S: U.S. Expansion
FC: U.S. Expansion | by: Karli Pickney
1: The early 19th century was vast in American expansion. Many inventions that are innovative today were created in the 19th century. American heroes became true during this time as well. Along with inventions and American heroes, the U.S. expanded nearly three times its size in less that 50 years. This is where Manifest Destiny came into play. I believe that in the early 19th century, the U.S. became a much more powerful and respected country.
2: In 1837, the electric telegraph was invented by Samuel F.B. Morse. This allowed electrical pulses to travel long distances along meal wires as coded signals. These were dots and dashes, also known as Morse code. Before Samuel F.B Morse invented the electrical telegraph, the only way that a letter could be transported was either by horse, or delivered by foot. This invention made the mailing process much more efficient.
3: The electrical telegraph | Samuel F.B. Morse
4: Thomas Jefferson April 13, 1743-July 4, 1826
5: Thomas Jefferson served as the third president in 1801-1809. Jefferson was a Founding Father, Governor of Virginia, along with being on the Second Continental Congress. Few people know that Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase from France to expand the United States from coast to coast. This was huge for our country, giving us cheap land to live on. | As our enemies have found we can reason like men, so now let us show them that we can fight like men also. -Thomas Jefferson
7: African Americans were enslaved in the south to work on large plantations. Their primary tasks consisted of planting, growing, and harvesting of crops, and using a cotton gin to separate the seeds that are intermingled in the cotton, to make the cotton into clothes, or sell it. Cotton went for a high price, so the more cotton they planted, the more slaves that were needed and the farmers made more profit. In 1802, a slave could be sold for $600, because of such a high demand for slaves. This impacted America so much, that it is now illegal to enslave people. This is why America is a free country
8: Francis Scott Key is still famous today for his poem, that became an anthem that we hear almost everyday. During the War of 1812, after an American victory on Fort McHenery, Francis Scott Key wrote a poem about how the Americans keep fighting till the end. This poem was later published into our country's National Anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner." It explains that through all of the battles that the Americans always fought for freedom, and even with all of the bombs, our flag still stood, loud and proud. As Americans, we stood strong.
9: "The Star Spangled Banner" | Francis Scott Key
10: Battle Of New Orleans Who: Americans V.S. British What: Battle When: January 8, 1815 Where: New Orleans This had a large impact on the US because two weeks prior, they signed a treaty at Oltent in Belgium. The Americans only lost 71 troops, apposed to the 2,036 that the British lost. This battle is thought to be the biggest victory over land that has ever happened in the war. This was the last battle of the War of 1812.
12: War of 1812 Who: Americans V.S. British V.S. France V.S. Native Americans What: War over land When: 1812 Where: United States Of America Issues: major issue in the 19th century was the fight for land. The War of 1812 was a bunch of battles with the Americans against Native Americans, British and France. The fight was over the US Western Expansion. Some conflicts were that the British interfered with shipping along with expanding to the Western Frontier. The US wanted Florida, which was owned by Spain. Spain was the British's ally. The War of 1812 encouraged nationalism.
14: Tecumseh was a Shawnee Indian. His brother was the inspirational teacher of the tribe, Tenskwatawa and Tecumseh is the warrior. Tecumseh wanted to prevent American expansion by uniting the Native Americans to fight against the Americans. In doing this, he was trying to preserve Native American culture and land. Tecumseh led the Native Americans in the Battle of Tippecanoe, in the end, they were defeated.
16: Battle Of Tippecanoe Who: Americans V.S. Native Americans What: Conflict over land When: November, 7 1811 Where: Indiana Territory Govener Willuim Henery Harrison led the Indiana Territory, while Tecumseh and his younger brother led the Native American side of the battle. This was one of the battles in the War of 1812. In the end, the Americans defeated the Native Americans.
18: Louisiana Purchase 1803-1804 828,800 Square Miles $15 Million (Less than 3 cents an acre) The Louisiana Purchase was made up of present day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and Louisiana. Thomas Jefferson bought the land because he was afraid of Spain and France having control over trading access. He purchased the land for 15 million dollars. | Thomas Jefferson Louisiana Purchase Helps US Expansion
19: The land that Thomas Jefferson purchased for America is shown in red above.
20: Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-1806 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were sent by Thomas Jefferson to seek out Native American tribes and to see if the land they were going o expand to was livable. They wanted to know if they would be able to take advantage of the land, or if most of it would come to waste. During the expedition they made friends with Native American tribes and if it wasn't for them, Lewis and Clark would have died of starvation. Sacajawea also helped lead the men on the pacific coast.
22: Black Hawk War 1832 This was a three month war between the leader of the Sauk tribe and the Americans. It was fought on Illinois and Michigan territories. The Americans were settling in the Illinois territory and this put a lot of pressure on the Native Americans, so they took defense because because the Americans were taking over. The Sauk tribe was afraid that they would lose their land that they are accustomed to and their culture in this area. We did have a treaty in 1804 to prevent this, but it was ignored.
23: Black Hawk War
24: John Marshall 1755-1835 John Marshall served as the 4th chief justice in the United States. He was chief justice while John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson all were serving their presidency terms. Marshall was also Secretary of State when John Adams was president.
26: Andrew Jackson 1767-1845 Andrew Jackson was the 7th president of the United States. When Andrew was president, he demolished the national bank, along with relocating Native American tribes in the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River. Another thought of Jackson, was to completely eliminate Native Americans from the United States. Jackson was an army general on the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, when they eventually defeated the Native Americans. He was known to hate Native Americans. After Andrew Jackson, The United States became more democratic.
28: Francis Cobot Lowell 1775-1817 Francis Lowell was a businessman. Lowell was known for bringing the Industrial Revolution to the United States. Francis Cobot Lowell was important to the United States at this time because, he built warehouses on the Boston Harbor, which was heavily used to trade and sell. Lowell was a wise merchant.
30: John Quincy Adams 1767-1848 John Quincy Adams was the son of John Adams and Abigail Adams. Adams served as the 6th president of the United States along with serving as American diplomat, Congressional representative and Senator. While he served in the last 17 years of his life, he was more successful than he was when president. Adams played a big role on the treaty that ended the War of 1812. He is the greatest American in the United States History.
32: Martin Van Buren 1782-1862 Martin Van Buren was the 8th vice president, 10th secretary of state and served as the 8th president of the United States. Van Buren was the first president with family of no British decent and first president to be born an American citizen. English was not his first language, it was Dutch. He was also the first president from New York. Martin Van Buren was important at this time in history, because of all of his political knowledge and of all of the time he served working in government.
34: Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States should expand its territory from coast to coast. White Americans had the belief that this was a god-given right to occupy the entire North American continent. The picture on the right is showing Destiny that as we move we will become more innovative. The side on the left is not civilized as the right side. On the right side there are boats, trains and electricity. On the left there are covered wagons, buffalo and Native Americans.
35: Manifest Destiny
36: Trail Of Tears The Trail of Tears was a trail that the Native Americans walked on for over 800 miles. They were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia, through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Arkansas and Missouri to get to the new Indian Territory. More than 4,000 Cherokee Indians died while walking to the destination. They died of starvation, disease and cold, because they didn't have the needed supplies. The Mississippi River was still open for parts of the winter, so they were trapped for parts of time. This journey took 116 days.
39: Elias Howe Elias Howe invented the sewing machine in 1846. It was a basic needle with thread. To make the machine run, you had to turn a hand crank,. which wasn't as easy as pushing a peddle like we do today. But, it was a huge improvement from sewing by hand. Although the stitching was able to unravel quite easily, he sold each one for $5 and died the year that the product was patented. Howe made the creation of clothing much easier, for the women who made clothes, and also for the Army. This was now making it possible to get uniforms for a whole Army much faster than sewing by hand.
40: Louis Braille 1809-1852 In 1830, Louis Braille invented Braille. Braille is a system of raised dots in different patterns, which allows blind people read. Louis was blind as a child, and was frustrated because he could read, so he created this unique system that is still used around the world today. This was an improvement to the world because this now gave blind people the freedom of reading.