FC: Living in the Depression | By Brittany Hummel, Manuel Castillo, & Gage Foreman
1: Man, unlike any other thing organic or inorganic in the universe, grows beyond his work, walks up the stairs of his concepts, emerges ahead of his accomplishments. - The Grapes of Wrath
2: The Great Depression was a time of trouble and sorrow that all of America, back in the 1930's, faced. With people losing their jobs, and straining to find a better life for their families, people moved West to make a life of picking, sweating, and 20 cent jobs. To get a better understanding we read the book, The Grapes of Wrath, to know what people did while they traveled Route 66. The book put things in a different perspective because we saw how the Joad family had to live, just to get across America to find a picking job. Along with reading the book, we made this scrapbook to show the viewpoints of different families along the road. Hope you enjoy! -Brittany, Manuel & Gage
4: "Migrant children from Oklahoma on California highway." Library of Congress. Web. 11 Jan 2011.
5: Migrant Children from Oklahoma | "And still the family stood about like dream walkers, their eyes focused panoramic-ally, seeing no detail, but the whole dawn, the whole land, the whole texture of the country at once."
6: "The migrant people, scuttling for work, scrabbling to live, looked always for pleasure, dug for pleasure, manufactured pleasure, and they were hungry for amusement."
7: There is a kid and his grandmother at a movie theater and the kid wants to go see the movie called “The Great Depression” and the grandmother says she doesn’t want to go sit threw that again. The Great Depression is happening while this picture was made. I think the audience was for anyone. I think the author thinks the Great depression was a really sad time in American History. Seeing this cartoon makes you think of what the older people had to go through, and what they faced. Like the grandmother said, "I don't wanna sit through that again...", you know for a fact that all the other elders that went through it, don't want to go through it again. | http://electronicvillage.blogspot.com/2009/02/think-by-keith-knight-great-depression.html Author Keith Knight. Date viewed, 2/8/11. Date made, unknown. | Cartoon Analysis
8: Lanchenmann, Robert. Don't Mix 'em. 1936. Pennsylvania. | The whole purpose of the poster was to encourage people not to drink and drive. I’m not positive, but I think that during the Great Depression, people resorted to drinking while they were driving to their destination, and that it caused a lot of accidents and even deaths. It was created in Pennsylvania by the WPA Federal Art Project in about 36’ or 37’. Its audience was everyone, because it was the time when people were traveling, but they wanted to make it safe traveling. I think that if someone were to create this today, it would be different because they would probably put more detail in it with all of the different styles that have developed over the years. | Art Analysis: Poster
9: "You take this here an' gimme two dollars. I can get good an' drunk for two dollars." | Don't Mix 'Em
10: Dealer Description: Orderly Book from Captain James Charlton's Company, 12th United States Infantry, during the War of 1812. Records muster rolls, returns, morning reports in one section and regimental, brigade and divisional general orders in another section. Capt. Charlton's company was recruited primarily from the back county of Virginia (43 soldiers), Pennsylvania (6), Maryland (4), and North Carolina (11). Against the name of each soldier is recorded his home county, date and term of enlistment, enlisting officer, occupation, age, height, hair and eye color, complexion and build. Individual entries made for each soldier record types of equipment, including clothes, arms, and "accouterments," that were issued, with dates of issuance.The general orders include records of promotions, leave, transfers and other daily activities in the unit, along with extensive records of courts martial and instructions for conduct in various situations, all as issued through various adjutant general staff through the command structure.
11: I think this writing was made to let others know what the soldiers wrote about in the days. I think it was created by Captain James Charlton’s company. I think it is intended for anyone who would like to read a journal written from a soldier during the Great Depression. I think they used paper and ink maybe. I think if someone made this today the clothing the soldiers wear would be a little bit different. I could imagine that a whole bunch of letters were sent during the Great Depression, but then again, I can't because of what it costs to buy a stamp even. People would be more worried about buying food, rather than sending letters. | Letter Analysis: Journal | http://scrc.swem.wm.edu/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=8210&q=clothes Title: Infantry Order Book 1813 - 1815. ID Mss. Acc.
12: Oh, oh, Rattler, Here Rattler, here. I think I heard a horn blow goin' cross de country where you can't go. I heard old horn blow - If I trip dis time, I won't trip no more Goin' 'cross de bottom where de nigger can't go. Here Rattler, etc Dog barking. Oh come on nigger let&s mark it here If -- Brush is big enough for you an me
13: I think the purpose of the music was to write down what the people were feeling towards the different kinds of things. I am assuming that the people who wrote it was John and Ruby Lomax back in 1939. I think that the people, who were intended to sing/play it, were actually African Americans. They use the “n” word a lot so maybe it was for them. I think that if someone were to create this song today, it would be so much more advanced, and sound professional. A song is hard to follow if you don’t know the tune to it, and that’s what it was like reading this song’s lyrics. | Music Analysis: Lyrics
14: Personally, I think that the writing was made to capture what people were feeling back when this was going on. The Depression was obviously a bad thing to go through, but I think that people wanted to remember what they were doing/did to keep the memories in their head still. I don’t know who created it, but I’m assuming that it was a younger person, either mid-20 or early 30’s. For something as short, and kind of personal, I would assume it was either for their family to read or maybe no one at all. The only thing that I can grasp what was happening is that it was snowing. They mention it a lot on the two pages that I can read, and it seems like they love the snow. | T.M. Burgess to Moody. 1926. Photograph. Los Angeles. By T.M Burgess. | Recreation Analysis: Journal
15: "He could work out a catalogue order as good as the nex' fella, but he wouldn't write no letters just for ducks."
16: "Everyone else eats mush. They save the rest of their money to get gas to leave."
17: I think the purpose of the music was to write down what the people were feeling towards the different kinds of things. I am assuming that the people who wrote it was John and Ruby Lomax back in 1939. I think that the people, who were intended to sing/play it, were actually African Americans. They use the “n” word a lot so maybe it was for them. I think that if someone were to create this song today, it would be so much more advanced, and sound professional. A song is hard to follow if you don’t know the tune to it, and that’s what it was like reading this song’s lyrics. | Food Analysis: Advertisement
18: Grandmother and her quilt | "The migrant people looked humbly for pleasure on the roads."
19: "Grandmother from Oklahoma and her pieced quilt. California, Kern County." Library of Congress. Web. 10 Jan 2011.
20: I think this image was made just to show how people actually lived when they took the chance to move away and take on the challenge of finding a better life elsewhere. In the image I can see 6 people sitting around a fire. It also looks to me that maybe they are cooking their dinner. I think the tool to create this was a wide shot camera, and maybe something to stand on because it looks like the picture was taken at an angle from above. I actually learn a whole lot from looking at this image. I’ve lived in the same house my whole life and I couldn’t imagine doing what they are doing in this picture. The thing that I think is missing from this image is just the other family. I don’t see another car or tent, so I’m assuming that they all slept in the same area, and rode in the same car. This to me is unbelievable that 15 people can fit into one car. | "Two Families, Fifteen People, from Chickasaw, Oklahoma, Camped by the Roadside near Santa Maria, California. Heading for the Pea Harvest but Stalled Because They Have No Money to Buy a Trailer's License." Library of Congress Home. Feb. 1937. Web. 28 Jan. 2011.
21: " I never had my house pushed over before. Never had my family stuck out on the road. Never had to lose everything I had in life." | Two Families Fifteen People
22: "Croppers going fast now, one cat' takes and shoves ten families out. Cat's all over hell now. Tear in and shove the croppers out." | Why can't you?
23: I think this image was made to show how bad it was to get a job during the great depression. In the image there are kids on strike, there is like one adult in this picture. I think it was made sometime during the great depression. I think the audience was to go to anyone really. I think who ever made this picture used a camera; at least it looks like it. Well you can learn that it was hard to get a job during the great depression. I think if someone made this picture today I think that it would be in color for sure and maybe instead of kids holding the signs the adults would be holding the signs. | "Google Image Result for Http://www.pastreunited.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/J9-1.jpg." Google. Web. 12 Feb. 2011.
24: Looks like a couple of people are trying to sneak in what would be the white house maybe and destroy the government. The great depression was going on during this picture. I think this picture is showing that a majority of people didn’t like the government back then and a lot of people probably still don’t. I think the artist doesn’t like the government either. | Cartoon Analysis: Transportation | "Google Image Result for Http://historyrat.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/new-deal-cartoon1.jpg." Google. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
25: "Didn't you see the No Riders sticker on the win'shield?"
26: "God, if I could only get a hundred jalopies. I don't care if they run or not." | October 6, 1922
27: I really don’t know why this picture was made. It almost looks like that it could be icy on the streets and someone wanted to take a picture. Well it says when it was made, and it was made on 10/6/22. I’m not sure who this picture was supposed to be intended for but maybe the future of America? I think that they might of used a camera because the flags on the right side of the picture is blurry so I assume that the picture was taken when the flags where moving. I don’t really think I can learn much from this picture. I’m not sure what is or could be missing in this picture, but there isn’t really anyone walking anywhere. I think if someone was to make this today there would be a different style of car/cars on the streets, and there would be color in the picture more and likely. The buildings and some of the street signs could be the same. | Photo Analysis: Transportation
28: United States of America 1929 - 1939
29: This map shows where at in the United States (from 1929-1939), there was the most/least percentage of labor unemployment. You can see that in all states, the Oklahoma is one of them like mentioned in the famous, The Grapes of Wrath book. Just looking at the map gives you and idea of how many people set out for California, and what other states they had to go through to get there. | Map Analysis: Housing | "Google Image Result for Http://media.maps.com/magellan/Images/USAH071-H.gif." Google. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
30: "The cop was right. A crop raised - why, that makes ownership. Land howed and carrots eaten - a man might fight for land he's taken food from."
31: I think someone made this picture because someone was just walking by and saw the line and took the picture. I think the people are waiting for coffee and doughnuts like the sign says. I’m not sure when this picture could have been made. I think the tool for this picture to be made probably was a camera. I’m not really sure if you can learn anything from looking at this picture. If someone made this today I think there would only be a couple things different one would be that there would more and likely have color. And the other thing would be the people’s clothing style would probably be different too. | "Google Images." Google. Web. 11 Feb. 2011.
32: " Why, Tom - us people will go on livin' when all them people is gone. Why, Tom, we're the people that live. They ain't gonna wipe us out. Why, we're the people - we go on."
33: "Oklahoma Refugees. California." Library of Congress Home. Web. 11 Feb. 2011.
34: I see an odd cartoon that has some significance to the random objects depicted in the cartoon. I notice the curving road that’s on the mountain going in an upwards direction. I think that America was going through a lot of struggles at the time and at the same time having to go through the dust bowl. I think that there are a lot of issues that occur in the political cartoon which are all listed on the road to victory. I see that the man with the jacket that bears the initials FDR, it is a symbol for the name of the current president at the time; Franklin D Roosevelt. I also see that on the side of the mountain there are the words Unity Road. | "Google Images." Google. Web. 11 Feb. 2011.
37: Advertisement Analysis: Work | In this picture, you can kind of get an idea of how hard it was back in the depression to get a job. People had to resort to picking fruit for 20 cents an hour, sometimes less. I notice that int he background, there is about 5 or so people. Being that many people, I couldn't imagine how hard it would be to feed, and provide for them by not even having a job. Another thing bad about living in the depression, is that everyone was looking for work. So, it was hard to compete for jobs with about 500 other people who would work for much less than what you are asking for. | "Google Image Result for Http://amysrobot.com/files/lange_migrants.JPG." Google. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
38: "Houses were shut tight, and cloth wedged around doors and windows, but the dust came in so thinly that it could not be seen in the air, and it settled like pollen on the chairs and tables, on the dishes."
39: I see a man leaning over with his palms on his face. His is slouching and staring into the air as if he has nothing better to do. He seems to feel disappointed at whatever it is he is staring at. More objects that are included in the poster are a farm in the background, a boy looking through the window and a porch that the man is sitting in. Above the man are the words “Years of Dust”. It is probably referring to the years of the Dust Bowl that plagued the United States for a decade. Under the man are the words, Resettlement Administration, which probably meant that it was a helpful poster wanting to help people. This was probably made during the Dust Bowl to reach out to some people that were struggling at the time. The tools that were used to create this would have to be a paintbrush and an artist. The art on the poster looks really good that only a very well talented artist could have pulled off. I can learn from this image that the government was at least making an attempt to save the residents of the United States. If someone were to make this image today, there would probably be a different style of art in the picture. | "Google Image Result for Http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/s/images/socialreal_shahn.years.lg.jpg." Google. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.