S: The Six Kingdoms
FC: Biology Classification | By; Sevannah Harvey, Bhakti Raval & Jacqueline
1: Table of Contents | 2-3. Kingdom aarchaebacteria 4-5. Kingdom eubacteria 6-7. Kingdom protista 8-9. kingdom fungi 10-11. kingdom plantae 12-13 kingdom animalia 14. works cited
2: Aarchaebacteria kingdom | Major Characteristic- They are anaerobes meaning they can only survive in non-oxygen areas. They can live in various environments. they move by flagella. they come in three general shapes, cocci, bacilli and spirillum. they evolved about 3500 years ago and possibly diverged from eubacteria. Archaebacteria is prokaryotic, unicellular, and has a cell wall filled with cytoplasm. Aarchaebacteria is both Autotrophic. Their digestion process is intracellular. they have cell walls similar to eubacteria. Two good kinds of aarchaebacteria are Thermoacidophiles and Halophiles. two bad kinds are Methanogens and Sulfolobus. They do not have circulatory nor respiratory systems but they do have a nervous system.
4: Eubacteria Kingdom | The cell type for eubacteria is prokaryotic. They have cell membranes and rigid cell walls. The body plan is unicellular and it's metabolism is autotrophic and heterotrophic. they are asexual. They have a intracellular digestion system. The respiratory system of the eubacteria is aerobic or anaerobic. They also have a nervous system because they are prokaryotic but it doesn't have a circulatory system. It split from archaebacteria about 3 billion years ago.
5: Two good types of eubacteria are Lactobacillus and two bad types of eubacteria are anthrax and Yersinia pestis.
6: protista kingdom | The cell type of the Protista is eukaryotic. They have complex cells and is also both, unicellular and multicellular. The metabolism of the Protista is autotrophic and heterothrophic. The reproduction of the Protista is sexual and asexual. Examples of protists are slime molds, and algae. The Protista has a cell membrane. They don't have a nervous system or a respiratory system. They don't have a circulatory system but they do pass nutrients through the different organelles that they have.
7: Pylum Ciliophora- Are complex salt or fresh water protozoans. They feed on bacteria and they have a variety of organelles and even two nuclei. They are plant like protists. Phylum Chlorophyta- commonly contains green algae. this phylum gave rise to plants! They are also plant like protists.
8: Fungi kingdom | They are eukaryotic and they have cell walls made from chitin. They are both unicellular and multicellular. They could be sexual or asexual. Examples are mushrooms, mold and mildew. Fungi is extracellular. They have a cellular respiratory system because they are heterotrophs. they don't have a nervous system but they have an endocrine system which allows them to recognize and react to outside stimuli. They don't have a heart but they have a circulatory system made up of masses of connected hyphae which assist in nutrient exchange and nutrient and water absorption. they have an alternation of generations.
9: Phylum Basidomycota- contains 30,000 species. The most familiar are those that produce mushrooms, which are sexual reproductive structures. Mushrooms are used everywhere around the world spurring the economy. Phylum Zygomycota- includes 900 species, the one most commonly known is mold that we encounter in life. Helps us agriculturally because mold produces soil. Both of these phylas reproduce sexually and asexually.
10: Plantae Kingdom | Plants have eukaryotic cells, they are multicellular, and Autotrophs. They have cell walls made of cellulose. Plantae are intracellular. They have a cellular respiratory system, they release oxygen and take in carbon dioxide. SOme plants have a circulatory system and some don't. Those that do are classified as vascular and those that don't are classified as invascular, such as moss and algae. they have a basic nervous system such as the venus fly trap.
11: Phylum cycadophyta- are divided into 3 families, and there is great variation throughout this phylum. Usually found in forests. Phylum Coniferophyta- most members of this phylum bear cones. they are vascular plants. Can be found in many places aroundd the world Phylum Anthophta- They are seed-bearing, vascular plants. Their most obvious trait is sexual reproduction. Also found around the world. Most commonly in forests.
12: Animalia Kingdom | Animals have eukaryotic cells, they are multicellular, and heterotrophs. Animals have cell membranes. They have extracellular digestion. They have brains for their nervous system, some animals have closed and some have open circulatory systems, and they have lungs for their respiratory systems. Tigers are from the animalia kingdom. They use a respiratory system such as gills and lungs to breath in and/or out of water.
13: Phylum Porifera- this phylum consists of sponges. sponges are primarily marine and mostly live in fresh water. Phylum cnidaria- contains over 9,000 marine species that have specialized cells to find prey, and have jelly-like bodies. Phylum Nematoda- consist of roundworms that are worm-like organisms surrounded by a strong noncellular bilayer. Phylum Annelida- a large phylum of segmented worms. with over 17,000 species.
14: works cited | H.c, Bold, Introduction to algae: STructure and reproduction. 1985. April 4, 2011 "Protista." Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Thomson Gale, 2001. General OneFile. Web. 4 Apr. 2011. Blackwell, Will H. "Merging kingdoms and domains." The American Biology Teacher 71.1 (2009): 8. General OneFile. Web. 4 Apr. 2011. "Archaebacteria." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Gale, 2001. General OneFile. Web. 5 Apr. 2011. "bacteria." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. Columbia University Press, 2000. 3067. General OneFile. Web. 5 Apr. 2011 "Fungi." Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Thomson Gale, 2001. General OneFile. Web. 5 Apr. 2011. "Plant." Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Thomson Gale, 2001. General OneFile. Web. 5 Apr. 2011. "Animal." Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Thomson Gale, 2001. General OneFile. Web. 5 Apr. 2011.
15: picture citations | http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&source=hp&biw=1021&bih=502&q=archaebacteria. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.palaeos.org/images/thumb/7/7a/Escherichia_coli_NIAID. http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&biw=1021&bih=502&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=protist http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&biw=1021&bih=502&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=fungi&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq= http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&biw=1021&bih=502&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=plantae&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&oq= http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&biw=1021&bih=502&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=animalia&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&oq=