic and death. | Literature

27: The fifties saw a rebellion in American Literature. These were the writers and poets of the Beat generation. They said life was empty in the fifties and described the people as dead in the brain and spirit. | "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness, starving, hysterical, naked, dragging themselves through the negro streets at dawn looking for an angry fix." -Allen Ginsberg

28: Magazines were a staple of communication and culture in the fifties because television was relatively new, the print media was the main way that most people kept track of trends and world events. Topics ranged from fashion, to hot rod cars. | One of the most popular magazines of this time was Life. Its popularity soared when it became the primary photographic record of WWII.

29: Look magazine was known for recording much of U.S. culture, from fashion to popular cars. | Hot Rod has been publishing since 1948 and holds a sponsored event in which hot rod drivers drive a pre-planned rout throughout the U.S. from La to Norwalk, Ohio. The first one began in 1955. | The Saturday Evening Post was the first magazine to reach a million copies sold. It traded more in writing than Look and Life, featuring stories from notable authors.

30: ART | America went through an abstract expressionist movement during the fifties. | Paul Jackson Pollcok was an influential painter and major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He represented the rebellion in art and was known for his unique style of drip painting. When asked what his paintings mean he would answer "Do not worry about what they mean. They are just there.....like flowers."

31: Mark Rothko was one of the most famous post war American artist along with Pollock and William De Kooning. He was popular for his block of colors in his paintings. His art was labeled as abstract although he rejected this label and even resisted classification as an "abstract painter." | William De Kooning was a Dutch American abstract artist who painted women by using aggressive brush strokes mixed with strategically placed high-key colors merging with toothy snarls and enlarged eyes.

32: Singin' in the Rain- a famous on screen romantic comedy. Full of music and love to warm your heart. | Some Like It Hot- 2 men disguised as woman to avoid being mob because of witnessing a murder. | STARRING MARLYN MONROE

33: Movies | Entertainment | Well-Known Films | Vertigo- a thriller about a retired police officer asked to follow a wife of an old friend. He soon later falls in love with her and learns more about her life and husband.

34: Other Well- Known Movies | http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S1A0p0F_iH8 | Streetcar Named Desire- 1957

35: Disney Movies -Peter Pan 1953 -Cinderella 1950 -Alice in Wonderland 1951 -Lady and the Tramp 1956 -Old Yeller 1957

36: Day the Earth Stood Still | Sci-Fi Films | Creature from the Black Lagoon | http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lM1o1xe5FGE

37: Horror | The Curse of Frankenstein | House of Wax | Fact: First 3-D Movie ever made | http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2Du3nrKXHo

38: Sputnik *The great space race* | "Fellow Traveler" | Sputnik was the size of a beach ball and weighed 184 lbs. The launching was in 1957. It was followed less than a month later by a bigger satellite, Explorer 1, that carried a live dog into space, beginning the space race.

39: Research into rockets during 1950's had military purpose.The Germans had experimented with ballistic missiles during WW2 and both the Americans and Soviets wanted a rocket that could carry bombs into enemy territory without requiring human pilots. | The soviet union launches the Sputnik satellite, the first man-made object to orbit the earth. About the same time, the Soviets test their first Intercontinental Ballistic missile (ICBM) that's capable of delivering nuclear warheads in minutes to the U.S.

40: Harry S. Truman | WW1 served as an artillery officer. Became President after Roosevelt's death. He vetoed the Taft Harley act which prohibited boycotts and strikes- amended the national labor relations Act and created Truman doctrine

41: 1950-1952 President | - | He approves of the hydrogen bomb production and sends air force and navy to Korea in June. This weapon is theorized to be100x more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan during WW2.He called it the world's first "Superbomb" which waspublicly announced on Jan 31, 1950. | "Super Bomb" | VicePresident during Roosevelt's presidency | 33rd President

42: Dwight D. Eisenhower | July 5, 1955 House passes and sends to the senate a bill providing a reward of up to $500,00 for informants disclosing an attempt to smuggle atomic bombs/nuclear materials into the U.S. | He was a chain smoker. September 24, 1955 he had a serious heart attack that required 6 weeks hospitalization. He developed a left ventricular aneurysm which turned into a mild stroke November 25, 1957. | "In God we Trust" July 11, 1955

43: He was a 5 star general in the U.S. army and the 34th president. 1953-56 during WW2 he served as supreme commander of the allied forces in Europe. Responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany. He won the the election with over 55% of the popular votes and carrying 39 of the 48 states. | Age: 62 | "New Politics"

44: Americans began to fear communism,mainly because of the rise of the ussr and communist china. The Red Scare was led by Joseph Mcarthy, an American Senator. | He went on a crusade by accusing the government officials, actors, and people of being communists, His downfall occurred after going too far in his communists witch hunt, and soon there was a backlash against him. | Joseph McCarthy

45: Under the demands of the cold wars Truman Doctrine, the Truman Administration set up a loyalty campaign at home as well as funded anti-commuist efforts abroad. ' The Second Red Scare was precipitated by both the fall of China ad the soviet atom bomb. | The Red Scare | 2nd | Anti-communism

46: Military Technology | M26(Lemon Grenade)- | Colt Python- | used in WWI since America lacked modern war weapons | regarded by many gun purists and firearms experts as quite possibly the finest double-action revolver ever.

47: Dear Mom... | Armalite/Colt AR-15- | One of the most favored rifle systems in the world today

48: Duck and Cover! | At the end of WWII the world faced a period of international tension. The U.S. and the non-communist world faced circumstances, which then saw as a threat to world peace, democracy, and security. The Federal Government responded to the heightened public anxiety by creating the Federal Civil Defense Administration, which was used to instruct the public about how to prepare for a nuclear assault.

49: Duck and cover is a method of personal protection against the affects of a nuclear explosion, which the U.S. governments taught to generations of school children from the early fifties until the end of the cold war.

50: Bar Code- | A method of automatic identification and data collection. | First | LASER- | L A S E R | light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation

51: Side Stuff: Technology | the most successful inventions of the century. | Hover Craft- | Liquid Paper- ""''Mistake Out'' to paint over the mistakes made with a typewriter. Invented by: Bette Nesmith Graham

52: Lifestyles | In the fifties America was feeling good about itself. Most Americans trusted the government and believed in politicians. Society was experiencing growth, economically and socially, and new ideas of prosperity and success for families and the country as a whole were taking shape. More people were joining the middle class in the fifties with more money to spend.

53: After WWII young men came back to the states and started a family, this caused a widespread baby boom. In 1957, one baby was born every seven seconds. | After WWII, land developers began to buy land just outside the city limits of larger cities to build mass quantities of inexpensive tract houses. | "It seems to me that every other young housewife I see is pregnant." -British visitor to America, 1958

54: Economy | By mid 1955, the country had pulled out of the previous year's recession and gross national product was growing at a rate of 7.6% | The economy was strong for the first time in 30 years. Malls were created, women joined the workforce and contributed to the family income | The Baby Boom! | This began in 1946 when a record of 3.4 million babies were born in the U.S. About 4 million each year in the 50's. This occurred due to the war ending.The people were confident that the future would be peaceful.

55: The number of workers providing services grew until it equaled and then surpassed the number who produced goods. There were less blue collared workers,more with employment contracts and other benefits won by the labor union. | More people joined the middle class | People started buying on credit, playing the stock market, and taking loans from the bank | Female employment rate went up 18% | Farmers went through overproduction and had to leave the land

56: Economy | More people were buying new technology,homes, and cars | The houses that were being built in the suburbs, where most people were buying "The feminine mystique" argued womans right advocates. Lead to womans lib in the 60's | Inflation was an important issue. Two major waves of this swept through the country at this time First- WW2 Second- onset of the Korean war

57: New jobs opened up when the economy expanded.More inventions were created and activities | McDonalds was the beginning of the first fast food business | The economy turned sharply downward in the summer of 1957 and reached its low point in '58.. Industrial production fell 14%, corporate fell 25% and unemployment rose 7.5%. *President was worried about inflation, not unemployment

58: Social/Political Issues | There were silent problems like severe racism, sexism, fear of nuclear attack, and the Korean/cold war. The people had a false sense that everything was okay. | African Americans spoke out against injustic3. Whites pulled there children from school and put them in all white schools, "segregation Academies:. | **Most civil rights movements were peaceful. They wanted social rights, equality, and justice swept through the U.S. They drew from the white community. Created a backlash of racism throughout the country.

59: Senate crime investigating comm. reports that prohibition era gangsters now control organized gambling, engage extensively in business and exert corruption influence on some public officials. | 1954:The Brown VS. Board of Education decision is handed down by the US supreme court saying that "separate but equal" school systems are unconstitutional. An era of desegregation of school is instituted. | CRIME | Education and color

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