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FC: Uganda

1: The flag of Uganda was most recently adopted on 9 October 1962. The colors of the flag are the colors of the crested crane, the national bird, which is featured on the flag. The crested crane represents Uganda's beauty; black represents the people; yellow, warmth and the sun; and red, the blood of brotherhood.

2: English is the official language for government, and education. Baganda people speak Luganda, a dominant language in the center and west, and Acholi and Lango people speak Luo. Kiswahili joins Luo as prominent in the north. Generally, people speak their own native language, a regional tongue, and then English if educated. Those who speak English well are highly respected. Most languages are named for the tribes that speak them

3: Most Ugandans are Christan, Catholic and protestant. Sudanic people practice the Muslim religion.Many Christians and Muslims today maintain indigenous beliefs, performing rituals for ancestors and gods at private shrines.

4: Ugandan people highly treasure heritage, and clans and family are of the highest importance. | They value economic prosperity, education, and spirituality. An educated man who speaks English well and owns a car and/or a house commands great respect.

5: Appearing wealthy is also important, but the symbols are different: land, cattle, multiple wives, and bicycles. Everywhere, beauty is valued in women, and lighter skin is desired most.

6: Ugandans wear Western-style clothing to offices or the market. In the image above you can see the Ugandan men sporting their kanzu which is office wear for the Ugandan men.

7: The Ugandan women typically wear their Gomesi to important events. These dresses are considered very fashionable and expensive to Ugandan people.

8: Ugandans eat with the “natural fork” (the right hand), especially in rural areas. Rural people eat from a common platter, but urban residents more often use individual plates. Ugandans do not talk during a meal. Parents discourage talking so children do not choke or show food in their mouths and so they will get enough to eat from the common platter.

9: Most village families are large, especially when a man has multiple wives. Families in urban areas tend to be smaller. In times of need, Ugandans turn to the extended family for financial support or other assistance, even if it creates a burden for others. People who work away from their home districts are less likely to respond to such obligations. Ugandans pay particular attention to aging parents, who are provided for by the eldest or wealthiest son.

10: War and Terror in Uganda Runs Ramped, many rebel groups and organizations that wish to fight against the Ugandan government and others.

11: Joseph Kony represents alot of war and terror in Uganda. He is the leader of the Lords Resistance group. He is known for kidnapping and brainwashing children for his own army.

12: Immunization campaigns are fighting diseases such as whooping cough, tuberculosis, diphtheria, measles, cholera, and polio, but malaria and intestinal diseases are still common in rural areas. AIDS is pervasive, and the many deaths caused by the disease have widespread social consequences. However, a national AIDS education effort has reduced rates of infection. Government hospitals exist in every district but are usually short of supplies and personnel. Each of the four major regions has at least one well-equipped hospital.

13: Human rights in Uganda is very limited due to the violence and terror mentioned earlier. Joseph Kony threatens the human rights of children. Parents are afraid everyday that their children will be kidnapped and turned into child soldiers and used to kill civilians.

14: STATEMENT BY HON. SYDA BBUMBA, UGANDA MINISTER OF FINANCE, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire, May 26-28 2010 The Chairman, Board of Governors, Your Excellencies Fellow Governors, The President of the African Development Bank Group, Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen. On behalf of the Government and the people of the Republic of Uganda, and on my own behalf, I want to express our gratitude for the warm hospitality accorded to us by the authorities in Cote d’Ivoire since our arrival in this beautiful city of Abidjan. Mr. Chairman, I want to thank you for the excellent manner in which you have conducted these meetings. Mr. Chairman, I want to express Uganda’s strong support for the re-appointment of Dr. Donald Kaberuka for a second term as President of the African Development Bank Group, the premier development financial institution of Africa. The steadiness of the Bank and its management under the leadership of Dr. Kaberuka in responding to the recent financial crisis and prioritization of infrastructure financing in many African countries is a clear manifestation of the potential the Bank has in the transformation process of Africa. In Uganda, the African Development Bank is now a major financier of key infrastructure projects which will remove the binding constraints to Uganda’s economy—and I commend the Bank for its focussed interventions which are tailored to specific country constraints and priorities. It is on this basis that, Uganda Government supports a significant increase in the capital base of the Bank to enable this premier financial institution sustain the achievements it has made over the last five years. Whereas negotiations on the Sixth General Capital Increase of the Bank have not yet been concluded, I want to take this opportunity to urge fellow Governors of the Bank to reach consensus and approve a significant General Capital Increase, as the only way for the Bank to sustain its support to Africa’s development agenda.

15: The Uganda Government commends the efforts made for the Bank to avoid a breach of its prudential ratios. And in this regard, recognise the contribution of Canada and South Korea towards this objective. However, we must all recognise that these are short term, piece meal actions which do not offer a permanent solution. A significant General Capital Increase is the solution, and we must act now to avoid any further delays in order to preserve the recent achievements of the Bank in supporting Africa’s development agenda. In conclusion, the Government of Uganda supports the development strategy of the Bank under the continued leadership of Dr. Donald Kaberuka, and urge the Bank to maintain the focus of its resources on Africa’s most binding constraints particularly infrastructure development, including energy, roads, railways, agricultural irrigation, among others. The African Development Bank is for African countries. Hence, African countries should be at the forefront of strengthening the financial capacity of the Bank. And we can do it. Thank you very much. | ____________________________________________________________________ This speech was from the president of the African Development Bank Group and his name is Hon. Syda Bbumba, he is addressing his concern about the Republic of Uganda. He is also trying to explain how to make things in Uganda significantly better by using fir example infrastructure projects that will remove binding constraints to Uganda's economy. He basically wants to use the Bank to fix many of Uganda's problems but he is highly opposed.

16: The recent discovery of commercially viable oil deposits in the Abertine Graben region of Uganda (Lake Albert basin) raised hopes that the enormous revenues expected to accrue would make poverty history. At the same time however, the discovery has generated fear that the oil resources would turn out to be a curse rather than a blessing, especially if the anticipated revenues were not properly planned for and, more importantly, equitably and transparently utilized.Both the anticipation and the apprehension are well-founded. Examples abound and are reviewed in this paper, of countries which struck oil and either immediately nose-dived into misery or at best continued to wallow in the mire of economic stagnation, unfavourable terms of trade, dependency, unemployment and the attendant social unrest just as they did in their inglorious pre-oil days. Nigeria, for example, Africa’s largest oil producer and the fth overall worldwide, is a classical study in poverty amidst plenty. With proven reserves of 30 billion barrels per day (bpd), Nigeria earned a whopping US$ 340bn from 1965 to 2000 from oil. But by the year 2000, that country’s income per capita was exactly what it was in 1965!. And what is more shocking, 70% of Nigerians were below the poverty, earning less than one dollar a day, compared to 36%in 1970. At the same time, easy petrodollars erased the need for accountability, bred dictatorship, distorted the social structure, laid a big chunk of the country to waste and reduced the Niger Delta to an ungovernable hell-hole. Elsewhere in Africa, the discovery and exploitation of oil in Gabon literally wiped out Agriculture, industry and commerce and yet the oil has now run out, leaving the country in an extremely vulnerable position. In Angola, the bloated expectations from oil led to wanton expenditure on white elephant projects, resulting in an unmanageable national debt. To date, the bulk of the oil output is mortgaged as security for the loans recklessly incurred in anticipation of income from the “back gold”.

17: As for Equatorial Guinea, not only has oil bred an unaccountable government, but the bulk of the earnings therefrom have not been translated into incomes for the citizens, most of whom live in penury, but have been deposited on the personal account of the president - in Washington DC. But as the paper demonstrates, things need not be so grim. There is nothing inherently cursed about oil. Norway has responsibly managed oil to bring about a sustainable, fully integrated economy and stable welfare society. Many Arab countries may not exactly be bastions of democracy and accountability, but they have posted impressive economic statistics and ensured a reasonable standard of living for their people. This, then, suggests that it is possible for Uganda to avoid the so-called oil curse, and translate the discovery of oil into positive and sustainable gains, and this paper sets out to initiate discourse on how this ought to be done. | ___________________________________________________________________________ This is a summary of a document that addresses "escaping the oil curse and making poverty history". which basically means its a review of the oil and gas policy and legal framework for Uganda. In this document they express how oil should be maintained and handled, they also mention how they should be dealing with the poverty in the country of Uganda. The document consists of a table of contents full of rules, regulations and ideas for future Uganda in the terms of their economy.

18: These spears are in the biggest Ugandan Museum and they are considered artifacts because these were the last spears made before Uganda was somewhat modernized. These spears were made by an 96 year old man 3 months before he died, He was known for his spear making and the spears were saved as an encomium for his amazing spear creations.

19: Uganda is known for its well made hand crafted bowls, spoons, woven baskets even for the amazing embroidery skills. Uganda artifacts are bought often by tourists. The average crafter can make a wooden bowl as well as paint it in about 2 days. Hand crafting is one of the many hobbies of the Ugandan people.

20: This blanket was made by a 10 year old in 5 days. It shows how well art has become a center in the Ugandan culture. a blanket of this quality could be sold to a tourist for about 88 dollars.

21: One popular local dish is matooke (bananas of the plantain type) which are cooked boiled in a sauce of peanuts, fresh fish, meat or entrails. Matooke really goes with any relish, except that the best and most respectable way the Baganda cook it is to tie up the peeled fingers into a bundle of banana leaves which is then put in a cooking pan with just enough water to steam the leaves.

23: Heavy lagers such as Nile Special and Club are brewed at the source of the Nile. In fact one brewer has now started making industrial beer using locally grown sorghum instead of the imported hops and malt. Whatever your brand and taste, you will enjoy your beer in Uganda. Many visitors comment on its pleasant aftertaste and this means that the local peasant are also reaping high from Ugandan drinks.

24: Obama Sends Military Support to Help Combat LRA Rebels In October, 2011, the Obama administration said it would send 100 US military advisers to central Africa to help the region’s armies combat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a vicious Ugandan rebel group. Human Rights Watch has pressed the US government to help bring Joseph Kony and the LRA’s murderous leadership to justice, even appealing directly to President Barack Obama. HUMAN RIGHTS IN UGANDA the ountry’s security forces regularly use lethal force, especially during political demonstrations. Opposition politicians, their supporters, and some journalists face harassment, beatings, and arrest. The Ugandan military, despite efforts by key donors countries to ‘professionalize’ them, has yet to address the severe due process violations in military courts – especially the prosecution of civilians, who should be tried in civilian courts. Torture in detention is endemic, with torturers rarely brought to justice. Access to healthcare and education remains a serious problem. Uganda’s notorious Anti-Homosexuality Bill, which proposes the death penalty for some consensual same-sex activities, could still be voted on, threatening the freedom of Uganda’s

25: LGBT community. ____________________________________________________________ | Olivier, 16, was abducted in October 2009. He witnessed and was forced to participate in brutal attacks on civilians by the Lord's Resistance Army. Democratic Republic of Congo. © 2010 Marcus Bleasdale/VII

26: Ugandan rights groups upset at a murder's pardon March 30, 2012 RSS Feed Print KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — A decision by Uganda's president to pardon an Indian man sentenced to die for the murder of his wife has generated fierce criticism from activists who say it sends the wrong message in a country where women's rights have long been abused. Sharma Kooky, who was set free this week on humanitarian grounds, spent 12 years in jail for torturing his wife to death in a case whose gruesome details once shocked and then galvanized the women's rights movement. President Yoweri Museveni has rarely pardoned convicts. Only a handful of prisoners, mostly political prisoners, have been freed on his orders. Kooky was a businessman in Kampala. Miria Matembe, a former parliamentarian, called the pardon unfortunate and insensitive.

27: Uganda: Three Ugandan Journalists Attacked By Police 29 MARCH 2012 PRESS RELEASE New York — Ugandan police officers attacked three journalists as they covered the release on bail of jailed opposition leader Kizze Besigye on Wednesday, according to news reports. The journalists are seeking medical treatment for their injuries. Police attacked the journalists as Besigye was leaving the court where he had faced charges of organizing an opposition demonstration last week in which a police officer was killed, according to news reports. "Ugandan police are engaged in a cynical cycle in which they beat journalists covering opposition events, apologize afterward, and then repeat their unacceptable behavior," said CPJ East Africa Consultant Tom Rhodes. "Top police officials must send a clear message that they will not tolerate violence against the press and will hold their subordinates responsible for unprofessional and criminal behavior." Siraje Lubwama, a reporter for the private thrice-weekly The Observer, told CPJ that a police officer slapped him in the face and ordered his detention, even though the journalist had showed his press credentials. "They took me inside a police cell and continued to beat me, stole 150,000 Ugandan shillings (US$40), and one of my mobile phones. I remember one saying they could beat me here since there were no cameras inside the cell," the journalist told CPJ. Lubwama, who was held only briefly, told CPJ he sought medical treatment today for pain in his head, jaw, and limbs, and had filed a police complaint against the officer.

28: Uganda protest leader in court after police death By RODNEY MUHUMUZA KAMPALA, UGANDA Uganda's top opposition leader pleaded not guilty Wednesday to charges of convening an unlawful assembly in a case stemming from the killing of a policeman in violent street clashes last week. In tense scenes that threatened to turn violent, heavily armed police blocked Kizza Besigye's supporters from following him to a magistrate's court. Besigye was charged alongside some of his associates, two of whom were arrested for attempting to walk to court and then ferried on a police truck to the courtroom. Besigye and the co-accused pleaded not guilty and were released on bail. Besigye and a group of opposition politicians calling themselves activists for change have since last year been staging demonstrations against a government they accuse of mismanaging the economy. Ugandan police say such political demonstrations disrupt businesses and often use tear gas and force to break them up. The so-called "Walk to Work" rallies, which are meant to highlight the rising cost of living in Uganda, have tapped a vein of resentment among urban residents who see the government as corrupt and out of touch with ordinary people.

29: Besigye is one of scores of Ugandans arrested after a policeman was hit and killed last week by what the authorities said was a rock thrown by one of Besigye's supporters. The opposition has denied responsibility, saying the policeman was likely killed by a stray bullet form a colleague's gun. A coroner's report said the policeman was hit by a "flying, blunt object." Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said in the aftermath of the killing that those responsible would "pay dearly." Two days later Ugandan police and security officials raided a shopping center in downtown Kampala and arrested 100 people they suspected of possible involvement in the killing. Some claimed they were tortured during detention. The swoop, defended by the authorities as necessary to rid the capital of people they describe as hooligans, was condemned by opposition politicians who said it reminded them of the fearsome tactics employed by the troops of former Ugandan dictators.

30: Kenya, Uganda rate decisions hang in balance Fri Mar 30, 2012 1:01pm GMT Print | Single Page [-] Text [+] By Kevin Mwanza and Elias Biryabarema NAIROBI/KAMPALA, March 30 (Reuters) - Interest rate decisions in Kenya and Uganda next week hang in the balance after both economies posted drops in March inflation, but currency jitters and high food costs could give pause to central banks eager to cut rates to jumpstart growth. East Africa's largest economies suffered from double-digit inflation for much of 2011, driven by high food and fuel prices, which in turn caused local currencies to tumble to record lows. That prompted central banks to ramp up interest rates aggressively, which helped inflation to fall in recent months. In Kenya, the year-on-year inflation rate fell for the fourth consecutive month in March to 15.61 percent, the lowest level since July 2011 but higher than analyst expectations, official data showed on Friday. A Reuters poll of nine forecasts had expected inflation to fall to 14.8 percent from 16.7 percent in February. Particularly alarming was a reverse in the trend of month-on-month inflation, which rose 1.34 percent in March compared to a 0.04 percent drop in February.

31: Food and alcoholic beverages led increases in the consumer price inflation basket, rising 2.44 percent. Only transportation costs fell, by a mere 0.22 percent, prompting analysts to push the case for a hold in rates at the central bank's monetary policy committee meeting on April 4.

32: Dear Landon, Im having a great time here in Uganda but I saw something disturbing the other day, I actually saw a kid get kidnapped right in front of me. Things were really good until I saw that. I heard the kidnappings were happening by a man named Joseph Kony. Otherwise everything is great, the country and the people are beautiful. A lot of wonderful things to do in Uganda but the heat is unbearable, and you know I hate head. Hows my nephew doing, I hope hes doing amazing. The people in Uganda only eat with there right hands haha, they call it the “natural fork” its pretty cool to experience something other than America, and I can tell you right now that things are not as great as you might think. Someone asked me the other day why I was here and I told the lady for Peace corps. She replied and said your in serious danger so ever since then i've been on my P's and Q’s. The person im staying with made me a Ugandan Business suit haha. Its not my style at all. I hope all is well at home and ill see you soon. Sincerely, Xavier

33: Dear Landon, Man it is sooooooo hot here. Theres no air conditioning at all and im out in the sun atleast 75% of the day, I cant believe its been 2 years since we seen each other. Brothers aren't suppose to not see each other for this long. Im feeling a little homesick honestly but im adapting slowly but surely. I cant wait to return home ill feel comfortable and not fear for my life everyday. Its so many helpless people here it makes me sick. Food is limited in some places and you rarely see children in sight since the entire Kony thing. People are scared for there lives and I would be too if I had a child around here. Theres also some amazing things for example I bought some hand crafted bowls and stuff for the house when I come back I think it will give the place a little bit of flavor hahahahah. Well anyway Things are fine with me and ill see you soon bro. Sincerely, Xavier

34: Dear Landon, I miss you guys so much man..its crazy I cant wait to come back home, I had to run for my life yesterday the LRA came again. (thats kony group) and they just started causes havoc it was crazy, many of the people in the village im staying in took refuge in a nearby village. We really don't know a safe time to go back to our original village but only time will tell I guess. The Ugandan people have accepted me as one of there own I actually wear Ugandan clothes everyday lol. Yes I have a collection of things probably more Ugandan things than my regular clothes. I love how natural things are here not many people stress not having money or things like that they just are happy to be alive, which is something I highly respect. IM COMING HOME IN 2 MONTHS! With a lot to give and say, I could never explain to you how it really is here over a letter so your gonna have to wait for my amazing stories. Only 2 more months though! Love you big bro ill be there before you know it. Sincerely, Xavier

35: Citation: Anthony, Stuart. "Fear Of the Dark." 30, September 2008. online image. 3, November 2011. Citation: Landahlauts. "Light at the End of Stairs." 21, October 2010. online image. 3, November 2011. Citation:Iridium, Sinus "/Closer/." February 2011 online image. Flickrcc. 17, November 2011 Citation: Burleson, Madeleine. "Markers of Pain." 3, December 2008. online image. Flickrcc. 17, November 2011. Citation: Van Der Wel, Sander. "Depressed." 29, May 2010. Online Citation: Macnolete, "Intolerable life." 28, February 2008. online image. FlickrCC. 18, November 2011. Citation: Chesi, "Bullying."22, May 2008. online image. FlickrCC 18, November 2011. Citation: Bolt, Nate, "Facebook's secret message to me." 24, March 2010. online image. FlickrCC 18, November 2011. Citation: lee, Shandi,"Pieces." 25, September 2011. online image. Citation: Sebastian, Mark, "The look of love."31, December 2007. Online image. FlickrCC. 18, November 2011. Citation: Nguyen, Nam, "Just Red." 15, March 2008. online image Citation:Rodgers, Jason "Purple and Violet." 27, February 2008. online image. FlickrCC. 18, November 2011

36: Hosansky, David. "The CQ Researcher Online." CQ Press Electronic Library. The CQ Researcher, 13 Feb. 2004. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. . - Breaking News, Science and Tech News, World News, US News, Local News- Associated Press, 4 Mar. 2010. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. ." Central PA Local News, Breaking News, Sports & Weather - The Patriot News, 9 Nov. 2010. Web. 06 Oct. 2011. .

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