FC: Ancient World History | By: Laura Crane, Cheyenne Boles, and Kati Rudin.
1: Neolithic Revolution Greece Rome India China Egypt Mesopotamia | 2-3 4-6 7-9 10-12 13-15 16-18 19-21
2: The early people switched from being hunter gathers to domesticating animals and growing their own crops. They began to build tools to help with farming, raised bigger families, and had real houses. | Neolithic Revolution
3: These characteristics are what civilizations to come would build off. | Cilvilization was starting to form. The early people were creating governments, religions, a way of writing, and art. This lead to the beginnings of a social structure.
4: Greece: Organization of city-states | Polis gathering places were on top of hills in fortified areas called Acropolises. Acropolises were places that had buildings and were religious refuges. Acropolises had areas underneath called Agoras. Agoras were open areas that served as a place for people to assemble markets. | Greek City-states were usually on top of acropolises and included Agoras for stores and shops and buildings used for worship.
5: Greece: Drama and Writing | Plays were presented in outdoor theaters as part of religious festivals. First Greek dramas were tragedies which were presented in trilogies. | Only men were in Greek plays | The Greeks were the first people to present history as a systematic analysis of the past events
6: Greek: Economy and Society | Largely based on farming and trade, Greeks grew grains, vegetables, and fruit for local use. | Grapes and olive trees were cultivated for wine and olive oil for local use and exportation. | Greeks raised Goats and Sheep for wool, milk, meat, and dairy products.
7: ROME | The early Romans divided their social structure into two groups. The first was the Patricians, they were the wealthy. Then there was the Plebeians which consisted of farmers, crafts people, and merchants. | The Etruscans and the Greeks influenced the Romans allot. The Etruscans passed on the way they dressed and the Greeks their alphabet, sculpting, and literature.
8: Consuls: 2 elected for one year, ran government and army Praetor: 2 elected, in charge of civil law and judge cases. Roman Senate: 300 chosen for life, advised government and made laws. Assemblies: 1 for wealthy and 1 for not as wealthy, passed laws and elected chief officials.
9: Fall of the Republic: Every one was unrest and civil wars were raging. Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Cesar created the First Triumulate. This soon fell with the deaths off them all. The Second Triumulrate was Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus. Antony comitted suicide and Lepidus was out of the picture so Octavian was ruler over the new Empire of Rome. | Christianity: Tolerant for religions except for Christianity because they feared they would revolt from the teachings of Jesus. They pursecuted the Christians until Theodosius made it the offical religion of Rome. | Fall of the Empire: Diocletian and Constantine tried to keep the empire on track but the inflation, hired military, and plague weakened the empire and Germatic tribes came in and the end of Rome was here. | Theodosius the Great | Julius Ceasar
10: Ancient India | The ancient civilizations of India first emerged in river valleys. The most famous river valley is the Indus River Valley. Around 2000 BC, a group of nomadic peoples called the Aryans came. They lead to changes like the introduction of iron, and the first written language of India, Sanskrit.
11: The social classes of ancient India were divided into caste systems which everyone was born into depending on occupation and family lineage. | The 2 main religions during this time were Hinduism and Buddhism. In Hinduism, followers believed in 1 ultimate god, Brahman. In the 6th century, Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama. Followers were taught the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path.
12: There were 3 new empires in India: the Mauryan, the Kushan, and theGupta. The Kushans and Guptas were both able to flourish because of the trade they did. The Mauryans established their empire after Alexander the Great retreated and were ruled under Asoka’s power. | Ancient India’s accomplishments included literature, architecture, and math. In literature, they had the poems Mahabharata and Ramayana. In architecture, they built pillars, stupas, and rock chambers. They were among the first to use algebra.
13: Ancient China | In 1045 BCE, the Zhou territory revolted against the Shang King resulting in the birth of the Zhou Dynasty. The king of this dynasty claimed to rule by the Mandate of Heaven, meaning he was seen as the connection between Heaven and Earth. | The king of the Zhou Dynasty
14: The trading and agricultural advancement the Zhou Dynasty made kept them prosperous and the population increased. The concept of filial piety was a big part of daily life. Filial piety meant that each member of the family subordinated their own needs and desired for the head of the household. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism emerged from 500 to 200 BCE. | A woman serving the head of the household.
15: The Zhou dynasty was doing well up until 403 BC when the Period of the Warring States began and the Zhou dynasty lost to the Qin, who then took over and established the Qin dynasty. The 1st emperor was Qin Shihuanadi who ordered the Great Wall of China to be built in order to protect his people. In 207 BCE, the Haz Dynasty came to power. Liu Bang, the 1st ruler, began using Confucianism ideals and started appointing government officials based on merit, not status. | Qin Shihuanadi
16: Egypt: Philip II and Alexander the Great | Phillip II | Alexander the Great | Philip II came to the throne in 359 B.C. He built a powerful army and turned Macedonia into the chief power of the Egyptian world. But before Philip could undertake his invasion on Asia, he was assassinated. | Philip's son, Alexander (the great) moved quickly to fulfill his father's throne. He took his father's place and took revenge upon the Persian Empire. Once that was done, Alexander went on many conquests under his father's influence, then died at the age of 32 from wounds, fever, and what we call alcohol poisoning today.
19: Civilization: Located in the middle of the Tigris and Euphrates, farmers created irrigation systems to grow crops regularly. With the abundance of food, people began living together in one place. This created the civilization in Mesopotamia call Sumer. | Ancient Mesopotamia
20: Government: The king held great power and the army and priests helped him rule. They believed it was his divine right to rule. | Religion: Sumerians were polytheistic and believed that their gods could do anything in the universe including controlling weather. They would worship their gods in temples built on a ziggurat in their cities. Tey also believed the gods had power over their cities.
21: Economy: They mainly depended on farming but trading became an important aspect of life as well. They would trade dried fish, wool, and metal goods for copper, tin, and lumber. Writing: Sumerians had a system of writing call cuneiform. Technology: They invented different tools, the wagon wheel, the sundial, and the number system based on 60. This is what our clock today are based on.