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FC: Ancient World History

1: Neolithic Revolution Ancient Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt Ancient India Ancient China Ancient Greece Ancient Rome

2: The Neolithic Revolution changed the hunter-gatherer society to an agrarian society. Animals were domesticated, and gender roles also changed. Women now stayed and worked around the home, and men farmed or worked away from home. | Example of animals that later became domesticated.

3: New technology also developed. Many tools were made to help with farming. A major use of bronze led to the Bronze Age. Later, the use of iron tools and weapons became common, and this was known at the Iron Age. Civilization also emerged. the major characteristics of civilization were: cities, government, religion, social structure, writing, and art. | Bronze tools | Farming during the revolution

4: Ancient Mesopotamia | Civilizations were polytheistic, they had over 3000 gods/goddesses. they created cuneiform(a wedge shaped writing), wagon wheel, potters wheel, sundial, arch, and devised a number system based on 60. They were patriarchal, which meant that men dominated society. | Cuneiform | Ancient wagon wheel

5: Sumerians were overran by Akkadians. The Akkadians then went on to create the first empire. Their ruler, Hammurabi, was very strict. He enforced Hammurabi's Code, a strict set of rules. Abraham was the leader of the Israelites, and they formed monotheism- absolute belief in on god, Yahweh. | Hammurabi

6: The Egyptians lived along the Nile River. The Nile provided them with fertile land, and frequently flooded. The Egyptian Pharaoh was believed to have control of the Nile River, and had the power to make it flood. | Ancient Egypt | Nile River

7: Egyptians were polytheistic, which means they believed in many gods. They created the first dynasty, which is a family of rulers where the right to rule is passed on in the family. Egyptians also created the writing style of “hieroglyphics,” which was a formal writing system that contained a combination of logographic and alphabetic elements. | Egyptian ruler | Hieroglyphics

8: Ancient India developed in the Indus River Valley, and sanskrit was their language. The primary feature of India was the monsoon. Two of their main religions were Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism developed yoga, and believed that dharma ruled karma. Buddhism was about achieving nirvana. | Ancient India | Hinduism believer doing yoga | Sanskrit

9: Aryans migrated into India and took control. They also introduced iron. The Mauryan Empire was founded by Candragupta Maurya and he ruled from 324-301 B.C. Ashoka is considered the greatest ruler of India. | Ashoka | An example of iron tools introduced by Aryans

10: Chinese | One of China’s major rivers, the Huang He, or “Yellow River,” stretches across China. Priests believed that they could talk to the gods by using oracle bones, and they asked the gods questions like if they would win a war or if an illness would get better. | Yellow River | Oracle bones

11: Shang Dynasty (1750-1025 BC) Under this dynasty China was primarily a farming society ruled by an aristocracy whose major concern was war. An aristocracy is an upper-class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed down through generations. | Zhou Dynasty (1045-256 BC) The Zhou Dynasty is the longest-lasting dynasty in Chinese history. The Zhou Dynasty claimed it ruled China because it had the “Mandate of Heaven” saying the ruler had a link to Heaven. After about 800 years, the Zhou Dynasty collapsed. | The Qin Dynasty Qin Shihuangdi took the throne at 13. Terracotta warriors were crafted so the emperor could take his army with him in the afterlife. | Terracotta warriors | Qin Shihuangdi | The Great Wall

12: Ancient Greece was very mountainous, causing many independent city-states(polis). There were 4 different forms of government: a monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy, and a direct democracy. The Minoans and Mycenaeans were early civilizations of Greece. Herodotus and Thucydides were great historians. | Ancient Greece | Socrates | Plato | Aristotle

13: Sophists were traveling teachers and some of the major ones were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. 3 battles between the Greeks and the Persians made up the Persian wars, and the Greeks won. Athens and Sparta later on fought the Peloponnesian war, which the Spartans won. Alexander the Great was a great leader and conquered many places. The Hellenistic Era was a time when Greek ideas and culture spread. Epicureanism and Stoicism were popular philosophies. | Alexander the Great | Persian War

14: In ancient Rome, there was a big gap between the rich and the poor. This caused problems later down the road. The first triumvirate was Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. Later Caesar was assassinated by senators. The Rome Republic ended and the 2nd triumvirate took over. | Ancient Rome | Caesar's Assasination

15: Religion was heavily influenced by the Greeks. Christianity rose, causing prosecutions and dispute with the government. Finally, the Edict of Milan approved Christianity as a religion and then the Council of Nicea agreed on the Christian belief. | The 2nd triumvirate was Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus. The Roman Empire expanded over a vast area of land. The Pax Romana, the Roman Peace, was from 31 BCE to CE 180. Octavian became the first Emperor, Emperor Augustus. | Christian Prosecutions | Emperor Augustus

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