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FC: Andrea Bergeson Principles of Design Binder Project December 2011

1: Table of Contents | 2. Space 3. Shape 4. Form 5. Mass 6. Line 7. Texture 8. Pattern 9 Rhythm 10. Light 11. Color 12. Symmetrical Balance 13. Asymmetrical Balance 14. Radial Balance 15. Emphasis 16. Scale/Proportion 17. Harmony | 1

2: Space is a limitless and enduring vast of nothingness, until perceived and defined by the human eye. It can be created by physical barriers, such as walls or staircases,or simply by elements like light. | Space in Architecture: This outdoor pool area illustrates the huge impact that a few ceilings, overhangs, stairways, and walkways have on characterizing and interpreting space. | Space in Interior Design: This space is completely defined by this majestic staircase. The orange carpet and trim against the wall, along with the dark railing break up the white walls, and take the eye on a journey upwards, creating a visual space. | Space in Fine Art: This piece of artwork is a simple example demonstrating the effect that light and dark can have on a space. Without the other, the one would be undefined. | Gospel: Romans 8: 38-39 "For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creatures, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord." Just as space is limitless and enduring, so is the love of God for his children. His love is defined by the fact that he sent his only begotten son, Jesus Christ to pay the price so that we can live with him again for eternity. | 2

3: A Shape is a two dimensional flat object that encloses some sort of space. Shapes with sharp angles or edges and straight lines appear rigid, defined and bold. Shapes that feature gentle curves and soft edges are more organic and natural. | Shape in Interior Design: This office is almost entirely made up of shapes. Squares and rectangles can be found in the window pains, tile floor, design of the table and chair, and even the green paint job. The straight lines give the room an institutionalized feel, but the colors help make it cute and playful. | Shape in Fine Art: This Aubrey Beardsley painting consists of curved, elongated shapes such as the main woman's peacock skirt, and flowing hair. As a result, the piece feels feminine, organic and luxurious. | Shape in Architecture: The Jewish Museum of Berlin is constructed of angular slits that see into the building. The straight, modern shapes give the building a harsh, cold feeling, which is just what the designer wanted for such a museum. | Gospel: Isaiah 64:8 "But now, O Lord, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand." As God's children, we come in many different shapes, sizes, and colors. We have different personalities, backgrounds and preferences, but the thing that ties us together is the fact that God is our master creator, and he glories in each of us individually. | 3

4: Form is a three dimensional geometric shape that has depth or movement. It is essentially a combination of all of the different parts that make up an object, and the feeling or ambiance that is created as a result. | Form in Fine Art: This Gustav Klimt painting boasts an organic, soft, continuous , curved form. It leaves the viewer feeling warm, comfortable and at ease. | Form in Interior Design: This window bench features a soft curved form that makes the room feel warm and inviting. The ambiance is very elegant, luxurious, and feminine. | Form in Architecture: The flowing gentle curves that form this unique structure make it feel cozy and welcoming. The form is very organic and natural. | Gospel: Genesis 1: 27 "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him, male and female created he them. Of all of God's creations, I believe the human body is the most miraculous. I am pregnant with my first child, and I am continually amazed at the fact that my body is capable of growing a new life. The continuous changes to the form and curves of my body are a beautiful reminder that God is good. | 4

5: Mass is the amount of matter an object has. There are two kinds of mass: actual density and optical density. Actual density is when an object is filled in, or solid. Optical density is when visually an object looks dense, but it is not solid. There are several things you can do as a designer to trick the eye into thinking objects have more or less mass than they really do. | Mass in Interior Design: The chairs in this room appear dense due to their high, curved backs, and absence of legs. The large pattern and texture of the wall also contributes to the heavy mass of the room. Visually, this room looks very dense, but in reality none of the objects are actually solid. | Mass in Architecture: These buildings are grouped tightly together to give the area an illusion of great mass. The designer knew that together they would appear powerful, dense, and solid. | Mass in Fine Art: The Venus De Milo is an Ancient Greek statue crafted from marble. Although it is completely solid, the light color, curved shape, and height of the statue make it appear less dense than it actually is. | Gospel: D&C 93:24 "And truth is knowledge of things as they are, and as they were, and as they are to come." It can be very difficult to discern truth. Just like some objects might appear to be solid, but in reality are not, sometimes things might appear to be good or true to us when they are just the opposite. The good news, is that our Heavenly Father has promised each of us the constant companionship of his holy spirit, as long as we live worthy. The spirit will enlighten our understanding, lead us to truth, and help us see things for what they really are. | 5

6: A Line is a simple connection between two or more points. Lines come in all sizes, including long, medium, and short. There are straight lines, angular lines, and curved lines. These different types of lines have the ability to influence the mood and ambiance of the environment they are found in. | Lines in Architecture: This outdoor area consists entirely of straight lines and 90 degree angles. As a result, it feels very rigid, masculine and austere. | Line in Interior Design: At first glance, this room feels very masculine and intimidating due to the straight elongated lines in the ceiling, walls and counter top bar. The round bar stools however, are a pleasant contrast that help to make the atmosphere pleasant and welcoming. | Lines in Fine Art: This Kandinsky oil painting is composed of a variety of lines. The straight, short lines give the piece a contemporary, energetic feel, while the curved lines offer a sense of graceful movement and softness. | Gospel: We lived with God before we came to this earth, and hopefully we will live with him again after this life for eternity. Our existence here on earth is like a tiny point on a line that goes on forever and ever. While our time here is so temporary, our decisions will bring eternal rewards or consequences. | 6

7: Texture is the appearance and distinguishing features of an object's exterior. It is the smoothness or roughness of a surface. Texture is perceived by two ways: physically touching an object, or visually sizing up and analyzing an object's surface. The results can often be somewhat surprising or different than you might have initially thought. | Texture in Architecture: The textured exterior of this building helps to create a casual, rustic and friendly mood. The rocks also give it a very natural, organic, earthy feel. | Texture in Interior Design: The rough stone wall behind the oven range and the natural wood grain of the cabinets and floors give this kitchen a homey, country, laid back feel. | Texture in Fine Art: Van Gough's Starry Night is a myriad of beautiful colors and rough textures, giving the painting a 3-dimensional, larger than life feel. | Gospel: When we first come into this world, we start out clean, pure, and unscathed. As we grow up, we gain experience, both good and bad. Mortality brings trials, sicknesses, adversity, sin and pain. We become weathered, or textured from these difficult experiences. The Lord has promised us that the afflictions we go through will be for our own good, and that they will help to improve and perfect us. | 7

8: A Pattern is a repetition or series of repetitions of a motif or an object. Patterns are pleasing to the eye, and comes in all different shapes and sizes. When mixing patterns together, it's important to make sure that the size, color, and styles of the coordinating patterns will foster harmony together. | Pattern in Interior Design: This room features several different patterns, each compatible in style and color to the others. The pattern on the drapes and rug are large in scale compared to the pattern of the pillows on the sofa. This hierarchy of use creates a pleasant, harmonious atmosphere. | Pattern in Architecture: The repetition of a larger than life rainbow color motif on these coordinating sky scrapers creates a happy, cheerful ambiance for viewers. The size and scale of the color bands are appropriate and scaled properly. | Pattern in Fine Art: This piece of art exemplifies repetition of shape and color. The repetition of rectangles, squares, and the simple, yet consistent primary color scheme fosters a feeling of peace and harmony. | Gospel: D&C 52:14 "I will give unto you a pattern in all things, that ye may not be deceived; for Satan is abroad in the land, and he goeth forth deceiving the nations." The Lord sets forth patterns for us, so that we can be happy. One of the patterns we are to follow to achieve eternal life is faith, repentance, baptism, receiving the Gift of the Holy Ghost, and enduring to the end. | 8

9: Rhythm is a beautiful flow of elements. It is organized movement that literally carries the eye on an exciting journey through a series of spaces, or through one room. Rhythm is often created in an interior space by patterns, repetition, or contrast. Rhythm brings about a sense of unity and peace. | Rhythm in Architecture: The unique shape of this building results in a type of rhythm called radiation. This gives the room a very palpable circular, sweeping, rhythmic movement. There is also transition, as the eye is led from one area of the building to the next in an effortless manner. | Rhythm in Interior Design: Repetition starts at the base of the room with the stools, sofas, and lamps and progresses upward with the repeating intricate window panes. In addition, a transition rhythm carefully leads the eye upward, and eventually out into the garden, masterfully connecting the two separate spaces. | Rhythm in Fine Art: This piece of art features beautiful stones that are pieced together in repetitive curved lines, creating a flow of rhythm and unity. | Gospel: The Gift of the Holy Ghost is one of the greatest gifts God has given us. He quickens our minds, enlightens our understanding, and leads us to truth and light. He brings movement, rhythm, and organization into our lives. The spirit can help us grasp concepts that are unfamiliar, and can lead us individually to our own promised land. | 9

10: Light allows the human eye to see. In many ways our existence depends on it. There are two kind of light: natural light and artificial light. Natural light comes from sunlight, moonlight, candles and fire. Artificial light is a man made light source. Both are very important and useful, and are used as tools for defining a space. | Light in Fine Art: The natural light of the sun hitting the Eiffel Tower on a cloudy, stormy day in this photograph gives it a romantic, vintage feel. It's almost as if we've stepped back in time. | Light in Architecture: The artificial lights shining on the body and steeples of the Washington D.C. Temple and the outdoor fountain give it an exalted, celestial ambiance. | Light in Interior Design: Natural Light is the singular light source in this room. Several bay windows and a large skylight help to open up the interior and create a fresh, tranquil living area. | Gospel: John 8:12 "Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world; he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." Jesus Christ is the light of the world. Everything that is beautiful, holy, light and true points us to Christ. Because of his atonement and resurrection we will all live again. When we follow him and obey his commandments, we find light and happiness in our own lives too. | 10

11: Color in Fine Art: This Mondrian painting consists of a simple primary color scheme- red, yellow, and blue. It's pleasant to the eye, because it's a familiar and safe. | Color in Interior Design: This interior features a monochromatic color scheme. With whites, blacks and grays and a lack of all other color, the room feels very sophisticated, raw and timeless. | Color in Architecture: This street in La Boca, Argentina is known for it's vibrant colored houses. Most of the colors from the color wheel are used, giving it a happy, bright, and friendly feeling. | Color is an element of light. The human eye can see between 8-11 million colors, or hues. Colors can be light, dark and everything in between. Color invokes different feelings and emotions in people, and is a great tool to use to manipulate the size or ambiance of a room. | Gospel: The Gospel of Jesus Christ helps us find meaning in our lives. It opens our eyes to the beauty, wonder, and goodness around us, and enables us to feel peace and joy. Just like a world without color would be sad and lonely, my life without the Gospel of Jesus Christ would be dreary, confusing, and without meaning. | 11

12: Symmetrical Balance is when the two sides of a central point are mirror images of each other. Placement of furniture, accessories, and other objects are exactly the same on each side. This kind of balance is formal, safe, and predictable. It can also sometimes be kind of boring. | Symmetrical Balance in Architecture: The front of this home is completely symmetrical. The roof, windows, shutters, columns, and front porch are exactly the same on both sides of the front door. This gives the home a traditional, formal look. | Symmetrical Balance in Fine Art: Everything to the left, right, top, and bottom of the center circle in this painting is exactly identical. This makes it feel harmonious and unified. | Symmetrical Balance in Interior Design: Everything to the left and right of the fireplace (the central point in this room) is symmetrical. From the arrangement of the photographs on the wall, the lamps and vase on the end tables, and the furniture- everything is a mirror image. This creates a feeling of security and comfort. | Gospel: 3 Nephi 12:48 "Therefore I would that ye should be perfect even as I, or your Father who in heaven is perfect." The Savior set the perfect example for us. He taught us how to serve, how to love, and how to live. We are to mirror our lives after him. It doesn't come easy, but with practice, we can literally become more and more like Jesus Christ. | 12

13: Asymmetrical Balance is hard to define, and even harder to incorporate into a design. It is achieving a harmonious balance with objects of different shapes, sizes and colors. It is informal, and depends highly on visual balance and rightness. It can take a lot of training and practice to master and understand. | Asymmetrical Balance in Interior Design: Everything is balanced around the center coffee table in this space. The large white sofa is balanced on the opposite side by the two black arm chairs and the zebra rug. This informal asymmetrical balance looks as if it were achieved effortlessly. | Asymmetrical Balance in Fine Art: This beautiful contemporary vase features a complex asymmetrical design. The sculptor achieved a sense of visual balance, and as a result it is very interesting to view. | Asymmetrical Balance in Architecture: This modern structure's main focal point is the pointed arrow shape on the top left. While both sides of the building are extremely different, the red bottom right corner acts as an anchor, visually achieving a sense of balance and harmony. | Gospel: Finding balance in our lives can be very tricky. We have to achieve a delicate balance between work, school, family, church, and recreation. Instead of giving the same amount of energy to everything, we have to prioritize. When we focus on the important things first, everything else falls into place and we achieve a harmonious balance in our lives. The way I balance might not be right for others, but it is right for me personally. | 13

14: Radial Balance is based solely on the shape of a circle. It is when everything extends or radiates outward from a central point. Radial balance can be asymmetrical or symmetrical. It often symbolizes infinity. | Gospel: Jesus Christ is at the center of everything we do. He is the sole foundation upon which the gospel of Jesus Christ is built upon. Every activity, every meeting, every commandment, every principle of the gospel leads us back to Jesus Christ. He is literally the source of all truth, goodness, and light. | Radial Balance in Fine Art: This piece of art is based upon the circle. Everything extends outward from a central point, creating a harmonious, pleasant balance. | Radial Balance in Architecture: While this cathedral is asymmetrical, the main type of balance it illustrates is radial. The roof and ceilings are composed primarily of circles, giving it a very sacred, religious and eternal ambiance. | Radial Balance in Interior Design: This interior features a spiral staircase that extends heavenward. Everything in this design originates from a central point, making it a great example of radial balance. The design is very sturdy and feels infinite. | 14

15: Emphasis is when there is a dominant focal point, or area in a room or design that immediately catches your attention. Focal points provide a place for the eye to rest and can help carry the focus around the room. Strong focal points or emphasis can create drama and excitement, while weaker focal points are more traditional and tranquil. | Emphasis in Interior Design: There are a few very strong focal points in this room. The fireplace, the circular mirror above the mantle, and the large chandelier all work in tandem to draw the eye to the center of the room and then outward. | Emphasis in Architecture: The major focal point of this structure is the section that is protruding out towards the viewer. It feels very dramatic and contemporary. | Emphasis in Fine Art: The strongest focal point of this painting is the purple tree while the secondary emphasis is the green, and then the yellow. Since there isn't one major focal point, the eye is gracefully carried around the entire painting. It feels tranquil, peaceful and classic. | Gospel: The Proclamation to the world states, "Happiness in family life is most likely to be achieved when founded upon the teachings of the Lord Jesus Christ." Jesus Christ and his gospel should be the main emphasis in our families. When we obey the commandments and apply principles such as prayer, repentance, forgiveness and love, we experience peace, contentment and joy in our families. | 15

16: Scale/Proportion deals with size, weight and mass. Scale can be small, medium, large, grand or heavy. When the scale of a room is in proportion, objects are of similar size and weight and there is a sense of harmony and rightness. Scale can be used to manipulate or cause drama. | Scale/ Proportion in Fine Art: Pablo Picasso's self-portrait shows some obviously skewed facial proportions. His nose, eyes, forehead and cheeks are very large scale. While it is interesting to view, it is not harmonious. It just feels off. | Scale/Proportion in Architecture: The ancient Parthenon in Greece is large, dominant and powerful. The architect achieved a harmonious scale and sense of rightness with the proportion of the large columns and frame. This structure still amazes visitors today from all over the world. | Scale/Proportion in Interior Design: The very large scale patterned wallpaper in this room plays a huge part in making the room feel much bigger and grand than it really is. The exaggerated shapes and scale provide an interesting visual backdrop for the interior. | Gospel: A testimony of the gospel of Jesus Christ is a very personal, sacred thing. We are all at different places in our progression. Some people have strong, deep testimonies, while others have simple, delicate testimonies. Where we are at in our faith is in direct proportion to the experiences that we have had. The size or scale of our testimony doesn't matter so much, as long as we are moving forward and upward. | 16

17: Harmony is the blending of all the design elements into an engaging and amiable whole. Harmony is achieved by balancing unity and variety. When a room is harmonious it has a feeling of completion and rightness and is pleasant to the eye and soul. | Harmony in Fine Art: Claude Monet achieved a delightful sense of harmony in this painting by using light pastels and soft sweeping brush strokes. You almost feel as if you could step into the painting and enjoy an afternoon smelling the flowers. | Gospel: Alma 36:18 "I cried within my heart: O Jesus, thou Son of God, have mercy on me ,who am in the gall of bitterness, and am encircled about by the everlasting chains of death.... yea, my soul was filled with joy as exceeding as was my pain." Because of the atonement of Jesus Christ, we have the opportunity to repent of our sins. Each week when we partake of the sacrament we re-new our covenants and are literally cleansed from sin. There is nothing more harmonious and beautiful than experiencing the redeeming mercy of Jesus Christ, being forgiven of our sins, and knowing that you are worthy and clean in God's eyes. | Harmony in Interior Design: The cohesive turquoise color scheme and consistent style of furniture make this room very harmonious and pleasing. The differing textures and accessories bring a welcome sense of variety as well that contributes to the finished look. | Harmony in Architecture: The unity of nature and man made elements make this home extremely harmonious and favorable. The materials on the house feature textures, colors and finishes that are compatible with the natural wildlife surrounding it, making it a beautiful oasis. | 17

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  • Title: Blank Canvas
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