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S: By Jordan Tehrani and Anthony Benavente

BC: In Memory of... | The Lost Souls of Rwanda

FC: Genocide in Rwanda | By Jordan Tehrani and Anthony Benavente | Approximately 1,000,000 died in the year 1994 in Rwanda. Open the book to reveal the horrors of what the hutu tribe unleashed upon the tutsi tribe. | Map of Rwanda

1: Table of Contents | Page 1: Table of Contents Page 2: Editorials Page 4 Non-fiction Articles Page 6 Quotable Quotes Page 7 Works Cited | A Rwandan family in a refugee camp.

2: A village in Rwanda. | Actual Editorial | Article Website: | Important Quote: "Even for a country with such a turbulent history as Rwanda, the scale and speed of the slaughter left the people reeling." | Key Facts: -The genocide started when the Rwandan president's airplane was shot down. -There has always been tension between the tribes in Rwanda. -Killing of Tutsis began hours after the president was killed. -Around 800,000 people were killed in 100 days. | Connections: This article connects to Night because it is explaining the roots of the genocide in Rwanda. In Night, there was genocide happening throughout the entire memoir. Rwanda is different however because of it started out of the desire for revenge rather than the hatred of a religion.

3: Rwandan Editorial | Editorial: | IMPORTANT QUOTE: "It is unfathomable to imagine the amount of death and suffering the country of Rwanda had endured." | Our editorial was emphasizing that the catastrophe in Rwanda could have been prevented and most likely will not happen again. We believe that communications in our era are far too advanced to allow such a tragic slaughter of one group of people. It connects to the book the same as the other editorial. Genocide was the main idea in both.

4: Article #1 Rwanda has been called 'a tropical Switzerland in the heart of Africa'. It's about a third the size of Belgium, who administered it from 1919 under a League of Nations mandate (by which it ceased to be part of German East Africa) until independence in 1962. Visitors think it's a beautiful country. ('Beautiful?' said one Rwandan. 'After the things that have happened here?') Most of the Rwandan population belong to the Hutu ethnic group, traditionally crop-growers. For many centuries Rwanda attracted Tutsis - traditionally herdsmen - from northern Africa. For 600 years the two groups shared the business of farming, essential for survival, between them. They have also shared their language, their culture, and their nationality. There have been many intermarriages. This article relates to Night because the situation in Rwanda was a genocide. In the book that we read in class, the main conflict was the Holocoust. The Holocaust was a genocide of all Jews in and around the country of Germany. However in Rwanda, it was just one tribe versus the other. The Tutsi's wiped out the Hutu's.

5: Article #2 INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR RWANDA To bring those accused of high-level crimes to justice – the planners, leaders and organizers of the genocide – the international community established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) based in Arusha, Tanzania. The ICTR oversaw the world’s first conviction of genocide when the judgment was announced for Jean-Paul Akayesu on September 2nd, 1998. Despite this and many other convictions, including a landmark case trying media leaders for their role in inciting genocide, the court has come under fire from the Rwandan government and others for its high cost, slow pace and physical distance from Rwanda. In June 2006, Human Rights Watch and the International Federation of Human Rights urged the ICTR to address war crimes and crimes against humanity alleged to have been committed by the Rwandan Patriotic Army during reprisals following the genocide. This suggestion has been vigorously countered by the government of Rwanda. This article relates to our Holocaust readings because it is about the trials held against the masterminds of the murders. The Holocaust did have its own trial where Nazi's were held on trial and then sentenced based on rank and participation in the Holocaust. Hitler (the leader of the Holocaust) however killed himself before he was captured. This article talks about the convictions and verdicts of Rwanda's Genocide contributors. | A young boy stares at the wreckage.

6: Quotable Quotes | "Today, everything is possible, even the crematoria..." (Night, 33). "Something was being burned there. A truck drew close and unloaded its hold: small children. Babies!" (Night, 32). "Without passion or haste, they shot their prisoners, who were forced to to approach the trench one by one and offer their necks. Infants were tossed into the air and used as targets for machine guns" (Night, 6) | These three quotes represent the theme because they each show the brutality and ruthlessness that the Germans showed. They showed mercy to no one, even children and babies were killed (as stated above). But its not just the killing, its also the methods. Gas, crematoriums, guns, many different methods were used to kill. These examples are similar to the genocide in Rwanda. The Hutu tribe would literally go to door to door looking for Tutsi members, and that is just a glimpse of the horrific event.The Holocaust and Rwandan genocide was the epitome of the theme, man's inhumanity to man. | These are a few skulls from the devastation in Rwanda.

7: Works Cited | "BBC NEWS | Africa | Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened." BBC News - Home. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. . "GENOCIDE - RWANDA." Peace Pledge Union. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. . "Preventing Genocide - Who Is at Risk? - Rwanda - Current Situation - The Legacies of Genocide." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. . Wiesel, Elie. Night. New York: Bantam, 1982. Print.

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