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Biology mix book

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Biology mix book - Page Text Content

FC: Cells Ryan McGinty and Yash Patel

1: Cells were discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665 while looking at a piece of cork through a microscope. | This biological definition of a cell is a usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic material surrounded by a semipermeable membrane. | <-- Robert Hooke

2: The bacteria cell is the simplest of cells. It has a membrane, a nucleiod, a cell membrane, a cell wall, a capsule, and a flagella. | The plant cell is very much like an animal cell, except it has a few more components. It has a cell wall, Chloroplasts, and a larger vacuole.

3: The animal cell is a very complex cell. It has a membrane surrounded nucleus. It has many small things called organelles. Some organelles are; Mitocondira, the Golgi complex, and the vacuoles.

4: A cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus containing the cytosol, organelles, and various particles. | A sifting lattice arrangement of structural and contractile components distributed throughout the cell cytoplasm. | Cytoplasm | Cytoskeleton

5: A specialized, usually spherical mass of protoplasm encased in a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells. | The nucleic acid that is the genetic material determining the makeup of all living cells and many viruses. It contains two long strands of nucleotides linked together to form a double helix. | DeoxyriboNucleic Acid (DNA)

6: Nuclear Envelope | The double membrane surrounded the nucleus in a cell. | A tiny organelle occurring in great numbers in the cytoplasm either freely, in small clusters, or attached to other surfaces of endoplasmic reticula, and functioning as the site of protein manufacture. | Ribosome

7: A network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm in a cell, occurring either with a smooth surface, or studded with ribosomes, involved in the transport of materials. | Rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum | A conspicuous, rounded body within the nucleus of a cell. | Nucleolus

8: An organelle consisting of layers of flattened sacs, that takes up and processes secretary and synthetic products from the endoplasmic reticulum and then either releases the finished products into various parts of the cell cytoplasm, or secrets them outside the cell. | Golgi Apparatus | A membrane-bound cavity within a cell, often containing a watery liquid or secretion. | Vacuoles

9: A cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles and disintegrates the cell after its death. | Lysosome | A small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, that divides in perpendicular fashion during mitosis, the new pair of centrioles moving ahead of the spindle to opposite poles of the cell as the cell divides and is identical in internal structure to a basal body | Centrioles

10: An organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production. | Mitochondria | Chloroplasts | Organelles that capture light energy and convert it to chemical energy.

11: A thick rigid mesh of fibers that surrounds the outside of the plasma membrane protecting the cell and giving support | Cell wall | Cilia | They are short numerous projections that look like hair.They line the surfaces of certain cells and beat in rhythmic waves, providing locomotion to ciliate protozoans and moving liquids along internal epithelial tissue in animals.

12: A long, lash like appendage serving as an organ of locomotion in protozoa, sperm cells, etc. | Flagella | A threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order.

13: A Eukaryotic cell is any organism having its fundamental structural unit a cell type that contains organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane bound nucleus encloses genetic material organized into chromosomes, such as plant and animal cells. | A Prokaryotic cell is any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organelles in the cytoplasm besides ribosomes, and has its genetic material in the form of a single continuous strand forming loops and coils, such as bacteria.

14: I will start explaining the functions of organelles with the nucleus. It controls what happens in the cells.It will cause the rest of the cell to function properly. Next one is ribosomes that make the protein. Ribosomes make up about 25% of the cells mass.Then Comes the Goolgi Apparatus that takes the protein and sends it around the cell. After that there is the mitochondria. It converts food into energy . Also there are lysosomes that contain enymes to help break down food. In a cell there are also vacuole that are used for storage. They are filled with water and food most of the time. Next there is the Endoplasmic Reticulum Which send all sorts of things throughout your body. In plant cells there are a few extras such as a cell wall that offers support for the cell. Another one is chloroplast that absorbs sunlight to create food in a process called photosynthesis. | Organelles Functions

15: How they work together. | Cells use its different parts to work together. The nucleus starts it off by telling everything what to do. Then the ribosomes make proteins The ribosome's proteins are sent through the Golgi Apparatus. Then comes the lysosomes which help breakdown food which is then sent through the endoplasmic reticulum to the vacuoles which will hold water and food for later.

17: Referances | And | For images | For definitions | | | | |

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Ryan McGinty
  • By: Ryan M.
  • Joined: over 7 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 0
  • Default User
    • By: Yash P.
    • Contributions: 12 photos , 6 pages

About This Mixbook

  • Title: Biology mix book
  • Cell mixbook for biology.
  • Tags: None
  • Started: over 7 years ago
  • Updated: over 7 years ago