FC: To Kill A Mockingbird | By: Alyssa Rivera
1: Table of Contents | Pages 2-7...Setting Pages 8-12...Point of View Pages 13-14...Conflicts Pages 15-18...Characters Pages 19-20...Symbols Pages 21-23...Themes Pages 24-25...Personal Reflection
2: Setting of Maycomb county | -The story is set in Maycomb, Alabama in the early 1930s. -"Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square (Lee 6)." | -Majority of the white southerners that live in this town are racist towards African Americans. -"Mrs. Dubose would hound Jem for a while on her favorite subjects, her camellias and our father's nigger-loving propensities...(Lee 144)."
3: -Very important for white folks in the south to have ancestors in great wars. -"Being Southerners, it was a source of shame to some members of the family that we had no recorded ancestors on either side of the Battle of Hastings (Lee 1-2)." | The setting for To Kill a Mockingbird is extremely important for the story. Knowing that the setting is in the 1930s South helps really understand all the racism and segregation going on. If the book took place in a different time period or in the north, a lot of conflicts in the story, including some that don't deal with racism and segregation wouldn't be such a big deal. Also, shows that in such a small community, it allows the characters' actions and opinions be quick to judge by others.
4: Scottsboro Boys | Nine black boys accused of gang raping two white prostitutes. | They were on trial for six years and many times were tried very unfairly due to their race.
5: Real World Events -Scottsboro Boys accused of raping two white women. -Scottsboro Boys tried extremely unfairly because they were black boys. -Mayella Ewell lied about Tom Robinson raping her. | TKaM Events -Tom Robinson accused of raping Mayella Ewell. -Tom Robinson tried unfairly because he was black. -Prostitutes lied about Scottsboro Boys raping them.
6: Emmett Till | 14 year old black boy who inappropriately called to a white women "Thanks, baby." | That night Emmett was drug from his house and was beaten and hung from a tree. | The white men who beat and hung Emmett were not charged for murder but for kidnapping.
7: Real World Events - Emmett Till killed in the middle of the night. | TKaM Events -Mr. Cunningham's mob tried to kill or harm Tom Robinson in the middle of the night.
8: Point of View | To Kill A Mockingbird is written in first person from the main character Jean Louis Finch or Scout. "I maintain that the Ewells started it all, but Jem, who was four years my senior, said it started long before that (Lee 3)." The narrator uses key words such as "I" and "my" to show first person point of view. | Scout is a young innocent child. She loves reading with her father, Atticus. Scout also isn't the average young lady. She'd much rather go outside with her brother, Jem, and play then play with dolls. And she would choose pants over a dress any day.
9: In the beginning of the story, Scout is naive and innocent. However, as she grow up the story takes a more serious and mature turn. If the story had been written from someone else's point of view, like Atticus's the reader wouldn't be able to see this change. Also, to show the innocence of childern. As they have a much different perspective on things than adults do because of their lack of knowledge on the world.
10: As I was only skimming over the words in the newspaper, to busy thinking about what is about to happen in a few minutes. Listening in the faint airs for the cars that I knew were soon to come for Tom Robinson. I was trembling while holding the newspaper. I knew that only in minutes, there would soon be a brawl to come. I didn’t want to admit it at that particular time, but I was terrified, terrified for my health including Tom Robinson’s and Braxton Underwood’s. Knowing that I need to do what I can to help Tom Robinson, I stayed on the chair in front of the jail waiting for the Maycomb mob containing the citizens of Maycomb. I heard the hint sounds of cars rumbling over the roads through the town to the jail, I knew it was time to push away all my fears and help someone that’s it need of it. The cars parked violently in front of the jail and I watched with my hidden fear as one by one the men came charging to my chair. At that particular moment, I knew I was doing the right thing even though it could put me in danger.
11: They demanded for Tom as I stood my ground and told them to go ahead and get out of here before anyone gets hurt. But the next thing I know, I see in the corner of my eye was my beautiful, young Scout, with her was Jem and Dill running after her. As they all ran up to the men, including myself, all I could think about was the safety of my children and Dill. I was so mad at the moment because they should’ve known how dangerous it was and they know better than to be running around at night when they should be at home asleep. But all I could hear was Scout talking to Mr. Cunningham. I knew Mr. Cunningham has been up to no good, but I knew deep down he would never hurt a child in the process of getting to Tom. As I watched Scout at that moment I knew she had enough courage to become anything, or do anything, she could put her mind to because the next think I know is Mr. Cunningham is telling his gang to get back in the cars and head out. At first I was still mad at them for sneaking out, but I knew I had raised my children well enough that I could only be proud of their accomplishments. For instants, Scout grew up to be a well-liked waitress from the diner and Jem became a lawyer and I couldn’t be any more proud of who they’ve grown up to be.
13: Conflicts | -Atticus is asked to defend Tom Robinson in a trail he knows he can't win and will force his children and himself to face criticisms from the town. | Internal Conflict Man vs. Self | -Tom Robinson is put on trail against a racist and unreasonable community. | -Tom Robinson was a kindhearted and helpful man. After the unfair trail, he is pronounced guilty and sentenced to death. | External Conflict Man vs. Society
14: Atticus Before= Atticus was a good man and cared about his children. After= Atticus is worried about his kids facing everyone's opinions. | Scout Before= Scout would try to beat anyone up that made fun of her or her family After= Scout tries to ignore what people are saying, but on the inside she's dying to beat them up. | Mr. Cunningham Before= Mr. Cunningham was with a mob to take Tom Robinson. After= Mr. Cunningham tells the mob to turn around and go home.
15: Characterization | Dynamic Character | In the beginning of the story, Scout is young, proud, and a tomboy. Atticus gives her a lecture about trying to be more understanding and reasonable towards others, especially her teacher, but it didn't really sink in until the end. "Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough (Lee 374)." Throughout the story, Scout has changed to become more understanding and accepting.
16: Dynamic Character | Jem is an adventurous, young boy who was a trouble maker and wanted to be like Atticus. Throughout the beginning of the story, Jem was as a normal child. He attempted to get Boo Radley out of his house. As the story continued, he matured and was more aware of his surroundings.
17: Static Character | Charles Baker Harris or "Dill" is a young boy who visits Maycomb every summer and becomes close friends with Jem and Scout. He's adventurous and lets his curiosity get the better of him. Throughout the story, Dill is just a naive child, from creating the "Boo Radley game" in the beginning to crying when Tom Robinson was declared guilty in the end. Dill is constantly innocent and immature.
18: Atticus Finch is a honest, kind, and understanding man. He is also very wise and compassionate. Throughout the Tom Robinson trial, he stays compassionate towards all of the hateful people going against him and Tom. | Static Character
19: Symbols | The significance of the title of To Kill A Mockingbird is to explain the acts of harming the innocent. The story supports this as innocent people are harmed. The main motif, the mockingbird, symbolizes innocence. Just as it's a sin to kill a mockingbird because they only do good by singing their hearts out; it's wrong to harm innocent people when all they've done is give.
20: Boo Radley- Boo does not harm anyone or anything and does not disturb anyone. He saves Jem and Scout from Bob Ewell, so he is dong Atticus a service like the mockingbird does when it sings. | Tom Robinson- Tom is an innocent man in the rape trial, just as the mockingbird represents innocence. He helps Mayella Ewell when she needs it and does not cause trouble. He is peaceful. | Scout Finch- Scout is an innocent child during the time of Tom Robinson's trial. Her being so young during this time allows her to tell the story through the innocent eyes of a child.
21: themes | Forgive and Forget | -"Mr. Cunningham's basically a good man," he said, "He just has his blind spots along with the rest of us (Lee 57)." Mr Cunningham was apart of the mob that could've killed Tom and Atticus, but he doesn't hold anything against him because he says he is still a good person. | -This theme can be applied to the real world in everyday life because everyone makes mistakes and we cannot make them any less of a person because of that.
22: -"Well, Dill, after all he's just a Negro (Lee 199)." Black people are thought to be less than whites and are treated far differently than whites. | -This theme can be applied to the real world because racism and prejudice is still among us. It can also be applied to other works of literature such as "Night" by Elie Wiesel where Jews are treated less than the Nazis. | People are not always treated equally
23: Don't judge a book by it's cover | -"Dill, you watch out, now," I warned. Dill released the straws and grinned. "Scout, it's nothing but Coca-Cola (Lee 200)." Dolphus Raymond has a reputation of being a rich drunk who lives with a black women and has mixed children. Nobody knows he's not really a drunk, until he lets Dill have some of his coke. | -This theme can be applied to everyday life because people are always making judgments about others without actually knowing them.
24: Personal Reflection | To Kill A Mockingbird illustrates the lifestyle from the South during the 1930’s. The people were very judgmental and racist. I never realized how segregated communities were. It didn’t matter if you were rich or poor, a white man always won in trail over a colored man. Like Atticus says in the book, people should be equal in the eyes of the law. I strongly disagree with the verdict that Tom Robinson is guilty. I feel as if it was extremely obvious that Tom was innocent. It frustrates me how blinded people were by the color of your skin. To be honest, I don’t blame Tom for attempting to escape. The way people acted back then, it didn’t matter how strong of a case you had, there was no hope.
25: Although I was opposed to the society in To Kill A Mockingbird, I thought it showed the innocence of children amazingly. I adored how oblivious Scout was to the situations that were going on around her. It’s funny how a little girl can take on a mob all by herself as her father and brother stand there and watch her. Overall this novel revealed to everyone how wrong people used to be. That it shouldn’t make a difference what color skin you have, we are all equal.