S: First Edition ASEAN BOOKS The Living Countries of ASIA
1: Preface | To enhance peace and prosperity in a diverse region, knowing about each other is important. If you are someone who wants to travel, work, and live in the ASEAN community, you are advised to have the "One Vision, One Identity, and One Community" as in the ASEAN organization's motto. This book will help you learn more about the countries, cultures, and the places of the emerging power of the world, ASEAN.
2: Copyright 2014 Sankrisna First Published February 2014 Paperback edition February 2014 This edition 2014 | To ASEAN Countries Sankrisna Lork ASEAN Book to All General Education about ASEAN Countries | Published in Thailand by Sankrisna APIU, Mauk Lek, Saraburi, Thailand 18180 Supporting Editor Yan Aung, Micha Sadam, Daw Vi Zawdee | Distributed in Asia by Asia-Pacific International University Press All Rights Reserved, No part of this publication may be reproduce, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.
3: Content | 1 Myanmar 2 Philippine 3 Thailand 4 Singapore 5 Cambodia 6 Brunei 7 Malaysia 8 Loas 9 Indonesia 10 Vietnam | 5 12 17 23 28 34 38 43 47 53
5: Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, commonly shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh. Capital: Naypyidaw Currency: Burmese kyat Main Product: Rice, Oil, Materials Main Religion: Buddhism Population: 52.8 million (2012) World Bank Country’s Area:676,578 square kilometers (261,227 sq. mi), it is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia. Official language: Burmese Language Government: Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic | Myanmar
6: President of | Myanmar President | National Flower | The Thazin orchid is another national flower. According to a Burmese poem, during the Konbaung era, the king had the right to claim the first flowering bud of Thazin within the realm and any transgression was punishable by death. | Thein Sein is a Burmese politician and former military commander who has been President of Burma since March 2011. He was the Prime Minister from 2007 until 2011 and considered by some as a moderate and reformist in the post-junta government
7: National Animal | Chinthe | White Elephant | The Chinthe, a leogryph found mainly in front of pagodas and temples, have been promoted by the previous military government as the symbol of state. The Chinthe had been used as a symbol of state, mainly as a supporting figure to the peacock, after independence, but it became more prominent only after 1988 - when it began to appear on almost all denominations of Burmese banknotes and coins (1999). | The white elephant is another symbol of state associated with the days of the monarchy. Like in neighboring Thailand, the white elephant is revered as a blessing towards the entire country. The importance of the white elephant to Burmese and Theravada culture can be traced to the role which white elephants play in Buddhist cosmology and the Jatakas. Hsinbyushin, the name of a Konbaung King means 'Lord of the White Elephant'.
8: National Dress | Shan | Rakhine | Kachin | Mon
9: Kayah | Bamar | Chin | Karen
10: Myanmar Food | Mohinga | Tea Leaf Salad | It's beloved as a breakfast dish, but, sold by mobile vendors, it's a common snack at any time of day or night. Optional toppings include a sliced hard-boiled egg and akyaw, deep-fried crispy veggies and/or disks of lentil batter. The dish is seasoned to taste with a squeeze of lime and/or flakes of dried chili. | Perhaps the most famed Burmese food is Lephet, fermented tea leaves. The tart leaves are eaten on their own, typically as dessert, but they're also served in the form of Lephet Thoke, a salad of pickled tea leaves.
11: Famous Places | Shwedagon Pagoda | Kyaiktiyo Pagoda | The Shwedagon Pagoda; officially titled Shwedagon Zedi Daw, also known in English as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a 99 meters gilded pagoda and stupa located in Yangon, Burma. | Kyaiktiyo Pagoda is a well-known Buddhist pilgrimage site in Mon State, Myanmar. It is a small pagoda built on the top of a granite boulder covered with gold leaves pasted on by devotees.
12: The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. Capital: Manila Population: 96.71 million (2012) World Bank Country’s Area:Land area is 115,124 sq. mi (298,171 sq. km). Total area: 115,830 sq. mi Currency: Philippines Peso Main Products: semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits. Official languages: English Language, Filipino language Main Religion: Christian Government: Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Republic | Philippine
13: President | Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III, also known as Noynoy Aquino or PNoy, is a Filipino politician who has been the 15th President of the Philippines since June 2010. | National Flower | Sampaguita is a white flower with single or double layers of fragrant petals. According to folklore, its name was derived from a lover's promise to his lady fair: "Sumpa kita" translated as: "I promise you." It opens at night and droops in less than a day. The white flowers are often made into wreath and its extract made into perfumes. Sampaguita is not a tree but a woody vine.
14: National Animal | The Carabao, Bubalus bubalis is the domisticated form of the Asiatic Water Buffalo, an animal widely used for draft in much of Asia. It is the Philippine National Animal and is commonly called kalabaw. | Ethnicities and Costumes | Bicolano | Ilocano
15: Famous Foods | Tapsilog is the term used when tapa, garlic-fried rice (sinangag), and fried egg (itlog) are combined into one meal, which is served primarily during breakfast. | Arroz caldo is Filipino rice porridge, or congee. Infused with the healing power and flavor of fresh ginger, arroz caldo restores the body and comforts the soul. | Bibingka is a type of rice cake from the Philippines traditionally eaten during the Christmas season. Bibingka is made with rice flour and coconut milk or water. Other ingredients can vary greatly, but the most common secondary ingredients are eggs and milk.
16: Famous Places | The Banaue Rice Terraces are 2,000-year-old terraces that were carved into the mountains of Ifugao in the Philippines by ancestors of the indigenous people. The Rice Terraces are commonly referred to by Filipinos as the "Eighth Wonder of the World". | Taal Volcano is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions. | Boracay is a small island in the Philippines located approximately 315 km south of Manila and 2 km off the northwest tip of Panay Island in the Western Vinaya region of the Philippines.
17: Thailand | Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. Capital: Bangkok Area: 513,120 km Population: 66.79 million (2012) World Bank Currency: Thai baht Continent: Asia Main Products: Rice Official language: Thai Language Government: Unitary state, Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system
18: Prime Minister of Thailand | Yingluck Shinawatra, nicknamed Pu or Poo, is a Thai businesswoman and politician, member of the Pheu Thai Party, the 28th and current Prime Minister of Thailand following the 2011 general election | National Flower | The Ratchaphruek (Cassia Fistula Linn) tree bears beautiful yellow cluster-shaped flowers. The Thai people regard its yellow hue as the colour of Buddhism and the colour of glory. Ratchaphruek blooms annually from February to May and symbolises the unity and harmony of the Thai people. While the flowers are blossoming, the tree sheds its leaves, leaving only bright yellow flowers hanging on its branches.
19: National Animal | The elephant is the national animal of Thailand. Elephants are an important part of Thai culture and the Thai way of life. They also play an integral role in the monarchy. The flag of Thailand used to be a white elephant on a red background. In May 1998, the Cabinet approved the designation of March 13 as Thai Elephant Day to raise and sustain public awareness of the importance of elephants. | National Dress
20: The women's national costume is named the Chakri. It is made up of Thai silk. The dress includes a back-less and shoulder-less shirt, a ready-to-wear skirt with Na-nang ( a typical Thai cutting style on a center of a skirt), and a shawl which is made by organdy.The men's national costume is known as sue phraratchatan (royally bestowed shirt).
21: Famous Food | Tom Yam Goong is the national aroma of Thailand. Lemongrass, lime leaves, galangal, and shallots provide the memorable smells, with chilis and fish sauce providing the kick. Substance comes in the form of jumbo shrimp (goong) and mushrooms. The flavour is a unique combination of spicy hot and sour and makes for an ideal start to a meal | Pad Thai doesn't need an introduction. Usually noodles are dressed up with tofu, bean sprouts, onion, and the brilliant final touch: peanuts ground to near dust. Pad Thai is a diner-participation meal; you put on the finishing touches of fish sauce, sugar, chili powder, and crushed peanuts to suit your taste. | Noodle soup is a quick-and-easy staple of the Thai eating experience. Noodles usually thin, occasionally broad are served up in a broth with just about any edible meat: pork, chicken, beef, duck, and seafood being the most popular.
22: Famous Places | Khao Kheow Open Zoo is situated Chonburi Province, Thailand. It spread over 2,00 acres for the Khao Kheow-Khao Chom Puo Wildife Santuary. The zoo is divided into 3 areas, animal habitats (400 acres), public recreational areas (200 acres) and research area (1,400 acres). | Phra Nang beach is the most westernized beach in Krabi. The beach is awesome with lovely white sand and beautiful limestone cliffs. | We were able to do it all at this camp. we saw an elephant show where they painted pictures among other tricks, we watched them bath in the river and they splashed us with their trunks, we got to go on a long ride through the jungle and then we got to take a bamboo raft back down the river for lunch.
23: Singapore | Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. It lies off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula and is 137 kilometers north of the equator. Area: 710 km Trade Organizations: WTO, APEC, IOR-ARC, ASEAN Population: 5.312 million (2012) World Bank Official languages: English Language, Malay Language, Tamil Language, Standard Mandarin Currency: Singapore Dollars Government: Unitary state, Constitutional republic, Parliamentary republic
24: Prime Minister of Singapore | Tony Tan Keng Yam is the seventh President of Singapore, in office since 2011. He served as a Member of the Singapore Parliament from 1979 to 2006 and held various ministerial portfolios, including defense, finance, education, trade and industry | National Flower | The best known orchid in Singapore is the national flower, Vanda Miss Joaquim. The orchid is a hybrid and was named after its breeder. The orchid bears an exquisitely beautiful (purple) color and shape. It blooms throughout the year.
25: National Animal | The lion is the national animal of Singapore. Singapore is the English word for "Singapura", which means Lion City. The lion is significant as Singapore's name is derived from the old Sanskrit term simha orsingha,meaning "lion". | Traditional Dress | Singapore does not really have its own national costume because there are 4 different main races which are the Chinese, Malay, Indian and the Eurasians. Each race has them own costumes.
26: Hainanese chicken rice is a dish of Chinese origin, most commonly associated with Hainanese, Malaysian and Singaporean cuisines, although it is also popular in Thailand. | Traditional Food | Singapore Night Safari is another best place to enjoy the animals in their natural habitat. It is the first nocturnal zoo of the world. This wild life park has won Singapore Tourism Awards several times and is a must see place in Singapore. | Famous Places | Singapore Night Safari
27: Merlion | Sentosa Island | It is a recreation theme-park with various fun filled activities. You can easily spend whole day here and it has fun activities for all ages apart from enjoying its scenic beauty. There are various museums, dolphin lagoons, and splendid beaches. | The Merlion is the landmark and mascot of Singapore. It is a imaginary creature which has a head of a lion and a body of a fish. The lion represents Singapore’s original name – Singapura – meaning the lion city
28: Cambodia | Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Capital: Phnom Penh Main Product: Rice and Rubber Currency: Cambodian riel Prime minister: Hun Sen King: Norodom Sihamoni Official language: Khmer language Government: Unitary state, Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system
29: Norodom Sihamoni has been the King of Cambodia since 29 October 2004. He is the eldest son of Norodom Sihanouk and his second wife Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. | Norodom Sihamoni | Hun Sen is a Cambodian politician who has been the 52nd Prime Minister of Cambodia since 14 January 1985, and Deputy Chairman of the Cambodian People's Party, which has governed Cambodia since the 4 January 1985, and Deputy Chairman of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) | Hun Sen
30: The Rumdul (Mitrella Mesnyi) bears a small yellowish-white flower with a single alternate leaf. The flower produces a distinctive fragrance which is prominent in the evening. Due to its attractive scent, the Khmer women had often been compared to the Rumdul flower during the ancient times. The Rumdul tree, which grows to a height of 8 -12 meters, can be seen almost everywhere in Cambodia, and is often planted as a decorative tree in public parks. | National Flower | National Animal | Rumdul | Kouprey (Cambodian Wild) | Royal Peacock
31: Khmer Traditional Clothes | This is a traditional clothes for Apsara dance. When they want to perform any ritual on the stage or any occasion, they will wear these clothes. These clothes are made out of silk and expensive clothes. Every clothes has its own meaning of the story. | This is a traditional clothes for wedding. It symbolized the story from Pres Tong, Neng Neak which the groom has to follow the bride to the places they have to live. It was a folktale but it had been practice up until nowadays. | This is a traditional clothes for any ceremony or programs especially new years and water festival. This clothes is specially created from cocoon and milk it from silk. It can't be touch water or any sweet liquid.
32: Traditional Food | Nom bach chok (Khmer noodles): The dish consists of noodles laboriously pounded out of rice, topped with a fish-based green curry gravy made from lemongrass, turmeric root and kefir lime. | Lap Khmer: this is another Classic Cambodian dish that is popular among Cambodian household. Marinated beef is tossed with fresh herbs and different vegetables. | Fried fish on the fire lake: A whole fish is deep-fried and then finished on a hotplate at the table in a coconut curry made from yellow kroeung (ingredient) and chilies. Vegetables such as cauliflower and cabbage are cooked in the curry, and served with rice or rice noodles.
33: Famous Place | Angkor Wat was first a Hindu, then subsequently a Buddhist, temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world. | The Royal Palace, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, is a complex of buildings which serves as the royal residence of the king of Cambodia. Its full name in the Khmer language is Preah Barum Reachea Veang Chaktomuk Serei Mongkol. | Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Saom, is a province of Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. The provincial capital, also called Sihanoukville, is a port city and growing urban center located 185
34: Brunei | Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan Currency: Brunei dollar Main Products: crude oil, natural gas, refined products. Main Religion: Islam (official religion) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, others 10%. Population: 415,717 Official language: Malay Language
35: Brunei Prime Minister | Hassanal Bolkiah, GCB GCMG is the 29th and current Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei. He is also the first and incumbent Prime Minister of Brunei. | National Flower | Bunga Simpur is the national flower of Brunei Darussalam for more than 10 years. The flowers are conspicuous with large yellow coloured petals.
36: National Animal | Parrot | National Dress | Brunei women dress in brightly colored apparels. The chest adornment of marek empang, the sugu tinggi headdress and other ornaments such as the dangling coin belt and bangles. The men wear Baju Burung or vest and woven loin-cloth as well as accessorized in silver headgear decorated with hornbill feathers.
37: National Food | Famous Places | Hawker food: made of only shaves rice and red beans, though the number and diversity of ingredients has since expanded. | Grilled beef with hot curry: fresh beef grilled with some vegetables and eat with hot curry. | Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque: | Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium
38: Malaysia | Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres separated by the South Capital: Kuala Lumpu Population: 29.24 million (2012) World Bank Currency: Malaysian Ringgit Main Products: palm oil petroleum products liquefied natural gas timber and natural rubber Religion: Islam Official language: Malaysian language
39: Prime Minister | National Flower | Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is a Malaysian politician who has been the sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia since 2009 | Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus, China rose and shoe flower, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia.
40: National Animal | National Dress | Baju Melayu (long sleeve shirt and pants made of cotton or silk) and Songket, skirt like clothes made from special textile found in Malay and Brunei. | The Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) is a tiger subspecies that inhabits the southern and central parts of the Malay Peninsula and has been classified as endangered by IUCN in 2008as the population was estimated at 493 to 1,480 adult individuals in 2003
41: National Food | Roti canai: Flattened dough is usually served with curry. | Nasi lemak: Rice cooked in coconut milk is served with pandan leaf and curry. | Baju Kurung or enclosed dress which covers from shoulder to toe consist of blouse and long skirt usually made of silk or cotton. Scarves are also worn most of the time.
42: Famous Places | Gunung Mulu National Park near Miri, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that encompasses caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. | The Petronas Towers, also known as the Petronas Twin Towers (Malay: Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas) are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia | Langkawi, officially known as Langkawi the Jewel of Kedah is an archipelago of 104 islands in the Andaman Sea, some 30 km off the mainland coast of northwestern Malaysia.
43: Laos | Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Burma and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. Capital: Vientiane Currency: Lao kip Main Products: wood, clothing, coffee, electricity, metals, corn and rubber Population: 6.646 million (2012) World Bank Language: Lao or phasa lao Main Religion: Theravada Buddhism
44: Prime Minister | Thongsing Thammavong is a Laotian politician who has been Prime Minister of Laos since 2010. He is a member of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and has been a member of the LPRP Politburo since 1991. | National Flower | Champa | National Animal Elephants
45: Traditional Dress | Women wears long skirt, sinh with blouse, Suea pat and sbai or breast clothe. Men wear chang kben or lower body wrap around skirt-like trousers and a silk jacket and shoes. | Traditional Food | Laap: meat salad | Tam Mak houng Papaya salad
46: Famous Places | Si Phan Don (Four Thousand Islands) is a group of islands in the Mekong River in Southern Laos. You can walk to one of the big Mekong-Falls by yourself, and biking and walking and swimming in the river is just the same as in Don Khong. | Once little more than a bus stop on the long journey between Vientiane at the Thai border and the World Heritage Site of Luang Prabang, it has managed to become a destination in its own right | Luang Prabang, or Louangphrabang (Lao: in the Dispelling Fear mudra), is a city located in north central Laos, at the confluence of the Nam Khan river and Mekong River about 300 km north of Vientiane.
47: Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands. Capital: Jakarta Currency: Indonesian rupiah Main Products: Religion: Islam, Buddhist, Hinduism Population: 246.9 million (2012) World Bank Official language: Indonesian Language Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic | Indonesia
48: President of Indonesia | Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono GCB, AC is an Indonesian politician and retired Army general officer who has been President of Indonesia since 2004. He is currently the chairman of the Democratic Party of Indonesia | National Flower | Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is a small shrub or vine growing up to 0.5 to 3 m in height. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrant flowers
49: National Animals | The Komodo dragon, also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar | National Dress | Traditionally in Southeast Asia peci, songkok, or kopiah are associated with muslim men's cap. However in Indonesia, the songkok has become the national headdress with secular nationalist connotations made popular by Sukarno.
50: Batik is a cloth that is traditionally made using a manual wax-resist dyeing technique to form intricate patterns. Traditionally batik cloth is a large piece of intricately decorated cloth used by Javanese women as kemben or torso wrap. | The kebaya is the national costume of Indonesia, although it is more accurately endemic to the Javanese, Sundanese and Balinese peoples. It is sometimes made from sheer material such as silk, thin cotton or semi-transparent nylon or polyester, adorned with brocade or floral pattern embroidery. Kebaya usually worn with a sarong or batik kain panjang, or other traditional woven garment such as ikat, songket with a colorful motif.
51: National Food | A Sunday roast - in this example, consisting of roast beef, mashed potatoes, vegetables and mini Yorkshire puddings - is a national dish of England. | Pilaf (O'sh), national dish in cuisines of Central Asia | Pierogi ruskie (Ruthenian dumplings), the most enduring of Polish culinary traditions, recall the Ruthenian culinary traditions of the former Polish eastern territories (Kresy), a national dish of Poland.
52: Famous Places | Located off the northwest tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia's West Papua province, Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands | Komodo is one of the 17,508 islands that compose the Republic of Indonesia. The island is particularly notable as the habitat of the Komodo dragon, the largest lizard on Earth, which is named for the island. | Kuta Beach is a beach located in Kuta. The beach has been notable since early 1970s. Kuta beach is also known as Sunset Beach, as opposed to the Sunrise Beach, another name for Sanur Beach. Luxury resorts, restaurants, and clubs are located along the beach.
53: Vietnam | Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Capital: Hanoi Currency: Vietnamese dong Main Products: paddy rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood Main Religion: Indigenous religions Population and Area: 88.78 million (2012) World Bank, 329,560 km sq Official Language: Vietnam Government: Communist state, Socialist state, Single-party state
54: Prime Minister | Nguyn Tn Dng /win tn zu/ is the Prime Minister of Vietnam. He was confirmed by the National Assembly on 27 June 2006, having been nominated by his predecessor, Phan Vn Khi, who retired from office | National Flower | The roots of Nelumbo nucifera are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on top of the water surface. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the water.
55: National Animal | The water buffalo is the national animal of Vietnam.The Water Buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovine animal, frequently used as livestock in Asia, and also widely in South America, southern Europe, north Africa and elsewhere. | National Dress | The áo di is a Vietnamese national costume, now most commonly worn by women. In its current form, it is a tight-fitting silk tunic worn over pantaloons. The word is pronounced [w zj] in the North and [w jj] in the South. Áo classifies the item as a piece of clothing on the upper part of the body. Di means "long".
56: The áo t thn is considered one of Vietnam's enduring relics, having been worn widely by women centuries before the Áo Di. As Vietnam expanded southward, Áo T Thn gradually became associated specifically with northern women. | Vietnamese Ym refers to an ancient Vietnamese bodice used primarily as an undergarment that was once worn by Vietnamese women across all classes. There exists a modern variant called "áo ym", but the historical garment was simply called "ym". It was most usually worn underneath a blouse or overcoat, for modesty's sake.
57: National Food | The name of this food is Bánh tm c ri. The origin of this food is from Ca Mau. It is Spicy chicken curry over special rice noodles | The name if this food is Bún b Hu. The origin of this food is from ha Thin–Hu Province. It is a Hu style (hot and spicy) beef rice vermicelli soup with lemongrass and pork | The name of this food is Bún Tht Nng. It is a Grilled pork (often shredded) and cold vermicelli noodles over a bed of greens (salad and sliced cucumber), herbs and bean sprouts. Also often includes a few chopped up egg rolls, spring onions, and shrimp. Served with roasted peanuts on top and a small bowl of nc chm.
58: Famous Places | Nha Trang is Vietnam’s most popular seaside resort town located along the second most beautiful bays in the country. It features beautiful beaches with fine and clean sand and clear ocean water with mild temperatures. | Sa Pa Terraces is a town in northwest Vietnam not far from the Chinese border. Rice terraces can be found in the Muong Hoa valley between Sa Pa town and the Fansipan Mountain, on a backdrop of thick bamboo woodlands. | Ha Long Bay is situated in north Vietnam round a 120 kilometer long coast line and is literally translated as “Bay of Descending Dragons”. The top tourist attraction in Vietnam, Ha Long Bay features thousands of islands, each topped with thick jungle vegetation, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars.