FC: Ancient World History Scrapbook
1: - Neolithic Revolution -Ancient Mesopotamia -Ancient Egypt -Ancient India -Ancient China -Ancient Greece -Ancient Rome
2: Neolithic Revolution | A comic strip to show the process of hunting and gathering | The Neolithic Revolution brought change to the society of hunting and gathering to an agrarian society.
3: The revolution lasted for many years. | This revolution led to the development of new technology and to the creation of civilization. | The began domestication which is the taking of a plant or animal and taming it to make it civilized.
4: Mesopotamia | Mesopotamia was located between the two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates in Southwest Asia. | This is the birthplace of several of the earliest known civilizations.
5: Around 3000 B.C., Sumerians engaged in wide-spread trade and built walled cities that had economic and political control over the countryside. This formed city-states. | The formed writing of Cuneiform
6: The Akkadians eventually overran the Sumerian city-states and created the first empire. City-states and rulers followed. Hammurabi was on of the rulers that is remembered for his strict code of law called Hammurabi's Code.
7: Egypt | Ancient Egypt was settled in a small area in what is currently still the country of Egypt. | The Sahara desert surrounds Egypt. The Sahara also helped to prevent invasion. | Ancient Egyptian civilization was settled in the fertile area around the Nile River. The Nile was good for trade, protection, and fertile land. | This is King Menes. He united Upper and Lower Egypt into one in 3150 BC.
8: Egypt | The rulers of Egypt were called Pharaohs. They were a representation of all Egyptian gods on Earth. | When Ancient Egyptians died, they were mummified. Mummification was a way to preserve the bodies of the deceased. | Pharaohs had sphinxs and pyramids built to make sure they were remembered. The pyramids were used as tombs and had tunnels underground to house the pharaoh's spirit in the after life.
9: Egypt | Ancient Egypt was polytheistic. The gods were said to be present in and control nature. The myths about the gods explained religious traditions, and facts of life. | Egyptian writing was called hieroglyphics. Some hieroglyphs represented letters, some represented full words, and some represented different sounds in words. | Egyptian history is separated into time sections by dynasties. The Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.
10: Ancient India | To the north were the Himalayas and to the west was the Indus River. India was full of mountain ranges and river valleys. There were also fertile coastal plains. About 2000 B.C, a group called the Aryans moved across the mountain ranges. They spread their political control through India. The continuous spread of migration resulted in a whole new culture. | Sanskrit First writing system of the Aryans, developed around 1000 B.C | Map of Ancient India.
11: Brahman | Indian civilization consisted of four social classes called Varnas. There were the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras. Brahmins were the priests and teachers. The sudras were the peasants and servants. The other two classes were mostly commoners. Indian family households usually contained 3 generations. | Buddhism They believed realistic surroundings around humans were simply illusions | They believed the existence of a single force in the universe; Brahman. They used the idea of reincarnation and karma. | Religions | Reincarnation- The rebirth of an individual's soul in a different form after death. Karma- The force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the after life.
12: Indian empires traveled on China's famous Silk Road for trading. | The Four Noble Truths & The Eightfold Path | The Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path are a set of laws and messages to the Indian society. Siddhartha, founder of Buddhism, would often preach messages based on The Four Noble Truths.
13: Ancient China | China consists of some of the world's oldest cultures. They were ruled by an aristocracy which was made up of the upper class. The king of Shang divided his realm into territories. He could choose each leader and had the power to get rid of them. Rulers of China were buried in royal tombs like Egyptian rulers. | Statues of soldiers that belonged to a royal ruler guarded the tombs of the leaders. Thousands were each individually made.
14: For communication with the gods, priests would use oracle bones. Sacrifices were also made to win the favors of the gods. Chinese communities believed you should treat your ancestors spirits well because they would bring you either good or bad fortune. | Questions would be sketched into these oracle bones for the gods to answer. | Mandate of Heaven They believed it was an impersonal law of nature that kept the universe in order through the power of the Zhou dynasty.
15: Confucius- Known as the first teacher. He traveled around China trying to persuade political leaders to follow his ideas, or Confucianism. | Pictographs are Chinese symbols for a word or phrase. | The Great Wall of China
16: The first Greek state was Mycenae. This is a reconstruction of the city. | Ancient Greece was made up of mainland Greece and 2000 small islands in the Mediterranean Sea. | G r e e c e | Greece was made up of many small city-states that had their own governments.
17: Two city-states, Sparta and Athens, fought in the Peloponnesian Wars. The wars lasted 431 BC to 403 BC. | The Greeks fought the Persians in the Persian Wars. The outnumbered Greeks beat out the Persians in the end. | G r e e c e
18: Greece held the first Olympic games in 776 BC. The Olympics were a chance for normal people to test their skills to fit the heroic ideal, and to honor their gods. | Out of the thousands of Greek gods and goddesses, there were on 12 involved in everyday life. These were the Olympian Gods. | G r e e c e | Homer wrote a series of epic poems called the Odyssey. The Odyssey and The Iliad were epic poems that told of heroes and myths about Greek gods.
19: The Roman Republic fell and the Roman Empire started in 27 BC. The Empire covered a land area about the size of the present day United States. | Patricians were the wealthy landowners of Ancient Rome. Plebeians were the small farmers, merchants, and craftspeople. | Rome
20: Between 264 BC and 164 BC, the Romans fought the Carthaginians in the Punic Wars.The Carthaginians were unhappy about the Roman's expansion. The Romans were victorious. | This is Emperor Constantine. He felt that the capital of the Roman empire needed to be moved east for Rome to benefit. He rebuilt Byzantium as Constantinople. | Rome
21: When Rome was first established, they adopted many religious practices from the Greeks. The Romans used Greek gods as models for their gods, but gave them more Roman names. | In 6 BC, Jesus was born. He was born a Jew, but he did not preach Jewish religion. His teachings turned into Christianity. St. Paul helped to spread the religion. | Rome