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FC: Comparative Government Project By Sam Barr
1: USA | Constitution adopted 1788 | Has a Federal system of government | Government power is limited by the constitution.
2: The Executive branch is one President who acts as both head of state and head of government. | The legislative body is divided into the house of representatives and the senate. | The Judicial branch is a system of courts with the highest being the supreme court with 9 justices.
3: The major political parties are the Democrats and the Republicans. | The US declared independence from a unitary government and wanted to have a government where everyone could have a voice in the decisions made. | The US has a mixed economy. | Top imports are: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, digital disk drives, integrated circuits, cars Top exports are: refined petroleum, cars, integrated circuits, packaged medicaments, vehicle parts.
4: Mexico | Constitution was adopted in 1917 | They are based on a federal system of government | The government power is limited
5: They also have one president who acts as head of government and chief of state. | They have a bicameral legislature | Supreme court with 21 justices with lower courts under the supreme court.
6: Mexico has three main political parties: National Action Party (PAN), Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) | Was a former colony of a unitary gov and gained independence, went with a gov anyone can have a voice in. | They have a mixed economy Top imports are: cars, vehicle parts, delivery trucks, digital disk drives, telephones Top exports: crude petroleum, cars, monitors and projectors, vehicle parts, delivery trucks
7: The UK | There is no formal constitution, instead it is unwritten and based on the ideals of previous documents such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights. | The UK is a unitary system of government as a constitutional monarchy | The government power is limited by the ideals of the unwritten constitution.
8: The Queen is the figurehead and the prime minister is the head government. | Legislative power is given to the parliament which is made up of 3 main parties. | A supreme court with 12 justices which oversees the lower courts.
9: One of the oldest constitutional monarchies in the world, has been a very successful country throughout history. | The major parties are: Conservative and Unionist Party, Liberal Democrats, Labour Party | They have a mixed economy Top imports are: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, cars, gold, packaged medicaments Top exports: cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicaments, crude petroleum, gas turbines
10: China | The constitution of China was adopted in 1982 | They are a unitary system with a central group holding government power. | The government power is unlimited.
11: The chief of state is President XI Jinping and the head of the government is Premier LI Keqiang | There is a unicameral legislature made up of the National People's congress | The supreme court is made up of over 340 judges and 13 grand justices
12: The major political party is the Chinese Communist party. | During their industrial boom they were influenced by the communist ideas spreading throughout Europe and Asia at the time, USSR influence. | They have become a mixed economy in recent years as they have converted from a command economy. Their top imports are: crude petroleum, broadcasting equipment, telephones, iron ore, digital disk drives Top exports are: digital disk drives, broadcasting equipment, telephones, office machine parts, industrial printers
13: Sweden | Constitution adopted in 1975. | They have a unitary form of government as a constitutional monarchy. | Their government power is limited by the constitution.
14: Their Chief of State is King Carl XVI Gustaf, and the prime minister is Fredrik Reinfeldt. | A unicameral parliament makes up the legislative branch and they have four year terms. | The Judicial branch is comprised of a Supreme court with 16 justices and a supreme administrative court with 18 justices, along with lower level courts.
15: The two largest political parties are the Swedish Social Democratic party and the Moderate party. | Their government is rooted in the old ideas of a limited constitutional monarchy. | They are a mixed economy. Top imports are: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, telephones, packaged medicaments, cars Top exports are: refined petroleum, telephones, packaged medicaments, cars, vehicle parts