FC: Ayla Stahl Darius Rude Taylor Campbell Gage Hunt
1: My Family
2: Life on the Farm
3: Pa worked us kids like there was no tomara. Grandad slept most the time and Grandma messin in the garden. Ma would be cookin all day for so at the end wed go an fill are stomakes. | Dont forget to feed the cattle Love Pa
4: Life wasnt fun durin this time. Ma was real tense never Pa was round. She always made us kids go outside an play in the dirt as to not upset him more. I was in charge of watchin the youngins since im the oldest. Grandad an Granma stayed out the way most the time. They sometimes watched after us kids too.
5: Packin Up | After I took this picture Ma said she didnt want no more tooken. says its a sad time.
7: Pa found this map when he went to town just a few days ago. Man said if he just kep on going through we will be there in no time. | "Google Image Result for Http://songbook1.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/66map01.jpg." Google. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
8: On the Road
9: After settin off to california we ran into some people on the way. They was purty inerestin. They done told us lots about what to expect when we get there. From Music to work and ever'thin in between. So I decided to put together here book to tell you how life is. I found 24 artifacs about the things that happen durin this time.
10: It sounds to me like this is telling about a slave trying to escape. The hand writing is quite messy. It’s also on unlined paper. It talks about a horn blowing; my guess is that that is what happens when a slave tries to run. They have the dogs out and everything. I noticed that there is a number on the top of the page, the number being 2645. There is no date showing when this piece was written. I wonder if this slave ever got free. Is this song telling about how he got out? Whatever happened to him? | " The other man puts a nickel in the phonograph, watches the disk slip free and the turntable rise up under it. Bing Crosby's voice-golden. "Thanks for the memory, of sunburn at the shore- You might have been a headache, but you never were a bore-" And the truck driver sings for Mae's ears, you might have been a haddock but you never was a whore-"
12: In this picture I can see a man destroying a car with a hammer and pieces flying everywhere. the first thing I noticed was the car and there are two other people and a hammer that is noticed at first sight the only words in the cartoon are “U.S. family car” if this where an actual picture there would be a lot of differences for one there would be much less damage done to a real car using only a hammer
13: I found this in a paper at one of are rest stops. | Darling, Jay N. (Jay Norwood), 1876-1962. “Fixing it again”. Political cartoon. 1912-1962. Hammers; automobiles. January 13, 2011 | "Tom went to the tool shed and brought what tools were left to go, a hand saw and a set of wrenches, a hammer and a box of assorted nails, a pair of pliers and a flat file and a set of rat-tail files." -
14: The first thing I notice is the heading. The poster shows a globe with the statue of liberty’s arm going out of it. I also see a pile of books too. The setting probable is in New York. I see FREEDOM of religion Of expression Of want Of fear To show people that they can get what they want. It looks like they want to allow freedom of everything. The audience is the American people. It was created between 1936 and 1941. The tools for this would be paper and markers of some kind. That we take things for granite nowadays. What would be different would be the use of online pictures instead of markers and stuff. The theme would be the same in today’s era.
15: We sawd plenty of these on are way. Peoples kept talkin about it. | "I ain't preachin' no more much. The sperit ain't in the people much no more; and worse'n that, the sperit ain't in me no more. " | "by the eople for the people: posters form the WPA 1936-1943." American Memory. WPA, n.d. Web. 20 Jan 2011.
16: "A0215: Plays and Players." Duke University Libraries - Home. Web. 13 Jan. 2011.
17: The first thing I noticed is the car and the people around the car. I see some people that appear to preparing to go to a big event in town. I see the words “Plays and Players”, that I’m guessing that this is a masculine car. I see the name of the companies that build the car. I think this advertisement is an ad that is attempting to get publicity for this Paige model of car. I see the driveway that the car is on and the walkway to where the car, which is imposing that richer people, would like to drive this car. I wonder who or what kind of people bought this car. When was his car seen more often? Where was this model more often found? This looks more like a luxury car, so why would some be able to afford it, and if they did how would they afford it? | “A huge red transport truck stood in front of the little roadside restaurant."
18: In this picture I can see a family with great poverty. The first thing I noticed was their make-shift tent. Also in this picture you can see how depressed everyone is. You can also tell how poor they are by their cloths. There could be many reason this image was made. It could have been to portray the great depression. It could have been made to simply show the history of the event. In the image everyone is just sitting around with nothing to do. I think that this picture was made towards the end of the depression judging by the way they look. I believe the audience was intended for future lookers. From examining this image I can get an example of how a family might have lived during the dustbowl. If a similar picture was made today to show poverty some things would be the same such as living conditions. I think it would be different, because the picture might not have been taken in America because we are always trying to help other countries. In this picture there is a group of people perhaps a family. Some things in the picture consist of: a make-shift tent a rocking chair boxes and a group of people. This picture was taken in 1937. These people were most likely kicked out of their homes and had no other choice but to live outside.
19: “Lange, Dorothea. Poverty. 1937. Friday, December 03, 2010. A little Reality. January 23, 2011. “ | "The small unpainted house was mashed at on corner, and it had been pushed of its foundations so that it slumped at an angle, its blind front windows pointing at a spot of sky well above the horizon." - The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinback
21: "Ohio Memory, a Product of the Ohio Historical Society and the State Library of Ohio | View Images." Ohio Memory. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
22: This journal seems to have been through a lot. The pages are worn down so much you can barely read the writing. I can see that this journal belonged to Charles Nelson Gaylord. He wrote about his travels and adventures. He worked at Monroe Falls Paper Mill. This journal was from 1899. He also discusses his daily activities. The journal itself is hard to read due to the years.I wonder what all he did in those days. I also wonder if he wrote anymore before or after this one, if not why just one?
23: "Ohio Memory, a Product of the Ohio Historical Society and the State Library of Ohio | View Images." Ohio Memory. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
24: This document is about a group of children in a nursery school in Philadelphia. The children made up a game where they would take all their toy furniture and move it to a corner of the room and then move it to another corner, pretending they were moving to a different house. One child told the teacher they don’t have enough money for rent and had to move. The first thing I noticed on the page was a picture of a boy who looks like he is in the back of a vehicle with a bunch of furniture and other item packed in. The purpose of this document was to show a child’s perspective on the great depression. This is one of the most interesting documents describing the great depression, because it gives a real first person like feel on the situation. This document was created by Russell Freedman. I believe the author intended this to be for everyone and anyone. You can learn a lot about this document because it gives a very accurate scenario on how the great depression was thought about by children. I think if this document was written today it would be very similar because, it is a first person story. They were a group of kids and their teacher. They took toy furniture from corner to corner. This was during the great depression. It was in Philadelphia. They were in a nursery school. The children did this because this is what they saw their own parent and others doing. They just mimicked their parents.
25: Freedman, Russell. “Children of the Great Depression” “Challenging the Bookworm Blog. Clarion books, 05 Aug. 2005. Web. 23 jan. 2011. | "In the yard was littered, piled furniture, the blades and motor of the windmill, bedsteads, chairs, tables."
26: this piece was givin to me when we stopped at are first station. | “The sign on the cards, picked out with shinning mica: Pies like mother used to make. Credit makes enemies, let’s be friends. Ladies may smoke but be careful where you lay your butts. Eat here and keep your wife as a pet. Ittywybad? “ | Grambs, Blanche. "A Depression Art Gallery ."Modern American poetry. Modern American Poetry, n.d. Web. 17 Jan 2011.
27: I see a man sitting on floor he looks like he is crying. I see a man, a column, and a bench. Setting would be at his house. I don’t see any words or symbols of any kind. -I think this was made to show the terrors of the great depression. It looks like the man just received mews that he has to leave and he is crying about it. It is made in 1935. The audience is probably the viewers who saw this piece of art. They probably used pencil for this. I learned that life in the depression era is really hard. The thing that would be different is probably the technique use for this. The thing that would be the same is the pencil.
28: On the cover I notice the song is called In the Cradle Nest and the font of the letters looks dark and creepy. I also see a mother sitting beside a cradle, and the creators of the words and the music. You can also tell right away that this Is a lullaby. Lullabies are songs sung to children to help them sleep. I think this song was composed by Clark W. Evans. I believe this song was intended to be song by parents. If someone was to make this song today the lyrics would most likely change a bit and so would the title because not many people use cradles today but I think that this song is still common today Who- This song is made for parents. What- it is a lullaby when-mid 1930’s but this song is still sung today. Where- this song can be sang anywhere. It is most common to be sung in a Childs bedroom. Why- this song is intended to help your children sleep. How- music/singing is used to relax. So this is a song used my parents to relax their children so they could sleep.
29: “Evans, Clark W. In the Cradle Nest. Cooper, George. 1924. Music #170-historic American sheet music. Spear & Denhoff. January 13, 2011” | "The kitchen was empty of furniture, stove gone and the round stovepipe hole in the wall showing light." | My ma useta sing this to me to put my a sleepin.
30: "cph 3f05601." http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?wpapos:1:./temp/~ammem_Xs7o::displayType=1:m856sd=cph:m856sf=3f05601:@@@. Web. 18 Jan 2011.
31: I see a propaganda poster that is asking that every one save their extra food. The first thing I noticed was the barrel of vegetables; at first I thought it was a cup with some weird drink in it. It’s just a barrel of food as if it’s for those who don’t have enough. I think this poster was made for those who have surplus food on their hands. To make this they probably used cameras and or paint. It should have a person in the picture to add effect. If this poster was made today it would probably show a picture of someone, most likely a child, from a third world country eating a meal that they haven’t had all week. I wonder who the person was that came up with this idea; what their original idea was, and when it was made. I wonder where these posters were at, and why were they need during this time.
32: "They saw the tank legs now, and the house, a square little box unpainted and bare, and the barn, low-roofed and huddled." | "New Deal Network Photo Library." New Deal Network. Web. 04 Feb. 2011.
33: That “One Third of a Nation” This is a web document/survey. This article is about how a third of family’s homes are in bad condition the first thing I noticed is that there are a lot of statistics and charts representing the percentages on the conditions of houses. There are about sixty sections discussing housing. This article was written 70 years ago. The article looks like it could have been written just yesterday, because it was edited when put on the website. This writing was made to show how bad housing is and to attempt to do anything that can help out families with bad living conditions. This article was written by wood, Edith Elmer and published by survey associates, Inc. This document was intended to be read by anyone who can help such as the government or even wealthy people who would donate to the poor. You can learn a lot about housing during the great depression in this article. But if It was made today the percentages would be much lower.
34: Smith, John T. "Handee Tool from Chicago Wheel and Manufacturing Company Advertisement from January, 1937 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!" Welcome to Flickr - Photo Sharing. 22 Oct. 2009. Web. 18 Jan. 2011.
35: In this picture I can tell it is an advertisement for a tool. The first thing I noticed is a hand holding a tool. There are a lot of words in the advertisements the ones that are important are the title, and other large font words. Some things listed are that it has 1001 uses. Also they will give you a demonstration of the tool. This image was made to help promote a product. It was made for anyone who have a job that requires a tool similar to this one, the audience is more likely men. This advertisement was probably made in the late 30’s. Now a day an advertisement similar to this would be a commercial or maybe a newspaper for a smaller local business.
36: Milltown, N.J. March 25, 1935 My dearest President and Mrs Roosevelt; Just a few lines to let you know, I am in good health, whishing this letter will fined your all well. Mrs and Pres. Roosevelt, in the first place I must tell you my name, O.C. - 14 years old. I am writing to you Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt, to ask if I may ask one question, but I must first tell you my story. Well you see Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt, I was doctering for a while, with out my Mother and Dad knowing it, in fact they don't know it yet, & I owe Dr. Forney, $7.50. I haven't any idea how to earn this amount, I was doctering for an infected arm. Every time I went the Dr. charged me $1.50, & I went 5 times. Could you kindly please help me Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt. Please don't write to my parents about me owing this money. But if you will kindly help me I will greatly, & certainly appreciate it. If you help me Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt, send my note or your letter, to this address. O. C. Milltown Public School Milltown, N.J. I will certinally appreate your help. Let me tell you one more thing, Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt, this summer aunt Joan, is going to take me on a vacation down at West Virginia, & while were going, I'll stop in and visit you, and then you can see who I am. Hows that? Pres. and Mrs Roosevelt, could you please send this amount by April 5. I'd like to pay this out, before my parents receive a bill from the Docters office. O.K. Please. Sincerely, yours, O. C.
37: Reply to the letter: March 27, 1935 My dear O. C.: Mrs. Roosevelt asks me to acknowledge your letter and to express her regret that because of the great number of similar requests she receives, she has found it impossible to comply with them, much as she would like to assist all those who appeal to her. Assuring you of Mrs. Roosevelt's sympathy, I am Very sincerely yours, Secretary to Mrs. Roosevelt (M. A.) [A second letter from O.C. followed.]
38: Milltown, N.J. April 2, 1935 My dearest Mrs. and Pres. Roosevelt; I have received your loving note, which was singed by Mrs. Roosevelt's sect'y. I was very worried to see you were unable to help me out. Please Mrs. Roosevelt, please help me out, I owen Dr. Forney, $10.00 now. & I am not able to earn it, I only have five cents saved, please, please do, something, & I'll tell no one you send me some money. Some day I will help you. Right this minute I crying, because I can't earn it. I don't want my parents to find, please send me something before April 15. Please. Help me. Sincerely, O. C. Address. O. C. Milltown, Public School, Milltown, N. J. [Reply to the second letter is not available.]
39: I found this letter on a website. (http://newdeal.feri.org/eleanor/oc0335.htm) It wasn’t a picture of the original letter, it was typed. I notice first that it was written by a little girl and was directed at the president at the time and his wife. She was asking if they could send her some money to pay her doctor bill. The girl does not want her parents to know that she was going to the doctor. My guess is because they can’t afford it either and she didn’t want them getting mad or worried. She feared that if she couldn’t get the money soon that the bill would keep going up and she’d be in serious trouble. There was a reply from Mrs. Roosevelt’s secretary explaining that they can’t send the money due to so many requests. The girl replied begging that she wouldn’t tell anybody. There wasn’t a reply to that letter that we know of. I wonder if she ever got that bill paid. | "Dear Mrs. Roosevelt: The Letters." New Deal Network. Web. 31 Jan. 2011.
40: "A0541: Charles L. Davis." Duke University Libraries - Home. Web. 08 Feb. 2011.
41: The first thing I notice in on this poster is the man dead center of the page. I personally think he’s a bit funny looking, but has a sense of something great to come. I can read all of the text clearly. The brochure is about a comedian performing at the Windsor Theatre, on May 28. With as much color and text there is on this poster, I assume it was a big deal. I’m sure lots of people showed up. Although I’m not sure how many exactly and couldn’t even give you an estimate. Back in those days things like this probably happened quite often since there were no TVs or Game boys. I wonder if he was the Dane Cook of his time. Though I’m sure either way he could crack people up.
42: The first thing I notice is the girl sitting in the center of the page. The program has a quote from William Morris. Then has a following paragraph that talks about the clothes he makes. I wonder if he designed the outfits that the people wear in the plays. The Poster is pink. It’s also a little worn on the edges. The picture behind the girl looks like it has people on it in a field with goats or something. There are happy and sad clown faces around the edges. There are also instruments. At the bottom is the publishing company.
43: "A0539: The Grand Opera House Program." Duke University Libraries - Home. Web. 09 Feb. 2011.
44: "Houses were shut tight, and cloth wedged around doors and windows, but the dust came in so thinly that it could not be seen in the air, and it settled like pollen on the chairs and tables, on the dishes."
45: In this I see a yellowish piece of parchment. I notice that it is old. I can read a few of the words but the rest of the document is messy. It says” In the Afternoon we received the following telegram from Orvill, dated “that’s all I could read. It appears to be on a piece of parchment. The page is really big. I see a bunch of text not writing. I think this was made to express what he felt during that time. The person who created it was probably a man. Who was intended to read this was probably the same person who wrote it. They received a letter saying that they have to get out of their house. They used a pen and paper for this. That life was hard, and you have to challenge life. The one thing that would be different would be the material that was used. They would use pen still in today’s life. | "Ohio Memory Collection. (1903): 1. Print."
46: I notice the text at first. I can read a few words of this journal, like I asked the, generally ., and other words and phrases. The thing that looks unfamiliar is the text. It is arranged in the form of a Social workers report. It appears to be on a regular piece of paper. The size is large. To show how horrible the conditions were back in the dust bowl era. I think William Smallwood made this. I think the city was meant to read this. They used a typewriter for this. If it were created today it would be on computer instead. | "The men sat still - thinking - figuring."
47: Smallwood, William. "J.F.X. Walsh." Print.
48: N.Y.C. W.P.A. "Eat These Every Day." WPA. Web. 23 Jan. 2011.
49: I see a poster board that has every food group that one should eat every day. The first thing I noticed was the food in the blue oval. There is a bottle of milk; some vegetables, some fruit, a carton of eggs, a plate of meat, a wedge of cheese and some bread. Everything is placed around the milk. I see a list of what is in the picture; the words are instructions of how much of these items should be eaten by someone. It’s a poster attempting to get more people to eat healthily. I think this poster was made somewhere between 1941- 1943 when the great depression was coming to a close. The audience for this poster is the mid and lower class families, so that the countries people are more healthy. From this poster we can confirm that people seem to have poor diets back then too. If this poster were made today it would probably have a scientific chart to show how much children should eat and how much exercise they should get a day.
50: In this letter I see a young girl merely asking for sympathy from a richer person. The first thing I noticed was how the girl complements the first lady. I was able to read the entire letter and the reply she got from, not the first lady but her assistant. She talks about her will to finish school but lacking of funds and how her family was brought down with her father leaving. The strange thing is how her father disappeared after law school. Her wording goes from admiration to complaining and then to a slight form of begging. Her last paragraph ends with a form of begging and pleading, one of her quotes is “How honored I would feel to be wearing your clothes." This letter was made as a plea for help and support. The letter was signed with the initials M. I. Its intent was to ask the first lady for help during the tough times. This letter was probably written when the farmers had to sell their land and other little possessions. If someone wrote a letter like this today they would probably be writing to a homeless shelter or a charity organization. But it would explain in similar reasons that they disserve a donation from something or someone.
51: Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt. 1 Jan. 1936. Web. 20 Jan. 2011.
52: http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?wpapos:5:./temp/~ammem_7Fro:: | "A harmonica is easy to carry. Take it out of your hip pocket, knock it against your palm to shake out the dirt and pocket fuzz and bits of tobacco. Now it's ready. you can do anything with a harmonica: thin reedy single tone, or chords, or melody with rhythm chords."
53: On this poster, I notice two kids building something. Since the title is Sand Modeling I'm going to take a wild guess and say they're building a sand castle. It looks more like a house. The little girl is placing a flag on the top of the house. The flag looks like an American flag. It claims it's for younger children but in those days people of all ages would enjoy something to do. I wonder how many kids actually had time to do this. Was this just for wealthy families?
54: This letter is a letter about several schools that have not been able to attend school because they lack food, clothing and for some, both. The entire letter is readable and it is a letter that is asking the first lady to help children in need of food and clothing. There is a part that said that one group has helped her students already, and she asks for more support. First she explains that she is surprised that she is reading her letter. Next she explains what her job is and the why she needs help. She says that ”many children of my school would be unable to attend school had it not been for this organization” (Save the Children Fund). This writing was to thank and ask for more support for the children she supervises. It was written by someone with the initials C.B.S. The letter was intended to be read by the first lady. This letter was written around the peak of the great depression.
55: A.C.S. "Letter to the First Lady." Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt. 26 Jan. 1936. MS. Clinton, Tennesse. | "For clothes he wore overalls and a blue shirt."
56: Lange, Dorothea. Two Families, Fifteen People, from Chickasaw, Oklahoma, Camped by the Roadside near Santa Maria, California. Heading for the Pea Harvest but Stalled Because They Have No Money to Buy a Trailer's License. 1937. Photograph. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives, Santa Maria, California.
57: Here I see a family that have their old jalopy stretched out and covered in tarps to make a bed inside. I see a tent attached to the car with rope and held down with old tires. The jalopy seems like its barely being held together. I see a family around a pit stop fire maybe to make a meal. I think this was made to show the hardships and living conditions that people on the move had. I think this was made maybe when people were more often seen on the move from the dust bowl. I am guessing that this image is for the rich to see what working families had to go through. I can see that this was made with standard lenses and that the family are near some woods or forest, on the outside of someone’s property judging from the fence line. If this were made today the family might have a vehicle hauling a pop-up camper of a large weather proof tent, they would probably still be using a fire to cook their meals and stay warm. | "Al started the motor and backed the truck up to the gas pump"
58: I see a man and a women waving at a airplane going over head. I notice the message in the square. I see the message I pledge you-I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people. The thing that would be different would be that it would be in real life not a cartoon. I t looks to me like the man is getting left behind by the airplane. I think it was the dust bowl that happened at this time because the farmer doesn’t have a house or belongings. The audience is the American people, because many didn’t realize it was hard for farmers. It’s about The Great Depression. It looks like he didn’t like this issue.
59: "The Road To Pennsylvania Avenue ." The Road To Pennsylvania Avenue . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan 2011.
60: "The Great Depression." EyeWitness to History - History through the Eyes of Those Who Lived It. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
61: The great depression didn't effect 4o% of the country. Roles changed in the 1930's. Men became more reliable on women and children to help ends meet. It didn't affect many rich people though. the unemployment rate was close to 25%, never falling below 14.3% until 1941
62: I notice the weapons the people are using. It shows two people, an ax, and a sword in this picture. I see “If hover wants it were against it.”, I also see “If it’s Roosevelt’s idea it’s wrong.” The drawing is different. TH eweapons could be a symbol for something. I see the white house in the background. What happening was probably the election of that year. The audience was the people of the United States. Well in my eyes I think it was whether the new deal was a good decision or not. I think he was kind of in the middle of the two sides. He uses violence to catch the readers eye.
63: "Waiting for the New Deal ." FDR Cartoons. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb 2011.