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S: 1870-1914

FC: American Imperialism | the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.

1: American Imperialism 1870-1914 | the U.S. after the civil war the county thought that we had more money than ever when really we didn't. Territories have also vanished. And idea of exploring wasn't very certain anymore. The economy needed foreign markets to sustain itself and its government. There was a pressure to secure its power. Americans wanted to be reassured of their national prowess. As Theodore Roosevelt told a friend in 1897, "I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one." | Rough Riders

2: The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States. Revolts against Spanish rule had been going on for decades and was closely watched by Americans. By 1897–98 American public opinion grew more angry at reports of Spanish atrocities. After the mysterious sinking of the American battleship Maine in Havana harbor. The President was pushed into going to war with the Spanish by the democrats. The Location of this war was in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippians. The war ended on August 12, 1898. The Americans won. | Spanish American War

3: Panama Canal | 1907 | The Panama canal was built from 1904-1914. At first about 2,000 ships went through the canal and later that year about 14,702 ships did. In 2008, about 309.6 million went through the canal. The Panama Canal is about 77 km. which is 28 miles.

4: The Open Door Policy is a concept in foreign affairs, which usually refers to the policy around 1900 allowing multiple Imperial powers access to China, with none of them in control of that country. As a theory, the Open Door Policy originates with British commercial practice, as was reflected in treaties concluded with Qing Dynasty China after the First Opium War (1839-1842). Although the Open Door is generally associated with China, it was recognized at the Berlin Conference of 1885, which declared that no power could levy preferential duties in the Congo basin. | Open Door Policy

5: The Boxer Rebellion | The Boxer Rebellion, was also called The Boxer Uprising by some historians or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement in northern China, was an anti-colonialist, anti-Christian movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" ( - Yhétuán), or "Righteous Fists of Harmony" or "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" (known as "Boxers" in English), in China between 1898 and 1901. The uprising took place in response to imperialist expansion (into China) involving European opium traders, political invasion, economic manipulation, and missionary evangelism. Western, white missionaries and Chinese christians used their imperialist powers to steal the lands and property of the Chinese peasants to give to the church, and made perverse demands, which the Chinese could not resist. This led to the Boxers taking revenge against the missionaries, in the forms of arson and killing. China had an immediate danger of being divided by imperialists, in 1900. The Boxers were described as an anti imperialist movement with massive popular support from ordinary Chinese, due to the imperialist threat. Boxers were also described by Chinese intellectuals like Lu Xun, and Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen, as gangs of xenophobic, anti-Christians and ignorant bandits who had no political consciousness. The Boxers claimed invulnerability towards blows of cannon, rifle gunshots, and knife attacks, and they regarded foreigners as "Devils" who were to be exterminated or expelled, and all foreigners were "first-class devils", Chinese Christian converts were "second-class devils", and those who worked for foreigners were "third-class devils".

6: Panama Canal: The Panama Canal was important because it was used and still is used throughout the world by many countries for ships and vessels. It is an easier way to get through the countries in South America. | Spanish American War: This is significant because this war shows a lot of pride in our country and how we thought that it was important to get the Cubans out of the rule of the Spanish. | Significances

7: boxer rebellion: This was important because the people involved in this rebellion were against the imperialists which is kind of different because most people were for it in this time period they didn't want china to be open to anybody and everybody. Obviously this didn't last. | open door policy: The open door policy is important because it allows the U.S. and any other countries that want to trade or go into China. That is also important because it allows us to make more money on trades and marketing.

8: Theodore Roosevelt | Theodore Roosevelt's and William Taft's foreign policies | Roosevelt's Latin American policies suggested that he had at most a limited internationalist agenda in the early years of his presidency, confined to making the United States an influential regional power, but no more. That impression was strengthened in March 1934, when Congress mandated the granting of independence to the Philippines within ten years—an apparent signal that the United States intended to diminish its role in Asia.

9: Roosevelt also sought to implement the "Good Neighbor policy" with Latin America. He allowed Secretary Hull to vote in favor of a resolution at the Pan-American Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1933, proclaiming that "no state has the right to intervene in the internal or external affairs of another." That statement effectively repudiated the belligerent "corollary" Theodore Roosevelt had attached in 1904 to the Monroe Doctrine, asserting the claim of the United States to exercise international police power in the western hemisphere. Hull prevailed upon his chief to follow up on that dramatic announcement by renouncing the Platt Amendment (1901), whereby the United States had asserted its right to intervene in Cuban affairs, and by ending in 1934 the twenty-year-old American military occupation of Haiti. Mexico put Roosevelt's good-neighborliness to a demanding test in 1938 when it nationalized its oil industry, expropriating the interests of many American firms. Roosevelt resisted pressure to intervene, and successfully negotiated adequate compensation for the confiscated American properties.

10: William Taft | President Taft was more committed to the expansion of U.S. foreign trade than was Roosevelt. He pursued a program, known as "dollar diplomacy," designed to encourage U.S. investments in South and Central American, the Caribbean, and the Far East. To implement this foreign policy agenda, Taft used government officials to promote the sale of American products overseas, particularly heavy industrial goods and military hardware. In Taft's conception of foreign policy, the U.S. military was a tool of economic diplomacy. He invited U.S. banks to rescue debt-ridden Honduras with loans and grants, and he sent 2,700 U.S. marines to stabilize Nicaragua's conservative, pro-U.S. regime when rebels threatened to overthrow its government.

11: Taft's effort at designing a new look for U.S. foreign policy was generally unsuccessful. United States trade with China actually declined under Taft. Additionally, his program aimed at seeking commercial advantages in Central America aggravated the existing ill will that had been generated by Roosevelt's military interventions in Panama and Santa Domingo. The bad relations between the United States and other American nations to the south resulted in the convening of a Pan-American Conference. This conference was intent on finding ways to curtail U.S. commercial penetration, influence, and intervention. When Taft ordered two thousand troops to the Mexican border to stand ready to intervene in revolutionary-torn Mexico to protect U.S. investments, Congress offered stiff opposition. Taft then backed off (earning the nickname "Peaceful Bill"), leaving the situation in Mexico for his successor to handle.

12: Success of Imperialism | I think that there was a lot of success in imperialism because it helped get more money for the U.S. after WWI and during the Spanish American War. It sometimes helped other countries also like the Cubans because the Spanish was ruling them and had unfair laws. Another thing that Imperialism did was get more money for the marketers who marketed in other countries than the U.S.

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