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Betty Roberts

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Betty Roberts - Page Text Content

FC: Betty Roberts In Memoriam

1: February 5, 1923 - June 25, 2011 | Diane Inskeep Photography

2: Betty Roberts was the first woman on the Oregon Supreme Court, and also the first woman on the Oregon Court of Appeals. She left a lasting legacy that continues to touch the lives of her family, friends and colleagues. Her memoir, With Grit and By Grace, chronicles her incredible lifetime of overcoming obstacles, opening doors, and leading the way. | In the 1950s, Betty Roberts did what most of her contemporaries considered audacious and inappropriate when she returned to college as a 32-year-old wife and mother. This was only the start of Roberts’ lifetime commitment to overcoming obstacles to women’s equality. With Grit and By Grace follows Betty Roberts’ rise from a Depression-era childhood on the Texas plains to become a teacher, lawyer, state legislator, candidate for governor, and eventually Oregon’s first woman Supreme Court Justice. | In this memoir, Justice Roberts reflects on her role as a mother, wife, and political trailblazer. Her story is important to the history of women’s struggles to challenge prevailing stereotypes, but it is also a deeply personal story of a life sometimes stark, sometimes humorous, often exhausting, and always brightened with friendships and family. Justice Roberts began her career during a politically complex time—the Civil Rights Movement was in full swing, sentiment against the Vietnam War was growing, and the nascent women’s movement would soon burst on the scene. During her 13 years as a legislator, she was instrumental in the passage of Oregon’s first legalized right to abortion and the state’s ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment, as well as pathbreaking environmental and land-use legislation. Roberts tells her engrossing story with honesty and warmth. With Grit and By Grace is about life’s disappointments and promises, its rejections and rewards, and its demand for the determination and commitment that bring success. Politicians, civic leaders, feminists, and anyone interested in Oregon history will be fascinated by this recounting of events that influenced the political and social landscape of Oregon and beyond.

3: The following is the closing passage from Betty’s book* that ends with a poem by Patrick Overton. | What the future holds for us and our society remains a mystery, but we can influence the way it unfolds. With the hope of every new dawn, and with unfailing faith, we must step out of the places that have always held us and walk into the expanding horizon of our lives. When we walk to the edge of all the light we have, And take the step into the darkness of the unknown, We must believe one of two things will happen — There will be something solid for us to stand on or, We will be taught how to fly. | *With Grit and By Grace, Breaking Trails in Politics and Law - A Memoir (Published 2008, Oregon State University Press)

5: Betty Roberts was a widely known political and judicial icon in Oregon. Her passing was immediately covered by major news sources around the State, recounting her significant contributions and legacy. | The Oregonian: Front page, morning edition, Sunday, June 26, 2011 (by James Mayer) "Betty Roberts, first woman on the Oregon Supreme Court and trailblazer in politics, dies" | The Eugene Register Guard: Front page, Sunday, June 26, 2011 (by Randi Bjornstad) "The first woman on the Oregon Supreme Court, she was known for breaking gender barriers" | Corvallis Gazette Times: Thursday, June 28, 2011 "Roberts' trailblazing spirit served us all" | 1

6: Memorial Service | A Celebration of Life | July 28, 2011 Smith Hall Ballroom Portland State University Portland, Oregon | 2

7: Welcome The Rev. Dr. Marilyn Sewell Minister Emerita, First Unitarian Church, Portland, OR Music Selection “The Spirit of Life” (Carolyn McDade, Composer) Tributes & Remembrances Dr. Melody Rose, Vice Provost, Academic Programs & Instruction, PSU Pete Grundfossen, Former Teaching Colleague Steve Schell, Environmental Attorney; Organizer Gretchen Kafoury, Advocate, Politician, and Teacher Reading “The Low Road” (Adapted from poem by Marge Piercy) Lynn Nakamoto, Judge, Oregon Court of Appeals Tributes & Remembrances Mary Deits, Retired Chief Judge, Oregon Court of Appeals Sue Leeson, Mediator; Former Justice, Oregon Supreme Court Ann Aiken, Chief Judge, US District Court for Oregon Music Selection “For Good” (Adapted, Stephen Schwartz, Composer) (followed by a moment for quiet reflection) Tributes & Remembrances Robert Cantrell, Brother Erin Salisbury, Granddaughter Dian Odell, Daughter Reading “Darest Thou Now, O Soul” (Adapted from poem by Walt Whitman) Bobbi Holland, Granddaughter Music Selection “I’ll Fly Away” (Adapted, Albert E. Brumley, Composer) Closing The Rev. Dr. Marilyn Sewell Postlude | 3

8: Welcome The Rev. Dr. Marilyn Sewell Good afternoon and welcome. We have come together today to mark the passing of Betty Roberts, an icon in this community and in this state. Those of us who knew her well loved her simply as a warm and compassionate human being – and all of us gathered here today recognize that the civic body has lost a significant pioneer in Oregon history. Betty Roberts was a complex person, and she took on many roles and wore them well. She was mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother. She was friend. She was teacher. She was politician. She was judge. She was mediator. This afternoon you will hear from people representing the various aspects of Betty’s rich life. Whenever anyone of significance is lost to us, we are led to think of our own lives – what are we doing with the years that have been given us? Are we using our gifts well? Is the world a bit better place because we have lived in it? Betty Roberts has left us with a formidable challenge – she always asked herself, what is the good that I can do – what is possible here? And then she moved forward. Her life was about saying yes in the face of old cultural patterns, of voices telling her no over and over again. She calls us to face our own obstacles, to find a way to the best in our own lives. And so today we come to grieve-- because one we have loved, we have lost – but we have gathered here chiefly to celebrate a life well lived. Let us begin. To open the service, our musicians will sing “Spirit of Life,” a hymn which Betty loved and requested for this occasion. "The Spirit of Life" (Carolyn McDade, Composer) Spirit of Life, come unto me. Sing in my heart all the stirrings of compassion. Blow in the wind, rise in the sea; Move in the hand, giving life the shape of justice. Roots hold me close; wings set me free; Spirit of Life, come to me, come to me. | 4

9: Dr. Melody Rose Vice Provost, Academic Programs & Instruction, Portland State University | Betty’s passing has left us with a big hole, which is reflected in the attendance today. I want to thank the Rice family for including all of us in the celebration of Betty’s life. You’ve so graciously shared your mom for so long, with so many, and I hope the turn-out today is a comfort to you. It’s an honor to share a few thoughts about Betty’s contributions, and I will attempt to do so without too many tears. I will adhere to the advice of one who is on the stage today, who instructed me yesterday, “Don’t blubber. You know she would hate it if we blubbered.” Those of us gathered here today know of her many accomplishments in the areas of politics, law, and mediation. She is known far & wide for her sharp legal mind and her tenacity for social justice. So much of Betty’s life was spent in public service that is widely known and deeply appreciated – these are the contributions that come readily to mind in recent tributes to this unique and talented woman. But some of her greatest accomplishments were rarely chronicled because they were performed quietly, and often without attribution. I wish to speak today of her deep and abiding passion for education, and her pride in being an educated woman. To Betty, and to me, education is the great equalizer. It is fitting that we honor Betty here at PSU today – that we gather here was her explicit instruction. And of course all of us who know and love Betty always follow her explicit instructions . So it is not by chance that we find ourselves on the largest of Oregon’s public universities. That was her wish. | 5

10: Betty forged her deep interest in education as a young woman and it was a passion she held throughout her life. As a child of the Depression, Betty had watched her mother and father suffer through that time, and she learned personally “the stark fear of being without food” (7). Her mother was proud to usher Betty and her siblings into school, and as a consequence Betty learned early that the most reliable path to financial stability and personal fulfillment would be through the door of a school house. She sought an education for herself at a time when few women ventured out of the home. But in the 1940s, smart women could be teachers, and for that Betty would need a college degree. So in 1940, she enrolled briefly at Texas Wesleyan, but after marrying, Betty’s education was postponed because of the strictures of that time: young wives should live the life of the home, not of the mind. In 1955 Betty made a second attempt at college. This time, living in La Grande with her husband and four young children, Betty enrolled in Eastern Oregon University when her youngest, Dian, was at afternoon kindergarten. Betty remembered that day as “exceptionally glorious,” but she was not there for the beauty. Betty had growing “concerns about providing for [her] family. How could I do more?” she asked herself. As she recalls in her memoir, “..[she] knew from experience that [women] needed to be educated to work outside the home, to help support the family, and to develop some measure of financial independence.” And so she arrived, white gloves and all, back at college. But it was still not to be. The family moved again a year later, this time to Portland. Fortunately, a wise professor at EOU recognized her potential, “You must keep going to college. There is a brand new state college in Portland. I don’t know its name, but you must go and find it.” Betty recalls, “As we were settling into the new Portland house and getting the three older children into their new schools, I went in search of the new Portland State College, which was housed in the former Lincoln High School in downtown Portland. The staff, eager to help, scheduled all my classes on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays: that way Randy would need child care only three days a week. Because my education continued to stretch us financially, I inquired about student jobs and landed in the library working 15 hours a week for a dollar an hour. I would have to work two evenings a week.” “Learning was electrifying. Sparks of ideas, information, theories, and insights charged around into my brainI’d unlocked the door that was right for me, and I had to open that door and walk through. I’d just as soon do nothing the rest of my life but go to school. It was as close as I’ve ever been to a spiritual experience”. And so in 1958 she graduated with a BS in Education from Portland State, and went on to receive a Masters in Political Science from the University of Oregon, where her thesis topic was on the legislature’s 1957 elimination of kindergarten funding. Foreshadowing of things to come. | 6

11: Of course, she wasn't one to stop with her own education. She quickly became an education advocate, first through her years as a high school teacher and then on the Lynch Elementary School Board, and next through her election to the legislature, where she introduced fully-funded, full day kindergarten her first session in 1965, and every session she served after that. As Betty said, “Someday kindergartens will come to the State of Oregon.I don’t know how or when, but it must happen” (unabridged). Noting the legislators in the room, I can’t help but mention that 50 years later, Oregon children are still waiting for fully funded, full-day kindergarten. As a state representative in 1967, she also supported “expanding the school lunch program for children who could not afford to pay for lunch.” In public hearings, one opponent testified that free lunches were waste of taxpayer money. Hearing this, Betty recalls, “I became a child again in grade school . With only my mother’s bread for lunch. I was right back reliving the time she gave me a nickel for a bowl of soup, and I bought an ice cream bar instead and got sick.I sat quietly, feeling nauseated again, knowing that I would support the school lunch program, because that man was wrong, dead wrong.” As many of us know, Betty also felt the sting of exclusion from education. She learned personally that often education is available but the road to the schoolhouse is not paved. All her life, she had to fight for her education and for that of others. Betty sought to achieve that educational brass ring, the PhD, and was told that at 39, she was too old: the taxpayers of Oregon would never see a return on their investment. Looking at the record of this incredible woman, and her contributions to the state of Oregon, I think we can say with confidence that Oregon benefited tremendously from its investment. I wonder sometimes where the next Betty Roberts is – at Eastern, Mt. Hood, or Portland State – and whether we are doing enough to help her achieve all she is meant to accomplish. Of course, even in that disappointment, she persevered, turning her regret over a PhD into a JD. That JD translated into Betty’s work in the law of course, but it also laid the ground work for her continued advocacy for education access. Without access to affordable public education, we might never have known the Betty Roberts we love, nor her many achievements. Betty continued to learn and teach her entire life. She would come to my classes, and those of colleagues at OSU, and share insights with rapt audiences of students. She committed her knowledge to those she mentored informally, and through OWLs, Emerge, and NEW Leadership Oregon. We often joked that she could return to PSU, enroll in our PhD program, and take my classes. I imagine having Betty enrolled in my Women and the Law course . A daunting prospect. And she never stopped testing me. Betty was still engaging me in her version of the Socratic method only a few weeks ago. When we would visit, she would drill me on what I was reading, urging me to explain how the recent read had shaped | 7

12: my thinking, challenged my beliefs, made me better. And she asked what my children read – like Betty, I am a mother of four, and we often shared the travails of having such a brood and a full professional life as well.And she never stopped testing me. Betty was still engaging me in her version of the Socratic method only a few weeks ago. When we would visit, she would drill me on what I was reading, urging me to explain how the recent read had shaped my thinking, challenged my beliefs, made me better. And she asked what my children read – like Betty, I am a mother of four, and we often shared the travails of having such a brood and a full professional life as well. In her last days, Betty finally received her PhD – and honorary doctorate from PSU. Just days before commencement, Betty and I were on the phone. “Melody,” she said, “please tell President Wiewel how proud I am of PSU. When I was a student there, you were just a one-building college. Today I look out my east-facing windows and see your plans for the waterfront; from my west-facing windows I see your newest dorm.” Betty was gratified to receive her PhD from an institution where we believe in our core that education is the great equalizer. Betty believed in the radical potential of education to change lives because it had changed hers. We at PSU are so very proud to celebrate Betty’s life and to share her deep love of education of public education. And though we no longer have her among us as a teacher and a guide, we are privileged to house the Betty Roberts archive – a special collection of her papers that are being processed so that her teaching will continue to reach generations of students, researchers, and journalists to come. Two years ago, PSU’s Center for Women, Politics & Policy gave its highest award – the lifetime achievement award – to Betty. In accepting it, she told the audience of 500 that she was not ready to pass her torch, “get your own,” she told us. Wherever Betty is, I know her torch is still shining brightly. Today, those of us who were so privileged to know Betty honor her not by mourning our loss but by carrying our own torches: for civil rights and liberties, for reproductive rights, and for education for everyone who seeks it. I know my torch shines more brightly because of Betty’s inspiration. I will continue to honor this woman we love through my commitment to opening the doors of education. Whether I have done this well enough – well, I'll let her be the judge. | 8

13: Pete Grundfossen, Former Teaching Colleague | Dian, Jo, John, and Randy, family, and friends. I had the honor of speaking at Frank Roberts’ service some years ago. Afterward, Betty came to me and said that when she saw my name listed on the program as a speaker she said to herself, “Oh, no, not Pete! He knows everything.” Well, Betty, here I am again. Only I don’t claim to know everything. I don’t even know much. But I do know a little about Betty’s teaching career and how it branched and branched to a much broader public service. We knew each other as undergraduates at Portland State, graduated in the same class in 1958, began teaching careers -- she at Reynolds High -- and were on the same staff at Centennial High in 1960 -61. I moved on at the end of that school year. In 1962, Betty moved from Centennial to David Douglas. Betty left Reynolds after two years because the administration insisted she be the full time dean of girls. Needless to say, she loved what she had been teaching -- American history and what the old-timers would call “civics”. By the 1950s “civics” was “American Problems”. She left Centennial because she announced her intention to run for the legislature and the superintendent and school board wouldn’t give her a leave of absence if she won the election. | 9

14: Well, she had four kids to help support and she still wanted to teach. She stayed at David Douglas until 1966 because the administration valued her service both as a highly productive teacher and as a state legislator sympathetic to public education. In 1966 Betty moved on to Mt. Hood Community College, where she taught at least part-time until she joined the Court of Appeals. Most of you in this room knew Betty, knew her forthright and engaging manner. You knew her constant quest for sound public policy based on fairness and practicality. It was those very same characteristics that she used to teach effectively. Her point of view was: What constitutes good public policy? Young people ought to be thinking about that. So, it wasn’t simply a matter of teaching the history of American public policy -- pros, cons and points of view. It was a matter of insisting that young people think about who they are and their responsibilities as citizens. Betty’s concern ranged well beyond the young people who were obviously going to do well with their lives. She was deeply concerned for those that were probably not going to go to school beyond high school. She thought her course might be the last chance many of them would ever have to prepare to be good citizens. She was devastated when, in her first year at Reynolds, a student picked up his books and walked out of her classroom, and just kept on going, reportedly into the Paratroops. I never watched Betty teach a class during that time. I was busy teaching Dian and her classmates Western Civilization. So, the information I have about her methodology and her impact is second hand, from her students. In short, they were dazzled by “Mrs. Roberts”. Their minds were being opened to new ideas, new ways of looking at life, new ways of solving problems. Years later, one student told me Betty didn’t act like most women teachers. “She wasn’t ‘nicey nice’ or ‘sweet’ or ‘oh, so caring’. She was there to teach, not to be an away-from-home mother. She had high expectations of all students. They had to work and learn.” 1960 was well before the second feminist movement was underway. One student later told me that Betty, by simply being herself, “Taught me I could do anything and be anyone I wanted. There were no limits simply because I was female.... She was a fabulous role model for high school girls.... Everything about (Mrs. Roberts) -- her attitude, her expectations, her matter-of-factness -- made me want to not only listen to what she was teaching, but to love what I was learning and to want to do well.... If I could, I could then be a little more like her or like I thought women should be and should aspire to being.” Folks, in the spring of 1961, I was 25 and Betty was 38. And she was my role model, too. | 10

15: It was obvious to her students, and to me, that Betty was highly interested in government and politics. For Betty, teaching public policy created an easy transition into practicing public policy development. So, it came as no surprise when she told me in 1962 that she was going to run for the legislature. She asked me to co-chair her 1962 and 1964 election campaigns. Great title for me, but we all knew who really ran the campaigns -- Betty. The morning after the 1964 victory, one of Betty’s male students walked into her classroom, extended his hand to shake Betty’s and said, “Thanks for doing what you are teaching.” It was a perfect characterization of Betty’s life. Thanks, Betty. | Steve Schell, Environmental Attorney; Organizer | It’s my honor and privilege to be able to talk about my friend Betty Roberts as a, campaigner, strategist and a politician. Betty called campaigns “The fever that comes after being bitten by the political bug.” Her plan, learned through the school of hard knocks, was: outwork the opposition and use new techniques to reach the voters. Her mantra was “Be everywhere; do everything”. | 11

16: Betty wasn't exactly what you would call a "soft touch" on the campaign trail. While raising money for her '68 campaign against incumbent Tom Mahoney she approached a lobbyist for help. The lobbyist said "I like you Betty, but Tom is an incumbent. If you win the primary I'll be behind you 100%". Betty's retort was "you know, I like you too. And, if one of your bills ever gets out of my committee I'll be behind you 100%." The first time I met Betty was in 1966. I was a young field worker for the Straub for Governor campaign. Betty walked into campaign headquarters with good suggestions about how Bob and she could work East County together. George Russill, my campaign director, and my problems weren’t with Betty but with Bob; he’d rather be at his ranch in Spray, population 160, than in East County, population 160,000. Now you’ve probably heard of the Tudor Dynasty or Ming Dynasty or the Kennedy Dynasty, but Oregon has its own dynasty – Roberts. While in most dynasties we think of passing the mantle from father to son, or mother to daughter, that wasn’t exactly the pattern with the Roberts Dynasty. According to then staffer (and later Governor) Barbara Roberts, in the 1975 Session at one time there were 4 Roberts: Barbara and three Senators, Frank, Mary “Wendy”, Frank’s daughter by an earlier marriage (and later to be Labor Commissioner), and Betty. One morning at the start of the Senate session Frank and Barbara were standing, heads bowed, while the chaplain’s prayer of the day washed over them. As the prayer proceeded, arriving a little late, Mary “Wendy” stood and bowed her head beside Frank and Barbara rather than crossing the chamber to her own desk. Then, arriving even a little later was Betty, who likewise stood beside Barbara, Frank, and Mary “Wendy,” rather than crossing the Senate floor to her desk. As the prayer ended and the 4 of them stood there together, in a soft voice Betty said: “The family that prays together stays together.” Today we think of “branding” as associated with products, but politicians call it, “name familiarity.” While Betty won a school board position as Betty Rice, she lost her first legislative race in 1962 as Betty Roberts. When she married Keith Skelton the newspapers wanted to call her Ms. Keith Skelton. One day in 1970, while running for the Portland City Council, Connie McCready (later to be mayor of Portland), called Betty to say a sign had been posted in the Portland City Hall newsroom that henceforth in the Oregonian, Connie would be called Mrs. Constance McCready and Betty would be called Mrs. Elizabeth Skelton. Betty was incensed – her given name was Betty and by this time she was a lawyer and established politician with name familiarity. She met with the then editor of The Oregonian, Richard Nokes, and showed him an opinion from Legislative Counsel and another from the Oregon State Bar, all confirming her right to use “Betty Roberts.” He resisted a bit, and as she got up to leave, Betty said: “Mr. Nokes, if you run any reference to me other than as Betty Roberts you’ll have a lawsuit on your hands.” Later she heard newsroom rumors that Nokes had consulted the paper’s lawyer. After reviewing the documents, counsel replied, “I have to tell you that if you use any name other than Betty Roberts, she’ll own The Oregonian.” | 12

17: Betty was a pretty skilled legislative politician as well. Now if you were a Straub for Governor supporter in the 1974 general election, you would have heard the quote from his opposition, Victor Atiyeh: “I was the first senator to vote for the bottle bill.” And that’s true – In the Senate there was a roll call by alphabet, and A is always first. But here’s the rest of the story. Betty Roberts was the chair of the Senate committee that heard the bottle bill in the 1971 session. After a large hearing, where all the “suits” from the can and bottle companies had flown in on their private jets to testify, a lobbyist suggested a simple amendment that would broaden the definition of the bottle/can, and the attorney general’s office said the definition was sufficiently precise to withstand a challenge. After adopting the amendment, the bill came out of her committee with a “do pass” recommendation on a split vote, and she carried the bill on the floor. Betty walked onto the Senate floor for the debate and found hundreds of different cans, bottles and other containers, all stacked on various opponents’ desks, with question after question: is this covered? Is this covered? And she knew the committee had been sandbagged by the definition change. The opponents garnered the votes to refer the bill back to committee and, because it was late in the session, they thought that was the end of it. As the post-vote chaos was sorting itself out quick-witted Betty announced from the floor a committee meeting that afternoon. She knew she had 3 votes on the committee – Don Willner’s, Hector MacPherson’s and hers. Punctually, they met, changed back to the old definition, moved the bill out and adjourned before the opposition and lobbyists showed up to the meeting. The next day the galleries were packed. Betty rose and gave an impassioned plea in her best extemporaneous style, leaving inferences that the aluminum, beer and soft drink people were trying to corrupt the system by offering money for Democratic campaigns in exchange for killing the bill. After her speech Senator Atiyeh moved to re-refer the bill, but the motion lost by 1 vote The bottle passed the senate on a split vote, the first being Senator Atiyeh’s aye vote. Thus, Betty’s legislative political skills and tenacity gave us one of Oregon’s proudest legislative achievements. Betty Roberts was not a “one trick pony.” Her political career was as multi-faceted as the times. In her work on issues of education, women, the environment, and civil rights she showed what one person can do. In the words of William Faulkner, she knew: “there is no such thing as equality per se, but only equality to: equal right and opportunity to make the best one can of one’s life within one’s capacity and capability, without fear of injustice or oppression or threat of violence.” In making the best one can out of one’s life, Betty Robert's life shines a bright light for the rest of us to follow. | 13

18: Gretchen Kafoury, Advocate, Politician, and Teacher | How fortunate we are to have Betty’s written labor of love, WITH GRIT AND BY GRACE. – Must reading, in my opinion. Her own words and stories and memories are there for us to savor. But today we get to tell a few of our own stories – mine will highlight her unique legislative contributions – to feminists in particular - and attempt to explain the role she played in our lives. Betty was first elected to the legislature in 1965: she had been active in East Multnomah County politics. It was the 1968 Presidential Elections that began the passionate years of political engagement for many of us somewhat younger people. Betty herself was a strong supporter of Robert Kennedy. Others were for Eugene McCarthy. This all meant that by 1969 some deep rumblings of change had begun in the country – the war protests, civil rights, protecting the environment; all these movements became much more active. Betty herself became better known state-wide during the 1969 session – in part because she was the lone woman in the Oregon Senate; but for many of us this was the beginning of the Women’s Agenda. Successfully, she added sex/gender to the Civil Rights section on prohibited discrimination in Employment. | 14

19: Certainly more controversial was her introduction of abortion law changes. Betty was committed and visible on this issue, and she began to be viewed as a leader – and role model. She was impatient, she writes, about changing the laws on this very basic women’s health concern; but she was also a pragmatist – and willing to compromise. The final legislation was not what she had sponsored – but began the process of legalizing the procedure. On this issue she never wavered in her support – with Grit she continued her fight for “choice” through the courts, public opinion - and sadly, 40 years after her display of courage – we have not resolved this issue. BUT THE WORLD WAS CHANGING RAPIDLY, AND HOPE WAS IN THE AIR!! By the next presidential elections in 1972, Oregon was a different place politically. Enthusiastic “feminist” groups had formed – including chapters of the National Organization for Women and the Women’s Political Caucus. A campaign was underway to integrate the all male Portland City Club. Another wise woman leader, Eleanor Davis, called together some 18 women’s organizations to form the Equal Rights Alliance – our goal (hence the catchy acronym) was to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment at the 1973 session. Betty became our natural political leader. By calling together all women legislators – there were 11 by now – she formed the first Women’s Caucus in Salem. This diverse non-partisan group – including newcomer Vera Katz; Nancie Fadeley, Norma Paulus and Mary Burrows from South of Portland, and even conservative Gracie Peck – were all asked to sponsor the ERA ratification! Joined by many terrific male legislators - (of course! they were still the vast majority) the ratification was completed in record time. We celebrated briefly and regrouped: So what to do with all this energy and enthusiasm??? Again, under Betty’s guidance, we decided to keep the Alliance together and forge ahead on a number of additional Women’s Rights changes. To highlight just a few others from that historic session was a personal one for Betty herself, allowing women to legally change (or keep) their name – with the burden on the court to prove that your personal choice was not OK. Others she supported were non-discrimination in Vera’s aptly named “animal clubs” like the Elks, Moose etc. ***This doesn’t sound particularly earth shattering, but under the surface, it was important dig at the Private City Club, who by now had voted 3 times to keep women excluded. (audible sighs and groans are appropriate!) | 15

20: Some bills were more light hearted – allowing women to wrestle and box – but most were important to some group of women like making men johns culpable in prostitution arrests (our Gracie Peck loved this one) – and all contributed to our mantra of Equality Now!! The most comprehensive piece of legislation passed that year was the Oregon mini-ERA – HB 2116, –making additional changes to the Civil Rights Law to prohibit discrimination in credit, housing and we hoped, insurance. This passed with almost NO OPPOSITION in the final days of the session, and we all were indebted for the success of this first organized attempt for Betty – for her wisdom, patience in public, and guidance. I should note one big loss for civil rights in 1973 – and another issue for which Betty would become a 40 year champion – the narrow defeat of the bill to add Sexual Orientation to the prohibited discrimination in our state. It failed on a 30-30 tie in the House and we could never get to 31. You may remember that it took 30 years to pass. (She took modest revenge when she officiated at the first marriages in during the brief window supported by Multnomah County) I appreciate Steve Shell’s mention of her environmental work. Betty was never a Single Issue Legislator. Her record included passionate advocacy for public education, seniors, protecting the environment, early land-use planning and much more. By the time she was appointed to the Court of Appeals in the fall of 1977, her role as a leader of the fledgling women’s liberation movement was solidified. Her courage and tenacity had been proven. BUT WHY – YOU MAY ASK - WAS SHE SO IMPORTANT TO YOU YOUNGER WOMEN???? HOW DID SHE MAKE SUCH A RADICAL DIFFERENCE??? Very simply, she was our definitive role model. She was what we wanted to be like, even before we KNEW what we wanted to be!! By the end of her legislative years, she was a mentor, the path breaker, our Dean and our friend. Perhaps what I loved personally the most was her welcome and encouragement as we who followed her began our own political careers. In fact, my first contribution in 1976 was by return mail – a $50 check from Betty. How affirming this was! Her feelings have come through in her own words about those years - “I was tired of fighting and feeling so alone in my efforts. I welcomed the educated, energetic and impatient young women.” | 16

21: My words will conclude by saying she never felt challenged or threatened by MORE of us – she loved the debates, relished diversity and nudged, supported and cared for us. We will continue to be inspired by her example – We will stiffen our spines, keeping fighting for justice and equality, compromise when necessary and keep on with our work. Thank You. | Reading: Lynn Nakamoto, Judge, Oregon Court of Appeals Justice Roberts’ family has asked me to read from a poem by the American writer, feminist, and political activist, Marge Piercy. It is my honor to do so today. Nine months ago, Justice Roberts took me under her wing when I applied for a vacancy on the Oregon Court of Appeals. I am told that I was the last lawyer whom Justice Roberts helped to shepherd on the road to the bench. I am fortunate and touched that she put considerable effort and time into helping me. I appreciate her valuable and generous help as a teacher, advisor, cheerleader, and advocate, all rolled into one. The selected poem – “The Low Road” – is a fitting one because it reflects Justice Roberts’ life-long efforts to move us together and forward. I am grateful for her generosity and for her deep understanding of the power of “we.” | 17

22: The Low Road (by Marge Piercy) Alone, you can fight, you can refuse, you can take what revenge you can but they roll over you. But two people fighting back to back can cut through a mob, a snake-dancing file can break a cordon, an army can meet an army. Two people can keep each other sane, can give support, conviction, love, massage, hope, sex. Three people are a delegation, a committee, a wedge. With four you can play bridge and start an organization. With six you can rent a whole house, eat pie for dinner with no seconds, and hold a fund raising party. A dozen makes a demonstration. A hundred fill a hall. A thousand have solidarity and your own newsletter; ten thousand, power and your own paper; a hundred thousand, your own media; ten million, your own country. It goes on one at a time, It starts when you care to act, it starts when you do it again after they said no, it starts when you say We and know who you mean, and each day you mean one more. | 18

23: Mary Deits, Retired Chief Judge, Oregon Court of Appeals | First, let me say that I am very honored to be part of this day of celebration of the life of Betty Roberts. As with all of the parts of her life that have been talked about today, it is impossible to even begin to cover the contributions that she made both as a lawyer and a woman to the legal profession and Oregon’s judiciary, but I will offer a few reflections on Justice Roberts. There are so many qualities that made her the fine human being and the judge that she was. When I think about her life journey and in particular, her judicial career though, one quality that stands out is her courage. There are so many points in Justice Roberts’ life where she could have been justifiably satisfied with her accomplishments. She was a good mother, a good teacher, an excellent politician and legislator, a good lawyer. She could have stopped at any of these times in her life and simply enjoyed the fruits of her labor, the contributions that she made and the high regard in which she was held by others. Rather than rest on her accomplishments though, she chose to move on to new challenges. Almost all of the new challenges that she took on involved risk and uncertainty. Without question, her motive for the various transitions that she made in her life was never personal advancement or her own ego. Rather, her decisions were motivated by her desire to further her contributions to the citizens of her community and by her dedication to the advancement of women. | 19

24: Moving from her role as a highly regarded, very effective, Oregon Senator to serving as the first woman on the Oregon Court of Appeals in 1977, is a perfect example of the new challenges that Justice Roberts took on that posed risk and uncertainty. By her own admission, when she went to the court, she faced challenges that she did not fully expect. There is always transition time for a person who moves to the bench no matter how experienced or able they might be. The difficulty of the transition was magnified unquestionably by the fact that she was the first woman in Oregon to serve on the appellate bench. Few women would have been as well equipped as she was to make the transition and to adapt to and succeed as she did in an environment that was not entirely supportive of her. Clearly no one could walk on Judge Roberts. Yet, her reaction to obstacles that she faced while serving on the court was not one of combativeness or defensiveness. Rather, she wisely used the support that was available and her people skills. Her reactions were thoughtful and measured, and more than anything, she relied on her toughness and ability to just hang in there. Both on the Court of Appeals and later on the Supreme Court, she became a valued colleague and the author of many very significant opinions. Justice Roberts has been a presence for me personally almost from the beginning of my legal career. Not long after she went on the bench, I began arguing cases before that court. At that time, there were few women lawyers and very few women on the bench. There had never been a woman appellate judge. I can still visualize exactly how she looked sitting on the bench, but it was the way she conducted herself in the courtroom that is most memorable to me. She was so obviously an intelligent, dedicated, caring person and it was absolutely clear that she believed that she was where she belonged at that moment in time (whether others believed it or not). Her presence on the bench made a huge difference to me personally and I am sure to many other women in making us realize the possibilities that were out there for us. As you all know, in 1982, Justice Roberts was appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court where she ably served until 1986 when she retired from the bench. She remained the only woman on Oregon’s appellate court for the entire time she served. It was in 1986, that I was appointed to the Oregon Court of Appeals and become the second woman to serve on Oregon’s appellate bench and at the time, again, there was only one woman on the appellate bench. Although I did not know her personally, Justice Roberts was one of the first persons to contact me and offer help. Her advice was candid and extremely helpful to me. | 20

25: I had always appreciated her role as a judge and particularly as our first woman appellate judge, but it was really only after I began to serve on the bench that I had the unique opportunity to truly understand the extent and nature of her contribution. I was speaking one time at a luncheon that she was attending and trying to explain how fortunate I was to have followed Judge Roberts on the court and what a valuable perspective I thought it gave me. I said that I felt like I was a running back and that I had this fantastic blocker in front of me ---that I was able to observe her work from a unique position and truly appreciate what she did and how much easier she made it for others who followed her. After I spoke, Betty came up to me—with a sort of mischievous smile-- she said that she liked my football story but that it was not entirely accurate. She had, in fact, played football in Texas growing up but she had been a halfback. I had a good laugh picturing her as a halfback. Of course she carried the ball. I strongly suspect that she was very good at it and that it was hard to bring her down. Justice Roberts as a person and as a judge had a rare combination of personal characteristics that gave her the ability to meet life’s many challenges with so much success----She was bright, hardworking, dedicated, caring—always more about others than herself. She had a wonderful sense of humor and was always willing to laugh at herself. She also had the ability to pick herself up and move on when she needed to. Above all though, it was her courage and willingness to take risks that led to a life of so many accomplishments. The poem that she included at the end of her book, which if you have not read, I would urge you to do so, captures her approach to life: When we walk to the edge of all the light we have And take the step into the darkness of the unknown, We must believe one of two things will happen--- There will be something solid for us to stand on, Or we will be taught to fly! | 21

26: Sue Leeson - Mediator; Former Justice, Oregon Supreme Court | Many of the recent accounts of Betty’s life stop in 1986, as though she retired when she left the Oregon Supreme Court. Betty didn’t retire, nor was she in any way retiring. For more than two decades after leaving the Court, she continued to serve Oregonians, just in a less public way. Her contributions while no longer in the spotlight parallel in importance her contributions as a public servant. I want to focus on her contributions to the field of alternative dispute resolution and her role in creating organizations to help continue the struggle for gender equality in politics and law. Many judges become mediators or arbitrators when they leave public life. Betty was one. She served as a mediator at the request of the Chief Justice soon after leaving the Supreme Court. She found the work congenial, perhaps because it made good use of her skills and experience—as a teacher, a legislator, and a judge. She participated in mediation training, then, in 1994, she joined the panel of USA&M. She served until 2009. She mediated more than 750 cases and was an arbitrator in some 20 more. She helped disputing parties resolve their differences without going through the agony of trial and appeal. She helped them find creative solutions outside the box of narrowly legalistic options. Betty worked with hundreds of lawyers during this period. I’ve been able to visit with a handful these past weeks, my assignment being to report on Betty’s work during this portion of her career. | 22

27: One lawyer commented that Betty was a fine mediator because she was such a quick study, mastering the substantive issues of the diverse cases she mediated as well as the intricacies of trial procedures that often affect settlement strategies. More important, this and other lawyers told me, she was a good mediator because she did not come to mediation as a know-it-all former judge prepared primarily to tell the parties what to do. Instead, she listened, she probed, then she did what good teachers do: helped disputing parties understand that they have the capacity and knowledge to find resolutions that work for them. Another lawyer commented that Betty was particularly adept at putting people at ease in mediation so they could participate actively in the negotiations rather than react out of fear. Some lawyers claim that a major factor in mediator selection is finding a neutral with whom they can stand to spend a long, even stressful, day or two. Lawyers who worked with Betty liked spending time with her. One remembers vividly Betty’s elation over having shot a hole-in-one on the golf course that week. Another loved to hear Betty talk about her family, her political activities, her writing, and her travel. Everyone I chatted with told me that it was Betty’s ability to connect with parties that made her a good mediator and a fine person with whom to spend long days. She genuinely cared about people. She left an indelible mark on an insurance claims adjuster with whom she worked on many insurance cases. “I knew she was a people person,” he said, “but I was astonished that Betty Roberts thought I was important enough that she would come to my retirement party.” Even after leaving the USA&M panel, Betty stayed in touch with panel members and staff, having lunch together and offering advice. During the decades after Betty left the Supreme Court, she also provided “immeasurable support and inspiration” for the creation and growth of Oregon Women Lawyers and the OWLS Foundation. She delivered the keynote address in 1988 at a meeting called to consider whether to form the statewide organization. She saw the effort as “very necessary to the future welfare and prosperity of women lawyers in this state.” She urged the organizers not to let OWLS be merely a “social organization.” She then served on the OWLS board and on the OWLS Foundation, helping assure that both remained true to their ideals. The Betty Roberts Award created in 1992, of which she was the first recipient, remains a reminder of our responsibility to support the advancement of women in the legal profession. Betty never slowed down in the decades after she left the Supreme Court. She worked tirelessly to advance ADR, taught, spoke at CLE’s, wrote her autobiography, and traveled all over the state to talk about it. She was never too busy to meet with lawyers who sought her counsel on how to find balance in their careers or pursuing judicial positions. In late 2002, I was struggling with whether leaving the Supreme Court to deal with a health issue would be a betrayal to women. I called Betty for advice. She minced no words: “Go get well. Don’t ever look back.” She probably never knew what a gift those words were. | 23

28: During her last two decades of work, Betty even achieved royal status: In June 2008, she was knighted as a Dame of Rosaria. In 2009, while receiving one of the many awards honoring her for her achievements, she was asked how she felt about passing the torch to the younger generation. She responded, “I’m not done with my torch yet. Go get your own.” That was Betty: Committed, blunt, caring, and expecting the rest of us to do our parts. Betty's torch burned as brightly after her years of public service as it did during those earlier years, as the thousands who felt its warmth know well. | Ann Aiken, Chief Judge, US District Court for Oregon | Many of you may not know this, but we first met when I was an under- graduate at the University of Oregon, long before I married my husband and on the eve of Betty’s 50th birthday. And until the day she died, Betty called me “Annie.” Legislative politics brought us together, but our friendship was cemented by working side by side on her campaigns with so many threads and shared experiences is is impossible to unravel or explain. In fact, we honeymooned at her home at Black Butte - at her insistence and great delight. She saw my boys born, over the years we spent countless hours together, and on the phone we talked about everything. She's watched us all grow up. | 24

29: We survived the deaths of husbands together. And recently, she looked at me from across the room and said, “It’s been 40 years kiddo, can you believe it?” She was always there. And, so I am here today. We had long talks about what “today” might be like and how she hoped to be remembered, what she felt was important. She asked me to cover friendship and mentorship. In rereading the book, Composing a Life, all I can say is that Betty’s life was a grand symphony with many movements and tempos. Or perhaps maybe one could look her life a little differently and call it Practiced Improvisational Jazz. No matter we call it, it was rich, complicated, passionate, measured, full of joy as well as sorrow - with an edge - and always with a sense of urgency. How can it be acknowledged in just a few minutes? It can’t. My heart, your hearts hold so many memories. So when you can’t say everything that matters what are the most important things to say? Betty, my friend, for you - Electricity filled the air as the word around the Capitol signaled that the debate on the Ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment would begin soon in the Oregon State Senate. The year was 1973. State Senator Betty Roberts, the first woman lawyer I even knew, was carrying The Equal Rights Amendment on the floor and I wasn’t going to miss the moment. Her torch was on fire and she owned the room with her passionate, articulate and well-reasoned speech in favor of ratification. At just 21 years of age, I had a front row seat to history, leaning over the railing and watching in awe as Betty spoke movingly about what passage of the Equal Rights Amendment would mean for all women and men. As an aside, in 2006 at age 83, she still owned the room in Hawaii when she received the ABA Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award. With more than 1,000 lawyers in attendance, she told her story and lessons learned from her life. Later that evening, on the lanai of the Room Without a Key overlooking the ocean, a group of Oregon women lawyers toasted Betty’s performance with champagne, and I leaned over and said “You should really consider a career in politics.” We all laughed. Her words left a hand print on my heart and started a relationship that has provided the education of a lifetime. Betty was the champion for equality. She was never apologetic in her statements and actions. Those who knew her know what I mean when I say - she actually had a visceral reaction throughout her life to unfairness and inequality. She had learned hard lessons about how one person can change your life in a moment - one may say “you can’t and you won’t” while someone else can say “you can and you will” - she lived her life to be a “you can and you will person” for all of us. At each and every stage of her career and life, she reached out and back to bring others along. Forever hoping that with more diversity would come | 25

30: understanding and acceptance. Betty understood that many people have a tape in their heads playing “I don’t belong, how can I, why me, shouldn’t it be, I am not good enough . . . . .” Well, she was the ultimate ally, empowering people to live fearlessly and passing out an unbelievable number of torches. As Katherine Heekin so eloquently summed up Betty in a recent piece in the Oregonian: “Her legacy is to risk failure so that others can have victory.” Time and time again, she took risks so others would have opportunities and she would savor each victory - so many victories are sitting here today. She stood up and modeled the behavior for all us while at the same time bringing along those who understood that she was opening doors for everyone - right now. The story of how we met involves a bra, newspaper clippings, a card, a Helen Reddy record, and four fearless admirers and legislative staffers who were moved to reach out to our champion for equality. She not only appreciated the gesture, but she reached back and included us. Betty truly believed in the potential of “Reciprocal Mentorship.” She was a spectacular mentor to me and to most, if not all, of you here today. But we were her teachers too, and she welcomed that. She was open to relationships and possibilities. Courageous enough to open herself to opportunity and challenge, to taking chances on people - who could have known when we met that we would be such sanctuary for each other? Her message to you today is to open your hearts and minds and to live each day with an open heart and mind. To celebrate each others success and pull together to help in a time of pain or failure. To be awake and aware of the possibilities and risks – and chose to invest in people and work to fix what is wrong in the world. Because at the end of the day, life is really all about relationships and finding meaning. Our friendship may have been ignited by equality and a commitment to fundamental fairness, it also provided a constant reinforcement of the desire to have a whole life - with an active family life (and we all know she defined family broadly) and time to give back to the community. Day one of our meeting brought Jo, Dian, John, and Randy and Carol, Annie, Doug and Tom into my world because Betty didn’t see family, work and community as separate worlds - she saw it as the Tom Sawyer approach to torching. So I brought my family, especially my Mom. Betty loved her family and extended family fiercely and unconditionally. They not only called her “Mom,” but “friend.” Betty’s campaigns crossed generational boundaries uniting young and old to work along with so many people who knew the world might look different if we worked together. We both saw our mothers as the rock of our worlds, women who sacrificed for the sake of the family so we all shared time together to look at what we were doing and what might lie ahead. | 26

31: Betty remembered people and stood by and available to all she loved. Together we mourned the death of my Mom 15 years ago. She gave me the book My Mother Was a Grapevine, with poetry that still serves as a reminder that the life’s work of a mother is to plant seeds, gently wrap a vine around those who are in your care, strengthen the whole while remaining flexible enough to withstand the unexpected assault from the outside, thus building a safe haven for the people you love. Working in and outside the home while remaining active in the community required a commitment to her concept of the three legged stool of family, work and community: authentic balance. The last 8 months with Betty were an unbelievable gift of time together. We thought we knew everything about each other. But in the last eight months of her life, walls we didn’t even know we had came down - there was so much more to learn, to give, to share, to teach.... We treasured every moment. It is her life’s lesson to us - to live for others. Give your life to others. We all need to turn our grief to grace. Please take this opportunity to reread or read her book for guidance. We shared and exchanged many books over the years, especially the last few. Viktor Frankl’s Man’s Search for Meaning (of course Betty and I would restate the title Woman’s Search for Meaning) helped us understand how and why some people overcome adversity while others succumb. Frankl, when asked to express in one sentence the meaning of his own life, quickly responded: “The meaning of your life is to help others find the meaning of theirs.” So, she seared her hand print on our hearts with a message to reach back, reach down, reach out and, you too, will compose a life of meaning, of joy, of change, of love, of new trails and relationships that stand by and with you. She helped us all find the meaning of our lives. Make your memories count. I cannot imagine Oregon without Betty Roberts, can you? I love you Betty, we love you Betty and miss you already. (Introduction of Song) Betty selected the song, "For Good" to be played and her family asked that I explain to you why she selected this song. It is only through dedicating our lives to the lives of others that we can work for good - in this world. The song dedicated for today’s service was chosen by Betty herself. She chose it to send a message: That in reaching out to touch each of your lives, she ended up gaining so much more - you touched her life in return. And that is how you must keep living. Carry Betty’s torch - light others’ torches - it is her charge to all of us: Start a bonfire! | 27

32: I've heard it said That people come into our lives for a reason Bringing something we must learn And we are led To those who help us most to grow If we let them And we help them in return Well, I don't know if I believe that's true But I know I'm who I am today Because I knew you... Like a comet pulled from orbit As it passes a sun Like a stream that meets a boulder Halfway through the wood Who can say if I've been changed for the better? But because I knew you I have been changed for good It well may be That we will never meet again In this lifetime So let me say before we part So much of me Is made from what I learned from you You'll be with me Like a handprint on my heart And now whatever way our stories end I know you have re-written mine By being my friend... Like a ship blown from its mooring By a wind off the sea Like a seed dropped by a skybird In a distant wood Who can say if I've been changed for the better? But because I knew you Because I knew you I have been changed for good | "For Good", (Adapted, Stephen Schwartz, Composer) | 28

33: Robert Cantrell, Brother | When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them to another - - -We hold these truths to be self- evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed - - - with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. I’ll bet you big time that if Betty had lived in those days, 235 years ago, she would have found a way to sign that paper, Only, the word Men would have been replaced with Persons. That solid bastion of male mortals only would have been breached and the likes of Hancock, Jefferson, Franklin, Hamilton, and associates would probably be shocked to learn that our Betty was a power to be reckoned with. But, we speculate. We are come here today to honor a great lady, my little sister, Betty. But you knew that already, didn’t you? Back in the late 20’s, long before most of you were born, there were 3 of us kids – our older sister Mary (always our moral compass, guiding our actions or more often vetoing them altogether), me, and then Betty, who, even when she was very young, pushed at the limits of our cultural norms. She would ask “why” things were the way they were (why is it bad for girls to wear shorts or even slacks?; Why are the rules different for girls?). She not only asked “why?” She sometimes asked “Why Not?” And if no reasonable answer was forthcoming, she proceeded to take whatever action she deemed OK. | 29

34: When we were quite young, our family was comfortable financially – our dad had a very solid and good job with the railroad. Our mother made sure we always wore clean nice clothes, and we learned our manners at home and how to behave in “polite society” by going to nice restaurants, to the movies, on trips on the train. But then, during prohibition, Dad drank some bad booze, which paralyzed his legs. He clearly could not work anymore, and Mother suddenly became the breadwinner. And the Great Depression was upon the land and upon us. Now we were suddenly poor. How poor were we? Well, we couldn’t pay the $7 per month rent on a house on the wrong side of the tracks so we moved next door into a smaller house for only $3 per month and couldn’t pay the rent there either. But our Mother thought it the decent thing to do – at least it was less money the landlord was not going to collect. We learned early about personal strength from our mother, who took in washing and then got jobs created by the Roosevelt WPA (Work Progress Administration). And we learned about the charity of individuals, organizations, and government because our clothes now came from donations, and our food often came from food banks and the Salvation Army. Our Mother believed that schooling was very important. That did not change when our financial situation changed. To her, being poor was not a possible excuse for not being in school every day and doing our homework. And so we were poor but we did our education chores.. Growing up, Betty was a real tom-boy. When we were kids in Texas: She could climb a tree higher than I could, She could hit a ball as far as I could, and she could run faster than most kids in the neighborhood. She also played “Running Back” on a girls tackle football team. They had pads, uniforms and the whole nine yards of equipment. She could run well and block pretty good. (Now you know why her first preferred college major was physical education.) Once, when we found some boxing gloves, we put them on and I challenged her to a sparring match. After a few seconds of trading light blows, Pow! she smacked me clean on the nose and I bled. We stopped our short boxing match and she said, “Bob I’m sorry you’re hurt, but you challenged me to a fight so I thought you knew I would hit you”. I said, “Yeah I know, just don’t tell anyone”. She said “OK”. Maybe a few grown men here in Oregon should have known about her propensity to swing hard whenever she was challenged. After Betty graduated from High School in 1939 she wanted to go to college so I borrowed $225 for her first year tuition and first month room and board. | 30

35: She worked and paid for the rest herself. When World War II came along she met a “soldier boy”( Our mother called all service men “soldier boys”) from Oregon. When she and my friend Bill, decided to get married in Wichita Falls, Texas, way back in 1942, it was decided that I would “walk” her down the aisle of the First Methodist Church. I said to her “If you want, we can turn around and walk out of this, or”, she said “let’s keep walking”. We continued our walking. She committed to that path and tried to be the perfect wife and mother. I had no clue at that time, but now I realize that with that walk down the aisle, Oregon got one of the greatest gifts ever. She fell in love with the state and its people and she gave all that she could muster that they might know compassion, equality, and impartial justice. And me, I got the great gift of her four marvelous children as my nephews and nieces. Just like one of your early pioneers, Nimrod Kelly, who staked a half section claim in the upper reaches of the Willamette and then protected it with all the firepower he had. So too, did my sister, Betty, protect her claims of equity and justice, not just for her own life, but for all of us. This fact brings to mind the famous quote from John F. Kennedy at his inaugural address, “Some people see things as they are, and they ask, ‘Why?’” I see things as they could be and say, “Why not”. Surely our Betty was so inclined. You have read in her book, and you have heard today, about how important being prepared for opportunities was to her. And how strongly she felt that access to education was the first step to being prepared for everyone. And you have read in your program, the last paragraph from her book. That’s her creed - If we are to consummate our goals, and we find no solid footing for our quest, then we must indeed learn how to be creative and learn how to innovate. That’s what my little sister, Betty, did. After I retired from Johns Hopkins, I went sailing for almost 3 years. I carried this poem, that is called “INVICTUS” on my little boat named “INVICTA”. I think it sums up Betty’s life philosophy. It starts like this: Out of the darkness that covers me, Black as a pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever Gods may be, For my unconquerable soul. It ends: It matters not how straight the gate, How charged with punishment the scroll, I am the master of my fate, I am the Captain of my soul. | 31

36: I do believe that those who are inspired by her life can reach those unscalable heights, right those unrightable wrongs, and yes, dream the impossible dreams. So, if, in your quest, there is no place to stand, then learn how to fly. Betty would love you for that ! So, it is Good Bye Betty, and hello to a brighter tomorrow. Because she lived, and she loved, and she learned how to fly, that we, the recipients of her great legacy can also know how to fly. My little sister, Betty, was a great lady ! But you knew that already, didn’t you? | Erin Salisbury, Granddaughter | Thank you for staying with us so long. I am here to speak to you about yet another aspect of Betty’s life -- that as "Grandmother", and "Great Grandmother". I want to thank all my cousins and their kids for taking the time to talk with me over the last couple of weeks, sharing their memories with me so I could share them with you. We are the twelve children of the four kids of Betty Roberts and Bill Rice, and the four kids of Keith Skelton. And our nine children. | 32

37: Every cousin that I talked to, said some variation of the same thing, right at the beginning .She was just Grandma Betty, she was just Grams, or I don’t understand what the big deal is, . I don’t want the family stuff to get lost in all this, she was not just a political person, she was reliably and consistently Grandma Betty. There are details that we will use to conjure her in years to come in our memories and the memories of our children half sticks of gum and little wads of tissue in every pocket jewelry box was the best to raid – the most glamorous things to use to play dress up -- long strings of beads and these really big 60's clip on earrings. CNN or C-SPAN on while making dinner or in the happy hour. The way she would drive her SAAB -- one foot on the gas pedal and one on the brake pumping on, pumping off like a dance on the brake. How she liked her wine and a little nip of chocolate before bed Foods we remember.. hardboiled eggs in the Thanksgiving gravy, the cranberry ice, suet pudding. Jenn and Susan will always remember her crazy cheese english muffin concoction. Places like Black Butte Ranch, Camp Tamarack, the little dish of candy by the front door that was at eye level for a little kid. Bangle bracelets, shopping trips to Nordstroms where the clerks were serious suck-ups Occasional Texas twang that would come out after a second glass of wine or sometimes just because she tired "Warsh", paaasta One cousin remembers that Grandma was the first person I noticed that had a sense of style or taste, things had to look nice her house was always immaculate just in case company came by. How she always made connections and introductions with other people -- more than just being courteous -- . Cassidy will remember going to the ceremony when Grandma was knighted for Rosaria. Henry and Lucie remember how Granny B painted their toe nails one recent summer. Luke, Jack, and Emme remember pushing the buttons to the elevator at Grandma Betty's downtown high rise condo when coming for a pizza party. When I asked them what they will remeber about her they all said the same thing -- how nice she was. | 33

38: Alicia told me beautifully about how she is going to remember her laugh -- how it sometimes was a little higher pitch than you expect it to be, but when she would laugh it infected everyone around her. There are some political memories, particularly for us older ones -- like thinking that going door-to-door was something every family did on Saturdays and Sundays. Bobbi remembers meeting Jimmy Carter at a television station during the 1976 presidential campaign. Strangeness when being six or seven years old and learning to read and driving in the car and wondering why is my Grandma’s name on the back of that car (bumper sticker) or on that sign in somebody's yard? But to all of us she was just Grandma. She was baking cookies or organizing the constant family gatherings. Kemp remembers convincing his entire fraternity house in Georgia to change the TV channel away from an Atlanta Braves baseball game to watch his Grandma on CNN's Crossfire (Packwood sexual harassment). Huge family gatherings at the Mt. Tabor houses, particularly the house on Scott Drive. Easters, Thanksgivings, Christmases, birthday parties, and family dinners. Grandma and Grandpa Keith would cook and coordinate and host. Candles and music, lively discussions, and lots of laughter. In the middle of all of it was Grandma Betty. One cousin said I don’t want to lose sight of the fact that every holiday and every birthday Grandma Betty was reliable and there for us. Another said the good thing about Grandma was she was always focused on family. It didn't matter what else was going on in your life you knew that she was there. She could be counted on. We'll all remember her driving energy. After Keith died, Bobbi was living with Grandma Betty. Bobbi remembers coming home one night pretty late and there's Grandma -- in her nightgown rearranging all the furniture in the living room. One summer Kemp was visiting from Georgia. He was a teenager and staying with Keith and Betty. He was listening to music on his Walkman and Grandma Betty told him he could be reading a book instead, or doing something more constructive. Grandma Betty was probably our first employer. When we were young she would invite one of us for an afternoon to help her rake leaves, or clean the | 34

39: pool, polish the silver, water plants, etc. And with each task she would meticulously tell and show us how it should be done. Sometime she would make us do it over until we got it right -- but she paid us very well for the work. Jenn remembered helping her at her condo with some painting. Grandma had the paint (kind of a lime green). Jenn spent an entire day painting a wall. The next day Grandma called her saying "you know I just don't think I can live with that color -- you need to come back and re-paint it a different color." And Jenn did. Grandma Betty wasn't afraid to tell you what she wanted. She knew what she liked, and she wasn't going to make do with something she wasn't happy with. Better to do the work again, no matter how hard, and try to get the results you want. There were also times when the lesson wasn't just about the work. Daniel was "hired" to clean the pool, and then his plan was to take a swim after the pool was cleaned. This was during the controversy over the spotted owl. At one point, Grandma Betty asked Dan "so what do you know about the spotted owl issue?" Dan said "I know that it is an endangered species". And Grandmother said, "well what do you know about what the other side of the issue is saying?" The next hour or so was spent discussing/debating both sides of the issue. Grandma paid him (quite well) for cleaning the pool, but Dan figures part of that payment was for being engaged in the spotted owl discussion. Oh, how Grandma loved having a dialogue about issues. No sugar coating here -- she gave us a lot of advice, whether we wanted it or not. We think she mellowed out in later years -- or maybe we just wore her down, but she made you think about your actions and to be accountable for yourself. And sometimes no matter how good you thought you were being, you were going to get advice whether you asked for it or not. Jesse remembers being at Grandma's house with a friend when he was in his early 20's. Grandma Betty and Grandpa Keith started grilling him when he complained about his life not being the way he wanted it to be. "What time do you get up in the morning?" "Maybe if you got up earlier you could look for a job -- and maybe your social life isn't what should be the priority". Exercise advice to Susann ... "be sure to do something that keeps your body and mind active" -- as you get older you need to work at keeping your body in shape." And "good sports are golf or tennis as you can do them in your later years -- and they are social sports." "Proper foundation garments" advice to me when I was in my early 20's: "You know there's nothing wrong with wearing a girdle when at some point you decide you need that". "Money matters" to Megan: "Financial independence is important". Megan asked for some kind of donation for a school fundraiser. Granma said she | 35

40: would make a donation, but that Megan had to ask Keith herself -- because it's sometimes important for a husband and wife to have separate bank accounts. The advice never stopped. Very recently she gave me advice that I am going to remember in the years to come.."you know Erin, as a mother you should always put your kid's laundry away in their rooms, no matter how old they are. Because if you put their laundry in their drawers then you have a reason to be in their room...just to see what might be going on". "The value of an education": She was adamant about getting an education. Where education can take you. Quote from one of the cousins - "she was so very independent. Being around her makes you want to be the best you can be." Her grace, her generosity. How she knew who she was, what she liked and didn't like, and where she came from. On being a good hostess: "At a minimum you need music, and candles, and booze." One of my best memories -- at some kind of function at my mid-west college I think -- not in Oregon, where no one in the room would have a clue who Betty Roberts was. I said to one of my friends "watch how my Grandmother works the room". Grandma Betty walked up to someone, extended her arm to shake hands and said "Betty Roberts". She then proceeded to ask the person who they were, what brought them to the event -- and really engaged them in conversation. Again and again she did this with other people in the room. She paid attention to other people -- and to us. She treated us grandkids all the same, but at the same time differently, recognizing each one of us as separate individuals. She once told me that to be a good politician or attorney you have to like people, and be interested in what they care about and what's important to them. She knew that was also the secret to being a great grandmother. I want to close with one of the most favorite things I learned from my Grandmother. This is something that is very useful and that you all can take away with you. When you go to a cocktail party and you need to shake a lot of hands there's a trick. You have a small plate of hors d' oeuvres - and wine in a stemmed glass. With your left hand, place the small plate in the palm of your hand securing it with your thumb. Put the stem of the wine glass between your index and middle finger. Now you have your right hand free to extend a handshake to someone and introduce yourself -- (shows how, extends hand like introducing self) -- "Betty Roberts". | 36

41: Dian Odell, Daughter | First, I would like to acknowledge Liana Reeves, Gov. Kitzhaber’s General Counsel, and Steve Powers, her deputy. They came today representing the Governor and his office, and earlier presented to Betty’s family a ceremonial memorial Oregon State flag, in honor of the many years of dedication and service that Betty Roberts gave to the people of this state. Thank you so much for this recognition. After Mom published her book, I usually went with her to speaking engagements. Sometimes there would be a question directed to me something along the lines of “What is it like to have her for a mom?” Well, it was many things, because her life as a mother changed so dramatically over the years. But in all phases and ages, whatever it was, it became “our normal.” In my pre-school days and through most of my grade school years, our normal matched that of nearly every other kid’s – we had a stay-at-home mom. And as any parent knows, organization is the key – and, Mom was organized by nature. Which was good, because there were 4 of us kids – me, John Jr, Jo, and Randy, spread out in ages over 9 years. During those early days in La Grande, her organization was to take care of all household things and us ...washing, ironing, grocery shopping, canning, baking, cleaning house, painting rooms, sewing ballet costumes, acting as room mother and | 37

42: cub scout den mother. At one point, she was PTA president. Even then, I wondered how she did it, no matter the season. In winter I wondered how she managed to get all of our wet snowsuits, hats, boots, and gloves dry before we wanted to go out again. She appeared to work wonders. But she wasn’t a miracle worker, she was just organized. She knew that if she was organized she could get the “have-to’s” done and there would be time for the “want to’s.” On weekends the whole family would go for drives around the countryside, play kick-the-can at dusk, walk down for ice cream. Church on Sundays, big dinner afterward. We all learned to sit still in performances of the Eastern Oregon symphony. She was the perfect 1950s wife and mother. And because it was the 50s and it was a small town and she was busy the oldest kids, my brother John and I, had a lot of freedom. We’d spend the whole day at the swimming pool, or up in the hills, or riding our bikes with friends, or, as was the case with John, selling newspapers to cowboys and railroad men in the main street bars. In those years, we had 2 rules – (1) if you changed location, you had to run home and tell her first. And (2) if you heard the whistle, you had to go home right away. The whistle was a regular ref whistle on a string and you could hear it for a several block radius and the dog (who was always with us) could hear it much further. The whistle usually meant dinner time so it was easy to mind it and rush home. While in La Grande, Dad’s job involved traveling to small towns all over eastern Oregon on crookedy 2-lane roads-- rain or shine or snow or wind. It was in these years that Mom began to worry about how could she take care of all of us, if something happened to Dad, like something had happened to her dad. Being a teacher was an option for a woman in those days and there was that Eastern Oregon College on the other side of town. She waited until I was in 5th grade and deemed old enough to stay with my brothers and sister for a few hours at night, and it was then that Mom started going to night school. Her school time had to be organized around caring for us kids and the household duties – and sometimes these could be cleverly merged. She had one PE credit to get out of the way, so she registered for a golf class. The class met on one of the days she was home with Randy (he was 3 years old). Because she refused to give up that day with him, she took him to the first class and told the coach that her son would be with her every day. She did not ask if it was okay, nor wait for the coach to object. In fact, when they started using light plastic balls to practice, the coach would let Randy stand at the other end of the gym and gather up the balls. After class she and Randy always spent some time looking through the fence at the new building under construction. He loved the trucks and bulldozers, and each week they talked about how much had been done since they were last there. In 1956, Dad was transferred to Portland to be a branch manager. Our "normal" changed again. Dad no longer traveled Monday through Friday. I went into 7th grade, John into 3rd grade, Jo into 1st and Randy was only 4 years old. | 38

43: Mom arranged childcare for Randy 3 days each week and she arranged her classes to fit those days. In 1958, when Randy started 1st grade, Mom began teaching at Reynolds High School. Anyone who has read her book knows that our parents divorced as a result of her going to work and “normal” changed again. As a working single parent with four school-age kids to feed, Mom’s biggest ally was the freezer. We all, including Mom, took a sack lunch to school. That’s five lunches a day to prepare. Why not do it once a week and be done with it? So, on Sunday nights after dinner, Mom would make 25 sandwiches – tuna fish, baloney, cheese, peanut butter and jelly, or whatever – and freeze them. Then, all that had to be done each week night was retrieve the required number of sandwiches from the freezer, plop them in a brown paper bag and compliment with an apple or banana and a cookie. The cookies, by the way, were also made in advance by Mom. She would double or triple the recipe, then off to the freezer they’d go. Everything thawed by lunchtime. We all had our chores and tasks. We did not get an allowance for doing our jobs. It was just what we did. Like if your parents were farmers, you need to milk the cows. If your parent owns a store, you need to help stock shelves. Well, if your parent is running for election, there are campaign tasks that have to be done. And we did them – stuffed envelopes, marked up maps, filled bags with brochures for door-to-door kits. In one campaign, John had a car and was supposed to be delivering lawn signs. But he kept putting it off and one morning Mom left him a note, telling him those signs HAD to be out of the garage by the time she got back from Salem. Well, when she got home – those 30-some signs were out but all in our yard – installed in the lawn, in the bushes, and even in the basketball hoop. She laughed about it and took pictures but he made sure the signs were really delivered to the right places the next day. I went off to college about the time she was becoming more active publicly. Those legislative and law school years meant a very different “normal” for John and Jo in high school, and Randy close behind. We had always had a lot of freedom, but because of her evening commitments and commute times to Salem, now that freedom came out of necessity. John says during his high school years, he was the envy of his friends because he had no curfew. But he was also viewed as the “rational one,” the one who could be trusted to drive. Mom made sure he knew that freedom meant being responsible for your actions. Now that he was older, Mom updated and expanded his rules a bit: (1) get at least C’s in school, (2) be the nice guy, (3) keep your head on straight, (4) don’t get arrested, and (5) don’t get anyone pregnant. And for Randy, he says he had plenty to do independently with school, with drums and sports. It might have served his 8th grade band well that she was not there more often; they practiced in the basement pretty much every day. | 39

44: He remembers friends having moms at home when he went to their houses, but those moms being home never made him feel un-attended to by his mom. Everything seemed normal to him and he was oblivious to the difference. But for Jo, as a teenage girl, she says the freedom was just “absence” for her. She wanted her mom there, at home, for whatever she needed and had on her mind. She remembers how important her first high school dance was and Mom could not be there to help her get ready. When she got home from the dance, Mom was still up and dressed and ready to hear all about it – but this only partly made up for her earlier absence. Jo missed having Mom around more during those years, but says that all of Mom’s choices became understandable, admirable, and appreciated, when she suddenly faced life as a single mother herself. Mom married Keith Skelton, and his 4 kids, Carol, Doug (Keith Jr), Ann and Tom, similar in age to us, joined our family. And we all grew up and started our own families. The family was ever growing, and making the new “normal”. Mother was clearly the leader of the whole extended family you see here. As matriarch, she sometimes gave commands and tried to control. Or she tried to convince and discuss and get you to see other/better options. She worked hard to keep family close and in touch – with her house being the focal point of holidays and birthdays and “just because”. Sit-down dinners for 27-30 was common, with 14 concurrent conversations, much wine drinking, inspections of new boyfriends and girl friends. If any of us 4 did not talk to her in a week or so, she would be calling us. When you were with her, you knew she was present, focused, in the moment. She saved thinking about tomorrow or her next speech for its own time. Fairness mattered in attention from her, in tasks, in punishments, even in financial assistance at various points to us kids. Fairness, but not sameness. She would think about what does this person that I love need (or what did she think they needed) and figure out how to give it. So, as a mother, she was what you all saw in the other roles of her life – she was organized, got a lot done, expected a lot of herself and of you. She started with freedom and trust and expected you to fulfill your obligations. She was giving, caring, demanding, nurturing and forgiving. As she makes clear in the dedication of her book, it was all for us. She did what she did to create the world she needed so she could take care of us. She did it to create the world she wanted us to be in, that would let us make our choices, to be who we wanted to be. Having her as our mom might have been different from what other kids experienced with their moms at the same time. But she was our Mom. Just Mom. We were so thoroughly loved. And that was our unchanging “normal.” | 40

45: Reading: Bobbi Holland (Granddaughter) My grandmother left this poem to be read at this event. It's called "Darest Thou Now O Soul" by Walt Whitman. | Darest thou now O soul, Walk out with me toward the unknown region, Where neither ground is for the feet nor any path to follow? No map there, nor guide, Nor voice sounding, nor touch of human hand, Nor face with blooming flesh, nor lips, are in that land. I know it not O soul, Nor dost thou, all is blank before us, All waits undream'd of in that region, that inaccessible land. Till when the ties loosen, All but the ties eternal, Time and Space, Nor darkness, gravitation, sense, nor any bounds bounding us. Then we burst forth, we float, In Time and Space O soul, prepared for them, Equal, equipt at last, (O joy! O fruit of all!) them to fulfill O soul. | A week before she died my Grandmother wrote another verse...her own ending. | 6th Verse (By Betty, written 6-17-11): Be brave, O Soul, When taking leave of this earth bound flesh. Be brave, My Soul, When joining All Souls in the afterlife. For there will be much to do. | 41

46: Music Selection: I’ll Fly Away (Adapted, Albert E. Brumley, Composer) | Some glad morning when this life is o'er, I'll fly away; To a home on God's celestial shore, I'll fly away (I'll fly away). (Chorus) I'll fly away, Oh Glory I'll fly away; (in the morning) When I die, Hallelujah, by and by, I'll fly away (I'll fly away). When the shadows of this life have gone, I'll fly away; To a land where joy shall never end, I'll fly away (I'll fly away) (Chorus) I'll fly away, Oh Glory I'll fly away; (in the morning) When I die, Hallelujah, by and by, I'll fly away (I'll fly away). I'll fly away, Oh Glory I'll fly away; (in the morning) When I die, Hallelujah, by and by, I'll fly away (I'll fly away). I’ll fly away. | 42

47: Closing - Rev. Dr. Marilyn Sewell As we prepare to leave this place today, let us leave with thankful hearts. The person Betty Roberts is no longer with us. But the good that she has done lives on, in the love and care she has bestowed upon her children and grandchildren and students and friends, and she lives on in the political and civic life of Oregon, which will be forever changed, in particular for women, because of Betty's life and work. Let us take with us as we leave today the heart and spirit that Betty has shown us in her life. And when we come to those places in our own lives when we believe that the challenge is too great, the obstacles too large, let us remember one small woman with so much courage, who continued to say yes, because no was simply not an option for her. There was too much good work to be done to turn away. It is for those of us who remain to hold that positive vision, that faith in life itself, that is Betty's lasting gift to us. May Betty's yes to life continue to live in each one of us. Go in love, and go in peace. | Postlude "I Am Woman" (Song and Lyrics by Helen Reddy and Ray Burton) | 43

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52: The enduring legacy of Justice Betty Roberts By Nova Newcomer, Blue Oregon Published: June 28, 2011 A ripple went through the fabric of our state on Saturday with the passing of Justice Betty Roberts. A mother, a teacher, a lawyer, a legislator, a judge, "mentor-in-chief", a "true Oregon pioneer" -- is there a title that cannot be conferred upon this incredible Oregonian? Ann Aiken, Chief Judge of the US District Court of Oregon said it best in local media, "I simply cannot imagine Oregon without Betty Roberts." The first woman appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court, the Honorable Betty Roberts broke the mold for women's leadership in Oregon. Receiving her undergraduate degree as a mother of four at the age of 35, Betty continued on to receive a Master's in Political Science and eventually her law degree -- all the while challenging societal notions about women's roles. (Denied the opportunity to pursue a Doctorate by the University of Oregon, Portland State University just this month presented her with an Honorary Doctorate.) While in the Oregon legislature, Justice Roberts fought for the successful passage of the Equal Rights Amendment as well as specific legislation granting women more rights in divorce and protections against domestic violence. She was also a cosponsor of the landmark Bottle Bill. After running for Governor in 1974 and then the Senate (she lost her Senate race to Bob Packwood) later that year after her primary loss, Roberts was appointed to the Court of Appeals in 1977. Governor Vic Atiyeh appointed her to the Oregon Supreme Court in 1982, where she served until 1986. Returning to her Equal Rights past, Justice Roberts wrote the Hewitt v. SAIF opinion finding that men and women have equal rights under Oregon law. And if you think she was done after resigning from the Supreme Court, think again. Justice Roberts active in mediation until her later years, also presided over the first legal same-sex marriage when it was briefly allowed in Multnomah County in 2004. Born the year Justice Betty Roberts was appointed to the Oregon Court of Appeals, I reflect now that I have never known a time when women weren't on the Oregon bench. I grew up believing that I could be anything I wanted to be — that being female didn't limit my opportunities. And yet, I also went through an entire Oregon education never knowing the name of Justice Betty Roberts, even though many of the battles she fought provided me and all of the women who came up behind her a future of our own choosing. A couple of years ago I had the opportunity to spend some time with Justice Roberts when the Center for Women, Politics & Policy honored her at their annual luncheon. While I coordinated plans with her for the event, I also was reading her memoir, "With Grit and By Grace". As I progressed through the book, I was getting to experience what thousands of women in Oregon who have come into contact with Justice Roberts have experienced -- her dogged belief that women needed to step up, to put themselves forward. But her support, her encouragement required responsibility and integrity. It was that responsibility she bestowed that in some ways was most important. Not just that you could be a leader, but that you should be one. The words she shared to a packed room at the Center's luncheon that fall will always stay with me. She said about passing the torch to younger women, "I'm not done with my torch yet. Go get your own." | 48

53: In a public statement Senator Ron Wyden said of Justice Roberts, "Oregon has lost one of its true giants, but we have not lost the memory of what she gave to our state. Her stature in Oregon's legal, legislative and political history is legendary. she leaves behind an enduring legacy as a champion for equality and a tireless advocate for doing what was right based on facts and the truth." And even with her legendary "legal, legislative and political stature", perhaps her most enduring legacy is the many women across the state and the nation who have been given the gift of Justice Roberts' mentorship. Since meeting her in person just two years ago, I know I have grown as a citizen and a leader and I marvel at the countless women out there who can tell a similar tale. And so maybe she is right. It's not about passing the torch. It's about how many torches you can light along the way. | Betty Roberts, a true Oregon pioneer By The Oregonian Editorial Board Published: Sunday, June 26, 2011 Betty Roberts often heard the word "no" during the first half of her life. No to finishing college, teaching or running for public office, and no to following her ambitions. She ignored most of that advice. By doing so, she became one of the great figures of Oregon politics. Roberts died Saturday in her Portland home at the age of 88, with her children close by. Her death prompted swift remembrances of the woman whose most prominent career achievement was her ascension in 1982 to the Oregon Supreme Court. That capstone event doesn't fully capture her decades-long role in culture and politics, however. Roberts was an Oregon pioneer from almost the moment she arrived. Roberts grew up in Texas and left college early to get married and start a family. She and her husband moved to Oregon after World War II. When their youngest child was a toddler, Roberts decided to finish her degree and become a teacher -- a decision that set poorly at home and helped precipitate a divorce, according to her 2008 memoir, "With Grit and By Grace." The 1950s housewife found herself entering the 1960s with a bang: teaching, earning her master's degree, securing a seat on a local school board and getting remarried. Before long, the school board wasn't enough. She won a seat as a state representative and, later, as state senator. She also entered law school after she tried to become a doctoral candidate in political science and was told "no." Her legal expertise gave her an edge in state politics and emboldened her to run unsuccessfully for governor and U.S. senator. Ultimately, she was appointed in 1977 as a judge on the Court of Appeals and then, about five years later, to the Oregon Supreme Court. | 49

54: Along the way, she supported the state's bottle bill and better land-use laws. She also devoted herself to giving women in Oregon better options. Her groundbreaking work on issues including abortion rights, domestic violence, divorce law and sexual assault changed the landscape for women in this state. So did her unapologetic advocacy for her own equality, whether she was running for office or simply trying to find a decent women's bathroom in the state Capitol. By seeking out male and female mentors wherever she could, and by shrugging off some icy receptions along the way, Roberts made Oregon more hospitable to working women -- especially female judges and political candidates. Roberts has been honored and lionized many times since her retirement from the high court. It is tempting to eulogize her as a legend, to airbrush the complications and failures of her life story and focus entirely on the bullet-point achievements. This would be a mistake. Roberts' real gift was her resourcefulness, a mixture of persistence and confidence that made small daily triumphs possible. "(I had) a reasonable desire to live the life I wanted," she wrote in her memoir. That desire formed a compass pointing her over the years toward family, toward career and home again. It also fueled the thousand small steps necessary for a La Grande housewife named Betty to inevitably become Justice Roberts. | Oregon and abortion: To honor Betty Roberts, remember her love of liberty By Susan Nielsen, The Oregonian Published: July 02, 2011 Betty Roberts never stopped caring about abortion rights. From her early days in the Oregon Legislature until her death last weekend at age 88, the former Oregon Supreme Court justice advocated for a right she didn't need, on behalf of women she'd never meet. Now Oregon is without Roberts for the first time since abortions were decriminalized here in 1969. The challenge will be to remember what she stood for, as abortion continues to distress and divide the country: She thought private decisions, whether about abortion or otherwise, should rarely be the government's business. "Being for freedom and being for liberty," Roberts said at a 1992 rally, "is not a single issue." Roberts, one of the great pioneers of Oregon politics, grew up poor in Texas as the last of three children. Her father was disabled and her mother struggled to keep the kids fed. Abortion was illegal and contraception was hard to come by, which created predicaments for women like her mom. For example, Roberts said her mother mowed their weedy acreage for hours one day with an odd sort of determination, then went to the hospital with a miscarriage. | 50

55: "I concluded," Roberts wrote in "With Grit and By Grace," her 2008 autobiography, "she knew what she was doing when she mowed that great expanse of ground." Roberts moved to Oregon after World War II with her husband and finished her college degree after her fourth child was born. ("I myself hadn't planned to have four children, but I never would have considered an abortion even if it had been available," she wrote in the memoir.) She was elected as a state representative in 1964 and as a senator in 1968, the sole woman senator at the time. Her advocacy on woman's issues began immediately, informed by the stories of hardship she heard from other women and the challenges she faced personally. She tackled everything, large and small: the ability to keep one's name, the power to make financial decisions without a man's permission, the option to escape an abusive marriage -- and yes, the right to have an abortion. Roberts said she deliberately framed her testimony to the Oregon Legislature to appeal to its male members. Decriminalizing abortion "is by no means a woman's bill," she said: It is also for men whose wives or daughters are raped, husbands who know they can't support more children and men who find out the baby will be severely deformed when born. "The point is that probably no man in this room would subject the woman he cares about to a compulsory pregnancy," because every man in the room has the resources to discreetly secure an abortion for that woman, she testified. Her tactic paid off. In 1969, Oregon became one of the first few states to decriminalize abortion, four years before Roe v. Wade. Fast-forward to today. Roe v. Wade is still the law of the land, technically speaking. Abortion rates continue a long-term decline, and 90 percent of abortions take place during the first trimester. Yet nationally, the right to obtain an abortion without government meddling remains under constant fire -- even for victims of rape and incest, women seeking very early abortions, and couples who learn during the standard ultrasound at around 20 weeks that their fetus has catastrophic disabilities. Six states recently passed legislation banning abortions after 20 weeks. These laws pile on top of several years of new restrictions and conditions requiring women to receive anti-abortion lectures and endure longer waiting periods, no matter the circumstances of their pregnancies. Many abortion-rights advocates worry about taking legal challenges to the Supreme Court, fearing the conservative majority would uphold the restrictions. Roberts addressed this fear in an oral history recorded in 2005, as part of an American Bar Association project on women trailblazers. "It's going to be a major issue now (on how the Supreme Court) will interpret Roe v. Wade as all of these statutes are passed that are enacting conditions for a woman to get an abortion," she told her interviewer. "So we just have to wait and see. But I never dreamed way back in 1969 that this would be an issue 40 years later." | 51

56: I don't pretend to know Roberts' full views on abortion. The subject is too complicated and personal for easy assumptions, even with someone as outspoken as Roberts. Yet her writing and words over the years suggest she didn't take abortion lightly and she strongly favored lowering abortion rates through better family planning. She didn't try to characterize abortion as something other than a serious decision with lifelong consequences. She simply thought the decision should be private, as a matter of liberty. That opinion has guided Oregon for decades. May it continue to do so, as a centerpiece of Roberts' legacy. | A tribute to Betty Roberts, who made Oregon a better place to live By Katherine Heekin, The Oregonian Guest Columnist Published: Thursday, July 07, 2011 When I first met Betty Roberts, I had no idea how much she had contributed to my autonomy, independence, economic well-being and self-worth. What she did happened before I became an Oregonian, back when I was coming of age in Michigan, and has made all the difference in how I have been able to contribute to Oregon. She read Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" while she was a representative in the Oregon Legislature during the 1965 session. Back then, in Oregon, women were not able to rent apartments, buy homes, obtain loans, attend Portland's City Club or keep their maiden name when they married. They were denied entrance to graduate programs at the University of Oregon and vocational and training schools, and they were told not to wear pants in the Legislature, all because of their gender. I read "The Feminine Mystique" at Princeton in 1988, which had been coed for nearly 20 years by then. When I moved to Oregon in 1991, I was able to attend the University of Oregon's School of Law. I've rented apartments, bought homes and obtained loans in Oregon in my name. When I married in Oregon in 1998, I kept my maiden name because it was my family name; my parents had died, and it was my bridge from my past to my future. It had independent significance that I was not willing to give up. Because Betty Roberts spearheaded and worked on legislation for women's rights, human rights and equal rights from 1965 to 1977, I have been able to do all of those things. My first boss when I graduated from law school was Judge Ann Aiken. She introduced me to Justice Betty Roberts. By then, Roberts had served as the first woman on the Oregon Court of Appeals and the Oregon Supreme Court. Roberts and I played golf together and won a prize in a best ball tournament among lawyers. She relished the thrill of victory, and would remind me of ours whenever we ran into each other. She always sought to cultivate champions, identifying the potential in each woman she met and then challenging her to use that potential to make life better for others. She knew failure too, having unsuccessfully ran for governor and U. S. senator, but | 52

57: she believed that somebody has to go first so that many others can come later. She understood that one person, one voice, one vote can make a difference and that each of us should be the change we wish to see in Oregon. That was her essence and her calling, but still I had no idea what she had done for Oregon until I read Brent Walth's "Fire at Eden's Gate" and her book, "With Grit and By Grace." Walth described how she maintained her integrity by exposing an attempted bribe and outmaneuvered her opponents in gaining the Senate's approval of Oregon's bottle bill. In her book, she explained what it took to create equal opportunities, equal pay, equal access and a woman's right to choose in Oregon. In her own way, she shouted, "Give me liberty or give me death." Because of her, we all have more freedom, and, consequently, she is as much a part of The Oregon Story as Tom McCall. Her history is our history and should be taught as a part of Oregon's history in our schools. She would say, however, our work is not done, as she did a few years ago at the Oregon Women Lawyers' holiday lunch when, once again, there were no women on the Oregon Supreme Court. Although there are women serving on Oregon's highest court today, only one woman has served as a United States senator from Oregon, none as Oregon's attorney general or as Multnomah County's district attorney, and the number of men and women serving in Oregon's Legislature and as judges in Oregon is not equal. Her legacy is to risk failure so that others can have victory. We owe it to her to continue to take the risk and seek liberty, equality and justice for all. (Katherine Heekin is a former board member of Oregon Women Lawyers, a member of Emerge Oregon and owner of the Heekin Law Firm.) | Betty Roberts, A Giant Among Trailblazers The Advocate, Lewis & Clark Law School (Fall 2011 Issue) By Trudy Allen (’82) and Diane Rynerson The Honorable Betty Roberts, Class of ’66, recipient of the Law School’s Distinguished Graduate Award in 1988 -- known to her many friends and colleagues simply as “Betty” -- passed away on June 25, 2011 at the age of 88. Her contributions and accomplishments in both politics and the law are legion, and many were achieved through hard work, pure grit and determination after overcoming obstacles ranging from poverty to sex discrimination. She committed herself with enormous energy, deep compassion and visionary leadership to all she did, and the results provided a profound legacy of improved opportunities and advantages on a wide variety of issues, especially for the women of Oregon. She was a true trailblazer, achieving “firsts” in many categories, including: first woman to campaign for Governor of Oregon (1974 Democratic primary) first woman to be appointed to an appellate court in Oregon (Oregon Court of Appeals, sworn in September 6, 1977) first woman to be appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court (sworn in February 8, 1982) and first person to perform same-sex marriage ceremonies in Oregon (Multnomah County, March 3, 2004). | 53

58: Born Betty Lucille Cantrell on February 5, 1923 in Kansas, Betty’s formative years were spent living in Wichita Falls, Texas, where her family lived in poverty, especially during the Great Depression. After graduation from high school, Betty attended college classes in the mornings, paying her way by working afternoons and evenings. Her college education was interrupted when she married Bill Rice, a soldier from Oregon. After World War II, they moved to Oregon. Betty was determined to finish college and succeeded in earning a Bachelor’s degree in education from Portland State University in 1958 while raising her four children. She started her teaching career in the high schools of East Multnomah County and eventually was elected to the school board. Betty’s 18-year marriage ended in 1959, and in November 1960 she became known as Betty Roberts when she married Frank Roberts, a Portland State speech professor with whom she shared a growing interest in politics. Frank Roberts later had a long and distinguished career in the Oregon legislature. Betty’s decision to go to law school was made with her characteristic pragmatism, after her first choice for a doctoral program was blocked by sex and/or age discrimination. She had applied to the chair of the University of Oregon political science department (where she had just completed a Master’s degree in political science in 1962) to enter the PhD program. His response shocked her. He said, “Betty, I can’t let you do that. You are 39 years old. By the time you complete a doctorate you’ll be 45, and you’ll only have 20 years to repay the taxpayers of Oregon for their investment in your education.” As Betty stated in her 2008 memoir, With Grit and By Grace, Breaking Trails in Politics and Law, “Resolve and determination – some might call it “grit” – took over.” (Page 52) Within hours of the rejection, she had decided to inquire about admission at Northwestern School of Law. She was immediately accepted. Her legal career was launched, and, as we now know, her contributions to Oregon were prolific and profound for well over 20 years after that. In August 1962, at age 39, with three children still at home, a daughter in college, a full-time teaching job during the day, and responsibilities as a school board member, Betty started the night-school law program. Classes were held in the run-down Giesy Building, right behind the Benson Hotel. The classrooms were dimly lit and were crowded with one-arm desk chairs. There was no air conditioning, so traffic sounds and street noise filtered in through open windows. The narrow hallways between classrooms were crowded with shelving for law books. One of Betty’s classmates, Dick Maizels, remembers visiting the school before classes started. A sign on one of the chairs read “Don’t sit here. Light fixture leaks pitch.” On the first night of instruction, over 100 students crowded into a room intended to seat 80 to 85. Contracts professor Mr. Cairns said not to worry, there would be plenty of room later. Many students did drop out, some after just a few evenings. Only 22 of the members of the original first-year class remained for the full four years of coursework. Although several women had been admitted, just one other woman, Nancy Carter, with whom Betty shared a double desk during her third and fourth years, graduated with the class of 1966. Dick Maizels remembers Betty as a relatively quiet, attractive and friendly person. She always wore business attire and heels. She was older than most of the students but was accepted as “one of the guys.” Classes were taught by dedicated and knowledgeable lawyers and judges. Tuition was $330 per year. The household stayed organized with the help of her children, all of whom had to do their assigned chores before they could go out to play. Betty studied or graded papers at the dining room table while the children did their own homework and after they went to bed. Daughter Jo and a friend would sometimes be allowed to come downtown to window shop while Betty was | 54

59: in class. Jo recalls that going downtown, particularly on a school night, was very special and glamorous for a couple of high school girls from East County! They knew to be exactly on time to meet Betty at a pre-determined location, because if they were even a minute late, they wouldn’t be invited to go downtown again. Summers were special, because as a teacher, Betty had summers off. They bought a boat, learned to water ski, went camping and went on road trips in their station wagon to visit family in Illinois and Virginia. By 1965, Betty was juggling her roles as mother, teacher, school board member, and law student with her newly-elected position as a member of the Oregon House of Representatives. Although she and Frank were divorced that year, she retained the surname Roberts because she had been known by that name since the start of her political and legal careers -- but not without having to put up several fights (including one with the Oregon State Bar) for her right to retain it after she was remarried (in 1968, to Keith Skelton, a lawyer and legislative colleague). She ultimately successfully introduced legislation in 1975 that allows a woman to keep her name on marriage or to return to a previous name upon getting a divorce. During her career in the Oregon legislature (1965-69 in the House of Representatives and 1969-77 in the Senate), Betty was able to participate in and influence the passage of Oregon’s first comprehensive land use legislation, extensive environmental protection issues, consumer protection legislation, and the opening of government workings to ordinary citizens. She took the lead on decriminalizing abortions and on ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment. She had arrived in the legislature when there were only seven women out of 60 members in the House. In 1969, when she joined the Senate, she was the only woman senator (out of 30 senators) at that time. By 1973, there was an influx of women in the legislature, and Betty was at the forefront of the women’s movement and “was intimately engaged in the politics of changing our society in ways that are still evolving.” (By Grit and By Grace, page xii.) The women organized a bipartisan women’s caucus, which succeeded in passing legislation that significantly enhanced the rights of women in Oregon. 1974 brought Betty to the forefront of statewide politics in pioneering ways. She had decided to run in the Democratic gubernatorial primary. She made a very strong showing against two opponents. She came in second (with 31% of the vote) behind Bob Straub (33.5%) and ahead of Jim Redden (27.9%). She had conducted herself with grace and humor, even in the face of the “but she’s a woman issue.” An Oregonian editorial following the campaign stated: “And there’s one final lesson that a lot of people may have learned.... A woman can run a credible campaign for governor and win or lose strictly on the issues and on the campaign.” Betty took that as a victory. She had blazed a trail that would make it easier for women to run for statewide office in the future. She got her turn again almost immediately. On July 22, 1974, Wayne Morse, the former US senator who had won the Democratic primary to attempt to regain his seat from Senator Bob Packwood (R), died unexpectedly. The Democratic Party needed to fill the vacancy on the ballot for that fall’s election. Betty put her name forward, and at the Democratic Central Committee meeting on August 11th, on the fourth ballot, she prevailed and became the party’s nominee. She had less than two months to run against Packwood’s highly-organized and well-financed campaign. With her typical zeal, Betty put a huge commitment of indefatigable energy and intelligence into her run, but she couldn’t catch up to Packwood in | 55

60: such a short time. As the Eugene Register-Guard put it: “There is an inner drive that won’t permit pessimism. There is the toughness acquired during ten years as one of the few women in a male-dominated legislature. There is the shrewdness and innate intelligence that won respect, often time begrudgingly, from other legislators. And there is her own personal thermostat that keeps the adrenalin and energy flowing.” From 1967 to 1977, Betty and Keith shared a private law practice, where she worked on many kinds of cases, particularly in family law and before administrative agencies. She argued a few cases before the Court of Appeals. Her practice had expanded into personal injury, legal and medical practice, and a few criminal defense cases. This broad base of legal experience, along with her political campaign experience which would enhance her ability to run an election campaign for the position soon after her appointment, gave her the edge to be appointed by Governor Robert Straub, given that he had said that he wanted to appoint a woman to a newly-created position on the Court of Appeals. On September 6, 1977, at age 54, Betty joined the Court. Betty served five years on the Court of Appeals and then was appointed by Governor Victor Atiyeh to the Oregon Supreme Court, where she served for four years (1982-1986). With the retirement of her husband Keith Skelton in 1986, she decided to take senior status. Betty continued to work, both for remuneration and as a volunteer. She conducted a mediation and arbitration practice and served pro tem as a settlement conference judge. She was a part-time visiting professor at Oregon State University, in the Dubach Endowed Chair in Political Science, from 1988-91. She served on the state’s Commission on Higher Education in the late 1980s. She served on many boards, including the Metropolitan Public Defender Board and the Planned Parenthood Advisory Board. In 1988, Betty was instrumental in urging the formation of Oregon Women Lawyers as a statewide organization, whose mission was to promote women and minorities in the legal profession. She remained one of its staunchest supporters and often served on panels at its conferences and forums. She served on the Oregon Women Lawyers Foundation Board from 1999 to 2002 and then on its Advisory Board from 2002 until her death. She was the President of the Oregon Women Lawyers Foundation in 2000. In April 2009, the Law School inaugurated its annual Hon. Betty Roberts Women in the Law Distinguished Speaker Program with a panel presentation entitled, “Listening to the Past, Working for the Future – Celebrating Women in the Law.” As the keynote speaker, Betty ended her remarks with the following: “We can celebrate numbers today knowing we have already made a great difference in the legal profession and with assurances that, as we continue to work together, the future holds even greater promises for women as equal participants in the policy-making decisions that affect our lives, our profession and our society.” In the words of Dean Klonoff, “Betty Roberts was a true giant, who created a path for women lawyers to rise to the top of the legal profession. Our Women in the Law Program is a fitting tribute to this pioneer and role model.” Throughout her career Betty was an inspiring role model for other lawyers, especially women. She worked tirelessly and proactively to mentor numerous women, -- especially those who were considering becoming judges or who were running judicial campaigns. Oregon Court of Appeals Judge Ellen Rosenblum described her as “our mentor-in-chief.” When Judge Rosenblum was running for re-election as a Multnomah County Circuit Court Judge and drew an opponent at the last minute, Betty came to her house with charts on how to run a campaign. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Susan Graber (who followed Betty, as the | 56

61: second woman on the Oregon Supreme Court) said that Betty played a big role in her professional life. Current Chief Judge of the US District Court of Oregon Ann Aiken, who first met Betty in the early ‘70s in the legislature, said Betty was a “hero” of hers. According to Multnomah County Circuit Court Judge Marilyn Litzenberger (‘88), she checked in with Betty just before filing as a candidate on the very last day in a contested judicial race. Betty mentored her in every phase of the whirlwind six-week campaign that followed, teaching her how to canvas door to door, riding with her in a borrowed white Mustang convertible in the St. John’s neighborhood parade, even calling to check in on campaign details from her vacation home in Palm Desert. When asked later why she put so much effort into the campaign, Betty answered “Because I’d give you a suggestion and you’d do it.” These are just a few of the examples among countless others for whom Betty was a warm and thoughtful role model and mentor. Her numerous significant contributions have been recognized by many organizations. In 2006, she received the American Bar Association Commission on Women in the Profession’s Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award, the first person from Oregon to receive this prestigious award, which is given to celebrate women lawyers who have achieved professional excellence in their field and who have opened the doors for other women lawyers. In 1986, she was given the Marion County Bar’s Distinguished Service Award. In 1987, she received the Oregon State Bar’s highest honor, the Award of Merit, which is given to a lawyer with the highest standards of professionalism, for outstanding contributions to the bench, bar, and community at large. In 1988, she received the Oregon Commission for Women’s Woman of Achievement Award. In 1992, she was the first recipient of the Oregon Women Lawyers award named for her, the Justice Betty Roberts Award, which is given to an individual who has made an outstanding contribution to promoting women in the legal profession and community. She was presented with the ACLU of Oregon’s 2004 E.B. McNaughton award, which is given to recognize unique and outstanding individual contributions to the cause of civil liberties. She received the 2010 Leadership Award from Emerge Oregon – Women Leaders for a Democratic Future. On June 12, 2011, she was awarded an honorary PhD by Portland State University for her service in schools, the Oregon legislature and appellate courts. In her keynote speech at the Law School in April, 2009, Betty referred to her newly-released book, By Grit and By Grace, and stated: “I used the term “grace” in a secular sense synonymous with opportunities, self-confidence and trust – trust in ourselves, people we work with, our communities and our government. I wanted readers to think about "grace" in those terms, as something to experience in their own lives when given opportunities to work for their own goals, hopes, desires and ambitions. You’ll remember from the book that “grace” is defined ‘we can’t earn it or plot and plan to get it. Willpower is useless. We can’t buy it. We have to humble ourselves and be willing to step out of the place that has always held us, however awkwardly.’ Most important: ‘Step out of the place that has always held us.’” As always, she was challenging all of us to reach outside ourselves. As she further stated in the book, she wanted women to become acutely aware of their own possibilities, learn to create their own opportunities and to take advantage of them. “In today’s world, every woman should be able to explore her own life, discover her own uniqueness, break her own trails, and pioneer her own destiny.” (By Grit and By Grace, page xii.) Betty certainly showed us all how to do that in the example she set by her own life. Betty Roberts devoted her life to blazing trails for others and she left a lasting positive impact on the lives of countless people in Oregon. She will be sorely missed. | 57

62: Remembering Betty Roberts: For Good Advance Sheet, Oregon Women Lawyers (Fall 2011 Issue) By Diane Rynerson and Norma S. Freitas Former Oregon Supreme Court Justice Betty Roberts died peacefully at home, surrounded by her family, on a sunny Saturday afternoon, June 25, 2011. She was 88. I’ve heard it said that people come into our lives for a reason, bringing something we must learn and we are lead to those who help us most to grow if we let them, and we help them in return. The song For Good from the musical Wicked touched just the right note for those gathered at Portland State University on July 28th to celebrate the life of Betty Roberts. Her dear friend Ann Aiken, Chief Judge of the US District Court for the District of Oregon, introduced the song, saying, “It is only through dedicating our lives to the lives of others that we can work for good in this world. The song dedicated for today’s service was chosen by Betty herself. She chose it to send a message: That in reaching out to touch each of your lives, she ended up gaining so much more - you touched her life in return. And that is how you must keep living. Carry Betty’s torch - light others’ torches - it is her charge to all of us: Start a bonfire!” In the words of Portland State Vice Provost Melody Rose, “So much of Betty’s life was spent in public service that is widely known and deeply appreciated – these are the contributions that come readily to mind in recent tributes to this unique and talented woman. But some of her greatest accomplishments were rarely chronicled because they were performed quietly, and often without attribution.” For Oregon Women Lawyers, Betty Roberts’ public accomplishments had great significance: as a prominent legislator, a savvy campaigner, Oregon’s first female appellate judge, and an early advocate of alternative dispute resolution, Betty Roberts proved it could be done. Every bit as important, though, was her quiet work behind the scenes, offering wise counsel, whether cautionary or encouraging, to Oregon Women Lawyers and the Oregon Women Lawyers Foundation, as well as her absolute embrace of all women lawyers and law students who hoped to work “for good.” Of the hundreds of people who attended her memorial service and the thousands more who couldn’t be there but wanted to be, a great percentage counted her as a friend. Her genuine interest in the lives of others quickly transcended any barriers. Although she always had advice, she also readily sought the ideas of others. Her almost boundless energy and her desire to keep learning and growing kept her connected with a wide and varied circle of friends. One of the areas in which she had the greatest influence was in getting more women on the bench, then encouraging and supporting them once they were there. Her help was hands on and personal, whether it was very public or behind the scenes: walking door to door with Marilyn Litzenberger to talk with voters in her successful 2002 campaign for the Multnomah County Circuit Court, asking former Governor Mark Hatfield to keynote the Oregon Women Lawyers’ Foundation’s 2001 celebration of 40 consecutive years of women judges on the Oregon circuit court bench, or spending hours on the phone answering questions from attorneys interested in becoming judges. Portland attorney Kathryn Root recalls working with Betty Roberts and Multnomah County Circuit Court Judge Mercedes Deiz in 1989 to | 58

63: organize OWLS’ first-ever “How to Become a Judge” seminar, thereby helping to demystify a process that was then not widely understood. Up until Betty's death, every woman who followed her on the Oregon appellate bench, from Susan Graber to Lynn Nakamoto, benefited from her practical and personal assistance. Ellen Rosenblum, Senior Judge of the Oregon Court of Appeals has termed her “the mother of Oregon women lawyers and judges and our mentor-in-chief.” Former Chief Judge of the Oregon Court of Appeals Mary Deits said that arguing cases before Judge Roberts showed her that a woman could be an appellate judge. When Mary went on the bench herself, Betty Roberts was the first person to call to offer candid, blunt, humorous and very useful advice. According to Oregon Court of Appeals Judge Darleen Ortega “Her example of courage and grace under tremendous pressure literally kept me from giving up early in my career--and her guidance and encouragement has cheered and fortified me in the years since I have been a judge.“ In 2002, when Justice Susan Leeson worried that leaving the Oregon Supreme Court for health reasons might be seen as a betrayal to women, as she was the only woman on the court, just as Betty Roberts had been, she said that the question was always “WWBRD?—What Would Betty Roberts Do?” She phoned her and was told “Quit, get well and don’t ever look back!” The very first woman lawyer whom Oregon Supreme Court Justice Virginia Linder ever met was Betty Roberts, then a gubernatorial candidate campaigning at Southern Oregon College. Later, when she was in law school, seeing Betty on the bench gave her an ecstatic moment of recognition: “It gave me my sense of place in the courtroom. I knew I could belong there.” When Virginia Linder began doing appellate work for the Oregon Department of Justice, she didn’t have much money for an extensive wardrobe. She spent $20 (a large sum for her at that time) on a green dress to wear for oral argument. Later, she attended a “Women in the Courtroom” conference where one of the sessions discussed “proper dress” for women litigators. The advice offered did not sit well with Betty, so when she gave the luncheon keynote, she threw out her prepared remarks and spoke about attitudes about women in the courtroom. “Now take Gini Linder’s green dress. That’s perfectly appropriate court wear.” It was the first time that she knew that Betty had noticed her. Justice Linder later asked Betty for her support when she put her name in for the Court of Appeals, telling her she was a lesbian at the same time. When she decided to run for the Oregon Supreme Court, “Betty grabbed my hand and jumped out with me.” Betty Roberts lived her life with purpose. She taught us how to live and she taught us how to die. She acknowledged that pulmonary fibrosis was a fatal disease, but she was engaged in life until the very end. Whether we knew her as a symbol of women’s achievement, a role model, an inspiring speaker, a teacher, a friend, or treasured confidante, each member of Oregon Women Lawyers can say because I knew you I have been changed for good*. * This quotation is from the song "For Good" from the musical Wicked, music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz. | 59

64: Tribute Day Salem, Oregon February 16, 2012 | 60

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68: The process for getting the “resolution” approved is somewhat like that of getting a bill approved to make/change laws. However, some differences -- A concurrent resolution is a resolution passed by both the House and the Senate, but is not presented to the Governor and does not have the force of law. In contrast, joint resolutions and bills are presented to the Governor and, once signed or approved over a veto, are enacted and have the force of law. Concurrent resolutions are generally used to address the sentiments of both chambers or deal with issues or matters affecting both houses. Still, someone has to get the text written and reviewed by interested people, and get it filed with the Legislature. Then the Legislative Counsel office (state lawyers) has to approve the wording and other legal review. Then the resolution/bill gets assigned to a committee for review and hearings, and get a recommendation about passage. Here is the official flow by date of the resolution SCR 205 By Senator ROSENBAUM; Senators ATKINSON, BATES, BEYER, BOQUIST, BURDICK, COURTNEY, DEVLIN, FERRIOLI, GEORGE, HASS, JOHNSON, MONNES ANDERSON, MONROE, MORSE, OLSEN, PROZANSKI, SHIELDS, STEINER HAYWARD, TELFER, VERGER, WINTERS (Pre-session filed.) -- In memoriam: Betty Roberts, 1923-2011. 2-1(S) Introduction and first reading. Referred to President's desk. Referred to Rules. 2-3 Public Hearing and Work Session held. 2-6 Recommendation: Be adopted. Second reading. 2-7 Taken from 02-07 Calendar and placed on 02-16 Calendar on voice vote. 2-16 Made a Special Order of Business by unanimous consent. Final reading. Carried by Rosenbaum. Adopted. Ayes, 30. | The Senate Floor February 16, 2012 | 64

69: The Statesman Journal, Capital Watch Blog by Peter Wong Published: February 18, 2012 The Oregon Senate paid tribute on Thursday (Feb. 16) to Betty Roberts, one of its own. Roberts died June 25 at age 88. She was in the Oregon House from 1965 to 1969, and the Oregon Senate from 1969 until she was appointed to the Oregon Court of Appeals in 1977. She was appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court in 1982, and served until 1986. She was the first woman on both appellate courts; she also was the first woman to mount a serious campaign for governor; although she lost the 1974 primary to the eventual winner, Bob Straub, she also ran that same year against Republican U.S. Sen. Bob Packwood after the original nominee, Wayne Morse, died. She told her story in a 2008 memoir, “With Grit and By Grace.” “Every girl and every woman who today plays sports, has a job and equal rights and opportunities in Oregon is walking down a path that was blazed by Betty Roberts,” said Senate Majority Leader Diane Rosenbaum, D-Portland. “The courage to be the first woman to do something when you are told you cannot do it, and then not just do it but do it in a way that stands up for justice and fairness — and to build on that work by mentoring so many hundreds and thousands of women to follow along in your footsteps — that is an absolutely breathtaking and wonderful legacy.” Noting that Roberts returned to college in her mid-30s and earned a degree, only to be rejected for graduate study and getting a law degree via night school, Rosenbaum added: “She endured much indignity with great dignity. Her light shone bright in Oregon for 88 years, and our state and world were much better places because she was with us.” Sen. Ginny Burdick, D-Portland, told the story of how Roberts saved Oregon’s now-iconic requirement for deposits on bottles and cans (the 1971 “bottle bill”) from defeat. It was contained in Burdick’s master’s thesis at the University of Oregon about the influence of lobbyists; Roberts also tells it in her memoir. The Senate Consumer Affairs Committee had been persuaded to add an amendment ostensibly simplifying the definition of “beverage,” but in reality was meant to kill the bill after it passed the House. When the bill reached the Senate floor, opponents raised questions about the scope of “beverages” — the original bill covered soft drinks and beer — and managed to get it re-referred to committee. Given the short time remaining in the session, opponents figured it would never re-emerge. | 65

70: “The opponents were feeling so smug that they all went out for a beer,” Burdick said, including the two senators who opposed the bill in committee. But Roberts called another meeting of the committee for lunchtime, and the two other senators who voted for the bill — Don Willner of Portland and Hector Macpherson of Albany — joined Roberts in reinstating the original language defining “beverage.” The bill then went back to the secretary of the Senate, and the committee quit just as others were returning from lunch. That night, Roberts got a call from someone who promised lots of campaign cash to Democratic candidates if the bill remained in committee. Instead, she brought up the matter the next day on the Senate floor — and the bill passed despite another attempt to re-refer it to committee. Burdick said it was the “perfect story” about Roberts. “It shows she was not just a trail blazer in terms of getting places. Once she got places, she did stuff. She had a spine and she would not back down.” Burdick was a Capitol reporter for the Associated Press during the 1975 session, when Roberts was still in the Senate. She said she learned two things from her: “One was that there is no glass ceiling, because she broke it. Two, as someone interested in public service, there are no excuses — just go out and do it.” As a staffer for Gov. Tom McCall in the 1970s, Jackie Winters worked on a task force with Roberts, Rep. Grace Peck and others to improve conditions at the Oregon Women’s Correctional Center, the state’s first prison for women. “It’s an issue we dodge even today.” said Winters, herself a senator. “It was a system that was antiquated. It was a system that treated women as third-class citizens, not even second class. It was a system that still had a ‘Daisy Mae’ day one day a month. It was a system that said women coming into OWCC had to wait an inordinate amount of time to get into the general population, and remained in segregation until they received their medical exams.” (Later, Winters said that during the “Daisy Mae” day, women were allowed to dress in short shorts and the scanty tops as the character in the Lil’ Abner comic strip by Al Capp — something that would be unheard of today.) Working on that task force, Winters said, taught her the value of bipartisanship. “It also taught me that if we continue to persevere, we can bring about change.” Senate President Peter Courtney, D-Salem, got in the last word: “We acknowledge the incredible work and life of an extraordinary Oregonian, not only in our form of government but to our great state and her people.” Senate Concurrent Resolution 205 goes to the House, which plans its own ceremony this coming week. P.S. Roberts is survived by four children — Jo Rice, Dian Odell, John Rice Jr. and Randy Rice. Jo Rice was her legislative assistant one session. There are nine | 66

71: grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren. (One of the granddaughters had a photo of herself at age 3 with Roberts at Roberts’ desk in the Senate; she brought her son Henry, a great-grandson, who is in first grade.) Also among those present: Ann Aiken, now chief U.S. district judge in Oregon; Norma Paulus, formerly of Salem, the first woman elected to a state constitutional office when she became secretary of state in 1976, and who also was state schools superintendent for two terms, and Barbara Roberts, the first (and so far only) woman elected governor of Oregon. Betty Roberts was the second husband of Frank Roberts (1960-68), and Barbara Roberts the third (1974-93). Frank Roberts was in the House from 1967 to 1973, and the Senate from 1975 to 1993; he resigned shortly before his death in 1993, when Barbara Roberts was governor. | Statesman Journal Capitol Watch By Peter Wong Published: February 28, 2012 It’s been nearly a half century since Betty Roberts came to the Oregon House — and she spent just two terms there before she was elected to the Oregon Senate in 1968. More than a third of its 60 sitting members were born in 1965 or later. But the House paused before its session Monday (February 27) to pay tribute to Roberts, who went on to become the first woman on the Oregon Court of Appeals in 1977 and the Oregon Supreme Court in 1982. Roberts died June 25 at age 88. “She has helped hundreds, probably thousands, of Oregonians to find their own wings — and I am grateful to be one of them,” said Rep. Mary Nolan, D-Portland, who was co-chairwoman with Roberts of Oregonians for Ethical Representation, which formed after the 1992 disclosures in The Washington Post of sexual misconduct by then-U.S. Sen. Bob Packwood. Betty Roberts had been the Democratic replacement nominee against Republican Packwood in 1974 after the death of the original nominee, Wayne Morse — who lost his seat to Packwood six years earlier. Roberts in 1974 had just been fresh from a losing bid for governor in the Democratic primary. Nolan came to the Oregon House in 2001, a few years after the Packwood controversy. (Packwood resigned under pressure in 1995.) But tributes were not limited to Democrats. Rep. Katie Eyre, R-Hillsboro, read aloud from Roberts’ 2008 memoir, “With Grit and By Grace.” The Oregon Senate had a separate ceremony for Roberts on Feb. 16, when members of Oregon’s appellate courts also honored her. | 67

72: A Tribute by The Oregon Supreme Court and The Oregon Court of Appeals Thursday, February 16, 2012 1:30 p.m. Oregon Supreme Court Courtroom Salem, Oregon | Opening Remarks Chief Justice Paul J. De Muniz Oregon Supreme Court Chief Judge David V. Brewer Oregon Court of Appeals Justice Martha L. Walters Oregon Supreme Court Speakers Dian Odell Daughter Judge Mary J. Deits Former Chief Judge, Oregon Court of Appeals Marjorie Speirs Attorney, Former Clerk to Judge Roberts Judge Merri Souther Wyatt Multnomah County Circuit Court Justice Virginia L. Linder Oregon Supreme Court Judge Darleen Ortega Oregon Court of Appeals Closing Remarks Justice Martha L. Walters | 68

73: Supreme Court Courtroom, February 16, 2012 | Court Transcription of Program | BAILIFF: All rise. Ladies and gentlemen, in honor of and in tribute to Justice Betty Roberts -- the appellate members of Betty's Bench. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Please be seated. CHIEF JUSTICE PAUL DE MUNIZ: May it please the court. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Oh, it pleases us very much. CHIEF JUSTICE PAUL DE MUNIZ: It is my privilege to welcome you to the Oregon Supreme Court for this tribute to Betty Roberts, State Representative, State Senator, and the first woman to serve as a judge on both of Oregon's appellate courts. This is a day of tribute which began this morning in the Senate focusing on Betty Roberts' extraordinary contribution to Oregon's legislative branch. This afternoon in this courtroom we recognize and celebrate her monumental achievements in the Oregon judicial branch. We are joined here for this historic event by members of Betty's family, and dignitaries and leaders from all three branches of Oregon government. At the outset I want to acknowledge Justice Walters, Justice Linder, and Chief Judge of U.S. District Court, Ann Aiken, for their heartfelt efforts in organizing this historic event. | 69

74: About a year ago we began webcasting our oral arguments. Today, for the first time in this court's 153 year history, the tribute to one of this court's justices will be webcasted and may be viewed worldwide. In fact, I know that at this very moment Jennifer DeWald, a past president of Oregon Women Lawyers, is viewing our proceedings from New Zealand, where it is 9:30 a.m. tomorrow. Because Justice Roberts was the "first" in so many things, it is only fitting that her tribute in this courtroom be the "first" to be streamed live throughout the world. Our proceedings this afternoon are being recorded and will be transcribed and published in a future volume of the Oregon Reports. Justice Betty Roberts served on the Oregon Supreme Court from 1982 to 1986. During that period she authored 52 majority opinions that span seven volumes of the Oregon Reports. Her first Supreme Court opinion is an ad volorem property tax case involving a salmon hatchery, Bain v. Dept. of Revenue, found in Volume 293 of the Oregon Reports. Her final case, an important administrative law case, familiar to most lawyers and judges in this room, is Trebesch v. Employment Division, found at Volume 300 of the Oregon Reports. Those of us who have served or are serving on Oregon's appellate courts have that same opportunity that Betty Roberts had to have our words preserved for future generations. However, there is a legacy, not found in volumes of the Oregon Reports or the occasional case citation in a brief or Supreme Court opinion that belongs only to Justice Roberts. That legacy is the visual one that you see assembled in this courtroom this afternoon -- the women on the appellate and circuit court bench seated together in this courtroom. That legacy belongs to Justice Roberts alone is visible and present every day in courtrooms throughout Oregon. Betty Roberts left us on June 25, 2011. Today we will remember her in this courtroom as a true Oregon pioneer, an extraordinary women who made history on each of Oregon's appellate courts, and who, throughout her life, inspired and mentored countless people -- including me -- to become lawyers and judges and to serve the public by upholding the rule of law. CHIEF JUDGE DAVID BREWER: As you think about a day like this it's really hard to imagine what the effect of it's going to be until you're there. But, wouldn't Betty be literally blown away by this. I mean, absolutely blown away. So very proud of all the great women judges assembled here today. I'm proud of all of you. But it's my privilege to welcome you to this tribute to Justice Betty Roberts on behalf of the Oregon Court of Appeals, where Justice Roberts served in her first judicial office from September 6, 1977, until February 1, 1982. Four new judges came to the Court of Appeals in September 1977 so, depending on how you count it, Betty Roberts was either the 10th, 11th, 12th, or 13th judge to serve on the court up to that time (I don't think she was the 13th) and, after eight years of the court's existence, she became its first woman judge. In the five years that she served on the court, she wrote hundreds of opinions that combined her unique suite of skills, head and heart related, she brought the human side, the practical side based on all of her life experiences to all | 70

75: her work that she did on the Court of Appeals. So much of that work is still living with us living today and is cited to us and by us. The legacy that Justice Roberts left to us is truly a remarkable one, and you will hear about many examples of that legacy today. What I invite you to consider, as you listen to our illustrious speakers, is just how powerful the imprint is of a person who can endure the burdens of discrimination and still be whole. Who can face indignity and still be just; who can both inspire and challenge others without being sanctimonious; who is told to follow and dares, by her example, to lead; and who, with humor and self-awareness, embraces the humanity in herself and those around her. That imprint is what fills this room today. So, on behalf of the Court of Appeals, I congratulate the judges of Betty's bench and everyone here today who aspires to her example. Thank you for coming. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you Chief Justice De Muniz and Chief Judge Brewer. Justice Roberts was a unique woman and holds a unique place in Oregon judicial history. It is therefore fitting as the Chief Justice said that this tribute to her also be different. Not just to challenge convention, as Betty most certainly did, but also to fill an important purpose. To demonstrate visually the impact that one person can have. And to challenge each of you to be or to support someone who will be such a person. When I went on the bench, Justice Roberts told me that she had long had a dream that she would be standing in front of this bench and she would look back over her shoulder and she would see a bench filled with women appellate judges. Now for Betty dreams were not wishes on stars. They were hands-on creations. It took close to 30 years -- from 1977 when Judge Roberts was on the Court of Appeals to 2006 when I was appointed to the Supreme Court that Betty saw her dream fulfilled. Mary Deits was the first to follow Betty to the appellate bench. Then came Susan Graber, now a judge on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, whose judicial duties sadly keep her from attending today, and then there was Sue Leeson, Gini Linder, Darlene Ortega, and Ellen Rosenblum, now retired, and then me. The seven of us have proudly documented our place on what we've dubbed "Betty's Bench." And you can see if you look at the photographs on the table outside the door her standing in front of the bench looking over her shoulder at the seven of us. But we know that we seven are only one page in the book that Betty wrote and that Oregon is still reading. We already have three new members of Betty's appellate bench, Judges Nakamoto, Duncan and Hadlock. And with us today are, I think, 26 of more than 80 members of Betty's trial court bench. Betty's trial court bench, would you please stand. Remaining standing. Each of these 26 retired or active state or federal trial court judges stands for at nearly two other retired or active women trial court judges. Betty's appellate bench would you please stand. Each of us now standing know full well that she is standing on the strong broad shoulders of the great | 71

76: Justice Betty Roberts. Representing her living legacy, we, Betty's Bench, welcome each and every one of you who is with us today, whether we can see you or not, to this tribute. Thank you. And now here to tell us something about that great woman, Betty Cantrell Roberts, and her origins, is her indomitable eldest daughter, Dian Odell. DIAN ODELL: Good afternoon. I am the eldest daughter of Betty Roberts. I am here with my three siblings and three of our Skelton "by-marriage" siblings, spouses, our children, and two of our children's children, including Betty's most recent great-granddaughter, five-week-old Cantrell. For over 48 years, we have come to the Capitol and to this building to be with Mom on her special days of opening sessions and swearings in. We would like to thank the courts for this extraordinary opportunity to be here again. Betty Lucille Cantrell was born on February 5, 1923 in Arkansas City, Kansas -- the third child in a comfortable middle class family. When Betty was six years old, Prohibition was in effect and her father drank bad alcohol, leaving him paralyzed. While he went to a "sanitarium" for treatment, the rest of the family went to Texas to be near her mother's "people." Compounding this tragedy, the country slid into the Great Depression, and her father never worked again. With this double whammy to her previous life of nice clothes and going to the movies, Betty learned that bad things can happen to good people and that life can change in a minute. To put food on the table, sometimes barely, my grandmother did the laundry of people more well-off and relied on the charity of family. After graduation from high school, Betty attended her freshman year of college at Texas Wesleyan in Fort Worth, majoring in Physical Education. When she was home for a weekend she went on a double date with a young soldier from Oregon. They married a year later and Betty stopped her education. When the war was over, Betty and Bill Rice moved to Oregon with their young daughter (me). Dad's job with First National Bank moved us to Lakeview, Klamath Falls, Portland, and La Grande, while the family grew to six. Betty, Mom, was a dynamo of the 1950's housewife, not unlike many of her friends -- cooking and cleaning, washing, ironing, helping at school, sewing ballet costumes, going to church and the Elks Club. When we lived in La Grande, Dad's job meant traveling to the small-town bank branches in eastern and southern Oregon along windy two-lane roads, through all types of weather. Recognizing the dangers of all this travel, Betty thought back to those early lessons about being prepared in case life changed overnight, a scenario that would mean she would have to be the breadwinner for the family. | 72

77: But what could she do? She knew she would not want to do washing, as her mother had, and in fact, she could not because nearly every woman had a washing machine now. But Mother knew that smart women could become teachers. Eastern Oregon College was nearby and she restarted her education. In 1956, another transfer for my dad meant we came back to Portland. And Mom continued her studies at the new Portland State. She graduated in 1958 and was offered a teaching position at Reynolds High. But it was the 50's, after all, and for a white-collar man to have a working wife was a real blow to public pride; my father would have none of it. He put his foot down. But Betty chose not to obey. Divorce followed. She was and would be a high school teacher. And she loved it. She loved the interactions and discussions with students. After a year of teaching, she ran for the local grade school board, hoping it would be a way to be more involved in her children's school district and add a teacher's perspective. This was her first real campaign and she won. In 1962, in a drive for more credentials and compensation (she was a single mother of four, after all), she earned her master's degree in Political Science from the University of Oregon. Her college work had given her exposure to political science professors who encouraged citizen involvement in government processes, and she began to consider running for the legislature -- it would be an added asset for teaching her "modern problems" classes to the high school seniors, and maybe she could have some impact on issues relating to education requirements and standards. She ran once and lost, but then ran again for the Oregon House two years later, and was successful-- it was 1965. Fascinated by the electoral and legislative processes, and wanting to move to college teaching, she decided to pursue a PhD, only to be denied admittance to what was then the only Political Science PhD program in the state. Surprised and crushed, but not defeated, she changed tack again and began night law school at Northwestern College of Law. In 1969, three years after earning her Law Degree, she ran successfully for a seat in the Oregon Senate. Housewife – college student – teacher - school board - State Representative - attorney - State Senator. In hindsight, all these steps look like a made-for-TV movie, predictable and made to inspire. But for those of you who have read her memoir, you know her thought process at each step-- more credentials for better salary (still those four kids), and more credentials so her thoughts and contributions might be taken seriously by male colleagues, and pursuing interesting work, and sometimes having to do something different because someone else said "no." It was personal and individual motivation. At this point of her life, being in the legislature and being an attorney were her professions -- interesting, and self-fulfilling, but not activism. While in the legislature, however, she realized that not everyone who wanted to do something could just go out and do it. She realized that even with the hurdles she had been forced to overcome, there were others who had more barriers than she had. | 73

78: Women had to have the ability to earn the qualifications to do the jobs they wanted, in the professions they wanted. So her efforts became bills and caucuses and pressure to remove barriers in job qualifications and trade schools. And pushing to get access to education in all stages of life. To make day care, school lunches, health care and family planning more readily available. And getting more women involved in the political process. Like so many others in the 1970s, she now had a broader focus and agenda -- she had become a feminist. From the State Senate, with state-wide recognition for her work in education and the bottle bill and the ERA, what was the next logical step to increase contribution and influence? The governorship. In 1974, Betty ran for governor in the democratic primary, a large field of candidates. She narrowly lost to Bob Straub, who went on to win the general election. Betty was ready to move from the legislature, to let new women take their seats, but to what? In 1977, as you've heard, new seats were added to the Oregon Appeals Court and Bob Straub had promised to appoint a woman. With a hand-written note, the Governor suggested she put her name in the Bar poll. She placed ninth on the list, and Governor Straub appointed her as one of the four new judges. She was excited and optimistic about this new opportunity, but stunned and dismayed at her reception and treatment at the court. After all her years of experience and all her years of publicly proving herself capable, she had anticipated a welcoming, or at least an accepting, atmosphere. The atmosphere on the Court of Appeals gradually improved, but after eight years, Betty was ready for another challenge. In 1981, a rumor circulated that Supreme Court Justice Tom Tongue would not run for re-election. One day after Sandra Day O'Connor was confirmed as the first woman to the U.S. Supreme Court, Betty strategically announced that she would run for Justice Tongue's seat in the next election. This meant that, regardless of Justice Tongue's decision, she would be in the race for either a campaign or for an appointment by Governor Atiyeh. Justice Tongue did retire early. Governor Atiyeh made good on his campaign promise to appoint a woman, and appointed Betty to the court. Forged by a childhood of dramatic change and struggle, my mother's first goal was always to provide what she could for her family. She knew that nothing was ever guaranteed and that you had to be ready for any challenge -- and for any opportunity. Then she learned that there are many choices for how to be a family provider, some more interesting and personally fulfilling to her than others. Her personal motivation and ambition required challenging long established cultural and legal precedents. She did not set out to be the "first woman who ," but sometimes that was the case for the door she wanted to go through. But once through the door, she did make it her objective to make sure the door stayed open for other qualified women who approached. Never again would one be enough. | 74

79: JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you Dian. Our second speaker is the only woman ever to have sat in this center seat as Chief Judge of the Oregon Court of Appeals, Mary Deits. Judge Deits joined that court in 1986 and served as its chief from 1997 until her retirement in 2004. Judge Deits. JUDGE MARY DEITS: First, let me say that I am deeply honored to be a part of this ceremony. I was thinking about the first time I saw Betty on this bench, and I think it was about 30 years ago and it was in this very courtroom, didn't look much different at all. And she sat in the chair that I am now sitting in. And I think Justice Gillette sat in the middle, but with all due respect Justice Gillette, I wasn't focused on you. It was so inspiring. I cannot describe how wonderful it was. I had been arguing cases for a while, seeing her sitting there, very serious and very confident, and very earnest and doing her job. I think this is an event that Betty would have really liked. First of all, to see this would really knock her over. Neither of us at the time ever would have imagine that we would see this. It's really quite amazing. She would have liked this event, not so much that we were honoring her that it was about her. I think because Betty believed that she had a really important story to tell and it's a story that we ought to keep telling and always remember. There was a quote at the beginning of her book that I really liked and I think it really expresses this thought and I'd like to read it and I think she would like it to be read. Democracy relies on the telling of stories. If a people are to govern themselves, they must know as much of the truth as they can. But something more is gained in the process. The constant exchange of stories that democracy requires is itself a profound experience. Unexamined memories, forgotten regions of the psyche and the soul must be continually explored for the form to remain alive. In my lifetime I have seen democracy begin to expand, not only to include those who have been excluded, but to provide a listening arena, a vocabulary, an intelligent reception for stories that have been buried. Not just stories of the disenfranchised and the marginalized, but marginalized and disenfranchise histories even in the lives of the accepted and the privileged. It's really impossible to try and describe in a few minutes, or even a few hours, the story of Betty Roberts as a judge. I would urge you if you haven't read her memoirs to read them because I think you get a sense of her journey has a judge. She was a part of hundreds of decisions during her time serving as a judge. As all judges know, a lot of decisions you make aren't really the ones you personally would like to make. But there are times when the law and the way you'd like to see things come out coincide. I think Betty had a number of those. On in particular I think she was proud of was the Hewitt case. That case centered around a state law that provided workers compensation benefits to | 75

80: an unmarried woman who had been living with an injured worker if they had been living together for a year. But the law did not provide similar benefits to a man in the same circumstances. Betty got this case, I think, just a few months after she came onto the Supreme Court and she, of course, immediately saw the injustice in it and worked hard to develop an opinion consistent with the law and that did, in fact, allow compensation for a surviving man when a couple was unmarried. This was a case of great significance even beyond the workers' compensation law. And I think it's one that she talked about a lot and was very proud of. But in addition to her legal work that she did and her dedication to her job, she also brought a contribution that I think she would believe of equal significance. And that is, she brought to the court a perspective that was different from other people and other judges at the time. Both from people that had been disenfranchised and as a woman. And one of her greatest strengths I think was her ability to have that perspective heard. Many people can bring a different perspective but they don't have the ability to get others to listen in a meaningful way. And she had that -- I'm not sure that I can describe how she did it, but she had a way of making other people listen to her and think about what she said. The effect to that different perspective on the court was immeasurable, both in terms of small things, wording in opinions that others hadn't really thought about, but also in terms of turning around cases where a particular perspective hadn't been thought of. It's also evident, I was reading through some of her opinions and it reminded me how she never, I think she never forgot that she was dealing with people and that people would be profoundly affected by the decisions she made. And it's really interesting -- there's often language in her opinions, or sometime footnotes, that really call out and recognize that we're dealing with an individual here, and it's obvious that she cared about that individual in the decisions she made. I think, as Dian described her, her path to Oregon, I think that we're very lucky that path led from Kansas to Texas to Oregon. And we're very lucky that she had the courage to follow the path that she did -- it wasn't always an easy one. I feel very lucky because I had sort of a first row seat to watch Betty Roberts in action and watch her as a judge and a lawyer and eventually a mediator. Certainly, there's no question I would not have had the opportunities that I had and I don't think we'd be looking at this kind of a bench here without her presence. So I would remind you of Betty's story as a judge. It's a very special one and I hope none of us will forget it. Thank you. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you Judge Deits. Now to tell you what it was like to work with Judge Roberts on the Court of Appeals is one of her former clerks, Marjorie Spiers. Ms. Spiers is a lawyer with Hart Wagner in Portland and a master gardener. | 76

81: MARJORIE SPIERS: Good afternoon. I'm one of those old people who has to take my glasses off to read, not put them one. Could I just say "Wow" because I don't think Betty or I could possibly have imagined in 1978 this group of women judges or a tribute like this for her. So my younger self is really wowed. I'd also, just before I start, I want to introduce the other Betty law clerk whose here today, Maureen Leonard. Maureen - stand up. Betty's law clerks were a small group so there's just two of us here today. Rich Patten was not able to be here and sadly we lost Kathy Bogen to death several years ago. I think if there's a heaven though, Kathy and Betty are up there enjoying these festivities. When I started working with Betty in 1978, I did not know much about her. I had only lived in Oregon for three years, and that three years had been consumed by the narrow concerns of a law student. I certainly did not know that I was going to be working with a once and future legend. I soon learned about her history in the legislature. I also learned that she had run for governor and come close to winning. But soon I started to hear "the talk" -- She was only appointed because Governor Straub didn't want her to run against him again. He only appointed her because she was a woman. She was in over her head. She didn’t have enough experience. She should have stayed in the legislature. I don't know why Governor Straub appointed Betty Roberts to the Court of Appeals. But I do know this, he could not have picked a better woman for the job. By this I do not mean that there were no other women qualified to be appellate judges. Frankly, I don't know what the field looked like at the time except that there weren't that many women lawyers. What I want to tell you is that Betty was exactly the right woman to be the first woman on an Oregon appellate court. To understand why she was the right woman, we have to place ourselves back in the late 1970s. As people do at each point in history, we, of course, thought then that things were as up-to-date as they could be. But, in retrospect -- things look a little different. Telephones were still tethered to the wall and personal computers would not come into vogue until late in the next decade. It is true that the second wave of feminism was well under way. But things didn't change all that fast. When Betty graduated from law school in 1966, she was way ahead of her time. In 1975, the year I entered law school, only 15 percent of JDs were awarded to women. I think there were about 20 women in my class of 100-plus at Lewis & Clark. And what was the situation in the appellate courts? In 1978, when I joined Betty at the court, there were no women on the U.S. Supreme Court and there had never been a woman on that court. There were no women on the Oregon | 77

82: Supreme Court and there had never been a woman on that court. In 1978, there was one woman on the Oregon Court of Appeals and that woman was Betty Roberts. It is easy to forget from this distance how lonely that must have been. Or how much courage it required. You've all heard how difficult it was for Betty when she started on the court. I want you to know that there were judges who were supportive of her. There were also a number of judges who could not figure out what she was doing there or how to relate to her. And then there were those who snubbed her in countless subtle and not so subtle ways. When Betty was first on the court, she was not given a turn to speak during pre- and post-argument conferences. Many of the judges did not include her in their informal conversations about cases. Some at the court barely spoke to her at all. She was isolated. And she was tested. And not just by the other judges. I recall one secretary who would tell anyone who would listen that she would never work for a female judge. Which brings me to why Betty was the perfect woman to take on the task of being first. I'd like to start by saying what she did NOT do in response to her chilly reception at the Court of Appeals. She did not whine. She did not look for sympathy. She did not raise her voice. She did not make demands and she did not quit. Here is what she did do. She put her head down and worked. She worked hard at learning the routines of the court and at figuring out how to produce opinions. She was infinitely kind to everyone-- be they judge, law clerk or secretary. She conducted herself professionally, never lowering herself to the level of those who tested her. She was the epitome of grace under fire, patiently winning over hearts and minds -- one at a time. And she never forgot that she was doing this not just for herself but for those women who might follow her. I think that she believed that if she failed, the opportunity for another woman to serve on the court might be set back for years. So she simply did not have the luxury to allow herself to be discouraged. When I was preparing for this presentation, the image that came to mind was that of an icebreaker. One of those big ships that work their way through the frigid frozen waters. Betty wasn't big, but she was tough. She had the strength to break through the icy waters that greeted her upon her arrival at the court. And she broke the ice cleanly. She did not flail about. She did not make a mess. She simply went about the business of clearing the path for those coming along behind her. Because of Betty’s courage, there are a lot of women wearing black robes in this room today. If it hadn't been Betty, someone else would have paved the way, but it's hard to imagine anyone who could have done it with her unique combination of steeliness and graciousness. | 78

83: And it was only the graciousness that I experienced in working as her clerk. When I walked into her office in the morning, she would greet me with enthusiasm. Had you been a fly on the wall, you would not have guessed the enormous pressure that she was under. She was cheerful and appreciative and she taught me the value of seeing things through. She listened to my ideas with respect. She trusted my research. I was fresh out of law school and she never treated me as anything less than fully competent. And I'd like to add that, although she may have been old enough to be my mother, she was "cool." She was interested in my life and in the lives of the other law clerks. She wanted to know what we were reading and what music we were listening to. And she was generous. When I went to work with her, she and her daughter Dian had just built a house at Black Butte, and she frequently took me there for weekends. On more than one occasion, she invited a whole gang of clerks to her Black Butte place. She climbed Black Butte with us. And she went jogging with us. I can't think of a single law clerk who was not won over by her. And it wasn't because of her house at Black Butte. It was her friendliness and competence and her refusal to be daunted that won the day. In closing, I'd just like to say -- Betty, if you're watching and listening, you did it. Look at this gathering here today. You did it all and more. And you did it With Grit and With Grace. Thank you. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you so much Marjorie. Now representing Betty's trial court bench and dear friend of Betty's is Judge Merri Souther Wyatt. Judge Wyatt joined the Multnomah County Circuit Court bench in 1994. JUDGE MERRI SOUTHER WYATT: Actually it was the district court bench - we had that then. It's okay. And I can't possibly presume to speak for the circuit court judges, many who preceded my and had a much tougher go than I did. When I met state Senator Betty Roberts in the 1977, during the Oregon legislative session, as you know, she already had an illustrious career running for U.S. Senate and Governor of Oregon, as a school board member, lawyer, state representative and then state senator. When I was there, I was the lobbyist for the Women's Rights Coalition. Gretchen Kafoury preceded me in that role and Secretary of State Kate Brown followed me in that role. In '77, we passed 23 bills affecting women, families and civil rights, including public accommodation, credit, domestic violence services, marital rape, rape shield law, name change, child care, inheritance, insurance equity, abortion rights and more. During that time insurance companies were labeling pregnancy as either a disease or an accident. They didn't consider it a natural condition, they couldn't figure out -- | 79

84: -- if you treated women the same, what do you do about pregnancy. Don't you wonder what Betty would think about the contraceptive flap going on in Washington? Some people in the legal community have thought that lawyers who are also politicians are just not as smart as other lawyers. But as we can see in this room, we've got Governor Ted Kulongoski and Justice Carson and Secretary Kate Brown and we have school board member Pamela Stebbins Knowles and many other esteem politician/lawyers, who, I can tell you, are very smart. Betty Roberts was very politically savvy and a great lawyer. With the Equal Rights Amendment it had been ratified prior to my appearing at the legislature to lobby and some legislatures in '77 wanted to repeal it. But with Betty's considerable political acumen and some of her colleagues, I believe Kulongoski and Carson, they converted the repeal to a reaffirmation of the Equal Rights Amendment. Betty was very proud of that and also of her later Hewitt decision on the appellate courts. As you know, Betty also worked on other issues, including landmark land use and the bottle bill. Betty knew how the world was put together. She found mentors and built alliances across party lines, gender differences and special interests. And she did not burn bridges. After the '77 legislature Betty asked to have lunch and she asked if I was satisfied with my legal career and I said yes. Although I think she was disappointed that I wasn't prepared to run for political office, she did not say so. She was always nonjudgmental. Even if there were long periods of time between phone calls and emails, Betty always accepted my call. She always took other peoples calls also and without any expectation of reciprocity except that she wanted us to succeed and to help others to succeed. In the mid-80s, I was commuting to and from Salem and I would pass Betty's car and it said "judicious" and she always was. In '89 I did one of the Oregon Women Lawyers How to Be a Judge seminars, not because I had any goal of becoming a judge -- I wanted to help my friends on the bench. But when there was an opening later and Judge Aiken said, "Why don't you think about being a judge?" it still hadn't occurred to me until I had been a juvenile court referee and I kind of liked it. It's nice work. So when there was an opening I called Betty and asked what she thought. I said, "I have friends that are putting their names in." "I'm not sure I should do it now." And she goes, "If you don't do it now, there may not be another opportunity. Timing is everything." And she was very supportive. There was a presiding judge who said that taking time off to be with a child and being a juvenile court referee and being a pro tem judge did not qualify me to be a judge; that I hadn't done it the traditional way. I was not the perfect judicial candidate. I had not been a public defender or deputy district attorney, a | 80

85: partner in a reputable firm, and then the first woman president of the Oregon State Bar, like Julie Frantz. In spite of that, Governor Barbara Roberts appointed myself, along with Julie Frantz, Terry Leggart and Joe Ochoa on March 4th of 1994. Thank you Governor Roberts for my appointment. And, after all, that's what Betty was working for, that women would have choices in their careers and how they decided to evolve. And I'm so happy to have taken the bench with Julie Franz and others. After that I saw Betty in different political arenas. She also swore me in on 'Take Your Daughters to Work Day' in 1994. I thanked Betty for being a great example for other women, she was a soft-spoken, powerful, effective voice for others, a competent lawyer, legislator, and judge, a terrific mother, whose was highly principled. I really thanked her for helping me be on the bench and Barbara Roberts also, obviously. Betty also supported other judges around the state and I have wonderful tributes, but I can't read them all. Judge Stuart said that when we were in law school "Betty showed us what a woman legislator looked like and was; what a woman lawyer looked like and was; what a woman judge looked like and was; and of course, what a woman mentor and leader looked like and was." At Betty's memorial service at Portland State University last August, Gretchen Kafoury said "Betty Roberts showed us who we wanted to be before we knew we wanted to be it." Susie Norby said that, in spite of the hundreds of thousands of people that she supported, she made each person feel that they were the only person that Betty was interested in at that particular moment. And Marilyn Litzenberger said she called her every night, went in the parade with her, she went out door-to-door -- very impressive that Betty would do that. Betty shared her records with the archives of Portland State University's Center for Women, Politics and Policy. I don't know if that's when she decided to write her really fabulous memoir. Can you imagine writing your memoir when you're in your 80s? She was sharp to the very end. She was asked when she got an award by that same program at Portland State a couple of years ago for her leadership if she was ready to pass the torch. She said "I'm not ready to pass my torch, go find your own torch." She was still doing book tours, traveling around the state, she did one at the Oregon Historical Society, and even though it was about her memoir, and she was there with her friend Gretchen Kafoury, and Liana Reeves and Cashauna Hill and other young lawyers to take center stage. And she was happy to have them do that. She was always happy to help other people on their path to success. | 81

86: I was privileged to have dinner with Betty near the end of her life. It was Judge Aiken's idea and I went and got the juicy hamburgers that Betty wanted. And Judge Aiken, Ann, brought an emergency room doctor with her. Betty was curious about life and about death clear to the end. She wanted to know what her last days and weeks would be like. She was intellectually curious and unstintingly courageous throughout her entire life. She had a sleep-over with Aiken on the Thursday before she died on a Saturday. Betty was a Renaissance woman; the real deal; the genuine article. There's never been any one like Betty. She was one of a kind who could actually do it all. As my colleagues and friends, Nan Waller and Ann Aiken, say, "You can have it all, you just can't do it all at the same time." But Betty somehow could. There's no such thing as balance. I guess the new word now in millennial momentum is "blended." We want to have a blended life. So, thanks directly or indirectly, hands-on or just as an inspiration, we have: 12 retired circuit court judges (counting Ellen Rosenblum), 69 sitting circuit court judges, 2 federal court judges that are former circuit court judge, totaling 83 circuit court judges. (That doesn't include any women circuit court judges who have died.) And, 2 retired appellate court judges (3 if you count Ellen R.), 6 sitting appellate court judges, 1 federal appellate court judge formerly on the state appellate courts, grand total: 92 judges. We owe a great deal of gratitude to Betty Roberts for paving the way for those who followed. We stand on her shoulders. I think the reciprocity for that is for us being the best judges and public servants that we can be. And we also honor her by being here today. Thank you. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Our next speaker is this year's recipient of the Oregon Women Lawyer's Justice Betty Roberts Award -- this award is presented to an individual who has made an outstanding contribution to promoting women in the legal profession and in the community -- Supreme Court Justice Virginia Linder. JUSTICE VIRGINIA LINDER: I was enjoying that so much I almost forgot I was going to speak. You know I can't stand here without saying "May it Please the Court." All three courts - the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, and Betty's Bench. May it also please our distinguished guests, and most importantly, Betty's family and friends. I am one of the women privileged to have followed Betty Roberts on to the appellate bench -- both the Court of Appeals as well as the Supreme Court. I am also privileged to have known Betty. So it is a true honor to speak today -- about Betty Roberts and the difference she made. My perspective on Betty's influence, though, doesn't begin on that side of the bench -- the side where all the robes usually are. It begins, instead, on this | 82

87: side -- the advocates' side. In fact, it begins somewhere in that back corner by all the coats. The year was 1978. It was probably October. I was a law student, clerking for the Department of Justice, writing appellate court briefs. Before I even filed my first brief, I began attending oral arguments in this courtroom, to watch and learn. I usually sat in that corner because I wanted to be inconspicuous. The prospect of arguing terrified me -- I had never spoken in public, let alone in a courtroom. Then, as now, the two appellate courts had 17 judges. All of them men, except one: Betty Roberts. I have tried at other times, on other occasions, to express in words just how important it was -- for me and the few other women, one of them is back in that corner, Marilyn McManus, appearing before these courts -- how important it was that Betty was here. I never feel that I succeed. I was among the generation of women law students and lawyers in the 1970s who were trying to find our way through what was then, as we all know, a man's profession. We were often young. We were new to our roles. Until law school, many of us had never even met a woman lawyer. We hadn't read about women lawyers -- not in history books, not in newspapers. Even on TV and in the movies, the men were always casts as the lawyers and the judge. The women were always some version of Della Street. We were a generation of aspiring women lawyers, but we were a generation without role models. So for us, to be in this courtroom, to have Betty Roberts here -- Judge Betty Roberts -- made all the difference. Her very presence on this bench gave the women lawyers in this courtroom a sense of place, a sense of personal legitimacy, that we simply could not have had without her. As you might expect, Betty's presence on the bench did not necessarily affect the men the same way. In her memoir, Betty describes asking her first question from the bench. The other judges -- men of course -- and the lawyer arguing -- also a man -- seemed (to use Betty's words) "dumbstruck by sound of a woman's voice." Betty observed: "It was a first. No lawyer or judge had heard a woman's voice from that court's bench before. I had broken a significant sound barrier." And so she had. Which helps explain our emotional response in 1982 when Betty was appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court. The women lawyers -- and women generally in Oregon -- were ecstatic. Sandra Day O'Connor had been appointed to the United States Supreme Court, as Dian mentioned, only shortly before. To have Judge Betty Roberts become Justice Betty Roberts here in Oregon, seated on our state's highest court, filled us with a spirit of optimism and a sense of possibility that we simply had not known before. Betty didn't take on the challenges of being the first woman on our appellate courts for the sake of being first. She did it so that she wouldn't be the last. | 83

88: She broke the barriers because she wanted the barriers to fall. And having broken them herself, her quest was to help other women follow. As more women began to aspire to the bench -- trial and appellate alike -- Betty gave advice, she gave counsel. She was our champion. Her help was hands-on and personal. It was public and it was behind the scenes. As Judge Ellen Roseblum has so aptly put it, Betty became our "mentor in chief." Every one of us who followed Betty to the appellate benches during her lifetime benefited from her practical and personal assistance. Every one of us, we each have our own Betty Roberts story of support, encouragement, and friendship. We could fill this day with those stories. But we don't have that much time. So instead, what I do have time to note is that Betty got national recognition for her influence here in Oregon. In 2006, the American Bar Association awarded her the very prestigious Margaret Brent "Woman Lawyer of Achievement Award" -- an award that "recognizes and celebrates the accomplishments of women lawyers who have excelled in their field and have paved the way to success for other women lawyers." That pretty much says it all about Betty Roberts. The list of other women who have received the Margaret Brent award is a veritable who's who of ceiling-shattering women lawyers and judges from all across the country. They are all women of remarkable achievement. But this I believe. No other state has had a Betty Roberts. No other state has had one woman who served in both the House and the Senate, organized a bipartisan women's caucus, ran for Governor and US Senate, became the first woman to serve on that state's intermediate appellate court, and the first on the state's highest court too. And no other state has a woman who did all that and went on after so-called retirement after judicial service, to form a statewide organization for women lawyers, a political PAC to support women candidates for legislative office, and while doing all of those and a host of other things, still so tirelessly and effectively made sure that more women and minorities -- many more -- followed her to the bench. In any other state, that woman would have to be a composite of several. In our state, it was all done by one -- Betty Roberts. Betty has often been described as a pioneer. But I put a different term into my note and Judge Mary Souther Wyatt has already used as well. She was a civic Renaissance woman -- a woman of universal accomplishment, wide-based knowledge, proficient in an entire constellation of civic pursuits. As that Renaissance woman, Betty was a one-of-a-kind agent of change. She holds a unique place in Oregon history. No one before her had the influence she has had. No one after her will. For me, to speak to the difference that Betty made -- to do that today -- in this courtroom -- before all of you -- in tribute to Betty -- feels like the closing of the | 84

89: circle. Today, I get to stand here and say this. Because of Betty Roberts, this courtroom was changed. The courts in Oregon were changed. The lawyers in Oregon -- the men and women alike -- were changed. And the lives of our citizens were changed. Thank you for the privilege of speaking. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you Gini. our final speaker is last year's recipient of the Judge Mercedes Diez Award -- an award presented to an individual who has made an outstanding contribution to promoting minorities in the profession and the community. Court of Appeals Judge Darleen Ortega. JUDGE DARLEEN ORTEGA: I have the honor of addressing Betty's influence on the legal profession more generally. I want offer my own experience as illustrative, not because it was particularly unique, but rather, in the story-telling tradition that Betty enjoyed and because it is so typical of the influence Betty had on so many lawyers in this state. In the spring of 1995, in my sixth year as a lawyer, I attended my first Oregon Women Lawyers CLE, which are education programs. I was relatively new to practice in Oregon, having returned to my home state after practicing in Michigan for three years. I was really struggling at that time to find my place as a lawyer; I had not found good mentors and had cycled through three legal jobs in six years and a number of bosses who treated me pretty poorly, frankly. I was actually considering leaving the profession entirely; even though I felt that I had some talent, I felt pretty hopeless about finding a work situation that was bearable, let alone one in which I could thrive and become a leader. Lucky for me, Betty was one of the main speakers at that particular CLE--along with then Court of Appeals Judge Sue Leeson. Both of them had a huge impact on me that day. I can tell you the Judge Leeson piece later if you want, but I want to mention especially Betty's piece. I recall distinctly how she spoke about her early years of law practice and as a judge. She was matter-of-fact, but also quite specific, about challenges she had encountered -- and they were considerable. They also sounded familiar. She had been underestimated, discounted, even abused. Her way of talking about those experiences really struck me. Betty seemed to have a very well-organized internal filing system for very specific instances in her own life that she then was very adept at using to instruct us and demonstrate to us how we could handle adversity with grace and find our own power. She never came off sounding angry, though many of her stories certainly must have made her angry while they were happening. Betty was one of the most practical people I have ever met, and she clearly knew how to channel whatever anger or frustration she surely must have felt into constructive action. It was something to watch. I recall listening to her and thinking, well, I am not the first person to experience this sort of thing. She placed my experience into a broader context, | 85

90: and modeled for me a way of responding to adversity that was inspiring. It was powerful and resourceful, and concrete and doable. It was the first of many experiences I had of watching Betty teach and lead by example. I left inspired to fight another day. That CLE is one of the reasons that I'm still in the profession today. I tell that story because it is a very instructive example of Betty's influence and how it worked. To start with, it occurred at an Oregon Women Lawyers event. Oregon Women Lawyers-- which we affectionately call OWLS--is a strong and effective organization that owes much to Betty's influence. OWLS works hard to equip women and minorities to succeed in the profession, through education opportunities and mentoring programs, and provides a whole host of contexts for women and minorities to support each other. Its methods are directly out of Betty's playbook, not only because of her direct influence but because of how many OWLS members she herself mentored and instructed and influenced. The organization itself was formed in part due to inspiration provided by Betty and Mercedes Diez at a women lawyers' gathering at the 1988 bar convention, and Betty was frequently called upon over the years that followed to speak and inspire at OWLS events. An award was instituted in her honor, that Justice Linder is winning this year, and there are other winners in this room, and it that award is the best attended legal event in the state and is an occasion every year for inspiration in the legal community to what Betty cared about most. My story also illustrates how Betty exercised her influence. Her object wasn't to earn accolades or attention or to promote a cult of Betty Roberts. Rather, she was a great strategist, and a great coalition builder. She was working with us. Up until the last year of her life, I always saw her at OWLS events -- and generally, what I saw her doing was affirming other people's good work, offering suggestions, offering to host gatherings. As much in demand as Betty was, I recall her making her way over to see me after I spoke at a Queen's Bench lunch a few years ago, for example, and giving me specific feedback on my speech and encouraging me to turn it into an article. Whenever I had the occasion to work with her -- as, for example, when she and I both participated in a meeting with Senator Merkley about the judicial appointment process, she was extremely attentive and engaged. She didn't just talk, she listened to what other people offered, and was still engaged in a learning process herself. It was amazing and humbling to me to have moments -- pretty often, in fact -- when someone who I admired so much was so interested in what I had to say. I never heard from her a message like, "Well, you don't know how hard it can really be, it was much harder for me." Or "Let me tell you my story." She listened to my story and then we had a conversation about what I could do. And sometimes her story came in, but it was more as a partner with me. And she was still cool right up to the end. She took an active interest in my movie blog and would dialogue with me about that. To the very end, she functioned as a partner, not just as a leader. Part of the learning that Betty did and part of teaching she did involved her really caring about bringing diverse perspectives into the bar. She wasn't just | 86

91: about bringing along people just like herself, nor did she do all the talking at events in which she participated. She always insisted that there be others on the program, representing different generations and backgrounds, and then she gave space for their perspective. She pushed herself to think about who was missing from the table because she knew what it was like to have her perspective excluded. She was also accessible. I know I am one of scores, perhaps hundreds of women who contacted Betty for advice when I was trying for a judicial appointment. She responded concretely and helpfully, and later supported me in my own election efforts. I am constantly hearing the same story from others -- including, most recently, my colleague Judge Nakamoto. Betty was in it for the long haul, and even when her own health began to fail, she was still accessible, still working to improve diversity on the bench and in the bar. In addition to those of us who benefited directly from Betty's influence, there are so many more who never knew her personally but still feel her influence, whether they can identify it or not. In fact, as those of us who were at the legislature this morning heard and also this afternoon, Betty's courage set a host of precedents for women in this profession that mean that women generally and especially women entering this profession, have and may even take for granted options that did not exist before. Hopefully, we can inspire them not to take those options for granted -- because the depth of gratitude that Betty inspired in so many of us often motivates us to speak about her example and pass along her stories, as we pass along our own. People also experience Betty's influence indirectly because of how Betty taught us to behave. Few of us are likely to accomplish the sort of reach that Betty did -- her energy and creativity and resourcefulness were unparalleled -- but Betty modeled for us a way of being leaders that many, many of us strive to emulate, in our way. She showed us how to be gracious yet persistent in the face of resistance. She demonstrated how to treat our difficult experiences as occasions for instruction. She modeled how it is possible -- and indeed, essential -- to be accessible even when we are very busy ourselves. She taught us how to treat those who come after us with respect and to live out of an expectation that we still have lots to learn even after we have supposedly "arrived" at positions of influence. Events like this are important not just because they honor Betty, who we love so much, but because it is important to take time to recognize and name what she taught us. That's because those of us who were lucky enough to know Betty personally can best honor her by living into her example. It would be hard to devise a better example of leadership, the kind of leadership that will inspire the next generation of lawyers to teach us to do better. I hope we can be a credit to Betty's legacy by doing that. Thank you. JUSTICE MARTHA WALTERS: Thank you Darleen. On behalf of the entire Supreme Court and Court of Appeals and on behalf of Betty's Bench I want to thank each of you for | 87

92: participating in this tribute. I also want to thank and ask you to join me in thanking the many people whose hands-on creations made the dream of this tribute possible, including specifically the Supreme Court's Office Manager, Linda Kinney, my judicial assistants Julie Reynolds and Alea Albers, Betty's former clerk, Maureen Leonard, and Chief Judge Ann Aiken and her staff. Finally, I have a request and an invitation. My request, along with that of Judge Ortega, is that each of you continue to reflect on the spark for change that Betty brought us and how you can be a part of her living legacy. Even those of you who, like Bridget Donegan and Aubrey Thomas, two of the excellent clerks from our court who played the beautiful music when you entered and will accompany you when you leave, even those of you who did not know Betty personally are keenly aware that you, and all of Oregon, have benefited from her vision and her tenacity. We challenge you, Betty challenges you, to write you own page in history. And the invitation -- we are planning a 90th birthday party for Betty. It will be in February next year. At that party we hope to install Betty's portrait. A lithograph is to be created by Eugene portrait artist, Lynda Lanker. We want all of you to attend and to consider this tribute a beginning rather than an end. And, until then, as Betty would say, have grit and go with grace. I have just one more thing I’d like to say before I sit down. Betty, as you all know, always looked like she had just stepped out of the proverbial bandbox—she wore beautiful suits, and every hair was always in place. And she tried very hard to impress upon her female law clerks the importance of “dressing for success.” Alas, I fear those admonitions did not take. We persisted in dressing more casually than she would have liked, and, I fear, based upon my consultation with Maureen Leonard, that we continue to do so to this day. But, Betty, if you’re listening, I dressed up for you today. It was the least that I could do. | 88

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  • By: Jo R.
  • Joined: almost 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
No contributors

About This Mixbook

  • Title: Betty Roberts
  • In Memoriam
  • Tags: None
  • Published: almost 6 years ago