S: American Imperialism
FC: American Imperialism (1870-1914)
1: Imperialism What is it? | Imperialism is a policy in which a government or nation extends its rule to foreign countries to form an empire or colony.
2: Imperialism Why? | The United States took part in imperialism for economic, cultural, and military reasons. The economic reason was so businesses and factories tin the United States could acquire raw materials from other countries to fuel factories and make goods to sell. Another reason is that businesses needed new markets to sell their products to so they could make more money. Also, selling products to acquired territories would mean no tariffs (taxes on imports) for the United States. The cultural reason for imperialism was the idea of racial superiority over other nations and the wanting to civilize them. Another reason is that people wanted to spread Christianity to other countries.
3: The military reason for imperialism was so the United States navy could e built up and military bases could be built around the world.
4: Spanish-American War Whats the Story? | Spain was an imperialist country and controlled Cuba. The Cubans did not like Spanish rule so they rebelled and war broke out between Spain and Cuban rebels. The United States went to war with Spain on April 25, 1898 and sided with the Cuban rebels. The causes of this war were the explosion of the USS Maine, the US sugar interests in Cuba, yellow journalism, and the treatment of Cuban rebels by the Spanish. A well known event of the war was when Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders charged up San Juan Hill and took it over. The war was short and ended with the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898 with the United States victorious.
5: Spanish-American War So What? | The Spanish-American War was significant because it made the United States an imperialist country. With the end of the war, the United States gained almost all of Spain's colonies including Cuba and the Philippines. The people of Cuba and the Philippines were upset with the United States after the war. That was because they thought that the United States would free them from Spain so they could be independent, but instead the US just replaced Spain as the imperialist country. | "splendid little war"
6: Panama Canal Whats the Story? | Construction of the Panama Canal began in 1878. When THeodore Roosevelt became President 1900, he believed that the construction of the Panama canal was important and would be a strategic location for the United States. The rights of the project was owned by the French business, the New Panama Canal Company and the construction of the canal was halted due to complications. Roosevelt wanted to buy it but he was refused. There was a rebellion by company workers and Roosevelt sent a battleship to support them. He then bought the project from the rebels and was able to complete it. | "speak softly, and carry a big stick"
7: Panama Canal So What? | The importance of the Panama Canal was that the United States owned it so they could use it for easy access to other countries, which was useful since the United States was an imperialist country. It also shows the importance of Roosevelt's famous quote "speak softly, and carry a big stick". He wanted the Panama Canal for the United States because he knew it would benefit it. But, he did not want to use violence to get it. He just used the battleship to remind other nations that the U.S. was powerful and that power would be used to help it progress.
8: Open Door Policy Whats the Story? | The Open Door Policy was a foreign policy that was created in 1900 by the United States. The U.S was busy with its imperialist affairs in the Philippines, so they missed out when the European imperialists and Japan began to take hold on China. The U.S felt that its economic interests in China were being threatened, so they had John Hay ask the other imperialist powers if they could use the open door policy. This policy said that all nations could have equal trading rights in all parts of China. The other imperialist powers did not completely agree on the policy, but Hay considered it accepted.
9: Open Door Policy So What? | The Open Door Policy was very significant. It gave all of the Imperialist countries an equal amount of power in China. It also protected the investments of American businesses in China.
10: Boxer Rebellion Whats the Story? | Many Chinese people, including the Empress, did not like the foreign influences in their country and they did not want to make peace with them. A secret society called Fists of Righteous Harmony, known as the Boxers, was created. Its goal was to rid China of foreign influences. The boxers would attack foreign missionaries, then they headed to the cities. In 1900, the attacked the diplomats in the Beijing and held siege on it. But after a month, the foreign powers sent soldiers to the city where they rescued the diplomats and put out the Boxer rebellion.
11: Boxer Rebellion So What? | The Boxer Rebellion was significant. It showed that the Chinese people were unhappy with the foreign powers in their country. After the rebellion, the open door policy was enforced, and it was recommended by John Hay that China's territory and government be preserved.
12: Theodore Roosevelt vs William Taft Foreign Policies | Roosevelt "Big Stick Policy"--foreign negotiations would be easier with a strong military to back the country up.
13: Taft "Dollar Diplomacy"--convince small developing nations to support the United States by investing U.S money in their economies. | Similarities They both believed in building up the United States navy.
14: Success of Imperialism | Imperialism in the United States was very successful. Being an imperialist country gave the United States a lot of power and made a it a big world power. Imperialism also helped the United States grow economically as well as territorially. However very successful, I am not for Imperialism because I believe that nations should be able to set up their own government and be free from the control of other countries.
15: References | Wikipedia.org www.smplanet.com www.ushistory.com www.smplanet.com www.sparknotes.com