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S: Exploring The Amaze of Biomes By: Mariana Estrada

BC: This Book was created and made by Mariana Estrada, a student at Clarke Central High School. Publish on November, 15 2011 Title: The Amaze of Biomes

FC: Exploring The Amaze of Biomes

1: Table Of Contest Tropical Rain Forest Temperate Rain Forest Temperate Deciduous Forest Taiga or Boreal Forest Savanna Temperate Grasslands Chaparral Dessert Tundra | Page. 2; see picture page. 3 Page. 4; see picture page. 5 Page. 6; see picture page. 7 Page. 8; see picture page. 9 Page. 10; see picture page. 11 Page. 12; see picture page. 13 Page. 14; see picture page. 15 Page. 16; see picture page. 17 Page. 18; see picture page. 19

2: Tropical Rain Forest Facts: 1). Most plant species of any biomes / little seasonal variation in temperature. 2). Soil is usually thin and poor. Climate: Hot and Humid, about 250cm (100in.) of rain a year. Precipitation: It's annual precipitation is up to 262 cm. (103 in.) Temperature: Rarely gets higher than 93 F (34 C) or drops below 68 F (20 C). Location: All around the world, in Asia, Africa, central and south America, Australia and pacific islands. Plants: Vines, Coconut Tree , and Bengal Bamboo Plants Adaptation: 1). Absorb the water and nutrients that run down the tree when grow in canopy layer to receive light. 2).Plants have large leaves Animals: Cheetahs, Ant eater, and Tiger, which is located near the equator. Animal Adaptation: 1). Avoid the high temperatures of the day. 2). Tigers stripes help it blend into the shadows,

4: Temperate Rain Forest Facts: 1). They composed to evergreen. 2). They are in all over the U.S. Climate: Cool and Humid Precipitation: Deciduous forests receive from 2 to 5 feet (0.5-1.5 m) of precipitation (both rain and snow) each year. Temperature: Is roughly 75F (24C) but gets as high as 86F (30C), depending on the altitude of the forest. Location: Located in North and South America, Australia and new Zealand. Plants: Sitka Spruce, Douglas, and moses Plant Adaptation: 1).Have their seeds on cones. 2). Secondary compound on trees. Animals: Snakes, Owls, and Deers Animal Adaptation: 1). The Emerald Tree Boa has extra-long teeth for biting through the feathers of birds. 2). Most of the mammals aren't brightly colored, majority of them don't depend on rain since it comes and goes oddly.

6: Temperate Deciduous Forest Facts: 1). In the fall trees drop their broad flat leaves. 2). Short growing season of four to six months. Climate: Its climate is that it has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Precipitation: Almost 14 inches of rain in the winter months and more than 18 inches of rain in the summer. Temperature: Are fairly cool with an average temperature of a little below freezing. Location: Located between 30 degree and 50 degree North latitude seasonal changes are evident. Plants: Maple, Oak, and Birch Plants Adaptation:1). Deciduous trees shed their leaves in the winter. 2). Underground stems becomes dormant in the winter. Animals: Squirrels, Bears, and Deer Animals Adaptation: 1). Birds migrate to avoid the harsh winter. 2). Mammals such as bears & squirrels become inactive to survive winter . Which are called Hibernation

8: Taiga or Boreal Forest Facts: 1). Long winters (6-10 months). 2). Short frost free growing season, as short as 50 days depending on latitude. Climate: Extremely cold, average temperature of-4 F Precipitation: The total precipitation in a year is 30 - 85 cm (12 - 33 in) . Temperature: Is below freezing for six months out of the year. The winter temperature range is -54 to -1 C (-65 to 30 F). Location: Taiga is located near the top of the world, just below the tundra biomes. Plants: Pine, Hemlock, Fir and Spruce Plants Adaptation: 1). Seeds develop in cones. 2). Most do not shed their needle-shaped leaves which helps them survive harsh winters. Animals: Fish, Birds, and Insects Animals Adaptation: 1). Moose and Arctic hares are adaptation. 2). Shrews and voles, may burrow underground.

10: Savanna Facts: 1). Contains large heard of grazing animals. 2). Susceptible to grass fires during the dry season. Climate: There is a very wet season and a very dry season. Winds dominate during the dry season. Precipitation: Its annual precipitation is 0.25 cm. (0.1 in.). All months less than 0.25 cm. (0.1 in.) Temperature: Temperature Range is up to 16 C. Location: Located in the tropics, near the Equator Plants: Elephant Grass, Bermuda Grass, and Jackal Berry Tree Plants Adaptation: 1). Can survive Fires. 2). Grow back quickly after fires. Animals: Elephants, Zebras, and Wildebeest heard Animal Adaptation: Many savanna animals only give birth during the rain season, when food is most available and going are most likely to survive.

12: Temperate Grasslands Facts: 1). Most fertile soil of any biomes. 2). Cultivation and overgrazing have change the grasslands. Climate: They can have either moist continental climates or dry subtropical climates. Precipitation: Annual precipitation is 10-30 inches. Temperature: The mean temperatures for the prairie in January is 20 F, and 70 F in July. Location: Found in the interiors of continents where there is little rain fall. a). United States: Prairies b). Russia and Ukraine: Steppes c). South America: Pampas Plants: Grasses, Wild Flowers, and Bunch grass Plants Adaptation: Grasses form dense matt's of roots which enables them to; a). Survive Drought, b). Survive Fire, c). Hold soil in place Animals: Antelopes, Bison, and Beetles Animals Adaptation: 1). adapted to dry, windy conditions. 2). Thick of fur are grown to survive severe winters.

14: Chaparral Facts: 1). The oils in the plants give them certain smalls of taste. 2). Plants are easily to catch fire. Climate: Hot & dry summers; Mild & Wet Winters; slight variation seasonal temperatures Precipitation: The average annual precipitation is 10-20 inches in the form of rain. Temperature: The temperature is usually mild but it can get very hot or nearly freezing. The temperature range is between 30 and 100 F. Location: About 30 degrees north and south of the Equator. Plants: Shrubs, Oaks, and Dive trees Plants Adaptation: 1). Leaves contain oils that promote burning. 2). Adapted to fire & cans sprout from small bits of surviving tissue. Animals: Quail, Lizards, and Chipmunks Animals Adaptation:1). Camouflage shape & color to blend into the environment. 2). Adapted beaks to varied died of food.

16: Dessert Facts: 1). Occur in the rain shadow of mountains that block the passage of moisture-filled clouds. 2). Climate: Are found in low-latitude deserts approximately between 18 to 28 in both hemispheres. Precipitation: It's annual precipitation is 0.25 cm (0.1 in). All months less than 0.25 cm (0.1 in). Temperature: Temperature range is 16 C Location: There are colder desert (Great basin area and hot desert (Arizona's Sonora Desert closer to the equator). Plants: Barrel Cactus, Joshua Tree, and Crimson Hedgehog Cactus Plants Adaptation: Thick fleshy stems and leaves with a waxy coating to store and prevent water loss. Animals: Kangaroo Rat, Spotted Skunk and Coyote Animals Adaptation: 1). Thick scaly skin that prevents water loss. 2). Dessert animals are active mainly at night or at dusk, when the air is cooler.

18: Tundra Facts: 1). Biomes without tall trees, frozen soil supports through grasses and shrubs. 2). It gets less than 10 inches of rain a year. Climate: The tundra is an unusually cold and dry climate. Precipitation: Only about 6 - 10 inches of precipitation (mostly snow) fall each year. Temperature: The average annual temperature is -18 F (-28 C). Location: North of the Arctic Cycle Plants Adaptation: 1). Can grow without soil, roots arc wide and shallow to anchor, grow and flower quickly. 2). Animals: Mice, Arctic Foxes, and Reindeer. Animals Adaptation: 1). Migratory, shaggy coat to protect from the cold. 2). They need to adapt because it helps them be safe from predators and get food.

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