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FC: Plant Scavenger Hunt

1: Plant Scavenger Hunt | Erica Lieser Mrs. Mullins Periods 7,8,9

2: 1. Poisonous Plants in Ohio | Poison Ivy= Toxicodendron Radicans | Poison Oak= Toxicodendron Diversilobum | Poison Sumac= Toxicodendron Vernix | These plants are native to North America. Every part of these plants can cause painful skin irritation if touched. Poison Ivy and Oak exist and travel more in a vine state while poison sumac exists in a shrub or bush form and is often in more wet areas. Ivy is the darker plant with a red tint while oak and sumac obtain a more green color. They all can be found on the edges of woods as long as there is rich soil and partial sunlight. Poison ivy and oak usually have 3-7 leaflets while poison sumac usually has between 7and 13 leaflets on each stem. | Hilty, John. (2011). Poison Sumac. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: | http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/trees/plants/poison_sumac.html | Armstrong, W. P. (2011). Poison Oak. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: http://waynesword.palomar.edu/ww0802.htm#introduction | Mason, Jim. (2007). Poison Ivy. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: http://www.gpnc.org/poison.htm

3: 2. Gymnosperm-Male Gametophyte | The Origin of this plan is South Africa, found in temperate and subtropical regions. It needs full sun and excellent drainage but does not require much water. | Encephalartos Horridus Eastern Cape Blue Cycad | LE Roux, Lou-Nita. (2003). Encephalartos Horridus. Retrieved October 22,2011, from:http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantefg/encephhorrid.htm

4: 3. Gymnosperm-Female Gametophyte | Eastern White Pine Pinus Strobus | This plant is from northern North America. It has a rapid growth rate in full sunned areas with well drained, moist, and acidic soil.It doesn't tolerate much shade and can survive in a variety of climates. | Rook, Earl J. (2006). Pinus Strobus. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: http://www.rook.org/earl/bwca/nature/trees/pinusstrob.html

5: 4. Angiosperm-Perfect Flower | Scheper, Jack. (2003). Passiflora incarnata. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from: http://www.floridata.com/ref/p/passiflo.cfm | Passion Flower Passiflora Incarnata | This plant is Native to the southeastern United States. It is tolerant of hot and cold temperatures but will die when frost appears. It grows best when soil is moist and well drained. It also requires partial to full sun. | This is a perfect flower because it has both a stamen and a pistil.

6: 5. Angiosperm-Complete Flower | Dog Rose Rosa Canina | This plant is from Europe, northwestern Africa and western Asia. They can grow in thick clay soil or light sandy soil. They can grow on roadsides, in hedges, and in woods. They do not require direct sunlight, they can grow in semi shaded areas. This is a complete flower with a pistil, stamen,petals and sepals. | Viatour, Luc. (2002). Dog Rose (Rosa canina). Retrieved October 13, 2011, from: http://hedgerowmobile.com/dogrose.html

7: 6. Dioecious Plant | Brand, Mark H. (2006). Ilex Opaca. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from: http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/i/ileopa/ileopa1.html | American Holly Tree Ilex Opaca | A dioecious plant produces female cones on one plant and male cones on another plant. A monoecious plant produces both male and female cones on the same plant. This dioecious plant native to the eastern and southern United States. prefers growing conditions with moist, acidic, and well drained soil. It grows best in full sun to light shade.

8: 7. Endosperm | Corn: Zea Mays | Corn originated in Mexico when Columbus found it. This plant has shallow roots. Droughts and high winds are a danger to this plant. It cannot grow in the shade and requires well drained, acidic or neutral soil. It needs a regular amount of water. Its seeds contain endosperm | Saurer, J. D. (1993). Zea Mays. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: | http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/plants/poaceae/zea_mays.htm

9: 8. Plant That Shows Symbiosis With Mycorrhizal Fungi | Mycorrhizae is a fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with plants. Mycorrhizal fungi live in and around the roots of plants. In exchange for sugars and simple carbohydrates, the mycorrhizal fungi absorb and pass on minerals and moisture required for the plant's growth. | Dogwood Tree Cornus | Chittendon, F. (2000). Cornus sanguinea. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Cornus+sanguinea | This plant is native to the eastern United states, Europe and Asia. This short tree is found in thickets and shaded woods. It is also cold tolerant. It needs a low amount of water, prefers acidic soil and can survive in all shade environments. | Tekavcic, Jeff. (2010). Dogwoods. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: http://www.treehelp.com/trees/dogwood/mycorrhizae.asp

10: 9. Monocot | Kentucky Bluegrass Poa Pratensis | Crossley, Alan. (2007). Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis). Retrieved October 12, 2011, from: http://dnr.wi.gov/invasives/fact/bluegrass_kent.htm | This plants Origin is Europe, Asia and south Africa. It needs regular water especially in the summer in order not to dry out. It requires well drained, moist soil and direct sun. This grass is common for lawns and can grow in a variety of climates.

11: 10. Dicot (Eudicot) With Compound Leaf | Japanese Maple Acer Palmatum | Brand, Mark H. (2006). Acer Palmatum. Retrieved October 12, 2011, from: http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/a/acepal/acepal1.html | This plant comes from Japan, Korea, and China. It survives best in full sun or partial shade. It does not grow well in dry, hot environments. Ideally, this plant has moist, slightly acidic, well drained soil.

12: 11. Dicot (Eudicot) With Simple Leaf | Magnolia Tree Magnolia Grandiflora | This plant is native to southeastern United States. It's growth rate is slow but most efficient in well drained soil and access to full sun or partial shade. It can tolerate high moisture. The leaves of this plant are very coarse and leathery. | Evans, Erv. (2002). Trees-Magnolia Grandiflora. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/tree/magnolia_grandiflora.html

13: 12. Bryophyte | Natural Maple Green Moss | This plant is native to Russia and Antarctica. They grow best in humid environments with acidic soil. Moss grows slowly and can grow in complete shade. They get their nutrients from the air and it can survive cold and hot seasons. | Sunter, Angie. (2011). Care For Mosses. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from: http://www.thegardenhelper.com/mosscare.html

14: 13. Vascular Seedless Plant | Oak-Leaved Fern | This plant needs an average amount of water, and full to partial sun. It is native to India. This plant requires moist well drained soil that cannot tolerate too much water. | Uddin, Shaikh. (2011). DRYNARIA QUERCIFOLIA. Retrieved October 16 2011, from: http://www.mpbd.info/plants/drynaria-quercifolia.php

15: 14. Edible Leaf | Globe Artichoke Cynara Scolymus | Wetherbee, Kris. (2000). Growing Artichokes. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from: http://www.vegetablegardener.com/item/4796/how-to-grow-artichokes | The ideal growing conditions are cool and moist summers and mild winters. The plant cannot survive in climates that are very dry and hot. They need a lot of water to stay healthy. The plants grow best in moist, well drained soil. These plants are native to southern Europe around the Mediterranean. | Wanke, Steve. (2007). Gardener Tips-artichoke. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from: http://www.vegetablegardener.com/item/4796/how-to-grow-artichokes

16: 15. Edible Root | Chiplis, Jeff. (2011). History of Carrots. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: http://www.carrotmuseum.co.uk/history.html | This plant is native to Afghanistan. It grows best in light or sandy loam soil and should be watered regularly. They can withstand freezing temperatures, and do not need direct sun. | Carrot Daucus Carota | Masley, Steve. (2007). Growing Carrots. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: http://www.grow-it-organically.com/growing-carrots.html

17: 16. Edible Vegetable That is Not a Fruit | Broccoli Brassica Oleracea | Broccoli originated in Europe. This plant develops best in a cool climate with moist loose soil. It needs an average amount of water regularly and full sunlight but it can tolerate partial shade. This plant does not grow well in hot and dry climates. | http://usagardener.com/how_to_grow_vegetables/how_to_grow_broccoli.php | Grandner, Adam. (2010). Broccoli. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: | Shaw, David. (2001). Broccoli. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: http://theorganicvegetablegarden.com/broccoli/

18: 17. Edible Fruit | Starfruit Tree Averrhoa Carambola | Morton, Julia F. (2011). Carambola. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/carambola.html | This plant is native to India, Burma, and Indonesia. It is found in tropical to sub-tropical regions and it can survive in hot and dry climates. It needs an average amount of sunlight and water. It requires well drained soil but can thrive in a variety of soils.

19: 18. Fruit That is Specialized For Dispersal Other Than Digestion | Goodman, Richard A. (2005). Sugar Maple. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from: | This plant is native to northeastern North America. It grows well in full sun to partial shade with moist, well drained soil. It has simple leaves and effectively reproduces. | Sugar Maple Tree Acer Saccharum | http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/acer/saccharum.htm

20: 19. "Heterotrophic" Plant | American Pitcher Plant Sarracenia | These plants are native to the south-eastern coastal plains of the United States. Their typical habitat is on the coastal plain of North Carolina for example usually in a boggy, sunny, and grassy area. They grow best in full sunlight. They require a lot of water but can survive in many soils if they are well drained. The plant is considered heterotrophic because it cannot make its own food but obtains nutrients by consuming other insects or organisms that it captures. | Swarts, Steven M. (2011). Carnivorous Plants. Retrieved on October 22, 2011, from: http://mysite.verizon.net/elgecko1989/Sarracenia.html

21: 20. Parasitic Plant | Creeping Fig Ficus Pumila | This plant is Native to Eastern Asia. Its green leaved vines have spines to attach to the other plant. It requires partial to full sun but can also grow indoors. It grows fast in moist soil in a humid environment. This plant is a parasite because after it comes in contact with another plant, for example in this picture a Common Fig, its spines grab the plant and take from its nutrients. It thrives on this plant while the Common Fig is harmed. | Moore, Toni. (2005). Ficus pumila. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: | http://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Ficus_pumila.html

22: 21. Modified Leaf | Faucon, Philippe. (2005). Powder Puff Cactus. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from: | http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Cactaceae/Mammillaria_bocasana.html | Powderpuff Cactus Mammillaria Bocasana Multilanata | This plant is native to central Mexico. It grows rapidly, and needs regular to low amounts of water. It requires direct sun and rich soil. This modified leaf acts as a thorn. These thorns protect the plant from animal predators. The thin shape of the leaves provide a reduced surface area in which there is less transpiration in the leaves which helps the plant survive in very hot and dry environments by conserving their water.

23: 22. Invasive, Alien or Non-Native Ohio Plant | Northern Bush Honeysuckle Lonicera Japonica | This plant is native to eastern Asia including China, Japan, and Korea. These plants were introduced to the United States in the 1800s when settlers came back with them for ornamental purposes. They became a problem because they grow very fast and are considered a weed. They are difficult to tame and take over plants around them with vines. They are very adaptable to different soils and environments but do require full to partial sunlight. | Woodlum, Debra. (2009). SPECIES: Lonicera japonica. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/vine/lonjap/all.html

24: 23. Cork of a Deciduous Tree | Walters, Russell S. (2006). Red Maple. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from: | Red Maple Tree Acer Rubrum | This large deciduous tree is native to eastern North America. It prefers direct sun but is otherwise easily managed. It can survive in a variety of soils from wet to dry and does not require much water. | http://na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/acer/rubrum.htm

25: 24. Epiphyte | Pigeon Orchid Dendrobium Crumenatum | An epiphyte is a plant that grows on and is supported by another plant. It is a non parasitic relationship in which the epiphyte receives it's nutrients from the supporting plant. It grows best when mounted on wood. It requires medium amounts of water. It should be moist but not wet. | Borneo, Born. (2008). The Pigeon Orchid. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from: | http://allthingsborneo.blogspot.com/2008/02/pigeon-orchid.html

26: 25. Plant With a Medical Use | Baldwin, Randy. (2006). Aloe Cameronii. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: | http://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=3361 | This plant is native to Malawi Rhodesia. It does not require a lot of water because it is drought tolerant. The plant needs full sun and rich, well drained soil. The medical use of this plant is to use its sap on peoples skin to heal sun burn, insect bites or skin irritation. | Aloe Aloe Cameronii

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