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BC: The End

FC: Reconstruction Period | Time To Change Sonji Milburn

1: Proposal President of Terpakistan we are here to inform you with an effective and prosperous plan to help your country reconstruct itself in a way that will help build and make your country most successful. We are going to make recommendations to your country by providing you with different plans and amendments to help your country blossom. We are also going to make recommendations about the plans and amendments that you should not go by. With our help, in result your country will be the best it can be and organized.

2: Amendments | 13th amendment- It declared slavery as illegal;in addition forced servitude is also deemed to be illegal. This amendment is regarded as the finalization of the abolishment of slavery. 14th amendment- This amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves. 15th amendment- The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. | Based on the evidence we found about the 13th,14th and 15th Amendments these documents would best suit your country because they mainly spoke of any race having freedom and liberty as individuals, and those races having the rights to vote

4: Black Codes-These laws imposed restrictions on freed slaves, such as prohibiting their rights to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against white men, carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations. The black codes were worst in Mississippi because they would strip blacks of their rights to serve on juries and testify against whites and also outlawed free speech. | These codes would be a major disadvantage for Terpakastan because they basically showed racism towards the blacks and put them on restrictions. You would not want your country to be divided, you want everyone to be equal and have fair treatment. | Black Codes

6: Freedmens bureau | The Freedmen's Bureau Bill was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln. As the civil war ended congress created the Freedmens bureau to help former slaves make the transitions to freedom. Throughout the south, the Freedmens bureau established schools and hospitals, helped negotiate labor contracts, leased or sold lands to the Freemens, and tried to protect slaves from former masters. It became a key agency during Reconstruction, assisting freedmen (freed ex-slaves) in the South. The Freedmens Bureau is an advantage for Terpakastan because it helped former slaves make the transitions to freedom, build the south with schools and hospitals ,and also tried to protect slaves from former masters

8: The Colfax Massacre | The Colfax Massacre- It was among the major acts of violence throughout history, this violence occurred in Colfax, Louisiana. Since the end of the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organizations had been growing in strength in the South. Due to the war, white Southern Democrats had enjoyed a great deal of governmental power to the war. But when the war ended they were no longer in power, the north[ republicans] controlled the government. They placed federal troops in Southern cities to keep that control. Southerners deeply resented this imposition. The south [ democrats] hated the 14th and 15th amendment, which guaranteed blacks equal citizenship. The south [ democrats] were worried that blacks would not only vote republican, but would be considered equal to their masters. There was a lot of conflicts between the republicans and the democrats, the violence occurred when the federal government supported the republicans so the south hated that.

10: Grant | Ulysses Grant served as commander in chief of the Union army during the Civil War, leading the North to victory over the Confederacy. Grant later became the eighteenth President of the United States, serving from 1869-77. During reconstruction Grant effectively disabled the Ku Klux Klan organization in South Carolina until the 1920s. Racism still was surrounded in the South, with the conviction that business supported the national interest, Grant signed legislation that protected entrenched business interests. This set the stage for more monopoly, public unrest over the accumulation of wealth, and increased corruption

12: Hiram Revels was born a free black. During the civil war he helped recruit two regiment of African American troops in Maryland and served as the Chaplain of a black regiment. After the civil war he moved to Mississippi where he was elected an alderman and a republican state senator. In 1870 he was elected as the first African American member of the U.S senate. Some senators objected this but that did not keep him out of his position. He served as senator from Feb 25, 1870 to March 4, 18. He impacted the reconstruction era in a positive way by being the first African American senator | Hiram Revels

14: Civil Rights Acts | Civil rights act of 1866- This act declared that all persons born in the U.S were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition. As citizens they could make and enforce contacts, sue and be sued, give evidence in court and inherit, purchase, lease, sell and hold property. Civil rights act of 1875- It granted blacks the same legal status as whites. This act promised that all persons regardless of race, color, or previous condition was entitle to full and equal employment of accommodation in theaters and public places. The civil rights acts will be an excellent act for Terpakistan because during reconstruction these acts show that everyone is equal among each other, weather race, color or condition. These acts granted citizens the right to inherit or purchase land, also it allowed them to go in public places, such as movie theaters and parks.

16: 10% Plan | This plan was created by Abraham Lincoln. The plan was to win back the loyalty of the south before the end of the civil war. This plan specified that a southern state could be readmitted into the union once 10% of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the union. The purpose of this plan was to give most former Confederates amnesty, or a pardon, for their war actions. | The 10% plan would be a success for Terpakistan because It allowed the south to enter into the union fast and easily. It had the state voted whether or not it would reenter the union and once 10% Of the population in the state said it wanted to reenter the United States they were allowed back in. Most importantly the union became stronger and kept the states together.

18: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson | Andrew Jackson was the first president in the United States to ever be impeached by the house of representatives. Republicans were tired of presidential vetoes that blocked Military Reconstruction, so they impeached Johnson by a vote of 126–47 for violating the Tenure of Office Act. Tenure of office act are laws forbidding the U.S president to remove civil officers without the consent of the senate.

20: PortRoyal Experiment | The Port Royal Experiment was a program begun during the American Civil War in which former slaves successfully worked on the land abandoned by plantation owners. In 1861 the Union liberated the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina and their main harbor, Port Royal. The white residents fled, leaving behind 10,000 black slaves. Several private Northern charity organizations stepped in to help the former slaves become self-sufficient. The result was a model of what Reconstruction could have been.

21: Carpetbaggers | It was a term Southerners gave to Northerners (also referred to as Yankees) who moved to the South during the Reconstruction era, between 1865 and 1877. The term referred to the observation that these newcomers tended to carry "carpet bags," a common form of luggage at the time (sturdy and made from used carpet). It was used as a derogatory term, suggesting opportunism and exploitation by the outsiders

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