FC: Cell Mixbook | By Taylor Hunt and Danielle Abbott
1: Robert C. Hooke was the first to discover the cell in 1653. He looked at a thin slice of cork through a microscope. The cell makes up all living things. | The Discovery of a cell
2: All animal cells are eukaryotic cells. Unlike the plant cell it doesn't have a cell wall. Both plant and animal cells are 1 and 100 micrometers and is only visible with an aid. | Animal Cells
3: Plant Cells | Plant cells have a thick rigid cell wall. Contains eukaryotes and have a membrane-enclosed nuclei and organelles and manufacture their own food. Chlorophyll gives plants green color and enables sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars and carbohydrates, chemicals the cell uses for fuel.
4: Bacterial Cells | The bacterial cell contains an easy internal structure and no membrane-bound organelles. The surface structure contains cell wall, outer membrane, capsule, plasma membrane, and periplasmic space.
5: Mitochondria | It provides the energy a cell needs to move, divide, produce secretory products, contract. They are like the power centers of all cells. It is a membrane-bound organelles, and like the nucleus have a double membrane. They are about the size of bacteria but may have different shapes.
6: Nucleus | The nucleus is the most obvious organelle in any eukaryotic cell. Within the nucleus is the DNA responsible for providing the cell with its unique characteristics. it also coordinates the cell's activities, which include growth, intermediary metabolism, protein synthesis, and reproduction.
7: DNA | The nucleus contains most of the DNA in a cell and this DNA is called the chromosomal DNA.
8: Chromosomes | Chromosomes are the things that make organisms what they are. They carry all of the information used to help a cell grow, thrive, and reproduce.
9: Cell Membranes | Cell membranes are built from lipids and proteins. Every cell is enclosed in a membrane.
10: Cell Wall | The cell wall is rigid and gives plant cells a very defined shape. The cell wall is the reason for the difference between plant and animal cell functions.
11: Flagella | hairlike structure that acts primarily as an organelle of locomotion in the cells of many living organisms.
12: Cilia | Cilia are functioning organelles know to be essential to normal development and health. Some cilia are rigid spikes that gather sensory information, while other cilia are flexible and whip-like, registering or directing flow in the surrounding fluid
13: chloroplast | Chloroplasts are the food producers of the cell. Every green plant you see is working to convert the energy of the sun into sugars.
14: centrioles | Centrioles are found in animal cells and help to organize the assembly of microtubules during cell division. Centrioles replicate during the interphase stage of mitosis and meiosis.
15: endoplasmic reticulum | The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is repsonible for the production of the protein and lipid components of most of the cell's organelles
16: vacuoles | Vacuoles might store food or any variety of nutrients a cell might need to survive. They can even store waste products so the rest of the cell is protected from contamination.
17: cytoskeleton | cytoskeleton is both a muscle and a skeleton, and is responsible for cell movement, cytokinesis, and the organization of the organelles within the cell.
18: cytoplasm | The cytoplasm contains dissolved nutrients and salts, helps dissolve waste products, and is an excellent conductor of electricity.
19: lysosomes | Lysosomes hold enzymes that were created by the cell. The purpose of the lysosome is to digest things.
20: golgi apparatus | The Golgi apparatus is a cell structure mainly devoted to processing the proteins synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).
21: ribosomes | Ribosomes are the protein builders or the protein synthesizers of the cell.
22: Organelles | The cell nucleus is an organelle that functions as command-central, so to speak. The nucleus contains the genetic code material, in the form of DNA, that coordinates the growth and functioning of the rest of the cell. An organelle that works very closely with the nucleus is the ribosome. In fact, the ribosome originates in another organelle contained within the nucleus called the nucleolus. The ribosome---through the molecule messenger RNA---obtains the codes from the DNA in the nucleus for building cellular proteins
23: Prokaryotic | The prokaryotic cell is simpler in structure and occurs in such organisms as bacteria and blue-green algae | Eukaryotic | The eukaryotic cell---typical of most familiar living things---features a complex set of organelles that all work together to produce a functional cell.
24: References | http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_main.html http://www.cellsalive.com/ http://www.schools.utah.gov/curr/science/sciber00/7th/cells/sciber/cellhist.htm