FC: Cuba ABC Culture Book | By: Natalie Hinson
1: Location of Cuba | Cuba is located right above Latin America, and right below Florida. It is an island in the Carribean..
2: A- Art | Someone weaving a rug in Cuba. | People dancing in the streets of Cuba. | The way Cuban people express their feelings in the country is through many different forms of art. The two most popular forms of art are both the art of dance, and the art of creating things. A few of the things that people create on a daily bases is weaving. The main reason people in Cuba make art, is that it is the only thing they can afford. The majority of people in Cuba is not soaking in money. The art of dancing to just dance about how you feel usually does not cost money (Habenera). This art lets you dance for the joy of expressing yourself, without having to pay someone to teach you. The things people create through forms of art are magical. They are not only unique, but they mean something to someone, and they are not doing it just because they are force to do it. (Yoruba).
3: B- Buildings | The Capitolio Building was built on the site of Havana's first railway station and was originally intended to be a presidential palace when work began in 1912 (Sed). | Although the area is relatively small, the Chinese have had a significant impact on Havana's cultural identity (Sed). | Cuba homes are very beautiful and the facilities inside are also comfortable ("Maps of World"). | The structure of the buildings in Cuba definitely shape the way people live. With the country not being very rich, they are limited to supplies and resources for building.
4: C- Communication | In Cuba, one thing that they are lacking the most is communication in technology. Computers in Cuba are very valuable (World Geography). The country of Cuba only has 26 different kinds of newspapers. Some of these include 5 de Septiembre, Adelante, etc. These newspapers are published in the common languages of Cuba. Spanish is the official language of Cuba, and was brought to this medical tourism destination by its former colonial masters who arrived in 1511 ("Language in Cuba"). The three other popular languages in Cuba are English, French, and Creole. The arrival of large numbers of Haitian immigrants in the beginning of the 19th century brought in the Creole language, a blend of European and African dialects ("Language in Cuba"). French and English are both used mainly to help out tourist. | The 5 de Septiembre Newspaper logo. | People talking in Cuba.
5: D- Dress | Fashion Show- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qx8EuOeTFOM | The only moment that Cubans dress-up in traditional clothes is on the occasion of a marriage or the 15th birthday of a girl, when the family celebrates her adulthood (Havana-guide). | The standard Cuban Dress Code is casual, cotton and linen clothing is idea (Cuban-Dress). | People in Cuba traditionally dress in comfortable clothes. They do get dressed up for special events including weddings, girl's 15th birthday, etc. The reason people in Cuba dress the way that they do, is that they do not have enough money to afford a lot of clothing.
6: E- Economy | In Cuba, people fight to make their month's pay. The Cuban economy is still recovering from a decline in gross domestic product of at least 35% between 1989 and 1993 as the loss of Soviet subsidies laid bare the economy's fundamental weaknesses (Historycentral). The two different types of economy systems in Cuba are, Socialist Peso Economy and Free-Market Dollarized Economy. The Cuban Government continues to adhere to socialist principles in organizing its state-controlled economy (Globalsecurity). The Socialist Peso Economy is mostly used by people that live in Cuba, the Free-Market Dollarized Economy is for tourist mainly. The Cuban economy has suffered badly, which results in people being poor throughout the whole country of Cuba. | The Cuban Peso used to pay for things in Cuba. | People shopping in Cuba.
7: F- Family | In Cuba, the ratio of women to children is about two to three children (Contradiction). An average household in Cuba has three, and sometimes four generations living together. Cuban women say that the hardest part of raising a family, is getting the men involved with their children ("World Geography"). | A Cuban family celebrating a celebration | An average family in Cuba
8: G- Government | The country of Cuba is a communist state. The people in Cuba are governed under a totalitarian system ("World Geography"). In Cuba there is one leader named Raul Castro. He controls all of Cuba and acts like a dictator, but not officially named one. In Cuba there are 14 provinces of Administrative subdivisions (Area Connect). These people control different parts of the country. Cuba gained its Independence for Republic on May 20, 1902. This has definitely shaped Cuba to what it is now. | Rayl Castro: Leader of Cuba | The Cuban government building.
9: H- History | Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba before discovering the New World in October 28, 1492 (World Geography). Cuba was originally named Juana after Christopher Columbus's daughter. The country went under many different name changes before it settled on Cuba (Area connect). The Spaniards started colonizing Cuba in 1511. The United States military was in control of Cuba in 1902. The military helped Cuba recover from war, and also helped them get rid of yellow fever in the country. United States military also established the raising of cattle, sugar cane, and tobacco as Cuba's primary economic source (World Geography). | Christopher Columbus | Sugar cane
10: I- Icon | Cuban people are not exposed to many different icons (Iconarchive). Some of the few icons include the Cuban flag, famous celebrities in Cuba, and Raul Castro. Raul Castro is one of the main icons, because he makes himself one. (Worldgeography). | Cuban Flag, used all around Cuba to represent the country. | Raul Castro: leader of Cuba | Alicia Alonso, is one of the few celebrities praised throughout Cuba for her famous ballet work.
11: J- Jobs | Few Jobs in Cuba- 1. Gas and Petroleum Job 2. Exploration Job 3. Nuclear Job 4. Safety Job 5. Wire Line Job 6. Energy Job 7. Hotels and Restaurants Job 8. Interpreter Job 9. Accounting Job 10. Educational Job 11. Legal Job 12. Hospitality Job ( Maps of World). | *Average Salary in Cuba is 20 dollars a month, or 10 pesos. (World Geography). | People working in the fields in Cuba.
12: K- Knowledge | Girls in Cuban schools. | A university in Cuba. | Education has grown dramatically since the revolution in Cuba. Before it, education was unavailable to over half of the Cuban children (Thinkquest). Free education is available till students reach ninth grade. From ninth grade students in Cuba either choose to go to college, or go work. There are about 47 universities in the country of Cuba (Maps of World). Statistics show that 7% of Cuban students graduate, and only 4% have a degree. This is a major improvement in Cuba, because before Cuba only had a handful of students get to universities, let alone graduate. In more rural parts of Cuba, students are sent to boarding school to learn how to survive in life.
13: L- Language | Spanish is the most common language in Cuba (Mongabay). Even though Spanish is the most common language, French, English and Creole are spoken on a daily bases (Healism). The language of Creole was brought to Cuba by Haitian Immigrants. Spanish was brought to Cuba in 1511. | People in Cuba talking | People that live in Haiti. These people brought over the language of Creole.
14: M- Movement | Forms of Transportation- 1. Air 2. Train 3. Bus 4. Cars 5. Taxis 6. Marines (Vacationstravel). | It is very hard for people to travel in and out of Cuba due to the government (Nationmaster). Raul Castro controls who goes in and out of the country, and when. | A plane in Cuba | A typical bus in Cuba
15: N- National Pride | People in Cuba show their national pride through various ways. One of them is through baseball (Cultural). A lot of Cubans play baseball throughout the country. Another thing that builds the national pride in Cuba, is their bond with one another, and hospitality ("World Geography"). | Baseball Team in Cuba | People in Cuba hugging
16: O- Organizations | We have compiled a list of Cuba business and trade related organizations in Cuba (Havana Journal). Some of the organizations in Cuba are, The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, The Federation of Cuban Women, The National Association of Small Farmers, The Confederation of Cuban Workers, and The Federation of Cuban University Students (national). These organizations are all nationally named. | The Federation of Cuban Women logo | The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution logo
17: P- Population | 11,423,952(population) Most populated area in Cuba is Havana (2,241,000) ("World Geography"). | 0-14 years (20 %) 15-64 years (69.80%) 65+ years (10.10%) Overall growth 0.34 85% Roman Catholic 12.08 births/1,000 population (birth rate) 7.35 deaths/1,000 population death rate total population: 76.6 years life expectancy total population: 1 male(s)/female (sex ratio) (History Central) | The country of Cuba on a map | People in Cuba
18: Q- Quality of Life | Health in Cuba- Cuba's health rate is outstanding compared to its bordering countries. Many of the western hemisphere is infected with HIVs. Cuba has the lowest percentage of its population, a total of 11,243,000 people, infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the Western Hemisphere (Success). The reason for this, is that Cuba has screenings that take place for HIVs. | Happiness in Cuba- The people in Cuba have different moments of happiness throughout their life lived in Cuba (library). During celebrations people are really happy, but when work happens, or something with the government, people in Cuba tend to be unhappy. | HIV cells | People smiling in Cuba
19: R- Religion | The most common religion in Cuba is Roman Catholic (Global security). The large population of Catholics in Cuba has lasted for years. Another religion in Cuba is Abakua, also known as naniguismo. These groups developed at the beginning of the past century, originating from the area of Calabar in Nigeria (Religion). | The Catholic Religion | People in Cuba celebrating Abakua
20: S- Status | Economic Status in Cuba- The economic status in Cuba is very low. Many people have very bad jobs, with the good jobs only making twenty dollars a month ("World Geography"). The Cuban economical status is suffering poorly do to its location, and job opportunities. | Diplomatic Status of Cuba- The diplomatic status of the United States to Cuba does not exist. There is a U.S. mission in Havana, Cuba's capital, but it has minimal communication with the Cuban government (Council). | President Carter and Castro shaking hands | Economic Status of Cuba
21: T- Traditions | There are many traditions in Cuba, one of them being music. Cuban music has its principal roots in Spain and West Africa, but over time has been influenced by diverse genres from different countries ("Cuba Traditions"). Music has influenced the life of Cubans by helping them both through sad and happy times in life. Some of the more holiday traditions of Cuba are New Year's, Christmas, Culinary Traditions, Wedding Traditions, and Birthdays (Traditions). | New Years in Cuba | People playing music in Cuba
22: U- Urban or Rural | The country of Cuba has both Urban and Rural Areas. The urban area of Cuba is in the capitol of Cuba...Havana (Catalogue).The rural area of Cuba is in the country side of Cuba (Catalogue). The country of Cuba has 72.8% Urban, and 27. 2% Rural (Atlapedia). | Urban Area of Cuba | Rural Area of Cuba
23: V- Vacation & Recreation | Dancing in Cuba is a very popular activity to participate in ("World Geography"). | The beach also is a very popular vacation destination. | When people go to Cuba to vacation they are very limited because of the Cuban government. One common place for tourist to go is Havana (the capital). People say, "Havana is in a class by itself" (Travel). Other things to do in Cuba are going to the beach and attending dances. The beach is a very common place to go, because the country of Cuba is an island.
24: W- Weather | The Cuba climate is mild subtropical, thanks to its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer, its narrow configuration, east to west oriented receives the refreshing action of trade winds and marine breezes (Weatherorg). During the short winters in Cuba, they receive short glimpses of weather from the north. Rainfall in Cuba is more heavy in the North, than the South (BBC).The weather in Cuba fluctuates throughout the day. | A graph of the weather in Cuba | Getting ready to rain in Cuba
25: X- X-marks the spot | Cuba on a map | Cuba in relation to the United States | Cuba, which is the largest Caribbean island, is located in between Bahamas and Jamaica (Mapsofworld). | Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W (Geography).
26: Y- Yum | A typical Cuban breakfast consists of toast, a combination of strong coffee and warm milk. (Sprachcafe). The two meals of the day, lunch and dinner, usually are white rice, black beans and other legumes, meats and salads. Cuban sandwiches and empanadas (meat or chicken pasties) are popular for lunch, as are mariquitas (Sprachcafe). The Cuban food originated from many different places all over the world ("World Geography). There is not one set location of where Cuban food originated from, because of migration. | Cuban Sandwiches | A traditional meal in Cuba
27: Z- Zoo | Cuba is known for a lot of its unique animals. Some of the animals in Cuba are very dangerous to humans if you interact with them (Havana). The island has numerous bats and nearly 300 species of birds, including the vulture, wild turkey, quail, finch, gull, macaw, parakeet, and hummingbird (Island of Cuba). There are also many other types of animals, including mammals, reptiles, etc. | Cuban bats | A bird in Cuba
28: Bibliography- 2010 think quest. decmeber 15, 2010 < http://library.thinkquest.org/C004161/cuba.html >. 2010 Travel Cuba. december 15, 2010
29: 2010 Icon Archive. December 15, 2010 < http://www.iconarchive.com/show/flags-icons-by-icondrawer/Cuba-icon.html >. 2010 News BBC. Decmber 15, 2010
30: 2010 Cuban- Traditions. december 15, 2010
31: Current Events in Cuba- | 1.http://www.cnn.com/2010/US/12/16/wikileaks.smuggling/index.html?iref=allsearch 2.http://www.cnn.com/2010/SHOWBIZ/Movies/12/16/cuba.zombie.movie/index.html?iref=allsearch 3.http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/americas/12/16/cuba.wikileaks/index.html?iref=allsearch