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S: The Pacific Coast Natives

BC: "You learn something new everyday."

FC: The Pacific Coast Natives | By: Serena, Tai, and Jordan.

1: Table Of Contents | 2. Clothing | 4. Recreation | 6. Special Events | 8. Beliefs | 10. Food Sources and Examples | 12. Role Of Men | 14. Art | 16. Transportation | 18. Social Structure | 20. Origin Beliefs and Legends | 22. Shelter | 24. Today's Natives | 26. Arrival Of The Europeans | 28. Weapons | 30. Geographic Location 32. Bibliography

2: Most coastal people wore many different kinds of clothes. Women wore a simple skirt made out of shredded cedar fibre. On festivals, they often wore big head dresses to dress up. As for men, they wore festive capes in order to look suitable for the festival. .Men went naked when weather permitted. Both men and women wore woven bark capes and spruce root hats as protection from the rain . Their clothes were made out cedar bark and on their feet they wore moccasins. .Often women wore the second cape as a skirt, and when the men were working, slipped their capes down to the waist. So as you can see, the coast people wore unusual things compared to today.

3: Clothing | The coastal people wore woven bark capes.

4: The coastal people played many games similar to the ones we play today. The children played a kind of field hockey as well as a kind of basketball. In groups they played tag, the one “it” pretending to be a jaguar or similar animal. They also played a kind of basketball, with the players in a rectangular court. The goal was to knock a hard ball through the stone hoop high on the court wall. The players were not allowed to use their hands, only their body parts like hips and knees. They competed in races and feats of strength, as well as some competitions- foot racing, wrestling, and archery. Children played with dolls and miniature implements imitating adult activities. .Youths and adults played games with rubber balls, and they also enjoyed gambling played with bone cylinders. .So as you can see, the coastal people had many different games!

5: The children of the North Pacific Coast played a kind of field hockey. | Recreation

6: The coastal people marked special occasions with celebrations such as the potlatch. Potlatches provided the wealthy with the opportunity to mark important life events, like the birth or marriage of a child. Guests were seated by special status with the highest ranking member served first.. Guests were invited to share food and receive gifts or payment from the host.. More food than necessary was served, and leftovers went home with guests along with some gifts. This was so the guests would spread word about the generosity of the host. Some hosts actually put themselves into bankruptcy trying to outdo other potlatches, and some even destroyed their own homes to show their wealth. The more things destroyed, the wealthier the person must appear to be since they could afford to replace the items. So as you can see, the coastal people had a celebration called the potlatch.

7: Special Events | The people of the North Pacific Coast celebrated a ceremony called the potlatch.

8: The coastal people believed in a lot of unusual things. First, they believed that spirits inhabited the land and sea. That is why they had many rituals meant to keep the spirits friendly. Next, people feared the dead because they thought the soul of the dead might harm them. Sometimes a corpse was removed through an opening made in the wall or roof of house because people thought the soul would not be able to find its way back to the house. Finally, they believed that humans and animals were the same. That is why they shared respect with the creatures that they caught. So as you can see, the coastal people believed a lot of strange things .

9: Beliefs | The people of the North Pacific Coast believed that animals and humans were the same.

10: The coastal people had many different sources of food. The ocean offered clams, mussels, octopus, seals, and whales. They hunted seals, sea otters, sea lions, orcas, humpback whales, and dolphins. The people lived mostly by fishing and collecting shellfish. Inland, deer, elk, mountain goat, and other game were plentiful. There were also different varieties of berries along with plants. The most important fish was salmon, which returned to the coast every summer. Another important fish was the silvery eulachon. Also, the rivers teemed with halibut, cod, and smelt. So as you can see, resources on the coast were plentiful. .

11: Food Sources and Examples | The coastal people had many different sources of food..

12: Term “warrior” applied to men from Aboriginal communities. Some nations use the term, but others do not. Some “warriors” of communities have been misrepresented for many years. It is true that in the past ,men used force when necessary for protection of the people.

13: Role Of Men | Term "warrior" applied to men from Aboriginal communities.

14: Many people find it hard to understand art. We have no trouble to know how to recognize different designs. All northwest art is very similar. Some shapes and forms are found in carvings, paintings, and weaving. First Nation's art is universal. It transcends time, space, and culture. Art is born from the heart so it also speaks to the heart. Art also opens and reveals casts and welcomes light to shadowed places. Art teaches, challenges, and heals us.

15: Art | We have no trouble to know how to recognize different designs.

16: The most common transportation for the First Nations of the Pacific Coast was by canoe. They would also use canoes for fishing, hunting, catching sea mammals, and traveling. All canoes, small or large were carved from a single log of red cedar. Some canoes were so massive they could carry up to 50 people. Fishing canoes were not very large.

17: Transportation | The most common transportation was by canoe.

18: People are divided into roughly 3 classes. The names of the classes are: The Nobles the Commoners and the Slaves. Slaves have been captured from raids and brought to other settlements. They had no rights in the community to which they were taken. In the village the noble with the highest rank of all was head chief. Each household had a head chief. The head chief was noble and had the highest rank in the house. In each family the father was the head. After the father, the eldest son was the head. Also women had their own ranks and rules.

19: Social Structure | People are divided roughly into 3 classes.

20: People have spotted Bigfoot like creatures. They also found footprints they believe belong to Bigfoot.. .But people are also faking evidence. There are descriptions of height, weight, and colour. Bigfoot is known to be very hairy and very Sasquatch like.

21: People have thought to have spotted Bigfoot. | Origin Beliefs and Legends

22: The Pacific Natives' homes were usually made from wood. The wood used by the Pacific Coast Natives was cedar tree wood. There were 30 homes in one village. There were strong poles in the front and back of the pole to keep the home stable. The Pacific Coast Natives were sophisticated . They figured out how to build shelter for protection from rain and snow.

23: The Pacific Natives homes were usually made from wood. | Shelter

24: Natives still existed after electronics came out. The natives usually live like they did in the olden days but they wore clothes. They also fished as they did before. They lived in old homes and old structures. The natives are in the future but yet they are still in the past.

25: This is a ritual dance that they used to do and still do. | Today's Natives

26: When the Europeans arrived everything changed for the Natives. The Europeans traded furs that had been from different countries. The natives acquired tools and weapons from the Europeans that traded them. When the Europeans arrived they also brought a lot of diseases and the Europeans got diseases from the natives to. The Europeans were probably as smart the Natives because they brought more stuff but the Natives still had discovered a lot of creations.

27: When the Europeans arrived everything changed for the Natives. | Arrival of the Europeans

28: The Pacific Coast Natives used weapons to kill animals. The Natives used weapons such as harpoons, which were used to kill whales and mammals in the ocean. They also used fishing poles to catch there fish to eat. The Pacific Coast Natives used a bow and arrow to kill from long range. As you can see the Natives had to kill a lot to survive.

29: They used this weapon for catching fish in a narrow. | Weapons

30: Geographic Location The Natives lived in cities too, but much different cities then us. The Pacific Coast Natives lived in the northwest coast part of Yukon. Some tribes lived in Haida Gwaii. They usually had one language and had no other languages. The Natives lived in tribes just like us living in cities.

32: Bibliography | http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/nativeam9.htm. 27 Feb 2012 http://www.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca\exhibits/timemach/galler07/frames/wc_peop.htm 6 Feb 2012 Webster, Christine. Canadian Aboriginal Art and Culture Salish. Canada: Weigl Educational Publishers Limited 2008 Francis, Daniel. First Peoples and First Contacts Canada: Oxford University Press, 2000 Cass, James. Indians of the North Pacific Coast. Canada D.C. Health Canada Limited, Royal Ontario Museum Native People: “Northwest Coast” The 1999 Canadian Encyclopedia. Student Edition. 1998 http://www.yesnet.yk.ca\schools\goldenhorn\projects\2004-2005\gr4fnations\pdf\Pacific%201.pdf 6 Feb 2012 Oyai, Cass,James Canada, Canadian Cataloguing in Publication Data, Copyright 1983 Toronto.

33: “Northwest coastal people-Hunting.” 2007. Goldi Productions Ltd. 14 February 2012. http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc3.html “Northwest coastal people-Housing.” 2007. Goldi Productions Ltd. 10 February 2012. http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc2.html BC Archives Time Machine North West Coast- .Arrival of the Europeans . BC Archives 24 February 2012. www.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca/exhibits/timemach/galler07/frames/contact.ht “Native American people- Weapons.” 1997. Armory 21, 14 February 2012. http://www.armory.net/Weapons/NativeAmericanWeapons “Northwest coastal people-geographical location.” 2007. Goldi Productions Ltd. 10 February 2012. http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc2.html

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