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S: Italy March 2011

FC: Italy | March 2011

1: Italy Rome, Vatican City, and Island of Capri March, 2011

3: The Coliseum Rome's greatest amphitheater opened in AD 80. Deadly gladiatorial and wild animal fights were staged free of charge by the emperor and wealthy citizens for public viewing. The Coliseum, a building with great beauty, was built with a practical design, with its 80 arched entrances allowing easy access to 55,000 spectators. Some of the outer stone walls were plundered from the facade in the Renaissance and were used to build several other places, bridges, and part of St. Peter's Square.

4: Arch of Constantine This arch was dedicated in AD 315 to celebrate the victory three years earlier of the first Christian emperor, Constantine, over his rival emperor, Maxentius. Constantine claimed he owed his victory to a vision of Christ, but there is nothing Christian about the arch.

6: Dancing and exercising in the streets of Rome. Then ... you have the foreign photographers who just cannot resist an opportunity to take a photo!

8: Trevi Fountain Built in 1762, the central figure is Neptune, flanked by two Tritons. One struggles to master a very unruly "sea horse," the other leads a far more docile animal. These symbolize the two contrasting moods of the sea. The site originally marked the terminal of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct, built in 19 BC.

9: Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano (Church Holy Name of Mary at Trajan's Forum) Created in 1737 by order of the Confraternity of the St Name of Mary. The Confraternity, instituted as a thanksgiving for the victory over Turks at Vienna in 1683.

10: Victor Emmanuel Monument The construction of this monument began in 1885, and was completed in 1911, in honor of Victor Emmanuel II of Savory, the first king of a unified Italy. Built in austere white Brescian marble, it will never mellow into the ocher tones of surrounding buildings.

11: Bus transportation from airport to downtown | Cable car | Motor scooters

12: The Spanish Steps Designed in 1723 for King Louis XV, Piazza di Spagna is the most famous square in Rome. In the 17th century, Spain's ambassador to the Holy Seehad had his headquarters on the square, and the area around it was deemed Spanish territory. The Fontana della Barcaccia is located at the foot of the steps.

13: Trinita dei Monti Founded by the French in 1495, and although it was later badly damaged, there are still traces of attractive late Gothic latticework in the vaults of the transept.

14: Atop the Spanish Steps is a popular place to sit, write, and take photos, as well as a meeting place for artists and their models.

15: Via Condotti Viewed from Trinita dei Monti, and named after the conduits that carried water to the Baths of Agrippa near the Pantheon, now home to the most traditional of Rome's designer clothes shops.

16: Rome Marathon March 20, 2011 16,188 runners in the 42K (26.2 miles) marathon and 85,000 in the 4K run from 84 different countries. Italy's largest marathon both started and finished in front of the Coliseum.

18: Selling and relaxing along the Marathon route.

19: Rome can delight the most demanding gourmet and satisfy the keenest appetite, whatever the hour.

20: The Vatican | Swiss guards protect the Vatican. The Vatican is the world's smallest nation, covering just 120 acres. This tiny city-state is home to the Pope, the world's greatest museum, the largest church, and the most astounding work of art ever created - Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling.

21: Twin fountains give life to the splendid monumental plaza of St. Peter's. The first fountain was designed in 1614; the other later built to match.

23: St. Peter's Square On Sundays and religious occasions, the Pope blesses the crowds from his balcony above the square.

24: St. Peter's Basilica St. Peter's Basilica is where Saint Peter, the chief apostle, was buried in AD 64. In the middle of the 15th century, the basilica was falling into ruin and Pope Nicolas V ordered the restoration and enlargement of the church.

25: In 1506 pope Julius II laid the first stone of a new basilica, which was to become the largest in the world. Michelangelo designed the imposing dome and altered some of the original plans, but died in 1624, two years before the St. Peter's Basilica was dedicated by pope Urban VIII. Ever since, this church has been the center of Christianity, drawing pilgrims from all over the world.

26: St. Peter's Basilica is the largest church in the world. and can host 20,000 people. It is 190 meters long and the isles are 58 meters wide. The interiors, characterized by huge mosaics, are some of the most famous art works from all over the world.

27: Crepuscular rays are regularly seen in St. Peter's Basilica at certain times each day.

28: The Crypt | Many of the medieval basilica's monuments are housed in the basement of the basilica. The crypt contains architectural fragments from earlier churches on the site and the tombs of many popes, including the tomb of John Paul I.

29: Sites along the roadside. The upper three photos are the old wall around the city. The photo to the right show rows of crypts.

30: Traveling to Naples

31: Castel Nuovo in Naples, was built in the 14th Century. The Certosa di San Marino, shown in the background, was built in 1368 as a monastery; however, today it is a popular museum.

32: Laundry hanging to dry on the balconies in Naples.

33: The Island of Capri Capri is four square miles of rock in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, on the southern tip of the Bay of Naples. One of the most charming and famous islands, known for its wonderful natural beauty, deep-rooted history, mild climate and bright landscape, the island of Capri is a favorite destination for many. The island was first Greek and later Roman. When Caesar Augustus visited it in 29 BC, he was the first to build a villa on the island. Tiberius, his successor, lived on the island from AD 27 to 37.

34: Capri Marina Grande The charming seaside Port of Marina Grande is encompassed by two narrow arms that border the picturesque town of Capri lying to the North of the Island of Capri and facing the Gulf of Naples.

35: Capri is in the Bay of Naples, south of the city of Naples and near the tip of the Amalfi Peninsula, in the Campania region of Southern Italy.

36: The Island of Capri is charming partially because vehicle traffic is very limited. Most roads on Capri are only suitable for foot traffic. Walking is the primary mode of transportation. The narrow streets present a photo opportunity around every corner. The buildings, colored with the bright pastels, seem to flow into one another as they frame the streets they surround.

37: Fresh fruit are for sale at local street vendors. | Death notices (above) are posted in the town square to notify the town's people. Anacapri merchants sell products made in Capri (right).

38: Streets of Anacapri | Lunch in Anacapri

40: Via Krupp The road is cut into the rock, and moves at a constant slope. It was built in 1902 and starts near the Gardens of Augustus. The idea of Fredrich Alfred Krupp, a German steel industrialist who purchased the Fondo Certosa, the Via Krupp demonstrates that even a road can be a work of art.

41: Views from the Gardens of Augustus overlooking the Via Krupp with a mansion on a distant cliff.

43: Faraglioni Rocks rise from the blue water of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

44: Faraglioni Rock Three rocky stacks rising from the azure Tyrrhenian Sea are known as the Faraglioni. They are sculpted by the wind and sea, and home to rare plants and wildlife. "Stella," the stack that is still connected to the mainland, is known for its spectacular fans of spray from waves on choppy days. Fraglione di Messo is the stack in the middle and Scopolo stands farthest from land.

47: Monte Solaro At 1930 feet, it is the highest point on the island The rocky formation is volcanic in origin and an extension of the Sorrentine peninsula. The spectacular views from the top are far too much to capture in a photo. A 360- degree view of Capri shows Naples across the bay to the north, Sorrento rising from the bay to the northeast and an uninterrupted stretch of blue horizon and emerald sea to the south. The chair lift takes riders from the center of Anacapri to the stunning vistas at the top of Monte Solaro.

48: More views from Monte Solaro and the chair lift.

51: Mt. Vesuvius with Naples in the foreground.

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  • By: Carol K.
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