S: By Renee Ha
FC: Field Study Digital Scrapbook
1: - Magpie - Canada geese - Coyote - Water lily - Bunchberry Plant
2: Magpie | an intelligent but aggressive bird
3: - Long tails and short, rounded wings. -Highly distinguishable black and white feathers which make magpies easy to spot - The feathers of the tail and wings are iridescent. | Identification
4: Magpie's preys: | Magpies are omnivorous birds and eat a range of fruits, nuts, seeds, insects, eggs and small mammals and reptiles. | Magpie's predators | Magpies have a number of predators within their natural environment including dogs, foxes and cats | Habitat: | Magpies need large shrubs or trees. They are suited to areas with cottonwood or willows, streams, farmland, wetlands, and orchards. | Facts: | FACTS | - Most active during day time, especially in spring. - Magpies breed in their own territory, which they defend against other magpies. as well as other species and humans
6: Magpie less active during winter, it is easy for their predator to attack them
7: Biotic factors that affect Magpies are : | - Magpie's predators such as foxes, cats or humans can reduce the amount of magpies. - The amount of magpie's preys reduce (such as insect because of DDT) can cause the reduction of magpies. | Abiotic factors that affect Magpies: | - Magpies mostly prefer warm weather, so bitter cold winter can be a challenging from them.
9: Magpie's amount in 1920s: | Poisons were used extensively in the 1920s and 30s to resolve serious depredations and livestock predation. During this time, magpie populations were greatly suppressed. | Magpie's amount recently: | Magpie populations has increased. However, Magpies cause a variety of problems, especially where their numbers are high. | Problems: | - Crop damage such as corn, cherries, etc. - Magpie can cause some sores to other animal when they ticks on the back of other animal. If the open wound if too big, or keep bleeding, the animal can die. - Magpie also attack human, especially children.
10: Canada Goose
12: Identification | Large bodied with long neck, fairly wide, large bill, large webbed feet. Black neck and head with obvious white cheek patch Chest pale, underparts brownish, flanks and under-tail white Back and wings dark brown
14: Preys: | - feed on plant matter such as water weed, odd grain and grasses | Predators: | dogs, raccoons, foxes, owls, weasels, etc... | Habitat: | Anywhere near lakes, rivers, ponds, or other small or large bodies of water, and in yards, park lawns, and farm fields. | Canada goose is most active during day time and sleep at night. Canada goose spend most of the time on land, finding seed, berries,...
15: Canada goose can be very aggressive during breeding time
16: Biotic factors: - Predation - Competition on food with other species or other goose. - Over hunted. | Abiotic factors: - Water pollution caused by chemical, death of others
17: Goose's damage: | - Goose feces damage property, compromise overall quality of life, and have the potential to pose serious health threats due to the presence of disease-causing organisms. - Goose attack humans or other species cause injuries. - Agriculture damage such as crop depredation to sweet and field corn, soybeans, and other crops. This damage reduces yield and may increase erosion. - Migrator geese can cause some change to the residential area. - V-shape flight of geese during migration time can affect the air planes
20: Identification: | - Coyotes have sharp pointed ears which never drop, a sharp pointed nose, and long bushy tails. - Coyotes is smaller than wolves. They have the yellow eyes and black, round pupils. | Habitat: | The coyote's habitat can be anywhere. They are scavengers and hunters. They may live in forests, on the plains, or in deserts. As humans move into areas where they live, they are forced to find new places to live and hunt.Their opportunistic nature has provided them the full advantage of surviving in a rapidly changing environment.
21: -They hunt rabbits, rodents, fish, frogs, and even deer. - they kill lambs, calves, or other livestock, as well as pets -They also happily dine on insects, snakes, fruit, grass, and carrion. | Prey: | Predator: | - Other bigger herbivores, can be wolves. - Human is Coyote's biggest predator.
22: Biotic Factors: | - Over hunted * They are hunted by human because of their thick furs. - Increase in amount of coyotes as well as reduction of preys
23: Abiotic Factors: | - The encroachment of men upon the coyotes' territory. *The activity may affect water supply.
24: Water lily The plant has large, round leaves and lovely, large white or pink multi-petaled flowers that float on the surface of the water. The newer hybrids of the plant feature an even greater variety of flower colors.
25: The plants are hardy and easy to grow. The water lily prefers quiet waters like lake edges, slow flowing streams and ponds. They also prefer muddy bottoms and slightly acidic water. Water lilies are rooted in the pond bottom and most species cannot grow in water much more than six feet deep. As a result, they are only found around the shallow edges of lakes and do not grow in deeper areas
26: Water lily's unique shaped leaves help them to get more sunlight to do photosynthesis. Sunlight energy is converted into useable energy for their activities. | Predators: Beavers, muskrats, ducks, porcupines, and snails eat water lilies. Other animals, such as deers and even humans eat the inside of water lilies-the seeds inside.
27: Biotic factors: - Others animal - Bacteria Abiotic factors: - Water pollution - pH change - Sunlight - Soil - Depth of water | Waterlilies interact with their environment: Water lilies discourage the growth of algae in water and also provide protection for the fish from the heat of summer by providing shade on the water
28: Bunchberry Plant
29: In the spring, the plant has green leaves and nice white flowers, while the summer brings bright red berries. In the fall, the bunchberry’s leaves turn to a beautiful burgundy. | Bunchberry plants get their food from sunlight through photosynthesis. | They prefer cool damp areas where evergreens like to grow.This often means the soil is acidic. They usually grow in large colonies. | Insects, bears, raccoons, porcupines, deer, and other animal that eat bunchberries
30: bunchberry flowers
31: Biotic factors: - Insects, and other animals Abiotic factors: - Sunlight - Soil such as moist level - Temperature