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Animal Kingdom Biology Science Mixbook

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Animal Kingdom Biology Science Mixbook - Page Text Content

S: all about the kingdoms

BC: all your soul are belong to us...

FC: All about the kingdoms

1: All about the kingdoms including: 1.Plantae kingdom 2-8 2.Fungi Kingdom 9-14 3. Protist Kingdom 15-19 4. Monera Kingdom 20-25 5.Animal Kingdom 26-35

2: Plantae Kingdom | The major characteristics of plants are that they are multicellular with cell walls made with cellulose.They can live in the water and on land. they are autotrophic.plants have organs and a organ system. They absorb sunlight to convert into glucose.The leaves have a waxy coat on them to shield against the weather. | 2

3: The plant kingdom diverged from the domain eukaraya which evolved into kingdom protista then into the kingdom plant. | Plants are eukaryotic and there cell structure is a cell wall with cellulose.Plants are also multicellular. | 3

4: Plants metabolism used oxygen. the plant kingdom does not have a digestion system or a nervous system. Their circulatory system consists of xylem and phloem which it the top and bottom of the plants . the bottom consists of roots and the top consists of the trunk along with the leaves or needles of the plant. The plants have holes on the underside of the leaved know as stomata which is the plants respiratory system. Some plants reproduce by spores growing from an under ground system.

5: Some examples of plants are | palm trees | or | weeping willows

6: Pterophyta | Pterophyta it a type of plant, they are vascular plants. their leaves are called frounds and they live in land and in water. Their spores produce in clusters or sporangia called sori. An example of this plant would be ferns.

7: Anthocerophyta | Anthocerophya are multicellular,nonvascular plants.they reproduce by spores produced in capsules. The plants are green and they grow in most, land environments.

8: Coniferophyta | Coniferophyta contains the pinus domain and is mostly conifers. It contains deciduous or evergreen and are trees and shrubs. they have needle like like or scale like leaves and the seeds are produced in cones.

9: Fungus Kingdom | The fungus kingdoms characteristics are that it is multicellular and eukaryotic. fungi are heterotrophic, because they absorb their nutrients. unlike the plant kingdom, have chitin in their cell wall instead of cellulose. fungi have digestive process as well as a circulatory system.

10: Fungi actually share more common characteristics with animals rather than plants. they are believed to have diverged from the same ancestors as the animal kingdom, roughly 1.2 million years ago. they originated as aquatic organisms, but can now also be found on land. | fungi can be either unicellular or multicellular, and are eukaryotic cells. unlike plant cells, fungi do not have cellulose in their cell walls, but chitin.

11: like the plant kingdom, fungi do not have a nervous system. however, they do have a unique digestive process. they are heterotrophic, and will absorb their nutrients from their current environment by . most fungi recycle dead organic matter and use that for what they need, though some will act as parasites, and feed off of the nutrients of a living organism. fungi have no hearts, but they have a circulatory made up of long branches of hyphae. in the place of a nervous system, fungi have a endocrine system, which allows them to recognize and react to their environment. fungi reproduce through both sexual and asexual. some can only produce asexually though. their process is different from all other eukaryotic organisms.

12: below are some common examples of fungi

13: Basidiomycota | this phylum in the fungi kindom is so diverse, there aren't really any defining characteristics that apply to all in the phylum. these are generally used as food, and are a big part of the human diet. | This is a mushroom, one of the most common types of fungi, and found in the Basidiomycota phylum.

14: Zygomycota | Zygomycota is another phylum in the fungi kingdom. it derives it's name from its unique characteristic, a thick-walled spore called the zygospore, which forms during reproduction. the only real benefit this has is to tell us when to throw out our bread. | the mold found on this bread is a common type in the Zygomycota phylum.

15: Protists are the simplest eukaryotes. Protists may be unicellular or multi-cellular. But multi-cellular protists do not posses complex tissues as that of plants and animals. All organelles are present in the cell of protists. There are some protists which have plant like characteristics for example algae. They have chloroplast in the cell to produce food. Some protists have the characteristics which are similar to that of animals for example, protozoa. They are very small in size therefore, they cannot be seen by naked eye. There are some protists which have characteristic similar to fungi for example, slime molds and water molds | Protist Kingdom

16: The Protist are heterotrophs, witch mean they get there food from the enviroment. The do this threw photosynthesis. | Protist are extracellular because they digest food out of the body.

17: The protisa have no nervous system because they can have no specailized parts. | The Protista use a vacole to do there circulatory functions. | No, they do not. Because they have such a thin Cell Membrane, all the nutrients they need can be absorbed through diffusion or active transport.

18: Bacteria, blue-green bacteria (cyanobacteria) | [Zoomastigina] Flagellates are unicellular, eukaryotic organisms that possess flagella as adults. This is a primitive group that is generally considered to have given rise to all other protozoans, higher plants, fungi and Kingdom Animalia. Many flagellates live commensally within the bodies of other organisms. All are heterotrophic, but may be either free-living, symbiotic or parasitic. Reproduction may be sexual or asexual

19: Ciliophora-As their name suggests, must members of the phylum Ciliophora (they are called ciliates) have great amounts of cilia. Ciliates may also have structures called trichocysts, organelles which can be discharged from the cell. Trichocysts may be used to anchor the organism or to capture prey by paralyzing it with a trichocyst with a poisoned tip. | They are fungis [Cyanobacteria]--->

20: Monera Kingdom | The Kingdom Monera houses bacteria. They are all uni-cellular, and are prokaryotic, which means they have no nucleus. These organsims are very primitive, and are around one micrometer in length.

21: Seeing as they are such simple beings, their lives do not require much. They have no digestive, circulatory, or nervous systems. They do, however, need to breathe, and do so via fermentation. | This is the acne bacteria

22: Since they are prokaryotic, Monerans contain no nucleus. They do however have a cell membrane and cell wall. | MENINGITIS

23: Monerans are both autotrophs and heterotrophs, and they reproduce asexually by binary fission.

24: GOOD BACTERIA! | E. Coli | Cheese

25: BAD BACTERIA! :( | Syphilis | Strep Throat


27: The animal kingdom is a large one that consists of many types of different organisms. However, all of these organisms have characteristics in common.

28: 1) Animals are multicellular -all animals consist of multiple cells. Any single-celled organism does not belong to the animal kingdom | 2) Animals are heterotrophic -animals obtain energy from consuming food, and do not make it themselves

29: 3) Animals reproduce sexually -animals use sexual reproduction. There are only two exceptions to this rule: cloning, and via the catalyst of a nearby male that does not actually fertilize the egg | 4) Animal cells do not have cell walls -cells of animals only have cell membranes

30: 5) All animals are capable of movement at some point in their life (as long as they are developing normally) | 6) Animals can respond quickly to external stimuli -because of nerve cells and special tissue, animals are quick to respond to external stimuli

31: Animals are eukaryotic organisms. Their cells contain small vacuoles, as opposed to plant cells, which contain one large vacuole. Animals use extracellular digestion, which means that they secrete enzymes to help digest their food. Different animals have different circulatory systems: open and closed.

32: Small invertebrates such as mollusks have open circulatory systems, meaning that blood is pumped into body cavities. In closed respiration, used by most vertebrates, is a system in which blood is pumped through capillaries and arteries, and then to the heart. The blood in this system does not fill the body cavities.

33: THESE ARE ANIMALS. LOOK AT THEM. | ...the animal kingdom: from majestic to wholeheartedly disturbing.

34: Animals are categorized through seven steps of taxonomy. The first is kingdom. All animals belong to the animal kingdom, or course. Next is Phylum, based on whether the animal has a backbone or not. Then comes class. Class can categorize organisms by a number of factors, including their ability to breastfeed their young. After that comes order, then family. With each step down the classification ladder, traits become more and more specific. Then comes the genus. The traits of organisms in the same genus are very similar. The last category is species. This is the most specific category. There is only one type of organism located here.

35: Hurr durr glub, here's an example! | Kingdom: Animalia (animal) | Phylum: Chordata (vertebrate) | Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) | Order: Scorpaeniformes (sculpins) | Family: Psychrolutidae | Genus: Psychrolutes | Species: Psychrolutes marcidus | aka: blobfish

36: Phylums: | Nematoda: Those belonging to the phylum nematode are round worms. They are symmetrical and worm-like organisms. An example is a nematode.

37: Porifera: These organisms are jelly-like and squished between two layers of cells. They rely on constant water flow for food and oxygen. An example is a sponge.

40: Molluska: This is a marine phylum. The animals here are invertebrates with shells. A squid is an example of an animal belonging to this phylum.

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  • Title: Animal Kingdom Biology Science Mixbook
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