FC: The Original 13 Colonies | By Katie Schilling
2: Establishing the New England Colonies | The Puritans left England for religious freedom. In England King Charles I persecuted Puritans for their beliefs. By 1629, John Winthrop, a Puritan lawyer, convinced officials for land grant for Massachusetts Bay Company. | People began leaving Massachusetts Bay Colony because Thomas Hooker, who founded Connecticut, believed that governor and other officials had too much power. Non-Puritans were not allowed to worship freely. | John Winthrop | Rhode Island was founded in 1664. The colony was established for religious tolerance.
3: Life in the New England Colonies | The New England Colonies was where life was centered on religion and tightly knit towns. | The Native Americans and the Puritans had started fighting because of Colonists taking over more Indian lands. Chief Metacom and the Wampanog Indians destroyed 12 towns and killed over 600 settlers. | Towns were very important to the Puritans. They were tightly packed together in small communities and focused mainly on religion and discipline. | Religion was so strict that Witchcraft Trials were held in Salem for anyone who didn't follow the exact rules of their religion. They were believed to be working with the devil. Something as simple as not going to church one week would make officials believe the devil is present.
4: Establishing the Middle Colonies | The colony of New Netherland became the colony of New York by Dutch settlers setting up the colony and trading furs. New Amsterdam became a thriving port and different religious groups came with religious tolerance. There was a rivalry for trade between England and New Netherland but England takes over. | New Jersey separated from New York because the Duke of York decided colony was too large. He gave the colony to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. New Jersey was a Propietary Colony. | Duke of York
5: Life in the Middle Colonies | Pennsylvania was founded in 1681, by William Penn. Penn joined the Quakers, a group of people that must leave England for their beliefs. William was given a new colony from King Charles 11 to pay back Penn's father. Penn called for fair treatment of Native Americans and welcomed many cultures and religions. People arrived from Germany were called Pennsylvania Dutch. | In the Middle Colonies a majority of people made a living by farming. There was a large amount of grain exported. Large farms in rural areas covered the Middle Colonies and herding cattle and pigs was very popular. Penn set up counties where settlers from many different countries came to live. | Delaware was established in 1634. It was a lower colony that eventually broke away.
6: |Establishing the Southern Colonies | Maryland was founded by Sir George Calvert to be a Roman Catholic colony. Before the colony went underway, Calvert had passed. Lord Baltimore, Calvert's son, took over and welcomed Protestants as well to help colony grow. | Virginia was established in 1607 as a royal colony. | The Mason Dixon Line is the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. | In 1663, English colonists received land grants and settled in a region called the Carolinas. Settlers started settling in the north and south making present-day North and South Carolina. | In 1732, James Oglethorpe wanted a colony where debtors can live freely with a fresh start. He established Georgia.
7: Life in the Southern Colonies | The Southern Colonies was where life was centered around large tobacco and rice plantations. There were two ways of life, Tidewater Plantations lifestyle and the Backcountry lifestyle. | Tidewater Plantations Lifestyle | West of the Tidewater Plantations was the backcountry. Thick forests covered the land and settlers in the backcountry treated each other equal. Very few slaves worked and hardships brought people closer. Settlers chopped trees and changed the face of the land. | This lifestyle was very profitable to raise tobacco on large plantations. 20-100 slaves did work on the plantations. The land was washed by ocean tides which made soil very rich. Life was centered around the Great \House. | Backcountry Lifestyle | Slavery had been part of the social and economic system and over a period of less than 400 years,as the transatlantic slave trade grew, millions of Africans were enslaved.