FC: AP Biology Summer Assignment
1: By Valeria Tristan
3: AUTOTROPH Any organism that is capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic materials as nutrients. In this case, this plant goes through the process of photosynthesis as a source of energy.
5: ARTHROPOD Any invertebrate of the phylum Arthropoda, that has a segmented body, jointed limbs, and usually has a chitinous shell. This spider has all of the above.
7: GYMNOSPERM CONE Gymnosperm cones are the gametophytes of the plant. They are a crucial part for reproduction. Female cones are larger than male cones, also male cones tend to be higher up the tree than the female ones.
9: POLLEN The fertilizing element of flowering plants, made up of fine, powdery, yellowish grains or spores, most of the time in masses.
11: INSECT Any animal of the class Insecta, comprising small, air-breathing arthropods having a body divided in 3 parts, having 3 pairs of legs, and usually 2 pairs of wings.
13: K-STRATEGIST Are species that display traits of fewer offspring, living longer, being bigger. Some examples are humans, cats, elephants, dogs, etc.
15: PINE CONE-FEMALE Female pine cones are much larger than male pine cones. They are also the ones that contain the eggs. Pollen is carried from the male pine cones to the female pine cones.
17: ECTOTHERM A cold-blooded animal. This means that the animal regulates its body temperature with the help of environmental heat sources. Some examples are snakes, lizards, frogs, etc.
19: POLLINATOR Pollinators are what fertilizes plants by moving pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma. Some examples are bees, butterflies, and bats.
21: ENDOTHERM A warm-blooded animal. An endotherm is an animal that can produce heat through internal means. Some examples are humans, cats, dogs, bears, etc.
23: EXOSKELETON An external covering or integument, especially when hard, as the shells of crustaceans.
25: r-STRATEGIST Are species that display the traits of being smaller, producing more offspring, and short longetivity. Some examples are roaches, flies, spiders, ants, etc.
27: FROND An often large, finely divided leaf. It is often found in ferns and some palms.
29: FRUIT-FLESHY WITH SEED Fruits that have a fleshy part between the fruit's covering and the seeds. Some examples are mango, kiwis, grapes, or water melon.
31: FRUIT-DRY WITH SEED Fruits that don't have a fleshy interior, exterior tends to be woody. Some examples of this are peanuts, cashews, and some ground nuts.
33: STEM-HERBACEOUS The stalk that supports a leaf, flower, or fruit. It tends to be fibrous, green, and thin.
35: STEM-WOODY The stalk that supports a leaf, flower, or fruit. It tends to be strong, thick. This means that the plant has lived for more than two years
37: TENDRIL OF A PLANT A threadlike, leafless organ of climbing plants, often growing in spiral form, which attaches itself to or twines around some other body in order to support the plant.
39: THORN OF A PLANT A sharp excrescence on a plant. It gives the plant some protection from other organisms.
41: ADAPTATION OF AN ANIMAL It is an alteration to an organism by which the organism becomes better fitted to survive and multiply in its environment. Cats have incredible night vision and hearing as well as claws and teeth, which make them good predators.
43: AMNIOTIC EGG They are eggs laid by reptiles, mammals, and birds which contain a yolk to nourish the developing organism.
45: CONIFER LEAF A leaf from any numerous, chiefly evergreen tree or shrubs of the class, such as the pine, fir, and other cone-bearing trees.
47: CONNECTIVE TISSUE A tissue, usually of mesoblastic origin, that connects supports or surrounds other tissues, organs, etc.
49: EPITHELIAL TISSUE Tissue that lines the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands.
51: HEARTWOOD The dense inner part of a tree trunk, it is the oldest nonliving part, yielding the hardest timber
53: ADAPTATION OF A PLANT It is an alteration to the plant that allows it to protect itself from other organisms. In this case the thorns give the plant protection.
55: FERMENTATION The process where a vegetable or fruit goes through a chemical change and turns into a substance with alcohol.
57: EHYLENE It is a hydrocarbon gas hormone that controls the rate at which fruit ripens, flowers open and leaves fall.
59: CALVIN CYCLE Is a series of biochemical reactions that take place in the stroma of chloroplasts in photosynthetic organisms.
61: CELLULOSE Is a polysaccharide and it is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton.
63: PHLOEM Is the vascular tissue in plants that helps transfer sugars and other organic nutrients downward to all the parts of the plant that need it.
65: LITORAL ZONE ORGANISM An organism that lives near the shore of the sea, lake, or river. Examples are turtles, ducks, geese, etc.
67: MYOSIN It is a fibrous protein that forms muscle cells and is involved in muscle contraction and other movements. This allows the fingers to bend like in the picture.
69: XERPHYTE Plant that has adapted to live in areas with little water such as the desert or tundra.
71: GIBBERELLINS They are plant hormones that regulate growth, stem elongation, germination period, and when flowering occurs.
73: C4 PLANT Plant that produces C4 sugar during photosynthesis.
75: KERATIN It is a fibrous protein found in hair, feathers, hoofs, nails, horns, and claws.
77: PARASITISM It is a relationship between two organism in which one receives benefits from the other while causing it damage. In this case, the fetus lived and fed off the mother while causing her nausea, and back pains.
79: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM (GMOs) Also known as GMO’s they are organisms that have been altered to last longer, have a brighter color, produce more, etc.
81: MUTUALISM It is a relationship between two organisms in which mutual dependence is necessary for survival. Plants and bees have this relationship because plants need bees to spread pollen while bees use the plants to make honey.