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Amazing wonders in the Civic District

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FC: Dalhousie Obelisk | The Dalhousie Obelisk is a memorial obelisk in the civic District in Singapore, located on the north bank of the Singapore River in the Downtown core, within the Central Area in Singapore central business district.

1: Indian National Army Monument | The Former Indian National Army Monument (Chinese: ) is a historical site and a war memorial at the Esplanade Park located at Connaught Drive within the downtown of Singapore.

2: Lim was born in 1909 to Lim Loh (; alias Lim Chee Gee), a well-known building constructor, as the 11th child but the first male child in the family. In 1917, Lim came to Singapore at the age of 16 to study in Raffles Institution under the British colonial government. He went on to read business at the University of Hong Kong. In 1930, Lim married Gan Choo Neo, a Nyonya woman from the Lim Clan association hall of Singapore. They had eight children, one of whom died in infancy. Initially a Taoist, Lim converted to Christianity. [edit] As a businessmanLim inherited his father's business when the latter died in 1929. Lim started with running two businesses in brick manufacturing and biscuit production, before collaborating with his brothers to venture into building construction. Apart from being successful in his business career, Lim was also a notable young leader of the Singapore Chinese community, having been nominated to take on several posts in the community, including: Chairman of the Singapore Building Industry Association (); Board Member of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce (); Executive Member and Education Director of the Singapore Hokkien Huay Kuan (). [edit] Anti-Japanese activismWhen the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937, Lim and many other overseas Chinese in Singapore participated in anti-Japanese activities, such as boycotting of Japanese goods and fund-raising to support their fellow countrymen in resisting the Japanese invaders in China. Towards the end of 1937, hundreds of overseas Chinese working in Japanese-owned industries in Malaya went on strike. At that time, the Japanese government owned a tin mine in Dungun (), Terengganu, Malaya, where nearly 3,000 Chinese labourers were employed. The tin was shipped to Japan and used as raw material to manufacture weapons. Lim felt that if the Chinese workers in the Dungun mine went on strike, the Japanese would suffer a huge loss, so he planned to make the workers go on strike. Around February 1938, Lim travelled to Dungun with Chuang Hui-chuan () of the Singapore Anxi Association to carry out their plan. Chuang went to the mine to persuade the workers to go on strike while Lim contacted the local police and gained their support. By early March, Lim and Chuang achieved success as the workers left the mine and followed them to Singapore. On March 11, 1938, Lim and the Singapore Chinese community held a welcoming ceremony for the workers, who were later resettled and found employment in Singapore. In December 1941, Lim was put in charge of organizing a group of volunteers to resist the Japanese, who were advancing towards Southeast Asia. The volunteers put up a fierce fight against the Japanese invaders during the Battle of Singapore in February 1942. [edit] Life in Force 136On 11 February 1942, Lim left Singapore and travelled to Sumatra with other Chinese community leaders and made his way to India later. He recruited and trained hundreds of secret agents through intensive military intelligence missions from China and India. He set up the Sino-British guerrilla task force Force 136 in mid-1942 together with Captain John Davis of the Special Operations Executive (SOE). [edit] Operation Gustavus Tan Chong Tee and Lim Bo Seng(right)Operation Gustavus was aimed at establishing an espionage network in Malaya and Singapore to gather intelligence about Japanese activities, thereby aiding the British in planning their re-capture of the colonies, codenamed Operation Zipper. On 24 May 1943, the first group of Force 136 agents, codenamed Gustavus I and led by Captain Davies,[1] arrived in Perak onboard the Dutch submarine O-24. The O-24 would rendezvousz with Gustavus I again in September and November 1943, transferring supplies and personnel from Gustavus IV and V respectively.[2] Its sister ship, the O-23, transported Gustavus II and III, under Captain Richard Broome, arriving on 25 June and 4 August 1943 respectively.[3] Lim arrived in Malaya on 2 November 1943 as part of Gustavus V.[2] He travelled under the alias Tan Choon Lim to avoid identification by the Japanese, claiming to be a businessman when he passed through checkpoints. On Perak, Davies and Lim re-established contact with a Major Freddie Chapman, who was part of a British unit which stayed behind after the Malayan Campaign, carrying out small-scale attacks against the Japanese during the occupation. They also met guerilla fighters of the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army (MPAJA), two of whom were Chin Peng and Lai Teck, where they reached an agreement that the resistance group would fall under British command, in exchange for weapons, supplies and training.[4] One of the Chinese provision shops in Ipoh, Jian Yik Jan, was used as an Allied espionage base. Communications between the agents were done by smuggling messages in empty toothpaste tubes, salted fish and diaries. Operation Gustavus failed before the agents managed to achieve any results. A communist guerrilla was captured by the Japanese in January 1944, who revealed the existence of the Allied spy network operating on Pangkor Island. The Japanese launched a full-scale counter espionage operation on the island and by late March 1944, more than 200 soldiers were on the island. On March 24, the Japanese Kempeitai arrested a fisherman, Chua Koon Eng, at Teluk Murrek on the Perak coast. Chua was working on Pangkor Island when Li Han-kwang of Force 136 approached him and requested to use his boat for their communications. Chua told the Kempeitai what he knew when he was interrogated. Li was later captured by the Japanese and he confirmed Chua's accounts of Force 136 under torture and then began to feign cooperation with the Japanese in order to escape captivity. The entire spy network was destroyed by 31 March 1944, and was not re-established until February 1945.[5] [edit] Capture and death The Lim Bo Seng Memorial in SingaporeLim was captured by the Japanese under Marshal nishi Satoru () at a roadblock in Gopeng the next day. Lim was taken to the Kempeitai headquarters for interrogation and he refused to provide the Japanese with any information about Force 136 despite being subjected to severe torture. Instead, he protested against the ill-treatment of his comrades in prison. He fell ill with dysentery and was bedridden by the end of May 1944. Lim died in the early hours on June 29, 1944. He was later buried behind the Batu Gajah prison compound in an unmarked spot. After the Japanese surrender, Lim's wife, Gan Choo Neo, was informed of her husband's death by the priest of St. Andrew's School. Gan travelled with her eldest son to bring her husband's remains home later. Lim's remains arrived at the Tanjong Pagar railway station in Singapore on Dec 7, 1945. Upon arrival, the hearse was sent off by a large procession of British officers and prominent businessmen, from the Station to Hock Ann Biscuit Factory in Upper Serangoon Road, via Armenian Street. On the same day, a memorial service for Lim was held at the Tong Teh Library of the Kuomingtang Association in Singapore.[6] A funeral service was held on 13 January 1946 at City Hall to mourn Lim's death. Lim's remains was transported in a coffin to a hill in MacRitchie Reservoir (coordinates: 120'31.76"N 10349'50.60"E) for burial with full military honours. Lim was posthumously awarded the rank of Major-General by the Chinese Nationalist Government. [edit] Media appearancesLim was featured as a semi-fictional protagonist in the 1997 Singaporean television drama The Price of Peace. Actor Rayson Tan played the role of Lim Bo Seng. [edit] Bibliography^ "John Davis: SOE leader in Japanese-occupied Malaya". The Sunday Times. 31 Oct 2006. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article619646.ece. Retrieved 6 Jan 2011. ^ a b Dutch Submarines: The submarine O 24, Dutch Submarines, http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/boats/boat_o24.htm, retrieved 6 Jan 2011 ^ Dutch Submarines: The submarine O 23, Dutch Submarines, http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/boats/boat_o23.htm, retrieved 6 Jan 2011 ^ Boon Kheng Cheah (2003). Red Star over Malaya. Singapore University Press. ISBN 9971-69-274-0. http://books.google.com.sg/books?id=73yaJ_1YpKoC&pg=PA73&lpg=PA73&dq=operation+gustavus+malaya&source=bl&ots=DGJ-rMYAgX&sig=01_DV5km3WU-AEvY926NowxIyhw&hl=en&ei=UgolTcnnEo3LrQft74HaDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=operation%20gustavus%20malaya&f=false. ^ "Activist, Leader, Patriot". Ashok Palaniappan. 17 Jun 2009. http://www.connexion.sg/c/document_library/get_file?p_l_id=10206&folderId=10516&name=DLFE-6915.pdf. Retrieved 6 Jan 2011. ^ "Col. Lim's remains in Singapore". Singapore: Straits Times. December 8, 1945. p. 3. Chapman, F. Spencer (1949), The Jungle Is Neutral, Chatto and Windus. Subsequently published in 1977 by Triad/Mayflower Books and in 2003 by The Lyons Press. Poh, Guan Huat (1972), Lim Bo Seng: Nanyang Chinese Patriot, Honours thesis submitted to the History Department, University of Singapore. Tan, Chong Tee (2001), Force 136: Story of a World War II Resistance Fighter (second edition), Singapore: Select Books. Victoria School (2003), "Lim Bo Seng Memorial". [edit] External linksFamily interview Persondata Name Lim, Bo Seng Alternative names Short description Date of birth Place of birth Nan'an, Fujian, Qing Dynasty Date of death Place of death Batu Gajah Prison, Malaya Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lim_Bo_Seng" Categories: 1909 births | 1944 deaths | British rule in Singapore | Converts to Christianity | Singaporean people of World War II | World War II resistance members | Singaporean people of Chinese descent | Singaporean people of Hokkien descent Hidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2010 | All articles lacking in-text citations | Articles containing traditional Chinese language text | Articles containing simplified Chinese language text Personal toolsLog in / create account NamespacesArticle Discussion VariantsViewsRead Edit View history ActionsSearch NavigationMain page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia InteractionHelp About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia ToolboxWhat links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Cite this page Print/exportCreate a bookDownload as PDFPrintable versionThis page was last modified on 16 June 2011 at 12:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Contact us | Lim Bo Seng Memorial | Lim Bo Seng is born in Meilin Town .Nan an,Fujian,China.Lim Bo seng was a World War 2 anti-Japanese resistance fighter based in Singapore and Malaya.Lim was captured by the Japanese under Marshal Onishi Satoru at a roadblock in Gopeng the next day.Lim was taken to the Japanese headquarters . After they totured Lim ,he died.

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  • Title: Amazing wonders in the Civic District
  • Dalhousie Obelisk From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Coordinates: 1°17′14.7″N 103°51′08″E The Dalhousie Obelisk One of the decorative pinnacle lamps on the four corners of the Obelisk. A commemorative plaque on the Obelisk. The Dalhousie Obelisk (Chinese: 达豪施纪念碑) is a memorial obelisk in the Civic District of Singapore, located on the north bank of the Singapore River in the Downtown Core, within the Central Area in Singapore's central business district. The obelisk is situated at Empress Place, near the Asian Civilisations Museum and the Victoria Theatre and Concert Hall, and the Anderson Bridge near the mouth of the Singapore River. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 A...moreDalhousie Obelisk From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Coordinates: 1°17′14.7″N 103°51′08″E The Dalhousie Obelisk One of the decorative pinnacle lamps on the four corners of the Obelisk. A commemorative plaque on the Obelisk. The Dalhousie Obelisk (Chinese: 达豪施纪念碑) is a memorial obelisk in the Civic District of Singapore, located on the north bank of the Singapore River in the Downtown Core, within the Central Area in Singapore's central business district. The obelisk is situated at Empress Place, near the Asian Civilisations Museum and the Victoria Theatre and Concert Hall, and the Anderson Bridge near the mouth of the Singapore River. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Architecture 3 References 4 External links [edit]History The Dalhousie Obelisk was built to commemorate the second visit to Singapore, in February 1850, of the Marquis of Dalhousie, who was the Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856. He was accompanied by his wife, the Marchioness, and the objective of the visit was to consider the reduction of administrative expenditure. However, prominent merchants and traders, who felt that Singapore's infrastructure was not keeping pace with its economic development, wanted Dalhousie to exert his influence in their favour. To win over Dalhousie, they renamed the pier by which he came ashore Dalhousie Ghaut and marked it with a commemorative obelisk. The memorial was also built to remind succeeding merchants of the benefits of free trade. The Dalhousie Obelisk was first sited at Dalhousie Ghaut (also known as Dalhousie Pier). In 1886, land reclamation for the building of Connaught Drive included the part of the Singapore River where the obelisk stood. To save the obelisk for posterity, it was removed to another site on the same line but nearer the sea wall, where the Cenotaph is now. In 1891, it was moved again, this time on the instruction of Governor Sir Cecil Clementi Smith, to its present site in front of the Victoria Theatre and Concert Hall, after the Anderson Bridge was built in 1909. [edit]Architecture The Dalhousie Obelisk is an important architectural element in Empress Place but somewhat neglected and obscured by trees. It was designed by John Turnbull Thomson when he was a Government Surveyor. He was obviously inspired by "Cleopatra's Needle" on the Thames Embankment in London. [edit]References National Heritage Board (2002), Singapore's 100 Historic Places, Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-23-3 Norman Edwards, Peter Keys (1996), Singapore - A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5 Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Dalhousie Obelisk [edit]External links Virtual Reality view of Dalhousie Obelisk Uniquely Singapore website Acknowlegement:www.wikipedia.com/ less
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