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AP Biology Mixbook

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AP Biology Mixbook - Page Text Content

BC: Niche This is an image of a plant that is home to many insects and other organisms. Its niche is also the environment it lives in, which has allowed it to grow and reproduce.

FC: Ap Biology Janique Alcantara 1st Period Caro

1: Adaptation of an animal Animals have various techniques in order to survive in the wild. Their appearances may have a huge role in how they interact in the to their surroundings . For example this butterfly blends in very well with the leaf, this enables it to avoid many predators from hurting it.

2: Adaptation of a plant Similar to animals plants have adapted their own ways of surviving in their habitat. This is an image of a cactus, they have spikes that not only allow them to keep away from predators but helps them retain water to live in dry climates.

3: Amniotic Egg Animals such as chickens lay amniotic egg, which consist of a yoke supplying the nutrients the organism needs to grow. The shell of the egg also provides a shield, to protect the animal as it develops. This is an image of your typical grocery egg.

4: Angiosperm Angiosperms (flowering plants) are one of the most common types of plant. The image above is a seed and flower producing plant. their characteristics mostly consist of flowers, seed, and fruit that contain seeds in them.

5: Animal with a segmented body An animal with a segmented body usually refers to insects with a head, body, and thorax. This is a picture of an dragonfly which has all of the following.

6: Arthropods A crab represents an arthropod because they have an exoskeleton, jointed appendages, and a segmented body. They are also known for molting, and the properties of their skeleton. Arthropods includes insects, arachnids, and crustaceans.

7: Autotroph Trees are perfect examples of autotrophs because they only depend on sunlight and water for food.They are known for reducing carbon dioxide in the environment and not requiring any source of energy from any organism.

8: Basidiomycete The Basidiomycete belong to the kingdom of fungi. Similar to the mushroom, which also belongs to the fungi kingdom. they are known to reproduce sexually by the formation of special cells, but there are some who can reproduce asexually.

9: Bryophyte Also known as a non-vascular plants, moss does not contain any vascular tissue. They are unique because they do not produce any seeds or flowers, but reproduce by spores.

10: C 4 plant These are plants that depend on carbon 4 fixation. Their features give them an advantage in surviving in harsh conditions. For example corn, they are able to grow through most conditions.

11: Cellulose Cotton, as shown above, is comprised of mostly cellulose. It is also the most organic compound on earth, and can be found in many plants. Many products such as paper, many times come from cellulose.

12: Commensalism Means when one organism benefits and the other is not affected. This is an image of an insect using the tree trunk as a home. It does not harm the tree, but the insect gets protection especially because it blends in with the trunk.

13: Connective Tissue Connective tissue is responsible for many parts of our body, it is in fact the most diverse tissue. This is an image of an forearm, that is composed of connective tissue.

14: Dicot plant with flower and leaf Dicot plants are flowering plants that usually have petals in fours of fives and have net-like veins in their leaves. This is an image of a flower that has these characteristics.

15: Ectotherm Ectotherms are cold blooded organisms, very much like reptiles. These animals, such as the lizard above, depend on hot environments in order to survive. The heat allows them to continue processes in their body, such as helping their metabolism.

16: Endotherm Endotherms are warm blooded animals, they are able to use certain abilities that enable them to adapt to temperatures around them. for instance, if a hamster is too hot they would pant or sweat and if they are cold they may shiver.

17: Epithelial Tissue Also known as skin, is the outer layer that covers our whole body. It is formed by many cells arranged in layers.

18: Gymnosperm Gymnosperms are seed producing plants, which do not form into flowers like most plants. These are baby pine cones, they are a huge part of the gymnosperm family.

19: Insects Insects have a set of antennas, an exoskeleton, three pairs of legs (or more), and usually has a three part body. This cricket has a head, thorax, abdomen, segmented legs, and a pair of antennas.

20: K- strategist K-strategists are large bodied, has a juvenile period, produces less but has a greater chance of all offspring to survive. A cat is a K-strategist because they produce a few offspring compared to many other animals, and has the ability to adapt to most environments.

21: Keratin Keratin includes your skin, hair, and nails. This is a picture of my nail! Keratin is made up of fibrous proteins and is the main material our outer layer is made of.

22: Lepidoptera On top of this flower sits a butterfly, this is what otherwise is known as a lepidotera.

23: Modified leaf of a plant Each plant has characteristics that allow it to have a better chance of survival in the wild. For instance, this plant had thorns tat protrudes out of the stem to protect itself rather than a smooth stem.

24: Modified stem of a plant Plants often alter the way they they grow for special reasons. The onion grows under ground, which allows it to develop easily by avoiding most predators. Other times stems might alter to grow in higher places instead.

25: Monocot plant with flower and leaf Moncot flowers have petals that form in multiples of threes and have parallel veins on their leaves. This is an image of a flower with six petals and parallel veins.

26: Pollen The yellow powder that sits in the stamen of a flower in the image, is known as pollen. This plays a huge role during the pollination process, in which allows the flower to reproduce.

27: R-Strategist These organisms are particularly small in size, but reproduce more than K-strategist. These frogs do not have a very long lifespan but produce a lot more offspring.

28: Eukaryote A eukaryote basically refers too any animal or plant, organisms with cells enclosed in membranes. This turtle is a eukaryote, because it has complex cell structures within a membrane.

29: Exoskeleton These animals typically lack bone, their outer shell is what supports their body like a skeleton, hence the term exoskeleton. These are shrimp, their soft exoskeleton protects them as well as move around in the water.

30: Fruit ovary Fruits are the ripened ovaries of a plant, they are responsible for distributing seeds. Which is why all fruits with seeds are simply considered fruits.

31: Frond Frond are large leaves that are divided into smaller ones. Palm trees are perfect examples because they have large leaves that divide into thiner ones.

32: Gastropod Gastropod refers to basically any type of snails or slug. This is an image of snails found in an Asian grocery store.

33: Fruit (fleshy with seed) When opened up, this watermelon has flesh, which can can be consumed. In the center, you can find the seeds.

34: Glycogen Glycogen plays an important role in the glucose cycle, by asisting our body to regulate our glucose levels. It is also a place where animals and humans store energy, as well as balance our blood-pressure.

35: Radial symmetry This flower has radial symmetry, because if you were to cut it into pieces resembling pie you would get six identical parts. Radial symmetry means balanced proportions, which is exemplified in this flower.

36: Rhizome Rhizome is a stem of a plant, which is usually grown underground. Gingers are considered roots, and therefore known as a rhizome.

37: Thorn of a plant Thorns are small sharp spikes that protrude from a plants stem. It is usually there to help protect the plant, but can also have other properties such as enable it to retain water easily.

38: Xylem Xylem are vascular plants that are able to transport water within the plant. This occurs through the celeries veins, which is why it is a good example for Xylem.

39: Cuticle layer of a plant The epidermal cells in some plants create a waxy coat over the leaf, which usually give it a glossy appearance. This is an image of a large leaf that displays these characteristics.

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