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Amendments

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FC: Amendments 12, 20, 22, 23, 25 Presidents and Vice Presidents Zack M L.J. S Sam P

1: Twelfth Amendment "The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate..." The Main Idea The 12th amendment talks about how the voting for president takes place and what will happen if there is not majority from the states elections. The process is still used today. Ratified June 15, 1804

2: Twentieth Amendment "Sec 1)The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, Sec 2)The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. SEC 3) If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the president elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President." The Main Idea The 12th amendment states how you vote for the president and vice president. It also says that congress office changes on January 3 and the president and vice president changes on January 20. Ratified on January 23, 1933

3: Twenty-Second Amendment "Sec 1)No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. The Main Idea If the president is in office more than twice can not be elected again. Legislatures of 3/4 of states within seven years of submission by the congress. However, the vice president that step up to take care of the United States of America can be elected more than once. So who is covering the remainder of the presidents term. this amendment was ratified on July 15, 1804. The amendment was made because congress thought the president would have to much power. Ratified on February 27, 1951.

4: Twenty-Fourth Amendment “Section 1.The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous state; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the states, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a state; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. Section 2.The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.” The Main Idea The main idea of the 23rd amendment Is to allow the district of the Columbia to vote and be represented. This amendment was ratified in 1961 because Washington, DC was literally being taxed without representation. The district of Columbia is originally made just to seat the government. Ratified on January 23, 1961.

5: Twenty-Fifth Amendment Section 1.“In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President. Section 2.Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. Section 3.Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. Section 4.Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President..." The Main Idea This amendment basically says that if the president dies the vice president takes his job and the person that is next in line becomes president not just acting president. Ratified on February 23, 1967.

6: Supreme Court Cases 12th amendment- bush vs Gore "Background info Election night 2000 was a cliffhanger that went on for weeks. Many people went to bed that night thinking that Al Gore had won, only to discover in the morning that George W. Bush had been declared the winner. In fact, the election was simply too close to call. Several states were up for grabs, but in the end it came down to one: Florida, where Bush's younger brother, Jeb, was governor. Florida electors were unable to commit themselves to either Bush or Gore owing to the closeness of the vote. Brush fires erupted in several precincts where the candidates' surrogates traded allegations about various improprieties. Recounts were started, then stopped as Republicans and Democrats wrangled over what standards to apply. It was more than a little chaotic." in 2000 the ruling was that George w Bush wins the election

7: MLA Remy, Richard C., et al. Civics Today: Citizenship, Economics, and You. 2008 NC ed. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 2008. Print http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html

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