FC: Communism in Russia: Stalin and Lenin: Activities By: Yesica Castro 3rd Period
1: My Dearest Friend, I am writing to you to inform you what I have witnessed on the closure of the Constituent Assembly. The purpose of the assembly was to arrange elections and set up a new democratic government but in the end it was dissolved by the Bolshevik government, Lenin refused to hand over power to the SR majority and ordered to close it. I hope this will now benefit everyone. Sincerely, Yesica
2: Decisive - the Communist control of communications: since they controlled the communication then the the Whites could not have access to communicate with other white armies and therefore could not win. | Important -Trotsky's Leadership: He created the 'Red Army' with the help of professional officers. -Lack of one leader of the Whites: they did not know who was in command, they did not trust each other and the Communist could pick off their armies one by one. | Quite Important -Communist Propaganda: Made Russians turn against the whites, helping communist become victorious. -The cruelty of the Whites: they were very harsh and did not trust each other causing them to be weak. | Not Important -The influence of foreign intervention: The Whites lost outside support but they were still unsuccessful with or without their help.
3: Mr. Lenin, In the past year you passed the War Communism to ensure that the Red Army would be fed and equipped during the Civil War. Although that was a smart thinking at the moment, I want to tell you that it has not been successful for everyone. I am part of one of the villages you have introduced this to; all my neighbors and friends are suffering because of this. We can no longer keep or sell our surplus, the food is being rationed and the one given to us is not enough to feed all of our families. All of this has caused many of the other peasants to stop producing surplus since we can no longer keep it. Many others are burning their crops to stop them from going to the government. They are not doing this just to be greedy, they are doing this because we really do need the food. If you would come visit our villages you would see that we are not exaggerating when I say that we are starving. We would really want you to make some changes to the War Communism in order to still benefit your cause but at the same time not harm us. We just want you to allow us to keep the surplus that will make a great difference to us and will not really be in the way to keep the soldiers fed and well equipped.
4: After interviewing kulak, Elim Alvang, it has been known that the New Economic Policy has been a great success and very helpful for everyone. Requisitioning grain has been ended, now peasants have enough land to grow more food and the kulaks can now sell any surplus for a profit. Kulaks say that this was just what they wanted, War Communism was a failure but NEP was a brilliant policy to bring food production and industrial production back to pre-war levels. “What are your opinions about NEP?” This question was asked to Afanasi Arshun, a great supporter of the Communist party and this is what he answered, “Very bad idea how is encouraging private enterprise and profit-making part of Communism? It is all a retreat to Capitalism”. Many other communist supporters agreed with him, Lenin has argued that it was just a temporary measure to revive the economy.
5: Vladimir Ulyanov also known as Lenin was born on April 10, 1870 in Simbirsk. He was the third out of six children. He is greatly known for being the founder of the Communist Party, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and architect and first leader of the Soviet state. Lenin has also been regarded as the greatest revolutionary leader and thinker since Marx. Lenin was described as ‘the greatest genius of all times and of all nations, master of the treasures of human knowledge’. Others describe Lenin as a cruel leader that committed various atrocities in the period of War Communism. May different interpretations of Lenin have been made. In the spring of 1922 he suffered a massive stroke; he suffered a couple more strokes in December 1922 and March 1923. In January 1924 he died and after his funeral, Lenin’s body was embalmed and put on show in a specially built mausoleum in Moscow.
6: Stalin (Joseph Djugashvili) Objective: Leader as successor to Lenin Education: Worked well at school but was expelled. He became member of the Bolshevik Partyand took part in over 1000 raids. Experience: Stalin became editor of the Bolshevik newspaper. He was not well known and in Lenin’s government he was made Commissar of Nationalities. In 1922 became General Secretary of the Communist Party Other Characteristics: Used clever tactics, hardworking, showed more popular ideas with the party Trotsky (Lev Bronstein) Objective: Leader as successor to Lenin Education: At age 16 he joined a local Marxist group Experience: He was Lenin’s own choice of successor. Had played a leading part in the Bolshevik Revolution and the Civil War. Other Characteristics: He had a strong personality and is intelligent. Was popular with the army.
7: Stalin was determined to modernize Soviet Agriculture and therefore introduced a policy of collectivization. Collectivization brought much opposition and suffering. Stalin decided to collectivize the farms meaning that the peasants had to give up their small plots of land and animals. The peasants received a small wage. After interviewing a couple of peasants it came to be known that it was a great failure. The kulaks were exiled and sent to various different parts of the USSR, the production of grain, cattle, pigs, sheep and goats decreased greatly and led to famine.
8: This is BBC radio in Moscow, now reporting on another purge. Trotsky has been murdered by one of Stalin’s agents in Mexico. No one is safe; at any time during the night or the day anyone can receive a knock and be dragged away by the secret police. What will happen next? Everyone is scared to disagree with Stalin therefore ensuring total control under him with the removal of any potential rivals to his leadership.