FC: The Book of Health
1: Table of Contents | 1.Physical Health 2.Mental Heath 3.Substance use and Abuse 4.Food and Nutrition 5.The Human Body 6.Environmental Health 7.Aging 8.First Aid 9.Consumer Health 10.Diseases
2: Most teenagers need about 8 1/2 hours of sleep. The reasoning for this is, because the right amount of sleep is essential for anyone who wants to do well on tests and do good in sports. Studies show that during your teen years, the body's circadian rhythm is temporarily reset, telling a person to fall asleep later and wake up later. | Physical Health
3: Dental decay is the most chronic disease in young people between the ages of 5 and 17. And while young children typically attend dental appointments with their parents, teens have more control over their free time and may not choose to visit the dentist. Here are some teeth tips teens should follow; limit soda drinking, wear mouth guards, avoid oral piercings, eat healthy foods, and lastly keep up good brushing habits.
4: Experts recommend that teens get 60 minutes or more of moderate exercise per day. Exercising causes the body to produce endorphins, which are chemicals that help a person feel more peaceful and happy. It also helps with people who have mild depression and low self esteem. Exercise is one of the most important parts of keeping your body at a healthy weight. I also, keeps you at a lower risk of get certain diseases such as type 2 diabetes.
5: A pimple starts when the pores in the skin become clogged with a type of oil. Acne is common during puberty when hormones go into overdrive, causing skin to overproduce oil. Things to help prevent breakouts are; wash your face twice a day with warm water and soap, do not pop pimples, avoid touching you face, remove makeup before you go to sleep, keep hair clean and out of your face. Those are some great ways to prevent pimples.
6: Mental Health | Mental health is being comfortable with yourself while your with others. It also,means being comfortable with your surroundings. There is also something called mental illness. This is when you have low self esteem and self concept. You feel like you can't relate to other and are incapable of coping with personal problems.
7: There is something called character. Character is how you act towards others and yourself. Someone with character is a good person who you can look up to and admire. They know the difference between right and wrong, and try and do there best in life. They set good examples for everyone, and try to make the world a better place. There is something called mental disorders. There are different types; organic disorders and functional disorders. Organic is like tumors and Alzheimer functional disorders are from personal experience.
8: Substance Use and Abuse | There are many different types of drugs people use these days, that are not good for you. There are ones called stimulates, which are a group of drugs that improve mental or physical function. They increase alertness, make you stay away for long periods of times, they make you feel happier. They have prescription drugs for these types, because they can be used to help ones health.
9: There are also drugs called narcotic, which are made to relieve pain. Heroin is another drug that is highly addictive the first time you use it. When using it muscles become weak, you can get a dry mouth, the skin will be warm or flustered, and it will cause drowsiness Steroids are another drug that helps you build muscles, and many athletes use these. Some people even make drugs homemade, which are known as designer drugs.
10: Teens often get under the influence of alcohol at a young age.Alcohol is a legal drug if you are over the age of 21. It is taken by drinking, and after you drink it it immediately begins to digest. It does not need to digest in the stomach, so some food may make the rate of absorption slower. Alcohol can be potentially dangerous once it hits the blood stream it goes all around your body. Time is the only way your body will digest alcohol.
11: 1 beer takes 2 hours to digest. .08 alcohol level is when you start to have loss of self control, you may become angry or relaxed, and your speech and hearing are somewhat effected. A alcohol level of .20 is when people can't stand up on their own and people may start saying things they wouldn't normally say. .20-.30 alcohol level is a very dangerous state. Alcohol effects the brain, muscles, heart, nose, hands and feet.
12: Food and Nutrition | A healthy balanced diet must contain all of the essential nutrients necessary to maintain life. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy within the body. Proteins are responsible for growth and maintenance of all body cells and structures. Fruits and vegetables are key in providing many of the vitamins and minerals that are essential for health.Fats are importan part of our diet, and must not be eliminated completely
13: One of the staples of a healthy diet is sufficient water and fluid intake. It is important to maintain adequate hydration through regular consumption of water. Eat a variety of foods and eat less of some foods and more of others. Each day you need some where between 5 to 8 ounces of grain, 2 to 3 cups of vegetables, 1 1/2 to 2 cups of fruits, 2 to 3 cups of milk, 5 to 6 1/2 ounces of protein, and very little oils
14: The Human Body | All living things reproduce. Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes are involved. Sperm and the egg meet in the female's reproductive system to create a new individual. Humans pass on certain characteristics of themselves through the next generation.
15: There are different parts of the female and male reproductive system that have important roles. To start out with there are the seminiferous tubules, which is a network of tubes in the testes where sperm are produced.There are also the fallopian tubes, which hence the name are tubes that carry released eggs from ovaries to uterus. Another important part of the male body is the penis, this delivers sperm to female. The last one I'll tell you about it the vagina this is the passage for sperm to enter the female body.
16: Environmental Health | Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting out actions. To help the environment out there are many things you can do. One of those things are recycling. Recycling is the process of taking a product at the end of its useful life and using all or part of it to make another product.
17: Recycling is a simple way that you, as a consumer, can he;p out the environment. Collecting used bottles, cans, and newspapers and taking them to the curb or to a collection facility. There are many benefits to recycling, it creates jobs, it saves energy, reduces the need for landfilling, and it conserves natural resources. You could also use less water, because there is a limited water supply. Another thing you could do is use reusable batteries. There are many ways we can help save our environment. Do your part!!
18: Aging | Elderly people face a variety of issues as they age, related to health, emotions, finance and overall well-being. These days people are living longer which means these problems may be compounded over time. They may need support and comfort from their families in their homes. As you age your health becomes worse. Certain conditions are prevalent in the elderly, for example arthritis, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
19: Depression is a common problem among the elderly people, and are more likely to commit suicide. Treatment for depression is critical for the elderly. They may also have to manage on less income than when they were working.Plus, older people usually need medications, so the cost for medications would go up. Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of medical conditions, like high blood pressure, diabetes, heart diseases, and obesity. It is necessary, at some point to consider long-term care, such as assisted living or nursing homes, if your family is unable to care for them.
20: First Aid | It would be handy if we could prevent all injures from happening, but that is not the case. An interesting fact is that the number one death of adolescents is due to an injury. First aid is the help and medical assistance that someone gives, not only to an injured person, but to a sick person. First aid involves having the appropriate skills as well as good judgment and the ability to keep a clear head when in a medical emergency situation.
21: The first thing you need to do is decide whether the injury or illness can be treated with what might be called "simple" first aid. This might include a band aid or giving a person aspirin.If the injury is serious it may require professional medical attention. If it is a really critical situation you need to call 911 right away. For each type of injury there are things you can do to help the victim, before emergency comes, or without emergency coming. Make sure you have a first aid kit!!!! If you are in a serious situation where someone needs help, make sure to help them!!!
22: Consumer Health | Sometimes, understanding and reading food labels can be very confusing. Serving size refers to the average quantity of food people consume. If you follow what the serving size is, you will get the same amount of nutrients according tot he serving size. Nutrients are usually based on the 2,000 to 2,500 calorie diets. Ingredients list the products used in the food or drink item.
23: Label claim can be any kind of nutritional claim of the food item. If you are looking for medications you need to speak with a Medicare customer service representative or a doctor. When ever you get a prescription medication you need a doctors consent. Choosing the right health coverage has never been easy. You need to check for grandfather exem, decide which plan best meets your needs, identify changes before re-enrolling, make adjustments to your current plan or consider switching, and dont't get lured by those new freebies.
24: Diseases | There are some diseases that are genetic which is caused by an abnormality in an individual's genome. These abnormalities can range from minuscule to major from a discrete mutation in a single base in the DNA of a single gene to gross chromosome or set of chromosomes. Examples would be cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, Huntington's disease, and hemochromatosis.
25: There are also sexually transmitted diseases, which are infections that you can get from having sex with someone who has the infection. There are two common ways to stop yourself from getting an STD, they abstinence and using condoms. Examples are chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and HPV. Some of these diseases you can treat others stay with you for the rest of your life. There are also some diseases that aren't genetic. Examples of this would be type 2 diabetes.