S: By: Allison Pietro & Mason Muldoon
FC: Book of cells
1: Cell Membrane: | The cell membrane forms a barrier between the inside of the cell and the outside, so that the chemical environments on the two sides can be different. | The cell membrane is located on the outside of the cell. | Analogy:The cell membrane is like a club bouncer, it allows certain people and things in but keeps things not good out.
2: Cell Wall: | The cell wall supports growth. | The cell wall protects the cell. | The cell wall also allows H2O, O2, CO2 to pass into and out of cell | The cell wall lies outside the cytoplasm. | Analogy:Cell wall is like a bathroom sponge,cell wall absorbs oxygen,carbon dioxide and protects the cell.
3: Cytoplasm: | Is a small gel like substance that is between the cell membrane and holds the cells internal sub structures, called organelles. | You'll find enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, and amino acids that are used to keep the cell working. | In the cytoplasm you'll find enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, and amino acids that are used to keep the cell working. | You would find it located within the cell wall or membrane and surrounding all other cell organelles. | Analogy:Cytoplasm is like a mother,They always try to protect you from outside sources.
4: Cytoskeleton: | Cytoplasm is the home of the cytoskeleton. | The cytoskeleton is a network of cytoplasmic filaments that are responsible for the movement of the cell and give the cell its shape. | Analogy: Cytoskeleton is like the brick walls that hold up the house.
5: Nucleus: | The nucleus is the control center of the cell. | The nucleus directs the structures many activities. | The nucleus contains the macromolecule DNA. | The nucleus is protected by a nuclear membrane. | The nucleus is not always in the center of the cell. It will be a big dark spot somewhere in the middle of all of the cytoplasm. | Analogy: The nucleus is like a Ceo of a big corrupertation that keeps everything working smoothly and properly.
6: Nucleolus: | Controls movement of materials in and out of nucleus. | The nucleolus is located within the nucleus of the cell. | It produces the components for ribosomes, which then move out of the nucleus to produce proteins. | Analogy:The nucleolus is like a cookbook, a cookbook shows you how to make food and the nucleolus shows you haw to make proteins.
7: Ribosomes: | Mostly composed of RNA and proteins that are the primary source of protein synthesis. | Location of ribosome's reflects on their functions. | When the ribosome's float freely then they will be used inside of the cell. | Ribosomes located on the RE synthesize proteins that will be used in the plasma membrane | Analogy: The Ribosomes are like farmers because they make food for people just like ribosomes make food (proteins) for the cell.
8: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum: | Covered with tiny spears called ribosomes that connect to the nucleus. | Is important to transfer certain substances like protein to the nucleus. | The rough endoplasmic reticulum is located around the nucleus | Analogy:The ER makes ribosomes and amino acids so it is like a toy making factory.
9: Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: | The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is connected to the nuclear envelope of cells | It's primary function is to facilitate the metabolism of carbohydrates and steroids in the cell. | Analogy:Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is like a manufacturing plant, much like a factory, where proteins and lipids (fats) are made. This is also where things are packaged into groups and sent off to different places in the cell to preform different tasks.
10: Golgi Apparatus: | Every eukaryotic cell has a uniquely shaped organelle called the Golgi Apparatus. | It looks like flatted sacks stacked on top of eachother.Sorts, processes and packages lipids throughout the cell. | The function of the Golgi apparatus is to modify, sort, and package proteins and other materials from the endoplasmic reticulum for storage in the cell or secretion outside the cell. | The Golgi apparatus is usually located near the nucleus of the cell. | Analogy: Golgi Apparatus is like a librarian that sorts out books in a library just like the GA separates and modifies and packages.
11: Vacuoles: | Stores food, water, and waste. | Plants need to store large amounts of food. | The vacuole is located in the cytoplasm of the cell. | Analogy: The Vacuoles is like a refrigerator,it stores food and water for the cell just like a refrigerator does for us.
12: Lysosomes: | Lysosomes are membrane enclosed vesicles that form in the Golgi apparatus. | They may contain 40 enzymes and can destroy larger molecules. | They also help white blood cells kill foreign white blood cells. | They also recycle older or damage organelles by boosting them with powerful enzymes. | Analogy: Lysosomes is like our digestive system in our bodies that gets rid of waste.
13: Chloroplasts: | Choroplasts use energy from sun to make food for the plant. | Chloroplast is located inside a plant cell. It is spread throughout the cytoplasm. | Analogy:Chloroplasts are like solar panels,they convert sun light into energy.
14: Centrioles: | Centrioles line up the chromosomes inside the cell and then they pull the chromosomes apart during mitosis. | The centrioles are found right outside the nucleus. | Analogy: Centrioles are like straws they let one thing get from one side to another.
15: Mitochondria: | Mitochondria provide the energy a cell needs to move, divide, produce secretary products, and contract. | The mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm | Analogy: Mitochondria is like the energy drink red bull because as red bull gives you energy so does the Mitochondria for the cell.
16: Cilia: | Cilias are slender protuberates that are ejected from the much larger cell body. | Cilia are found on the outside of the cell as projections for bacteria and virus. | Analogy: Cilia is like a crowd at a concert and they are making a person crowd serf and move along just like cilia helps cell matter move along.
17: Flagella: | Is a tail like projection that protrudes from the cell body and is the sensitive organ and is sensitive to things in and out of the cell. | Analogy:Flagella is a whip like tail that moves the cell sorta like a fish's tail moves it through the water.
18: References | http://www.teachersdomain.org/asset/tdc02_vid_nucleus/. http://www.teachersdomain.org/asset/tdc02_int_membrane web/ http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/chapter1.html http://cellsalive.com/ Google.com Biology online textbook Mr.Blatnica