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FC: Reconstruction Plan | Jose Antunez Vienna Clark 11-1

1: Mr. President, I highly recommend having an organization like the Freedman’s Bureau. The Freedman’s Bureau in our country had helped “freedman” get back on their feet. We couldn’t possibly have this entire freedman running around starving and homeless. The Freedman’s Bureau helped the former slaves adjust to their freedom and analyzed labor contracts for them. Using something like this will keep a lot of African Americans off of the street, and they will have emergency housing provided to them.

2: 10% Plan was thought by Abraham Lincoln. There were 3 parts to this plan. 10% of Southern voters had to pledge allegiance to the union. 10% also had to pledge to obey the rules of emancipation. After the steps were completed, they would create their own State Government. Radical Reconstruction was when white Southerners felt they shouldn’t have the same rights as whites. Men used verbal and physical ways to put their point across. Presidential Reconstruction is when the president sought to restore rebel states to the union. He thought it as a restoration. He wanted to readmit the former Confederate States.

3: Mr. President, I recommend a plan that is similar to ours. It was called the Military Reconstruction Act. The Confederacy was divided into 5 different sections, each watched over by a general. Soon 6 states were readmitted into the Union. Using a plan like this will most likely help your rebels get readmitted into your country again. It will slowly help you build your nation up again.

4: I also recommend using something similar to our 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment. The 13th amendment abolished slavery, which was the main cause of both of our Civil Wars. Using this will of course upset many people, but after all, our North and your East won, so the opposing sides cannot choose. The 14th amendment granted full citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the U.S. Using something similar will give the country more population, and not only that it’ll make politics more interesting due to the 15th amendment which I also recommend. This let all males regardless of skin color and over 18 to vote.

5: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers- I encourage you to have people that we had southerners call “scalawags and carpetbaggers.” A carpetbagger was a Northerner who moved to the former enemy territory (the South, in your case, West). They either moved there for A. their own personal gain or B. to help out the cause. Of course you cannot stop people from doing what they want but try to encourage people to move down there so they can help the cause as much as possible. Try to limit the amount of greed in moving to the West. Scalawags were people who were Southerners who supported the Union cause. You want people like these. If you have Westerns that support the East’s cause, then you will have an easier time reconstructing your nation.

6: Impeachment of Andrew Johnson- Johnson tried kicking out the Senator. He was then indicted and was never charged with a crime. His main charge was that he broke the law by refusing to uphold the Tenure of Office Act. Andrew Johnson removed four commanders in the Southern military districts who supported Republicans. Mr. President, I would make sure that Congress had power.

7: Hiram Revels/ Charles Sumner/ Ulysses S. Grant- Revels was the first African American to be in the U.S. Senate. He was elected in Senate in 1870. He became a minister and worked as a church pastor and principle in an African school. Charles Sumner on the other hand was the Senator of Massachusetts. He was also a vocal critic. Charles expressed his distrust of the former Confederate and advocated greater rights for formerly enslaved people and harsh punishment for the South. Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the U.S. He also was a military commander during the Civil War and remained in command of the army for a while. Grant implemented the Congressional plans to reoccupy the South and hold new elections with black voters in 1867 during the Reconstruction.

8: Civil Rights Act of 1866/ Civil Rights Act of 1875- The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was passed by Congress. It allowed African Americans to own property and stated that they were to be treated equally in court. This also allowed citizenship to all persons born in the United States except Native Americans. Due to this last statement, it could either be a good or bad thing. This Act gave federal government power to sue people who violated these rights. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 sought to guarantee freedom. It used inns and public places regardless of race. Federal Courts gave authority to all cases dealing with this specific Act. | “Redemption”- State governments were dominated by Republicans and they pressed for the granting of political rights to newly freed slaves. This was then they key for becoming full citizens. Mr. President, this was a good thing as you can see because redemption means like recovery and to be recovered is a good thing. It’s like getting a second chance.

9: Compromise of 1877- It reportedly included a promise by the Republicans to pull federal troops out of the South. This Compromise ended Radical Reconstruction and settled the dispute of the Presidential Election of 1876. This also was the outcome of the election. | Mr. President, The Port Royal Experiment should definitely be looked upon, and considered. If you have a scenario like this, embrace it. With African Americans left with a ton of land, this is a good opportunity economically because this will keep people off the street, and will begin to provide housing for all of the African Americans.

10: KKK- I highly recommend avoiding if not, try to take out and group called the KKK. They were a group that used terrorism to get political power basically. They supported democrats and highly despised the Republicans. They would kill people who supported them or was one of them. This is one of the biggest groups that spread after the Civil War. | The Colfax Massacre- The vote for governor of Louisiana was debated for a while. White military men were armed and were overpowering African American freed slaves and black military. They killed all freed slaves.

11: Black Codes/Sharecropping/Tenant Farming- I suggest avoiding anything that can be similar or compared to a problem we had during our civil war. These things were called black codes, sharecropping, and tenant farming. All of them all had a similarity to slavery, and that’s what both of our civil wars were fought about it. Black codes forced African American children to take apprenticeship, and were allowed to be whipped and beat. Conditions were supposed to similar to slavery. Sharecropping allowed a person to live on some ones land as long as they worked on the fields and produced their crops. This was huge because of all the emancipated slaves, and this may be the same for your country. Tenant farming was when an owner rented out their land. This was basically like a job because they would get money from it. The Tenant just lived there but got nothing for it. Avoid these Mr. President. If these were allowed then, that would defeat the purpose of the Civil War and fight over slavery.

12: Sherman’s General Field Order 15 should be look at as well. This will give you control over the defeated territory. Having a general placed in each section of the defeated territories, this will give more order and will help Recontsruction to place.

13: Panic of 1873- Mr. President, I would stay away from this because it was a wave fear and international economic depression. This spread through the nations financial community. It also prompted scores of smaller banks to close and the stock market to plummet. Businesses shut down and tens of thousands Americans were thrown out of work. | U.S. v Cruikshank- The Supreme Court ruled that the states could persecute people in the KKK in 1876. This was all but the federal government. Crimes against black people went unpunished. The Supreme Court in 1873 ruled that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 ended Radical Reconstruction.

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