FC: Biomes | Ruqayyah Ansari
1: Tundra | 1. Found on northern tip of Canada and Russia. 2. Caribou, wolves, Bearberry, and arctic moss are found here. 3. The sweet clover and red fox are considered invasive. 4. Average Yearly Precip.: 15 -25 cm 5. Average Yearly Range of Temperature: 3 - 12 Celsius 6. Primary soil type: permafrost The harsh environment prevents many people from living here. The Inuit used to live here by living off of whale and caribou meat and using animal hides to beat the cold, but now many people that live here are workers in the mining and oil industry. This has caused interruptions in the migrating routes and feeding patterns of animals.
2: Taiga | 1. Location: Most of Canada; Scandinavian and Russian region. 2. Jack Pine, Black Spruce, the Canadian Lynx, and the Red Fox are all native. 3. The moose and red cedar are considered invasive. 4. Average Yearly Precipitation and Temperature: 30 - 84 cm; -54 to 21 Celsius 5. Primary soil type: spodosol Russians living in the taiga biome have herded reindeer because they provide food and clothing. However, logging, mining, and hydroelectric development have all changed stream habitats and flow patterns, disrupting organisms that depend on them.
3: Grasslands | 1. Location: middle interior of North America and Argentina, Ukraine, and Asian steppes 2. Milkweed, June grass, coyotes, and prairie dogs are common. 3. The Chinese Bush Clover and the wild boar are considered invasive. 4. Average Yearly Precip. and Temperature: 500 - 900mm; -20 to 30 Celsius 5. Approximate Altitude: near sea level to 2,850m above sea level There aren't many big cities in this area. Before, Native Americans in this biome would live a nomadic lifestyle and follow the herds of bison to provide clothing and food for them. The over-hunting of bison has led to the near extinction of them and many people are turning grasslands into farmlands. In fact, only 1% - 2% of natural grasslands still exist.
4: Deciduous Forest | 1. Location: complete east half of Unites States, eastern China, Japan, middle of Europe 2. The white berch, Lady Fern, and the American Eagle and Black Bear are native. 3. An invasive plant is kudzu and the red deer is an invasive animal 4. Average Yearly Precipitation and Temperature: 750 - 1500mm; -30 to 30 Celsius 5. Approximate Altitudes: around 900 meters Humans here mostly live in the bigger cities but Native Americans that used to live here lived usually off of nuts, berries, and animals such as rabbits. Many deciduous trees are being cut down because of increasing urbanization and the increasing need for paper and timber.
5: Chaparral | 1. Location: West coast of United States and South America and western tip of Australia. 2. The Blue Oak, French Bloom, grey fox, and the jackrabbit are all considered native. 3. An invasive plant is the Spanish Broom and the coyote is an invasive animal. 4. Average Yearly Precipitation and Temperature: 25 - 43cm; -1 to 38 Celsius 5. Approximate Latitudes: 30 - 40 degrees North and 30 - 40 degrees South Most of the people that live here live in the big cities. Fires are very common due to the high temperatures but can also be caused by human activity and can hurt already endangered species in this biome.
6: Desert | 1. Location: Southwest America, North Africa, Central Asia, Australia 2. The Brittle Bush, Joshua Tree, armadillo, and bobcat are native. 3. The Athel tree and red fire ants are invasive. 4. Average yearly precipitation and temperature: 15 - 26cm; 20 - 25 Celsius 5. Soil type: coarse and sandy Not many people live in the desert and it is mostly used for recreational purposes like viewing nature. Some may say that excessive mining contributes to the destruction of this biome.
7: Savanna | 1. Location: India and most of Africa, top of Australia 2. The Baobab tree, Umbrella Thorn Acacia, the caracal, and the lion are all native 3. Buffel grass and the fire ant are invasive 4. Average yearly precipitation and temperature: 4 in in the dry season and 15 - 25 during the monsoon season; 21 degrees Celsius 5. Approximate altitude: sea level to 2000m The people that live here have lived in grass-made houses and live off of farm animals they have. Because of this, over-grazing unfortunately turns the savanna grass into desert sand if people do not move from place to place after their animals have grazed.
8: Rainforest | 1. Location: Brazil, Southeast Asia, middle of Africa 2. The Bengal Bamboo, coconut tree, Bengal Tiger, and orangutan are all native. 3. The rainforest gets more than 100 inches a year and the temperature ranges from 20 - 34 Celsius 4. The rainforest is located between the equator and 25 degrees North. Indigenous people living in the rainforest survive by living in huts and hunting and gathering. As the world becomes increasingly reliant on paper and ranching, many of the world's rainforests are decreasing in size.
9: Alpine | 1. Location: found where the mountains are. This includes the Rocky and Andes Mountains and the Himalayas. 2. Bear grass, the wild potato, the llama, and the chinchilla are all native. 3. The Taraxacum officinale which is a species of dandelion, and Canadian Geese are invasive. 4. 4.5 - 15.5 Celsius is the average summer temperature and in the winter it is usually below freezing due to the high altitudes. The alpine usually gets about 30cm of rain a year on average.
11: earthobservatory.nasa.gov/experiments/biome http://kids.ucsb.edu.biomes http://blueplanetbiomes.org/world_biomes.htm