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AP Biology Collection

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AP Biology Collection - Page Text Content

BC: By: Debrah Adenote

FC: PORTFOLIO | AP Biology term Collection

1: Fruit dry w/ seed: result from the ripening of a compound or simple ovary with only one pistil.

2: Fruit fleshy with seed: Mostly fleshy at maturity; do not usually split open.

3: Parasite: An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.

4: Glycogen: A substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates; a polysaccharide that yields glucose on hydrolysis.

5: Autotroph: An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.

6: Flower ovary: The innermost whorl in the center of a flower is the female reproductive structure, or pistil. The lower part of the pistil is the ovary. The ovary bears ovules (premature seeds) and ripens into a fruit.

7: Pollen: The fine powder like material consisting of pollen grains that is produced by the anthers of seed plants.

8: Sporophyte: The spore-producing phase in the life cycle of a plant that exhibits alternation of generations.

9: Stigma and style of carpel: The stigma prevents pollen from other flower species from fertilizing the plant and sometimes keeps the plant from fertilizing itself. In some plants the style does the job of keepin the plant from fertilizing itself.

10: Insect: A small arthropod animal that has six legs and generally one or two pairs of wings

11: Commensalism: An association between two organisms in which one benefits and the other derives neither benefit nor harm.

12: Radial symmetry: Symmetry around a central axis, as in a starfish or a tulip flower.

13: Carbohydrate-Fibrous: Fibrous carbohydrates are complex carbohydrates that come mostly from green vegetables. These carbohydrates are rich in fiber and help the digestive process run smoothly. Fibrous carbohydrates are also a good source of minerals, vitamins, phytochemicals and other nutrients.

14: Genetically modified organism: A genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.

15: Epithelial tissue: membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body.

16: Adaptation of a plant: Special features a plant has to help it survive in environments.

17: Dicot plant w/ flower and leaf: flowering plant with two cotyledons; the stem grows by deposit on its outside

18: Niche: a shallow recess.

19: Cuticle layer of a plant: the waxy, water-repelling layer on the outer surface of a leaf that helps keep it from dying out (and protect it from invading bacteria, insects, and fungi). The cuticle is secreted by the epidermis (including the guard cells) and is often thinner on the underside of leaves. The cuticle is generally thicker on plants that live in dry environments.

20: Vascular plant tissue: Plant tissue that transports nutrients and water throughout a plant; as veins and arteries are to animals.

21: Pteriodophyte: A division of flowerless green plants that comprises the ferns and their relatives.

22: Protein Fibrous: Fibrous proteins function either in a filamentous aggregate or as long, thin molecules.

23: Stem-Herbacceous: A herbaceous plant (in botanical use simply herb) is a plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of the growing season to the soil level.

24: K-strategist: Species of organism that uses a survival and reproductive 'strategy' characterized by low fecundity, low mortality, longer life and with populations approaching the carrying capacity of the environment, controlled by density-dependent factors.

25: Fermentation: The chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms

26: R-strategist: a species where the mother produces lots of offspring which do not require attention and is best suited to environments where conditions change frequently.

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